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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p><center><a href=\"http://kentbye.blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSheldonRampton759.mp3\"><br />\n<img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1rampton.jpg\"></a><br />\n</center></p>\n<p><a href=\"http://kentbye.blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSheldonRampton759.mp3\">Listen to the Interview</a> with Sheldon Rampton of <a href=\"http://www.PRWatch.org\">PRWatch.org</a> &amp; <a href=\"http://www.SourceWatch.org\">SourceWatch.org</a> (Length: 14:45)</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/newmedia13\">More interviews</a> from the Personal Democracy Conference.</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProject in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p><center><a href=\"http://www.archive.org/download/Interview_with_Kent_Bye_independent_filmaker_author_of_the_Echo_Chamber_Project/050124_KentBye_interview_e.mp3\"><br />\n<img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/kent_interview.jpg\"></a></center></p>\n<p><a href=\"http://www.archive.org/download/Interview_with_Kent_Bye_independent_filmaker_author_of_the_Echo_Chamber_Project/050124_KentBye_interview_e.mp3\">New Media trendspotter Robin Good conducted a 24-minute interview with me</a> last week talking about pre-war US media, the collaborative aspects of The Echo Chamber Project, and the <a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/osint\">Open Source Intelligence Conference</a> that I attended.</p>\n<p>Good has put together th in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>Now that it is so cheap to produce and distribute your own multimedia material, the value added provided by distribution companies is not as much as it used to be. The Internet has shattered the previous barriers for distributing video and information around the world, which has created an information explosion. And as <a href=\"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Simon\">Herbert Simon</a> says, \"a wealth of information creates a poverty of attention.\" So the mainstream media companies and movie distributers are now competing with individual bloggers, podcasters and videobloggers for the attention of audiences. </p>\n<p>And so instead of <a href=\"http://longtail.typepad.com/the_long_tail/2005/07/prefiltering_vs.html\">pre-filtering gatekeepers</a> deciding what will and will not be published, in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>I\'ve done a lot of raw research concerning the build-up to the war in Iraq for my film that I haven\'t published yet. This post aggregates some information that I just formatted as well as points to some other raw data that I already had aggregated.</p>\n<p><strong>237 Statements from Bush Administration on Iraq</strong><br />\nOn March 16th, 2004 Henry Waxman published a database called \"Iraq On the Record,\" but it was eventually taken offline. </p>\n<p>I had archived all of it into my timeline, and I just reformatted all of the statements, color coded them, and put them all underneath one URL:<br />\n<a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements\">http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements</a></p>\n<p><strong>White House\'s Pr in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>On March 16th, 2004 The Commitee on Government Reform <a href=\"http://democrats.reform.house.gov/IraqOnTheRecord/\">published a database called \"Iraq On The Record,\"</a> which featured 237 pre-war and post-war statements on Iraq from the five top members of the Bush Administration. Henry Waxman requested the report, and it was introduced on the website by saying: </p>\n<blockquote><p>many doubts have been raised regarding the Administration’s assertions about the threat posed by Iraq. Prior to the war in Iraq, the President and his advisors repeatedly claimed that Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction that jeopardized the security of the United States. The failure to discover these weapons after the war has led to questions about whether the President and his advisors were candid in describing Iraq’s in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>Often times politicians will speak off the record when they don\'t want to be held accountable for what they\'re saying. </p>\n<p>So in the case of the build-up to the war in Iraq, there were many instances where the Bush Administration would use the cloak of anonymity to push forward their agenda, which was to convey to the American people through the press that the war was inevitable and there was nothing anyone could do about it.</p>\n<p>For example, on January 13, 2003, ABC Pentagon Corresponent John McWethy reported the following:</p>\n<blockquote><p>Sources say the Bush Administration is preparing to take its case for war to the United Nations soon after January 27th. And, Peter, they say it doesn\'t matter what UN inspectors report.</p></blockquote>\n<p>Wow. It doesn\'t matte in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>I got an awesome surprise for my 29th birthday today -- I was awarded with a fellowship to attend the <a href=\"http://www.mediacenter.org/wemedia05/\">We Media Conference</a> in New York City!</p>\n<p>This is <strong><em>really great</em></strong> news for me and The Echo Chamber Project.</p>\n<p>Not only does it does is waive the $695 fee, but more importantly the American Press Institute\'s <a href=\"http://www.mediacenter.org\">Media Center</a> will be publishing a statement from me about my project on their website as one of the 15 fellowship recipients. </p>\n<p><strong>UPDATE:</strong> He is the <a href=\"http://mediacenter.blogs.com/morph/2005/09/we_media_fellow.html\">We Media announcement about the 15 fellowship recipi in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>The video blog creator wants to be properly attributed for their work, while the remixer would ideally want to have footage that can be seamlessly used in their productions. </p>\n<p>So not including any watermarks or titles is in a vlog entry could encourage remixing. But at the same time, the original content creator wants to maximize the attribution for their work.</p>\n<p>I sent the following two questions to <a href=\"http://ryanedit.blogspot.com/\">Ryanne Hodson</a> because she is in the process of remixing this vlog entry for the <a href=\"http://www.advocatesforrasiej.com/\">Rasiej campaign for Public Advocate in NYC.</a></p>\n<p>I eventually decided to experiment with my second video blog entry by publishing two different versions -- the <a href=\"http://www.echoch in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>I sent the following proposal to Micah Sifry and Andrew Rasiej to open source the national aspects of their <a href=\"http://www.advocatesforrasiej.com/\">campaign for New York City Public Advocate</a> by remixing citizen videojournalism reports into their communications strategy. </p>\n<p>This could provide a viable model for how traditionally top-down driven political campaigns could release some control by collaborating with issue-based advocates on more detailed, Long-Tail messages that go beyond the least common denominator audience.</p>\n<p>I heard from <a href=\"http://www.hyperorg.com/blogger/mtarchive/004343.html\">David Weinberger</a> that Rasiej was having a conference call last Wednesday for political bloggers, and some other surprise guests. </p>\n<p>I joined this confe in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>There is an article on the BBC website today called, <a href=\"http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/4728259.stm\">\"Citizens do media for themselves\"</a> that features a screenshot of <a href=\"http://www.ourmedia.org\">OurMedia.org</a> with <a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/317\">my picture on it</a>.</p>\n<p><center></p>\n<div class=\"image\">\n <a href=\"http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/4728259.stm\"><img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/BBC_OurMedia.jpg\" width=\"557\" height=\"464\" alt=\"BBC OurMedia Screenshot\" /></a></p>\n<div class=\"caption\"> </div>\n</div>\n<p></center></p>\n& in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>I just discovered that the first Echo Chamber vlog made it up onto the front page of <a href=\"http://www.ourmedia.org\">OurMedia.org</a>! This is great news, and will provide some great exposure for the project.<br />\n<center></p>\n<div class=\"image\">\n <a href=\"http://www.ourmedia.org\"><img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/OurMediaFrontPage.jpg\" width=\"300\" height=\"327\" alt=\"OurMedia.org Front Page!\" /></a></p>\n<div class=\"caption\"> </div>\n</div>\n<p></center><br />\nThis is great timing as I just start to promote the project beyond the New Media blogosphere.</p>\n', created = 1464645866, expire = 1464732266, headers = '' WHERE ci in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>I spent most of yesterday sending out e-mails pitching <a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/vlog01\">my first vlog posting</a> to the new media blogosphere.</p>\n<p>It looks like it\'s gaining some momentum after receiving links from podcasting pioneer <a href=\"http://blog.ericrice.com/blog/_archives/2005/7/28/1085978.html\">Eric Rice,</a> <a href=\"http://www.ourmedia.org\">OurMedia</a> executive director <a href=\"http://www.newmediamusings.com/blog/2005/07/the_echo_chambe.html\">JD Lasica</a> and <a href=\"http://blogumentary.org/\"><em>Blogumentary</em> director</a> / vlogging pioneer <a href=\"http://blogumentary.typepad.com/chuck/2005/07/kent_bye_has_a_.html\">Chuck Olsen.</a></p>\n< in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>After a <a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/245\">warm-up specification of Drupal functionality</a>, I\'ve started to <a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/plante_mockup\">map out the user interface</a> that I need in order to productively collect collaborative input from volunteers, and then feed this gathered intelligence into the editing process. </p>\n<p>I\'ve discussed the mechanisms for this <a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/phase01\">Phase 01</a> of development as being <a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/167\">folksonomies</a>, <a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/tagcloud\">tag clouds</a>, <a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/219\">Drupal &amp; in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>[1] A handcrafted Drupal tag cloud for all of my blog posts:<br />\n<a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/tagcloud\">http://www.echochamberproject.com/tagcloud</a></p>\n<p>[2] Tag Cloud Font Distribution Algorithm<br />\n<a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/247\">http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/247</a></p>\n<p>[3] Flowcharts for Personalized Drupal Tag Clouds<br />\n<a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/245\">http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/245</a></p>\n<p>[4] Collaborative Media with Drupal + Final Cut Pro XML<br />\n<a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/219\">http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/219</a></p>\n<p>[5] A list of all of my blog posts tag in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>Today the <a href=\"http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/06/27/AR2005062701584_pf.html\">Washington Post finally digs into what the DSM reveal about the UK\'s doubts about the path towards war.</a></p>\n<p>I\'m not sure if <a href=\"http://journalism.nyu.edu/pubzone/weblogs/pressthink/2005/06/19/dwn_mmo.html\">Jay Rosen\'s recent Pressthink pleas</a> helped the Post decide to do a front page news analysis of the DSM, but it looks like there is a growing movement to reanalyze the build-up to war in Iraq -- which is good news for The Echo Chamber Project.</p>\n<p>During the build-up, the US media largely ignored many of the controversial details of the proposed intervention that were coming in from the overseas press. But now that the war is becoming more and mo in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>A discussion of the Downing Street Memos has kicked up briefly in the New Media blogosphere after <a href=\"http://journalism.nyu.edu/pubzone/weblogs/pressthink/2005/06/19/dwn_mmo.html\">Jay Rosen\'s post on Sunday</a>.</p>\n<p>I thought I\'d drop a few signposts from my daily blog surfing from this morning [my Internet connection went down delaying this post.]</p>\n<p>All of these following posts have interesting discussions going on in their comment sections.</p>\n<p>Dan <a href=\"http://bayosphere.com/blog/dangillmor/062005/downing_street\">Gillmor weighs in</a> by excerpting the following passage from Russ Baker\'s <a href=\"http://www.tompaine.com/articles/20050620/why_george_went_to_war.php\">Why Bush Went to War</a> -- \"Bush wanted a in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>As a result of my little <a href=\"/tagcloud\">Drupal tag cloud</a> PR blitz this afternoon, a Drupal developer asked me to pitch some features to him for a development contest that he\'s entering. </p>\n<p>I threw together an elevator pitch for technogeeks of <a href=\"/phase01\">Phase 01</a></p>\n<p>Here it is:</p>\n<blockquote><p>A quick metaphor would be to say that I need del.icio.us-like capabilities within Drupal.</p>\n<p>But the way I\'d pitch it would be to say that I need a toolkit for <a href=\"/node/151\">Swarm Intelligence Journalism</a> by collecting third-party metadata on soundbite Drupal nodes so that I can <a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/219\">collaboratively edit</a> my investi in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>The social bookmarking site of <a href=\"http://del.icio.us\">del.icio.us</a> <a href=\"http://blog.del.icio.us/blog/2005/06/casting_the_net.html\">announced on their blog earlier this week</a> that they are now automatically detecting media files and adding invisible \"system:filetype:\" tags to the post.</p>\n<blockquote><p>Bookmarked items in del.icio.us that end in one of a number of filetypes will now automatically get some system tags added. You can use these just like normal tags. RSS feeds that have one of those system tags added will automatically become a rss-with-enclosures file.</p></blockquote>\n<p>What the does this mean in English? </p>\n<p>Let\'s start from the beginning to show how this latest development is going to further democratize the in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>I\'ve been flooded this week with e-mail notices about the upcoming Downing Street Memo Congressional hearings being held tomorrow initiated by Representative John Conyers (D-MI).</p>\n<p>I think it\'s interesting to watch how these progressive grassroots organizations have helped keep this issue alive through the Internet. I\'ll pass along all of these e-mails for you to read through down below. </p>\n<p>I used to consume about 90 minutes of political news a day, but I\'ve parsed that down to about 10 minutes of scanning headlines per day with the rest of my 30 minutes of spent surfing <a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/84\">blogs covering the New Media movement.</a></p>\n<p>I pick up the slack by scanning the titles of e-mails that I\'m sent by a number e-mail lis in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>I\'m posting all of the pre-war talking points from White House that I aggregated back in August of 2004.</p>\n<p>If journalists were paying attention, then they\'d realize that the Bush Adminstration was trying to scare the hell out of the domestic population with a self-defense argument while trying to claim to the UN that we already the US already had prior authorization to attack Iraq. </p>\n<p>These two PR campaigns were often conflicting with each other, and it wasn\'t a very difficult task to identify that the Bush Adminstration was hellbent on going to war regardless of whatever the UN said. I make a much more convincing argument in this <a href=\"/overview\">Overview of the Bush Administration\'s PR campaign to sell the war in Iraq.</a></p>\n<p>It\'s taken the <a href=\ in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>I posted my <a href=\"http://www.sitemeter.com/stats.asp?site=s12echochamber\">sitemeter icon</a> directly onto this domain last week and was surprised to see just how many people were browsing this site. It turns out that I\'m getting around 40-50 hits a day now that I\'m on Drupal, where I was just getting 9-12 back when I was on Movable Type. </p>\n<p>Why? It appears that Drupal is much more optimized for search engine crawlers as echoed by this post on the Drupal site: <a href=\"http://drupal.org/node/20033\">Search engines love Drupal.</a> </p>\n<p>It\'s also attributable to the content about the media and Iraq I\'ve written is still very relavant to what people are looking for on the Internet, and my blog posts seem to have compelling enough titles for people to cli in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<blockquote><p>(<strong>UPDATE 6/7/05 6:08p.m.</strong> -- <em>John Hart has <a href=\"http://www.59bloggers.com\">posted a public reply on his website</a>, and I\'m a bit speechless. It is certainly not a very rational response to the whole situation. Below were my thoughts on what I saw developing with the project independent of any outside influence or input from Chuck Olsen.)</em></p></blockquote>\n<p>There could be a bit of a PR nightmare brewing for the 59 Bloggers documentary in pre-production that <a href=\"/node/190\">I mentioned a few days ago</a>. Independent filmmaker Chuck Olsen titled his film <a href=\"http://blogumentary.org/\"><em>Blogumentary</em></a> and <a href=\"http://blogumentary.typepad.com/chuck/2005/06 in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>One of the concerns that I have with a Drupal site is getting overwhelmed with traffic without the proper configuration. A link from <a href=\"http://www.slashdot.com\">Slashdot.com</a> -- a tech discussion community website &amp; \"News for nerds\" -- can bring a site down from so much traffic.</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://www.newmediamusings.com/blog/2005/03/ourmedia_slashd.html\">OurMedia.org got slashdotted</a> on the same day it launched back on March 21, 2005.</p>\n<dl>\n<dd>It didn\'t take long for Ourmedia to be <a href=\"http://slashdot.org/articles/05/03/21/1916206.shtml?tid=188&amp;tid=95\">slashdotted.</a></p>\n<p>Just what we needed with our servers already getting slammed.</dl>\n<p>The OurMedia servers got so sl in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>Another reason why I\'m cutting together a short video featuring many leaders of the new media movement is because my film advisor Brian Newman suggested that I reach out to the film world with what I\'m doing.</p>\n<p>I don\'t think the film industry understands folksonomy, Drupal, wikis, open source &amp; non-hierarchical grassroots collaboration. Brian informs me that they understand short videos or audio pieces that are incorporated into the site. It\'s hard for film folks to digest a lot of the other stuff that I\'ve been writing about.</p>\n<p>So I\'m working on a short film that can provide some metaphors for what I\'m trying to accomplish with this site that can appeal to a broader audience. I\'ve had a number of people tell me, \"I read your blog, but I can\'t understand what in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>Now that I have this site Drupalized, I can now start treating it as a cafe and not just a window into the project. Blogger <a href=\"http://www.hoder.com\">Hossein Derakhashan</a> talks about blogs being a <strong>window</strong> into a community, a <strong>bridge</strong> between communities, and a <strong>cafe</strong> where people can chat about different topics. </p>\n<p>Up until now, EchoChamberProject.com has served as a window for the production of this film for transparency\'s stake. It can now take it to the next level by treating it more like a cafe where conversations can happen within the internal blogs. It can also now serve more as a community of practice where this virtual space can be used more for collaboration.</p>\n<p>Cafe-like blog entries aren\'t in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Echo Chamber Project - PR http://www.echochamberproject.com/taxonomy/term/16/0 en Interview Audio: Sheldon Rampton, PRWatch.org & SourceWatch.org http://www.echochamberproject.com/rampton <p><center><a href="http://kentbye.blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSheldonRampton759.mp3"><br /> <img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1rampton.jpg"></a><br /> </center></p> <p><a href="http://kentbye.blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSheldonRampton759.mp3">Listen to the Interview</a> with Sheldon Rampton of <a href="http://www.PRWatch.org">PRWatch.org</a> &amp; <a href="http://www.SourceWatch.org">SourceWatch.org</a> (Length: 14:45)</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/newmedia13">More interviews</a> from the Personal Democracy Conference.</p> <p><a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a></p> <p><em>Transcript Coming Soon...</em><br /> May 16th, 2005<br /> <!--break--></p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/rampton#comment Communications Interview InterviewAudio Journalism personaldemocracy Politics PR Rampton Wed, 08 Feb 2006 13:42:14 -0500 kentbye 762 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Community Audio: Kent Bye Interview by Robin Good http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/752 <p><center><a href="http://www.archive.org/download/Interview_with_Kent_Bye_independent_filmaker_author_of_the_Echo_Chamber_Project/050124_KentBye_interview_e.mp3"><br /> <img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/kent_interview.jpg"></a></center></p> <p><a href="http://www.archive.org/download/Interview_with_Kent_Bye_independent_filmaker_author_of_the_Echo_Chamber_Project/050124_KentBye_interview_e.mp3">New Media trendspotter Robin Good conducted a 24-minute interview with me</a> last week talking about pre-war US media, the collaborative aspects of The Echo Chamber Project, and the <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/osint">Open Source Intelligence Conference</a> that I attended.</p> <p>Good has put together the most comprehensive launching pad to The Echo Chamber Project so far filling by his post with a lot of good pointers and graphics. He introduces me and the project by saying: </p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/bio/kentbye">Kent Bye</a>, is the author of a unique film documentary in progress that may become a future model for grassroots citizen journalism, while showing how to invest filmmaking skills and ideas in a production that has some real informative values and developing the first web-based collaborative video editing approach to build open-source movies and documentaries.</p></blockquote> <p>Check out the rest of the post, and the complete transcript for the interview <a href="http://www.masternewmedia.org/news/2006/02/03/collaborative_video_documentary_investigating_us.htm">here.</a><br /> <!--break--></p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/752#comment About CommunityAudio KentBye PR Status Fri, 03 Feb 2006 15:44:50 -0500 kentbye 752 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Some Pioneering Efforts in Independent Film Distribution http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/751 <p>Now that it is so cheap to produce and distribute your own multimedia material, the value added provided by distribution companies is not as much as it used to be. The Internet has shattered the previous barriers for distributing video and information around the world, which has created an information explosion. And as <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Simon">Herbert Simon</a> says, "a wealth of information creates a poverty of attention." So the mainstream media companies and movie distributers are now competing with individual bloggers, podcasters and videobloggers for the attention of audiences. </p> <p>And so instead of <a href="http://longtail.typepad.com/the_long_tail/2005/07/prefiltering_vs.html">pre-filtering gatekeepers</a> deciding what will and will not be published, now anyone can publish anything and it is up to <a href="http://longtail.typepad.com/the_long_tail/2005/07/prefiltering_vs.html">post-filtering systems</a> like Amazon's recommendation systems or word of mouth that is built up from a network and community of followers. </p> <p>Below are a few pointers to how this environment is changing the field of film distribution...<br /> <!--break--><br /> Steve Garfield pointed me to a <a href="http://nefilm.com/news/archives/2006/02/podcasting.htm">nice round-up that he &amp; David Tames did of the latest trends of videoblogging.</a> He mentions collaborative efforts of The Echo Chamber Project as being a future trend to watch as well as the pioneering efforts of community building from the indie feature <a href="http://foureyedmonsters.com">Four Eyed Monsters.</a> These Slamdance alums have been putting out some <a href="http://foureyedmonsters.com/video_podcast/episodes/">very well-produced video podcasts</a> documenting their struggles and determinations in completing their film and trying to find distribution. </p> <p><a href="http://www.myspace.com/susanbuice">Susan Buice</a> and <a href="http://www.myspace.com/arincrumley">Arin Crumley</a> have apparantly built up enough of a following to have teamed up with Withoutabox on a different type of approach to self-distribution. <a href="http://www.indiewire.com/ots/2006/01/park_city_06_bi_5.html">IndieWIRE has the best description</a> of this new initiative:</p> <blockquote><p><strong>Withoutabox</strong> has announced the launch of <strong>The Distribution Lab</strong>, a new program that will offer a suite of services to support filmmakers who plan to release their films themselves in various ways, including theatrical, DVD and on demand distribution. As part of the new program, participants will have access to ticketing, catalog management, accounting and online social networking and marketing solutions. A plan to offer DVD fulfillment and download distribution is also in the works.</p></blockquote> <p>Wow. This sounds really great, and the perfect type of solution for struggling filmmakers to get their material out there. We live in a <a href="http://del.icio.us/kentbye/PR">new world of public relations and marketing</a> where individuals can now start to build their own audiences through social networking sites like <a href="http://www.myspace.com">MySpace</a> or a <a href="http://www.drupal.org">Drupal</a>/<a href="http://www.civicspacelabs.org">CivicSpace</a> site. </p> <p>The <a href="http://foureyedmonsters.com/press/press_release/index.html">Four Eyed Monster's press release</a> cites some interesting statistics:</p> <blockquote><p>Crumley and Buice have built an audience base for their film with a video podcast series chronicling the creative struggles of filmmaking, their personal relationship, their journey on the film festival circuit, and eventually building have built a relationship with that audience through the video podcast. The podcast has been downloaded through iTunes or Myspace over 150,000 in a two month period.</p></blockquote> <p>Now 150,000 downloads seems like a lot of downloads, and I'm curious to know how they have been monitoring this. I'm also curious as to how many e-mails they've added to their list, and how many subscribers they have to <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/FEMvideoblogs">their feedburner feed.</a> These would be interesting metrics to know and watch over time. I'm sure there will be many lessons learned as they figure out ways to convert their following into theater tickets sold and DVDs bought.</p> <p>The documentary <a href="http://www.whatthebleep.com">What the Bleep Do We Know!?</a> started in one theater in Oregon, and had so much sucess that it spread out to other theaters and eventually got picked up and distributed around the world and yielding a gross revenue of over $11 million dollars <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2006/01/29/movies/29coeli.html">according to this New York Times article.</a></p> <p>The film was a mix of quantum physics and spirituality with some quirky <a href="http://www.whatthebleep.com/animation/">neuropeptide animations</a> to describe how much our emotions influence our behavior. Needless to say, no one in Hollywood wanted to touch the film. As <a href="http://www.whatthebleep.com/reviews/01-31-06-ny-times.shtml">one of the directors describes it</a>:</p> <blockquote><p>"I took the movie to every major studio in Hollywood and every one passed," said Betsy Chasse, one of the three filmmakers behind "Bleep," about her efforts to find a distributor for the first movie. "We had to prove to the gatekeepers that this film was going to fly before they'd touch it."</p> <p>Some time after that initial presentation, Ms. Chasse recounted, an executive from a studio that had declined to take on the film leveled with her. "The person said, 'Not only did we not acknowledge and realize that this market existed, but we don't even understand how to get to that market, and we want to know,' " said Ms. Chasse. In other conversations with Hollywood officials, she said, this kind of statement became fairly typical.</p></blockquote> <p>Not only did <em>What The Bleep?</em> figure out how to reach audiences, it was able to create a cult following that had the film held over for over 40 extra weeks in some cities. After distributing the film themselves, it was eventually picked up by Samuel Goldwyn Films &amp; Roadside Attractions for a much wider release. The filmmakers went on to create many <a href="http://www.bleepstore.com/">spin-off products</a>, <a href="http://www.whatthebleep.com/conferences/">conferences</a> and enough momentum to create and a follow-up film called <a href="http://www.whatthebleep.com/synopsis/drh-synopsis.shtml">What the Bleep?: Down the Rabbit Hole</a> that is going to be released this later this month. Here's <a href="http://www.whatthebleep.com/trailer">a film trailer</a> that features some reflections of the buzz that they were able to build.</p> <p>Finally, Robert Greenwald has been a pioneer in using the political advocacy networks to help distribute his Outfoxed, Uncovered, and Walmart documentaries that <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/241">I've talked about briefly before.</a> Instead of going through the gatekeepers of film distribution companies, Greenwald has opted to build alliances with large groups like <a href="http://www.moveon.org">MoveON</a> as well as smaller non-profits and<br /> <a href="http://www.walmartmovie.com/schools.php">schools</a>, <a href="http://www.walmartmovie.com/faith.php">communities of faith</a>, <a href="http://www.walmartmovie.com/family_business.php">family businesses</a> and <a href="http://www.walmartmovie.com/labor.php">labor groups.</a></p> <p>I've read quite a bit of <a href="http://www.makingofwalmartmovie.com/site/booknews.aspx">Greg Spotts' book</a> that <a href="http://www.makingofwalmartmovie.com/site/">documents the production</a> of the Greenwald's latest Wal-Mart documentary. He talks a bit about the community-development efforts that were critical to being able to have over 7,000 house parties set up to screen his film. </p> <p>The idea is that a lot of people get to see the film for free, and then a considerable portion of those people will end up buying the DVD to share with others.</p> <p>In mid-December, <a href="http://www.jimgilliam.com/2005/12/walmart_nears_100000_dvds_sold.php">Jim Gilliam reported</a> that they sold nearly 100,000 DVDs and that around 500,000 people saw the film within the first month. This is certainly great, but the only concerning fact is that <a href="http://www.jimgilliam.com/2005/12/walmart_nears_100000_dvds_sold.php">Gilliam also reports</a> that "We're still nowhere near breaking even, but we knew that wasn't going to happen."</p> <p>Greenwald had to take out a $1.6 million dollar loan in order to pay his crack team of producers, film crew and editors to shoot and edit the film within a year. I'm not sure if there was additional personal funds or investments that were made, but there were investors who bailed on the project because they feared the potential wrath of Wal-Mart.</p> <p>My observation is that Greenwald and his Brave New Films team has been pioneering the use of collaborative technologies like wikis within the realm of distributed film production, but that there is quite a lot of room for innovation within the realm of post-production and editing. </p> <p>Greenwald threw a team of four editors and two assistant editors to tirelessly work and rework the footage throughout the production of the film. This is certainly understandable considering that there is an enormous amount of footage that needed to consumed, filtered and recontextualized into short stories and edited sequences. The problem is that this approach is extremely linear and a huge bottleneck.</p> <p>My belief is that my <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/collaborativefilmmaking">collaborative filmmaking schema</a> could provide some interesting possiblities for making the <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/750">post-production sequencing process much more collaborative</a> and faster since it enables for the filtering and sensemaking process to operate in parallel. Imagine if people around the world could easily help sift through the source material and iterate through the infinite number of possible ways to parse the material down into a 90-minute film.</p> <p>Of course, this type of system may not have worked in the type of investigative exposé films that Greenwald has worked on, but it just seems like independent filmmakers are still placed into these ridiculous situations of having to risk so much personal time and energy to create these types of socially-relevant films. </p> <p>The personal itch that I am trying to scratch with The Echo Chamber Project is to have a way to engage a network of people within the process of creating a film and collecting additional context and meaning on the source material that I've gathered. It not only lowers the amount of risk for producing worthwhile documentaries, but it could also help build these support networks and communities that will continue to play bigger and bigger roles in helping shepard the distribution through word of mouth and create more breakthrough successes of independent films.</p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/751#comment Distribution Economics Editing Film PR Wed, 01 Feb 2006 10:43:17 -0500 kentbye 751 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Links to Pre-War Information http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/726 <p>I've done a lot of raw research concerning the build-up to the war in Iraq for my film that I haven't published yet. This post aggregates some information that I just formatted as well as points to some other raw data that I already had aggregated.</p> <p><strong>237 Statements from Bush Administration on Iraq</strong><br /> On March 16th, 2004 Henry Waxman published a database called "Iraq On the Record," but it was eventually taken offline. </p> <p>I had archived all of it into my timeline, and I just reformatted all of the statements, color coded them, and put them all underneath one URL:<br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements">http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements</a></p> <p><strong>White House's Pre-War Talking Points</strong><br /> I've also aggregated the White House's Talking Points from 9/18/02 to 3/19/03 onto one page:<br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/whtalkingpoints">http://www.echochamberproject.com/whtalkingpoints</a></p> <p>They call these talking points the "Global Message of the Day" that were carefully crafted and coordinated by the White House Iraq Group.</p> <p>These messages of the day correlate pretty well with the public record content, and it's a great way to see the overall trends of their pre-war communication strategy and to isolate specific shifts.</p> <p>I've digested the highlights of their PR strategy to sell the war here:<br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/overview">http://www.echochamberproject.com/overview</a></p> <p><strong>Selling the War through Anonymous Sources</strong><br /> Often times politicians will speak off the record when they don't want to be held accountable for what they're saying, and so I compiled 5 months worth of ABC and CBS reporting that was based upon anonymous sources. </p> <p>It's pretty evident that the Bush administration went <strong>a lot</strong> further in their off-the-record statements, than their on-the-record ones.<br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/anonymoussources">http://www.echochamberproject.com/anonymoussources</a><br /> <!--break--></p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/726#comment PR Fri, 09 Dec 2005 13:38:57 -0500 kentbye 726 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Waxman's Iraq On The Record Database: Pre-War Bush Administration Statements http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements <p>On March 16th, 2004 The Commitee on Government Reform <a href="http://democrats.reform.house.gov/IraqOnTheRecord/">published a database called "Iraq On The Record,"</a> which featured 237 pre-war and post-war statements on Iraq from the five top members of the Bush Administration. Henry Waxman requested the report, and it was introduced on the website by saying: </p> <blockquote><p>many doubts have been raised regarding the Administration’s assertions about the threat posed by Iraq. Prior to the war in Iraq, the President and his advisors repeatedly claimed that Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction that jeopardized the security of the United States. The failure to discover these weapons after the war has led to questions about whether the President and his advisors were candid in describing Iraq’s threat.</p></blockquote> <p>Interestingly, this database was eventually taken offline, but it is still available <a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20040402041343/http://www.house.gov/reform/min/features/iraq_on_the_record">here </a> from the Internet Archive. (<strong>UPDATE:</strong> The database moved, and is actually still online <a href="http://democrats.reform.house.gov/IraqOnTheRecord/">here.</a>)</p> <p>I also reformated and archived all of the data into my 18,000-line timeline, and so I figured that I'd republish it here to have all of the statements in one location.</p> <p>The footnotes explaining why each statement is misleading are linked at the bottom.</p> <table border="1" cellpadding="5"> <tr> <td> <strong>Date</strong> </td> <td> <strong>Name</strong> </td> <td> <strong>Type</strong> </td> <td> <strong>Quote</strong> </td> <td> <strong>Footnote</strong> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/17/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> We know they have biological and chemical weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/19/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> We know that they have chemical weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/19/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> [W]e know they are pursuing nuclear weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/21/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> And [Arab nations] are as concerned as we are when they see . . . his pursuit of nuclear weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/24/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> [T]he notion of a Saddam Hussein with his great oil wealth, with his inventory that he already has of biological and chemical weapons . . . is, I think, a frightening proposition for anybody who thinks about it. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/24/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> The issue is that he's pursuing nuclear weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/24/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> This is a man of great evil, as the President said. And he is actively pursuing nuclear weapons at this time. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 4/3/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> What we have said to our Arab friends is you may not see Saddam Hussein the same way we do, but you ought to, because those weapons of mass destruction that he is developing -- chemical, biological, nuclear -- they're more likely than not directed at one of you than us. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#8" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program. In addition, it failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">8</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 5/19/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> We know he's got chemicals and biological [weapons] . . . </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 5/19/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> [W]e know he's working on nuclear. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 5/22/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> [M]ost of them or some of them have very aggressive programs to develop nuclear weapons; certainly Iran does, certainly Iraq does, and there are others including North Korea. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/6/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> In Afghanistan we found confirmation that bin Laden and the al-Qaeda network were seriously interested in nuclear and radiological weapons, and in biological and chemical agents. We are especially concerned about any possible linkup between terrorists and regimes that have or seek weapons of mass destruction. In the case of Saddam Hussein, we have a dictator who is clearly pursuing these deadly capabilities. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#8" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program. In addition, it failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">8</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/10/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> [T]hey have weaponized chemical weapons, we know that. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/13/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> People should be nervous about the fact that there is a country such as Iraq with all that wealth available to it through oil, that is using that wealth to develop chemical, biological and even nuclear weapons, if they could get their hands on them, in order to threaten innocent people throughout the Persian Gulf region, and in due course perhaps even threaten us here, this far away. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#8" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program. In addition, it failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">8</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 7/19/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> We have already found confirmation that the al-Qaeda terrorists are seriously interested in nuclear and radiological weapons, and in biological and chemical agents. At the same time, there is a danger of terror groups joining together with regimes that have or are seeking to build weapons of mass destruction. In the case of Saddam Hussein, we have a dictator who is clearly pursuing these capabilities -- and has used them, both in his war against Iran and against his own people. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#8" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program. In addition, it failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">8</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 8/7/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> What we know now, from various sources, is that he has continued to improve the, if you can put it in those terms, the capabilities of his nuclear . . . and he continues to pursue a nuclear weapon. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 8/26/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> But we now know that Saddam has resumed his efforts to acquire nuclear weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 8/26/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> Urgent </td> <td> Simply stated, there is no doubt that Saddam Hussein now has weapons of mass destruction. There is no doubt he is amassing them to use against our friends, against our allies, and against us. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#5" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq posed an urgent threat despite the fact that the U.S. intelligence community had deep divisions and divergent points of view regarding Iraq's weapons of mass destruction. As Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet noted in February 2004, 'Let me be clear: analysts differed on several important aspects of these programs and those debates were spelled out in the Estimate. They never said there was an 'imminent' threat.'">5</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 8/26/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> As former Secretary of State Kissinger recently stated: The imminence of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, the huge dangers it involves, the rejection of a viable inspection system, and the demonstrated hostility of Saddam Hussein combine to produce an imperative for preemptive action." If the United States could have preempted 9/11, we would have, no question. Should we be able to prevent another, much more devastating attack, we will, no question. This nation will not live at the mercy of terrorists or terror regimes." </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#32" title = "This statement was misleading because by referencing the September 11 attacks in conjunction with discussion of the war on terror in Iraq, it left the impression that Iraq was connected to September 11. In fact, President Bush himself in September 2003 acknowledged that 'We’ve had no evidence that Saddam Hussein was involved with September the 11th.' The statement also was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing terrorists who would attack the United States with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had 'low confidence' in that scenario.">32</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 8/29/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> On the nuclear question, many of us are convinced that Saddam will acquire such weapons fairly soon. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 8/29/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> [T]hey continue to pursue an aggressive nuclear weapons program. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/8/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> There is no doubt that he has chemical weapons stocks. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/8/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> We destroyed some after the Gulf War with the inspection regime, but there is no doubt in our mind that he still has chemical weapons stocks and he has the capacity to produce more chemical weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/8/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> QUESTION: I want to get to all that, but still a couple more questions on his capabilities. If he were able to deploy right now his chemical and biological stocks, how many people could he kill? SECRETARY POWELL: I don't know. It depends on how he deployed them, where he deployed them. Chemical weapons are different from biological weapons. And let's just recognize the fact that he has them, he has used them before, and he has killed thousands of people in their use. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/8/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> [H]e is, in fact, actively and aggressively seeking to acquire nuclear weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/8/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> But we do know, with absolute certainty, that he is using his procurement system to acquire the equipment he needs in order to enrich uranium to build a nuclear weapon. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/8/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> QUESTION: So Saddam's more dangerous than North Korea or Iran? VICE PRESIDENT CHENEY: I think so because of his past practice and because we believe that he is a danger, a fundamental danger, not only for the region but potentially the United States, as well. And I say, a lot of that is based on the evidence that's now available, that he is working actively to improve his . . . nuclear weapons program. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/8/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> Now, the more recent developments have to do with our now being able to conclude, based on intelligence that's becoming available . . . that he has reconstituted his nuclear program to develop a nuclear weapon, that there are efforts under way inside Iraq to significantly expand his capability. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/8/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> With respect to nuclear weapons, we are quite confident that he continues to try to pursue the technology that would allow him to develop a nuclear weapon. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/8/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> We do know that he is actively pursuing a nuclear weapon. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/8/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> We know that he has the infrastructure, nuclear scientists to make a nuclear weapon. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/8/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> VICE PRESIDENT CHENEY: Well, I want to be very careful about how I say this. I'm not here today to make a specific allegation that Iraq was somehow responsible for 9/11. I can't say that. On the other hand, . . . new information has come to light. And we spent time looking at that relationship between Iraq, on the one hand, and the al-Qaeda organization on the other. And there has been reporting that suggests that there have been a number of contacts over the years. . . . There is -- again, I want to separate out 9/11, from the other relationships between Iraq and the al-Qaeda organization. But there is a pattern of relationships going back many years. And in terms of exchanges and in terms of people, we've had recently since the operations in Afghanistan -- we've seen al-Qaeda members operating physically in Iraq and off the territory of Iraq. . . . QUESTION: But no direct link? VICE PRESIDENT CHENEY: I can't -- I'll leave it right where it's at. I don't want to go beyond that. I've tried to be cautious and restrained in my comments. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#4" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">4</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/8/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> I don't want to talk about, obviously, specific intelligence sources, but it's now public that, in fact, he has been seeking to acquire, and we have been able to intercept and prevent him from acquiring through this particular channel, the kinds of tubes that are necessary to build a centrifuge. And the centrifuge is required to take low-grade uranium and enhance it into highly enriched uranium, which is what you have to have in order to build a bomb. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#6" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq sought aluminum tubes for use in its nuclear weapons program, failing to mention that the government’s most experienced technical experts at the U.S. Department of Energy concluded that the tubes were 'poorly suited' for this purpose.">6</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/8/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> VICE PRESIDENT CHENEY: And what we've seen recently that has raised our level of concern to the current state of unrest, if you will, if I can put it in those terms, is that he now is trying, through his illicit procurement network, to acquire the equipment he needs to be able to enrich uranium to make the bombs. QUESTION: Aluminum tubes. VICE PRESIDENT CHENEY: Specifically aluminum tubes. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#6" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq sought aluminum tubes for use in its nuclear weapons program, failing to mention that the government’s most experienced technical experts at the U.S. Department of Energy concluded that the tubes were 'poorly suited' for this purpose.">6</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/8/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> SECRETARY POWELL: We know that he has been working hard on developing a means to disseminate those [chemical and biological] weapons. He had artillery, he had rockets, and I'm sure he is looking at other technologies. We have evidence that he has been looking at aerial vehicles. QUESTION: Drones? SECRETARY POWELL: Drones. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#41" title = "This statement was misleading because it evoked a threat of Iraq using UAVs to spread biological and chemical agents, but failed to mention that the U.S. government agency most knowledgeable about UAVs and their potential applications, the Air Force’s National Air and Space Intelligence Center, had the following view: the 'U.S. Air Force does not agree that Iraq is developing UAVs primarily intended to be delivery platforms for chemical and biological (CBW) agents.'">41</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/8/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> We do know that there have been shipments going . . . into Iraq . . . of aluminum tubes that really are only suited to -- high-quality aluminum tools [sic] that are only really suited for nuclear weapons programs, centrifuge programs. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#50" title = "This statement was false. The government’s most experienced technical experts at the U.S. Department of Energy concluded that the tubes were 'poorly suited' for this purpose, and intelligence officials at the State Department concurred in this view.">50</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/8/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> The problem here is that there will always be some uncertainty about how quickly he can acquire nuclear weapons. But we don’t want the smoking gun to be a mushroom cloud. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#54" title = "This statement was misleading because it starkly evoked a threat of Iraq detonating a nuclear bomb when the intelligence community was deeply divided regarding whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear weapons program.">54</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/8/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> The problem with that is the way one gains absolutely certainty as to whether a dicatator like Saddam Hussein has nuclear weapons is if he uses it, and that's a little late. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#60" title = "This statement was misleading because it starkly evoked a threat of Iraq detonating a nuclear bomb when the intelligence community was deeply divided regarding whether Saddam Hussein was divided on whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear weapons program.">60</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/12/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> Urgent </td> <td> The history, the logic, and the facts lead to one conclusion: Saddam Hussein's regime is a grave and gathering danger. To suggest otherwise is to hope against the evidence. To assume this regime's good faith is to bet the lives of millions and the peace of the world in a reckless gamble. And this is a risk we must not take. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#5" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq posed an urgent threat despite the fact that the U.S. intelligence community had deep divisions and divergent points of view regarding Iraq's weapons of mass destruction. As Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet noted in February 2004, 'Let me be clear: analysts differed on several important aspects of these programs and those debates were spelled out in the Estimate. They never said there was an 'imminent' threat.'">5</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/12/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> Iraq has made several attempts to buy high-strength aluminum tubes used to enrich uranium for a nuclear weapon. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#6" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq sought aluminum tubes for use in its nuclear weapons program, failing to mention that the government’s most experienced technical experts at the U.S. Department of Energy concluded that the tubes were 'poorly suited' for this purpose.">6</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/12/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> Should Iraq acquire fissile material, it would be able to build a nuclear weapon within a year. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#10" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to provide the context that the U.S. intelligence community believed that Iraq probably would not be able to make a nuclear weapon until near the end of the decade.">10</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/12/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> With every step the Iraqi regime takes toward gaining and deploying the most terrible weapons, our own options to confront that regime will narrow. And if an emboldened regime were to supply these weapons to terrorist allies, then the attacks of September the 11th would be a prelude to far greater horrors. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#25" title = "This statement was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing terrorists who would attack the United States with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had 'low confidence' in that scenario, and Iraq appeared to be 'drawing a line short of conducting terrorist attacks' against the United States for fear of providing cause for war.">25</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/12/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> The first time we may be completely certain he has a --nuclear weapon is when, God forbids, he uses one. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#28" title = "This statement was misleading because it starkly evoked a threat of Iraq detonating a nuclear bomb when the intelligence community was deeply divided on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">28</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/15/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> MS. RICE: There is plenty to indict Saddam Hussein without a direct link to 9/11. He clearly has links to terrorism. QUESTION: All right. And links to terrorism would include al Qaeda? I just want to be certain. MS. RICE: Links to terrorism would include al Qaeda, yes. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#51" title = "This statement was misleading because it asserted that Iraq was linked to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">51</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/18/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> We do know that the Iraqi regime currently has chemical and biological weapons of mass destruction. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/18/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> His regime has amassed large clandestine stockpiles of chemical weapons, including VX and sarin and mustard gas. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/18/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> But I can say obviously that they have had an enormous appetite for weapons, biological and chemical weapons. They've taken these capabilities and weaponized them. They are continuing to do so today. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/18/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> And he has biological and chemical weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/18/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> He has, at this moment, stockpiles of chemical and biological weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/18/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> [W]e do know they're currently pursuing nuclear weapons, that they have a proven willingness to use those weapons at their disposal. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/18/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> His regime has an active program to acquire and develop nuclear weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/18/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> And he is agressively pursuing nuclear weapons. The region knows that. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/18/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> It is the nexus between an Al-Qaeda type network and other terrorist network and a terrorist state like Saddam Hussein who has that weapons of mass destruction. As we sit here, there are senior Al-Qaeda in Iraq. They are there. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#7" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was linked to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">7</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/18/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> Well, there's no question but that Iraq has relationships with countries that are on the terrorist list. They also have relations with terrorist networks. They also have al Qaeda currently in the country, among other -- Abu Nidal just, they say, committed suicide with four or five slugs to the head; that's a hard thing to do -- but he was in Iraq. So there's no question about those relationships. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#7" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was linked to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">7</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/19/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> He's amassed large, clandestine stockpiles of chemical weapons, including VX, sarin and mustard gas. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/19/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> He has stockpiles of chemical and biological weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/19/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> We do know that the Iraqi regime has chemical and biological weapons of mass destruction. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/19/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> He . . . is aggressively pursuing nuclear weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/19/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> We do know that the Iraqi regime . . . they're pursuing nuclear weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/19/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> His regime has an active program to aquire nuclear weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/19/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> Urgent </td> <td> [N]o terrorist state poses a greater or more immediate threat to the security of our people than the regime of Saddam Hussein and Iraq. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#5" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq posed an urgent threat despite the fact that the U.S. intelligence community had deep divisions and divergent points of view regarding Iraq's weapons of mass destruction. As Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet noted in February 2004, 'Let me be clear: analysts differed on several important aspects of these programs and those debates were spelled out in the Estimate. They never said there was an 'imminent' threat.'">5</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/19/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> Iraq is part of the global war on terror. Stopping terrorist regimes from acquiring weapons of mass destruction is a key objective of that war, and we can fight the various elements of the global war on terror simultaneously, as General Myers will indicate in his remarks. A principle goal in the war on terror is to prevent another September 11th or a weapons of mass destruction attack that could make September 11th seem modest by comparison, and to do it before it happens. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#11" title = "This statement was misleading because by referencing the September 11 attacks in conjunction with discussion of the war on terror in Iraq, it left the impression that Iraq was connected to September 11. In fact, President Bush himself in September 2003 acknowledged that 'We’ve had no evidence that Saddam Hussein was involved with September the 11th.'">11</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/26/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> The regime is seeking a nuclear bomb, and with fissile material, could build one within a year. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#10" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to provide the context that the U.S. intelligence community believed that Iraq probably would not be able to make a nuclear weapon until near the end of the decade.">10</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/26/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> The Iraqi regime possesses biological and chemical weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/26/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> Since we began after September 11th, we do have solid evidence of the presence in Iraq of al Qaeda members, including some that have been in Baghdad. We have what we consider to be very reliable reporting of senior-level contacts going back a decade, and of possible chemical- and biological-agent training. And when I say contacts, I mean between Iraq and al Qaeda. The reports of these contacts have been increasing since 1998. We have what we believe to be credible information that Iraq and al Qaeda have discussed safe haven opportunities in Iraq, reciprocal non-aggression discussions. We have what we consider to be credible evidence that al Qaeda leaders have sought contacts in Iraq who could help them acquire weapon of -- weapons of mass destruction capabilities. We do have -- I believe it's one report indicating that Iraq provided unspecified training relating to chemical and/or biological matters for al Qaeda members. There is, I'm told, also some other information of varying degrees of reliability that supoprts that conclusion of their cooperation. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#57" title = "This statement was misleading because it asserted that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. This statement also was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing al Qaeda with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had 'low confidence' in that scenario.">57</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/27/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> They have amassed large clandestine stockpiles of chemical weapons including VX and sarin and mustard gas. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/27/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> Second, they question . . . what is the proof that Iraq has nuclear weapons? Where's the smoking gun? . . . But if you think about it, the last thing we should want is a smoking gun. A gun doesn't smoke until it has been fired and the goal has to be to stop such an attack before it starts. As the President told the United Nations, 'The first time we may be completely certain that a terrorist has nuclear weapons is when, God forbid,' he said, 'they use one.' </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/27/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> His regime has an active program to acquire and develop nuclear weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/28/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> The Iraqi regime possesses biological and chemical weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/28/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> The regime has longstanding and continuing ties to terrorist groups, and there are Al Qaida terrorists inside Iraq. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#7" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was linked to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">7</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/2/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> We know the designs of the Iraqi regime. In defiance of pledges to the U.N., it has stockpiled biological and chemical weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/2/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> Urgent </td> <td> On its present course, the Iraqi regime is a threat of unique urgency. . . . it has developed weapons of mass death. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#5" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq posed an urgent threat despite the fact that the U.S. intelligence community had deep divisions and divergent points of view regarding Iraq's weapons of mass destruction. As Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet noted in February 2004, 'Let me be clear: analysts differed on several important aspects of these programs and those debates were spelled out in the Estimate. They never said there was an 'imminent' threat.'">5</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/2/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> The regime has the scientists and facilities to build nuclear weapons, and is seeking the materials needed to do so. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/5/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> In defiance of the United Nations, Iraq has stockpiled biological and chemical weapons, and is rebuilding the facilities used to make more of those weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/7/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> And surveillance photos reveal that the regime is rebuilding facilities that it had used to produced chemical and biological weapons. Yet Saddam Hussein has chosen to build and keep these weapons despite international sanctions, U.N. demands, and isolation from the civilized world. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/7/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> After eleven years during which we have tried containment, sanctions, inspections, even selected military action, the end result is that Saddam Hussein still has chemical and biological weapons and is increasing his capabilities to make more. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/7/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> [Iraq] possesses and produces chemical and biological weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/7/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> The Iraqi regime . . . is seeking nuclear weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/7/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> Saddam Hussein . . . is moving ever closer to developing a nuclear weapon. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/7/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> Iraq has attempted to purchase high-strength aluminum tubes and other equipment needed for gas centrifuges, which are used to enrich uranium for nuclear weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#6" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq sought aluminum tubes for use in its nuclear weapons program, failing to mention that the government’s most experienced technical experts at the U.S. Department of Energy concluded that the tubes were 'poorly suited' for this purpose.">6</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/7/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> If the Iraq regime is able to produce, buy, or steal an amount of highly enriched uranium a little larger than a single softball, it could have a nuclear weapon in less than one year. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#10" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to provide the context that the U.S. intelligence community believed that Iraq probably would not be able to make a nuclear weapon until near the end of the decade.">10</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/7/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> We know that Iraq and al Qaeda have had high-level contacts that go back a decade. Some al Qaeda leaders who fled Afghanistan went to Iraq. These include one very senior al Qaeda leader who received medical treatment in Baghdad this year, and who has been associated with planning for chemical and biological attacks. We've learned that Iraq has trained al Qaeda members in bomb-making and poisons and deadly gases. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#9" title = "This statement was misleading because it asserted that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">9</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/7/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> We've also discovered through intelligence that Iraq has a growing fleet of manned and unmanned aerial vehicles that could be used to disperse chemical or biological weapons across broad areas. We are concerned that Iraq is exploring ways of using these UAVs for missions targeting the United States. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#22" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed that Iraq’s UAVs were intended and able to spread chemical or biological weapons, including over the United States, but failed to mention that the U.S. government agency most knowledgeable about UAVs and their potential applications, the Air Force’s National Air and Space Intelligence Center, had the following view: the 'U.S. Air Force does not agree that Iraq is developing UAVs primarily intended to be delivery platforms for chemical and biological (CBW) agents.'">22</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/7/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> In 1995, after several years of deceit by the Iraqi regime, the head of Iraq's military industries defected. It was then that the regime was forced to admit that it had produced more than 30,000 liters of anthrax and other deadly biological agents. The inspectors, however, concluded that Iraq had likely produced two to four times that amount. This is a massive stockpile of biological weapons that has never been accounted for, and capable of killing millions. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#23" title = "This statement was misleading because it evoked a lethal threat to millions of individuals from Iraq's biological weapons but failed to acknowledge that the U.S. intelligence community had reported on Iraq's biological weapons capabilities with qualifiers and lack of specificity. For example, the October 2002 NIE estimated simply that Iraq had 'some' BW agents that were lethal and incapacitating, 'including anthrax.'">23</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/7/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> Knowing these realities, America must not ignore the threat gathering against us. Facing clear evidence of peril, we cannot wait for the final proof - the smoking gun - that could come in the form of a mushroom cloud. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#29" title = "This statement was misleading because it starkly evoked a threat of Iraq detonating a nuclear bomb when there was deep division in the intelligence community on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">29</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/9/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> We do know that he has stocks of biological weapons, chemical weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/14/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> And I also mentioned the fact that there is a connection between al Qaeda and Saddam Hussein. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#7" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was linked to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">7</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/22/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> They have chemical weapons; they have biological weapons; they're trying to acquire nuclear weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/22/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> [T]hey're trying to acquire nuclear weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/28/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> This [Saddam Hussein] is a person who has had contacts with al Qaeda. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#7" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was linked to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">7</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/30/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> Urgent </td> <td> But the President also believes that this problem has to be dealt with, and if the United Nations won't deal with it, then the United States, with other likeminded nations, may have to deal with it. We would prefer not to go that route, but the danger is so great, with respect to Saddam Hussein having weapons of mass destruction, and perhaps even terrorists getting hold of such weapons, that it is time for the international community to act, and if it doesn't act, the President is prepared to act with likeminded nations. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#5" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq posed an urgent threat despite the fact that the U.S. intelligence community had deep divisions and divergent points of view regarding Iraq's weapons of mass destruction. As Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet noted in February 2004, 'Let me be clear: analysts differed on several important aspects of these programs and those debates were spelled out in the Estimate. They never said there was an 'imminent' threat.'">5</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/3/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> [Saddam Hussein is] a man who not only has chemical weapons, but he has used chemical weapons against some of his neighbors. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/3/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> Saddam Hussein is a man who told the world he wouldn't have weapons of mass destruction, but he's got them . . . . And not only that, [he would] like nothing more than to hook up with one of these shadowy terrorist networks like Al Qaeda, provide some weapons and training to them, let them come do his dirty work, and we wouldn't be able to see his fingerprints on his action. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#24" title = "This statement was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing Al Qaeda with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had 'low confidence' in that scenario, and the intelligence community believed that Iraq appeared to be 'drawing a line short of conducting terrorist attacks' against the United States for fear of providing cause for war.">24</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/4/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> We not only know he's got chemical weapons, but incredibly enough he's used chemical weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/4/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> He said he wouldn't have chemical weapons, he's got them. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/4/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> Not only has he got chemical weapons, but I want you to remember, he's used chemical weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/4/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> It's a man who has got connections with Al Qaida. Imagine a terrorist network with Iraq as an arsenal and as a training ground, so that a Saddam Hussein could use this shadowy group of people to attack his enemy and leave no fingerprint behind. He's a threat. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#4" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">4</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/4/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> This is a man who has had Al Qaida connections. I want you to think about a scenario in which he becomes the arsenal and the training grounds for shadowy terrorists so that he can attack somebody who (sic) hates and not leave any fingerprints behind. He is a threat. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#7" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was linked to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">7</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/4/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> He's had contacts with Al Qaida. Imagine the scenario where an Al Qaida-type organization uses Iraq as an arsenal, a place to get weapons, a place to be trained to use the weapons. Saddam Hussein could use surrogates to come and attack people he hates. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#4" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">4</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/7/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> He's a threat because he is dealing with Al Qaida. In my Cincinnati speech I reminded the American people, a true threat facing our country is that an Al Qaida-type network trained and armed by Saddam could attack America and leave not one fingerprint. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#4" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">4</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/10/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> During the four years since inspectors have been barred from Iraq, Hussein has done everything he can to acquire and develop more weapons of mass destruction -- whether biological, chemical or nuclear. He has no scruples about using the weapons that he possesses or about providing them to terrorists should that suit his interests. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#8" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program. In addition, it failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">8</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/14/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> Well, we know that Saddam Hussein has chemical and biological weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/14/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> And we know that he has an active program for the development of nuclear weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/14/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> [T]here is no question but that there have been interactions between the Iraqi government, Iraqi officials, and al-Qaeda operatives. They have occurred over a span of some eight or ten years to our knowledge. There are currently al-Qaeda in Iraq. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#4" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">4</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/14/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> Urgent </td> <td> Now, transport yourself forward a year, two years, or a week, or a month, and if Saddam Hussein were to take his weapons of mass destruction and transfer them, either use himself, or transfer them to the Al-Qaeda, and somehow the Al-Qaeda were to engage in an attack on the United States, or an attack on U.S. forces overseas, with a weapon of mass destruction you're not talking about 300, or 3,000 people potentially being killed, but 30,000, or 100,000 . . . human beings. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#62" title = "This statement was misleading because, by evoking the specter of thousands of deaths in a time frame as short as 'a week, or a month,' it suggested that Iraq posed an urgent threat. The U.S. intelligence community, however, had deep divisions and divergent points of view regarding Iraq's weapons of mass destruction. Further, according to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had 'low confidence' regarding whether Iraq would provide al Qaeda with weapons of mass destruction.">62</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/20/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> Urgent </td> <td> Today the world is also uniting to answer the unique and urgent threat posed by Iraq. A dictator who has used weapons of mass destruction on his own people must not be allowed to produce or possess those weapons. We will not permit Saddam Hussein to blackmail and/or terrorize nations which love freedom. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#5" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq posed an urgent threat despite the fact that the U.S. intelligence community had deep divisions and divergent points of view regarding Iraq's weapons of mass destruction. As Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet noted in February 2004, 'Let me be clear: analysts differed on several important aspects of these programs and those debates were spelled out in the Estimate. They never said there was an 'imminent' threat.'">5</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/2/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> His regime has had high-level contacts with al Qaeda going back a decade and has provided training to al Qaeda terrorists. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#4" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">4</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/2/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> There is also a grave danger that al Qaeda or other terrorists will join with outlaw regimes that have these weapons to attack their common enemy, the United States of America. That is why confronting the threat posed by Iraq is not a distraction from the war on terror. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#35" title = "This statement was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing al Qaeda with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had 'low confidence' in that scenario, and Iraq appeared to be 'drawing a line short of conducting terrorist attacks' against the United States for fear of providing cause for war.">35</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/3/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> QUESTION: Mr. Secretary, the United States has categorically said that Iraq has an active . . . nuclear weapons program. SECRETARY RUMSFELD: Because they do. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/19/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> We also know that Iraq has tried to obtain high-strength aluminum tubes which can be used to enrich uranium in centrifuges for a nuclear weapons program. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#6" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq sought aluminum tubes for use in its nuclear weapons program, failing to mention that the government’s most experienced technical experts at the U.S. Department of Energy concluded that the tubes were 'poorly suited' for this purpose.">6</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/7/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> The problem with Iraq is chemical or biological weapons today . . . . </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/20/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> Saddam Hussein possesses chemical and biological weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/20/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> And he has an active program to acquire and develop nuclear weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/20/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> Urgent </td> <td> Saddam Hussein's regime is a grave and gathering danger. It's a danger to its neighbors, to the United States, to the Middle East and to the international peace and stability. It's a danger we cannot ignore. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#5" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq posed an urgent threat despite the fact that the U.S. intelligence community had deep divisions and divergent points of view regarding Iraq's weapons of mass destruction. As Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet noted in February 2004, 'Let me be clear: analysts differed on several important aspects of these programs and those debates were spelled out in the Estimate. They never said there was an 'imminent' threat.'">5</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/20/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> Urgent </td> <td> Iraq poses a threat to the security of our people and to the stability of the world that is distinct from any other. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#5" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq posed an urgent threat despite the fact that the U.S. intelligence community had deep divisions and divergent points of view regarding Iraq's weapons of mass destruction. As Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet noted in February 2004, 'Let me be clear: analysts differed on several important aspects of these programs and those debates were spelled out in the Estimate. They never said there was an 'imminent' threat.'">5</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/20/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> The [Iraqi] report also failed to deal with issues which have arisen since 1998, including: . . . attempts to acquire uranium and the means to enrich it. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#13" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq sought to acquire uranium despite the fact that the CIA expressed doubts about the credibility of this claim in two memos to the White House, including one addressed to National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice. CIA Director George Tenet also warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice's deputy. In addition, the statement fails to mention that State Department intelligence officials also concluded that this claim was 'highly dubious.'">13</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/23/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> For example, the declaration fails to account for or explain Iraq’s efforts to get uranium from abroad . . . </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#13" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq sought to acquire uranium despite the fact that the CIA expressed doubts about the credibility of this claim in two memos to the White House, including one addressed to National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice. CIA Director George Tenet also warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice's deputy. In addition, the statement fails to mention that State Department intelligence officials also concluded that this claim was 'highly dubious.'">13</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/26/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> QUESTION: You referred in your speech to the links between al-Qaida and Iraq. Now, even some of our secret service chiefs say publicly there is no evidence of that. SECRETARY POWELL: We do have evidence of it. We are not suggesting that there is a 9/11 link, but we are suggesting -- we do have evidence -- of connections over the years between Iraq and al-Qaida and other terrorist organizations. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#4" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">4</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/26/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> Why is Iraq still trying to procure uranium and the special equipment needed to transform it into material for nuclear weapons? </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#13" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq sought to acquire uranium despite the fact that the CIA expressed doubts about the credibility of this claim in two memos to the White House, including one addressed to National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice. CIA Director George Tenet also warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice's deputy. In addition, the statement fails to mention that State Department intelligence officials also concluded that this claim was 'highly dubious.'">13</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/26/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> The more we wait, the more chance there is for this dictator with clear ties to terrorist groups, including al-Qaida, more time for him to pass a weapon, share a technology, or use these weapons again. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#42" title = "This statement was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing al Qaeda with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had 'low confidence' in that scenario.">42</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/27/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> QUESTION: Mr. Secretary, you have spoken, in Davos most recently, about a connection between Iraq and terrorist groups, including al Qaida. Are you saying there is evidence that that has happened in the past, or is there evidence currently that there's still a connection? SECRETARY POWELL: I think we have said consistently all along, through last fall and into this year, that we have seen contacts and connections between the Iraqi regime and terrorist organizations, to include al Qaida. As we have been able to focus on this more and look back in time, I think we're more confident of that assessment and we see no reason not to believe that such contacts and the presence of al Qaida elements or individuals in Iraq is a reasonable assumption, and we have some basis for that assumption. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#4" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">4</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/28/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> Our intelligence sources tell us that he has attempted to purchase high-strength aluminum tubes suitable for nuclear weapons production. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#6" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq sought aluminum tubes for use in its nuclear weapons program, failing to mention that the government’s most experienced technical experts at the U.S. Department of Energy concluded that the tubes were 'poorly suited' for this purpose.">6</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/28/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> The British government has learned that Saddam Hussein recently sought significant quantities of uranium from Africa. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#14" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq sought uranium from Africa despite the fact that the CIA expressed doubts about the credibility of this claim in two memos to the White House, including one addressed to National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice. CIA Director George Tenet also warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice's deputy. In addition, the statement fails to mention that State Department intelligence officials also concluded that this claim was 'highly dubious.'">14</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/28/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> Before September the 11th, many in the world believed that Saddam Hussein could be contained. But chemical agents, lethal viruses, and shadowy terrorist networks are not easily contained. Imagine those 19 hijackers with other weapons and other planes -- this time armed by Saddam Hussein. It would take one vial, one canister, one crate slipped into this country to bring a day of horror like none we have ever known. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#26" title = "This statement was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing terrorists who would attack the United States with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had 'low confidence' in that scenario, and Iraq appeared to be 'drawing a line short of conducting terrorist attacks' against the United States for fear of providing cause for war. This statement also was misleading because by referencing the September 11 attacks in conjunction with discussion of the war on terror in Iraq, it left the impression that Iraq was connected to September 11. In fact, President Bush himself in September 2003 acknowledge that 'We've had no evidence that Saddam Hussein was involved with September the 11th.'">26</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/28/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> Evidence from intelligence sources, secret communications, and statements by people now in custody reveal that Saddam Hussein aids and protects terrorists, including members of al Qaeda. Secretly, and without fingerprints, he could provide one of his hidden weapons to terrorists, or help develop their own. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#27" title = "This statement was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing weapons to al Qaeda. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had 'low confidence' in that scenario.">27</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/29/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> You have a country that is out in the world buying things that are necessary for the development and progress in their . . . nuclear programs. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/29/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> His regime has the design for a nuclear weapon, was working on several different methods of enriching uranium . . . . </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#3" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program.">3</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/29/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> QUESTION: What have you got on the other front linking Iraq with al Qaida and Usama bin Laden? POWELL: We do have information that suggests that there have been links over the years, and continue to be links, between the Iraqi Government and al Qaida. And the more we look at this the more we are able to look back in time and connect things with people who have come into our custody and other information has become available to us. It's clear that there is a link. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#4" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">4</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/29/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> I hope that you will understand, as we believe we understand, that this is a danger, a danger to the world, for this kind of regime and this kind of man, Saddam Hussein, to continue to develop weapons of mass destruction--chemical weapons, biological weapons, nuclear weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#8" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program. In addition, it failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">8</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/29/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> And we will also put forward additional information that will substantiate the claim that they do have programs to develop chemical and biological weapons, as well as nuclear weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#8" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program. In addition, it failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">8</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/29/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> The regime plays host to terrorists, including Al Qaida, as the president indicated. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#9" title = "This statement was misleading because it asserted that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">9</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/29/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> His regime has the design for a nuclear weapon, was working on several different methods of enriching uranium, and recently was discovered seeking significant quantities of uranium from Africa. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#56" title = "This statement was misleading because it asserted that Iraq sought uranium from Africa despite the fact that the CIA had expressed doubts about the credibility of this claim in two memos to the White House, including one addressed to National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice. Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet also had warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice’s deputy. In addition, the statement failed to mention that State Department intelligence officials had concluded that this claim was 'highly dubious.'">56</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/30/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> His regime aids and protects terrorists, including members of al Qaeda. He could decide secretly to provide weapons of mass destruction to terrorists for use against us. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#34" title = "This statement was misleading because it asserted that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. This statement also was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing al Qaeda with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had 'low confidence' in that scenario, and Iraq appeared to be 'drawing a line short of conducting terrorist attacks' against the United States for fear of providing cause for war.">34</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/3/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> And, perhaps most critically, the President confirmed that Iraq has open channels and ties to terrorist organizations, including al Qaeda. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#4" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">4</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/4/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> QUESTION: Mr. Secretary, today in a broadcast interview Saddam Hussein said: There is only one truth, Iraq has no weapons of mass destruction whatsoever." And he went on to say, "I would like to tell you directly we have no relationship with Al Qaida." SECRETARY RUMSFELD: And Abraham Lincoln was short." </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#4" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">4</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/5/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> How do I know that? How can I say that? Let me give you a closer look. Look at the image on the left. On the left is a close-up of one of the four chemical bunkers. The two arrows indicate the presence of sure signs that the bunkers are storing chemical munitions. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/5/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> Saddam Hussein has chemical weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/5/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> [H]e has made repeated covert attempts to aquire high-specification aluminum tubes from 11 different countries, even after inspections resumed. These tubes are controlled by the Nuclear Suppliers Group precisely because they can be used as centrifuges for enriching uranium. By now, just about everyone has heard of these tubes and we all know that there are differences of opinion. There is controversy about what these tubes are for. Most US experts think they are intended to serve as rotors in centrifuges used to enrich uranium. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#6" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq sought aluminum tubes for use in its nuclear weapons program, failing to mention that the government’s most experienced technical experts at the U.S. Department of Energy concluded that the tubes were 'poorly suited' for this purpose.">6</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/5/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> QUESTION: Is there any question in your mind about the al Qaeda connection? Did Powell totally convince people today in that area? RICE: There is no question in my mind about the al Qaeda connection. It is a connection that has unfolded, that we're learning more about as we are able to take the testimony of detainees, people who were high up in the al Qaeda organization. And what emerges is a picture of a Saddam Hussein who became impressed with what al Qaeda did after it bombed our embassies in 1998 in Kenya and Tanzania, began to give them assistance in chemical and biological weapons, something that they were having trouble achieving on their own, that harbored a terrorist network under this man Zarqawi, despite the fact that Saddam Hussein was told that Zarqawi was there. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#9" title = "This statement was misleading because it asserted that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">9</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/5/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> But what I want to bring to your attention today is the potentially much more sinister nexus between Iraq and the Al Qaeda terrorist network, a nexus that combines classic terrorist organizations and modern methods of murder. Iraq today harbors a deadly terrorist network headed by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi an associate and collaborator of Usama bin Laden and his al-Qaida lieutenants. . . . From his terrorist network in Iraq, Zarqawi can direct his network in the Middle East and beyond. . . . We are not surprised that Iraq is harboring Zarqawi and his subordinates. This understanding builds on decades-long experience with respect to ties between Iraq and al-Qaida. . . . A detained al-Qaida member tells us that Saddam was more willing to assist al-Qaida after the 1998 bombings of our embassies . . . . Some believe, some claim, these contacts do not amount to much. They say Saddam Hussein's secular tyranny and al-Qaida's religious tyranny do not mix. I am not comforted by this thought. Ambition and hatred are enough to bring Iraq and al-Qaida together, enough so al-Qaida could learn how to build more sophisticated bombs and learn how to forge documents, and enough so that al-Qaida could turn to Iraq for help in acquiring expertise on weapons of mass destruction. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#38" title = "This presentation was misleading because it heavily emphasized reports supporting the assertion that a relationship between Iraq and Al Qaeda existed that posed a real threat to the United States, when in fact the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. While Secretary Powell, unlike several other top administration officials, included a reference to the fact that 'some believe' that the contacts 'don't amount to much,' he did not make clear that this was a view within the U.S. intelligence community, and further he was dismissive of this position.">38</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/5/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> Now, umanned aerial vehicles, UAVs. Iraq has been working on a variety of UAVs for more than a decade. This is just illustrative of what a UAV would look like. This effort has included attempts to modify for unmanned flight the MiG-21 and, with greater success, an aircraft called the L-29. However, Iraq is now concentrating not on these airplanes but on developing and testing smaller UAVs such as this. UAVs are well suited for dispensing chemical and biological weapons. There is ample evidence that Iraq has dedicated much effort to developing and testing spray devices that could be adapted for UAVs. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#39" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed that Iraq’s UAVs were intended and able to spread chemical or biological weapons, but failed to mention that the U.S. government agency most knowledgeable about UAVs and their potential applications, the Air Force’s National Air and Space Intelligence Center, had the following view: the 'U.S. Air Force does not agree that Iraq is developing UAVs primarily intended to be delivery platforms for chemical and biological (CBW) agents.'">39</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/5/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> Our conservative estimate is that Iraq today has a stockpile of between 100 and 500 tons of chemical weapons agent. That is enough agent to fill 16,000 battlefield rockets. Even the low end of 100 tons of agent would enable Saddam Hussein to cause mass casualties across more than 100 square miles of territory, an area nearly five times the size of Manhattan. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#40" title = "This statement was misleading because it evoked a lethal threat to millions of individuals from Iraq's chemical weapons but failed to acknowledge that the U.S. intelligence community had reported on Iraq's chemical wapons capabilities with qualifiers and lack of specificity. In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge a 2002 Defense Intelligence Agency report that concluded: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">40</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/6/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> Saddam Hussein has longstanding, direct and continuing ties to terrorist networks. Senior members of Iraqi intelligence and al Qaeda have met at least eight times since the early 1990s. Iraq has sent bomb-making and document forgery experts to work with al Qaeda. Iraq has also provided al Qaeda with chemical and biological weapons training. We also know that Iraq is harboring a terrorist network, headed by a senior al Qaeda terrorist planner. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#9" title = "This statement was misleading because it asserted that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">9</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/6/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> And the United States, along with a growing coalition of nations, is resolved to take whatever action is necessary to defend ourselves and disarm the Iraqi regime. September the 11th, 2001, the American people saw what terrorists could do by turning four airplanes into weapons. We will not wait to see what terrorists or terrorist states could do with chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#19" title = "This statement was misleading because by referencing the September 11 attacks in conjunction with discussion of the war on terror in Iraq, it left the impression that Iraq was connected to September 11. In fact, President Bush himself in September 2003 acknowledged 'We’ve had no evidence that Saddam Hussein was involved with September the 11th.' This statement also was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing terrorists who would attack the United States with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had 'low confidence' in that scenario, and Iraq appeared to be 'drawing a line short of conducting terrorist attacks' against the United States for fear of providing cause for war.">19</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/6/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> All the world has now seen the footage of an Iraqi Mirage aircraft with a fuel tank modified to spray biological agents over wide areas. Iraq has developed spray devices that could be used on unmanned aerial vehicals with ranges far beyond what is permitted by the Security Council. A UAV launched from a vessel off the American coast could reach hundreds of miles inland. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#21" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed that Iraq’s UAVs were intended and able to spread biological weapons, including over the United States, but failed to mention that the U.S. government agency most knowledgeable about UAVs and their potential applications, the Air Force’s National Air and Space Intelligence Center, had the following view: the 'U.S. Air Force does not agree that Iraq is developing UAVs primarily intended to be delivery platforms for chemical and biological (CBW) agents.'">21</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/8/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> One of the greatest dangers we face is that weapons of mass destruction might be passed to terrorists who would not hesitate to use those weapons. Saddam Hussein has longstanding, direct and continuing ties to terrorist networks. Senior members of Iraq intelligence and al Qaeda have met at least eight times since the early 1990s. Iraq has sent bomb-making and document forgery experts to work with al Qaeda. Iraq has also provided al Qaeda with chemical and biological weapons training. And an al Qaeda operative was sent to Iraq several times in the late 1990s for help in aquiring poisons and gases. We also know that Iraq is harboring a terrorist network headed by a senior al Qaeda terrorist planner. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#20" title = "This statement was misleading because it asserted that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. The statement also was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing al Qaeda with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had 'low confidence' in that scenario.">20</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/16/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> Well, we are, of course, continually learning more about these links between Iraq and al Qaeda, and there is evidence that Secretary Powell did not have the time to talk about. But the core of the story is there in what Secretary Powell talked about. This poisons network with at least two dozen of its operatives operating in Baghdad, a man who is spreading poisons now throughout Europe and into Russia, a man who got medical care in Baghdad despite the fact that the Iraqis were asked to turn him over, training in biological and chemical weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#4" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">4</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/25/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> Urgent </td> <td> But the risk of doing nothing, the risk of the security of this country being jeopardized at the hands of a madman with weapons of mass destruction far exceeds the risks of any action we may be forced to take. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#5" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq posed an urgent threat despite the fact that the U.S. intelligence community had deep divisions and divergent points of view regarding Iraq's weapons of mass destruction. As Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet noted in February 2004, 'Let me be clear: analysts differed on several important aspects of these programs and those debates were spelled out in the Estimate. They never said there was an 'imminent' threat.'">5</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/25/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> QUESTION: There've been a lot of reports . . . In regard to these . . . very small aircraft, that potentially could deliver biological things. . . SECRETARY RUMSFELD: They come in a variety of sizes and shapes and capabilities. They are perfectly capable of being equipped with spraying and aerosol-type capabilities. Today with global position systems, GPS, and the kinds of maps that one can buy readily, these types of things can be purchased and used and guided and directed with great precision and capable of dispensing those kinds of weapons. They do exist. We know that Iraq has a number of so-called UAVs, unmanned aerial vehicles, of different types, that they train with them and exercise them. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#59" title = "This statement was misleading because it implied that Iraq’s UAVs were intended and able to spread chemical or biological weapons, but failed to mention that the U.S. government agency most knowledgeable about UAVs and their potential applications, the Air Force’s National Air and Space Intelligence Center, had the following view: the 'U.S. Air Force does not agree that Iraq is developing UAVs primarily intended to be delivery platforms for chemical and biological (CBW) agents.'">59</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/6/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> He has trained and financed al Qaeda-type organizations before, al Qaeda and other terrorist organizations. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#4" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">4</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/9/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> QUESTION: Another rationale provided by the administration for action against Saddam is his connection to al Qaida. Tom Friedman, in the New York Times, wrote this: I am also very troubled by the way Bush officials have tried to justify this war on the grounds that Saddam is allied with Usama bin Laden or will be soon. There is simply no proof of that, and every time I hear them repeat it, I think of the Gulf of Tonkin resolution from the Vietnam times. You don't take the country to war on the wings of a lie." SECRETARY POWELL: I don’t think it's a lie. I think there is information and evidence that there are connections. We have talked about Mr. al-Zarqawi and some of the people who are in Baghdad who are linked with al-Qaida and Usama bin Laden and who were there with the certain knowledge of the Iraqi regime. We have seen connections and we are continuing to pursue those connections. . . . And the fact that there is also an al-Qaida connection, I think certainly adds to the case." </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#4" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">4</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/9/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> Now the al-Qaida is an organization that's quite disbursed and --and quite widespread in its effects, but it clearly has had links to the Iraqis, not to mention Iraqi links to all kinds of other terrorists. And what we do not want is the day when Saddam Hussein decides that he's had enough of dealing with sanctions, enough of dealing with, quote, unquote, containment," enough of dealing with America, and it's time to end it on his terms, by transferring one of these weapons, just a little vial of something, to a terrorist for blackmail or for worse." </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#16" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. This statement also was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing al Qaeda with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had 'low confidence' in that scenario.">16</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/11/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> He claims to have no chemical or biological weapons, yet we know that he continues to hide biological or chemical weapons, moving them to different locations as often as every 12 to 24 hours, and placing them in residential neighborhoods. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/16/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> We know he's out trying once again to produce nuclear weapons . . . . </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#12" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program. The statement also failed to mention weeks of intensive inspections conducted directly before the war in which United Nations inspectors found no sign whatsoever of any effort by Iraq to resume its nuclear program.">12</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/16/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> QUESTION: What do you think is the most important rationale for going to war with Iraq? VICE PRESIDENT CHENEY: Well, I think I've just given it, Tim, in terms of the combination of his development and use of chemical weapons, his development of biological weapons, his pursuit of nuclear weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#18" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program. The statement also failed to mention weeks of intensive inspections conducted directly before the war in which United Nations inspectors found no sign whatsoever of any effort by Iraq to resume its nuclear program. In addition, it failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">18</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/16/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> He's had years to get good at it and we know he has been absolutely devoted to trying to acquire nuclear weapons. And we believe he has, in fact, reconstituted nuclear weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#31" title = "This statement was false because the intelligence community did not believe that Iraq actually possessed nuclear weapons.">31</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/16/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> I have argued in the past, and would again, if we had been able to pre-empt the attacks of 9/11 would we have done it? And I think absolutely. We have to be prepared now to take the kind of bold action that's being contemplated with respect to Iraq in order to ensure that we don't get hit with a devastating attack when the terrorists' organization gets married up with a rogue state that's willing to provide it with the kinds of deadly capabilities that Saddam Hussein has developed and used over the years. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#36" title = "This statement was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing terrorists who would attack the United Stateswith weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligene Estimate, the intelligence community had 'low confidence' in that scenario, and Iraq appeared to be 'drawing a line short of conducting terrorist attacks' against the United States for fear of providing cause for war.">36</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/16/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> And Saddam Hussein becomes a prime suspect in that regard because of his past track record and because we know he has, in fact, developed these kinds of capabilities, chemical and biological weapons. . . We know that he has a long-standing relationship with various terrorist groups, including the al-Qaeda organization. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#37" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">37</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/17/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> The regime . . . has aided, trained and harbored terrorists, including operatives of al Qaeda. The danger is clear: using chemical, biological or, one day, nuclear weapons, obtained with the help of Iraq, the terrorists could fulfill their stated ambitions and kill thousands or hundreds of thousands of innocent people in our country, or any other. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#16" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. This statement also was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing al Qaeda with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had 'low confidence' in that scenario.">16</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/20/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> Urgent </td> <td> With each passing day, Saddam Hussein advances his arsenal of weapons of mass destruction and could pass them along to terrorists. If he is allowed to do so, the result could be the deaths not of 3,000 people, as on September 11th, but of 30,000, or 300,000 or more innocent people. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#61" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq posed an imminent threat despite the fact that the U.S. intelligence community had deep divisions and divergent points of view regarding Iraq's weapons of mass destruction. As Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet noted in February 2004, 'Let me be clear: analysts differed on several important aspects of these programs and those debates were spelled out in the Estimate. They never said there was an 'imminent' threat.'">61</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/23/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> We have seen . . . intelligence over--over months, over many months that they have chemical and biological weapons, and that they have dispersed them and that they're weaponized . . . . </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/24/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> The issue is that he has chemical weapons and he's used them. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/25/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> We know they have chemical weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/30/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> The area in the south and the west and the north that coalition forces control is, is substantial. It happens not to be the area where weapons of mass destruction were dispersed. We know where they are. They're in the area around Tikrit and Baghdad and east, west, south, and north somewhat. Second, the kernel facilities, there are dozens of them, it is a large geographic area . . . I would also add that we saw from the air there were dozens of trucks that went into that facility after the existence of it became public in the press, and they moved things out. They dispersed them and took them away. So there may be nothing left. I don't know that. But it's way too soon to know. The exploration is just starting. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 5/1/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> The liberation of Iraq is a crucial advance in the campaign against terror. We've removed an ally of al Qaeda, and cut off a source of terrorist funding. And this much is certain: No terrorist network will gain weapons of mass destruction from the Iraqi regime, because the regime is no more. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#7" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was linked to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">7</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 5/1/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> The battle of Iraq is one victory in a war on terror that began on September the 11, 2001 -- and still goes on. That terrible morning, 19 evil men -- the shock troops of a hateful ideology -- gave America and the civilized world a glimpse of their ambitions. They imagined, in the words of one terrorist, that September the 11th would be the 'beginning of the end of America.' By seeking to turn our cities into killing fields, terrorists and their allies believed that they could destroy this nation's resolve, and force our retreat from the world. They have failed. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#11" title = "This statement was misleading because by referencing the September 11 attacks in conjunction with discussion of the war on terror in Iraq, it left the impression that Iraq was connected to September 11. In fact, President Bush himself in September 2003 acknowledged that 'We’ve had no evidence that Saddam Hussein was involved with September the 11th.'">11</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 5/16/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> QUESTION: Do you think they will find any (WMDs)? SECRETARY POWELL: Yes, I am quite sure. And, in fact, we have found a couple of items of equipment, some mobile vans, so that with each passing day the evidence is clearer to us that they were used for biological weapons purposes. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 5/21/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> The intelligence community has really looked hard at these vans, and we can find no other purpose for them. Although you can’t find actual germs on them, they have been cleaned and we don't know whether they have been used for that purpose or not, but they were certainly designed and contructed for that purpose. And we have taken our time on this one because we wanted to make sure we got it right. And the intelligence community, I think, is convinced now that that's the purpose they served. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 5/22/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> So far, we have found the biological weapons vans that I spoke about when I presented the case to the United Nations on the 5th of February, and there is no doubt in our minds now that those vans were designed for only one purpose, and that was to make biological weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 5/22/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> The mobile vans that you may have been reading about, it is becoming clear that these vans can have no other purpose than the production of biological weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 5/27/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> QUESTION: Weapons of mass destruction, we are still searching. No conclusive evidence as of yet, I'm sure you've heard the criticism. Were, as perhaps Senator Byrd suggested, were we misled about the weapons of mass destruction? SECRETARY RUMSFELD: Oh I don't believe so, I think the intelligence community provided the best intelligence available and that we will find additional substantiating evidence of that. Colin Powell if you may recall at the UN mentioned the existence of these mobile biological laboratories and two of those are now in our custody and they seem to look very much like precisely what Colin Powell said would exist. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 5/28/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> We have found, in Iraq, biological weapons laboratories that look precisely like what Secretary Powell described in his February 5th report to the United Nations. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 5/29/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> Now people are saying, Well, why haven't we found anything?" And I would respond by saying, A, it's going take some time, and B, we have found things. The CIA very recently, I believe, issued a declassified document on their website, where someone can actually go and find photographs and data that discusses these mobile laboratories, which are precisely what Secretary Powell talked about to the United Nations." </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 5/29/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> And within the last week or two, they have in fact captured and have in custody two of the mobile trailers that Secretary Powell talked about at the United Nations as being biological weapons laboratories. We have people who are telling that they worked in these vehicles. And they look at panels and say, That was my work station in that panel, and that's what it's for."" </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 5/29/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> My personal view is we're going to find them, just as we found these two mobile laboratories. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 5/29/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> We found the weapons of mass destruction. We found biological laboratories. You remember when Colin Powell stood up in front of the world, and he said, Iraq has got laboratories, mobile labs to build biological weapons. They're illegal. They're against the United Nations resolutions, and we've so far discovered two. And we'll find more weapons as time goes on. But for those who say we haven't found the banned manufacturing devices or banned weapons, they're wrong, we found them. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 5/29/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> We believed then, and we believe now, that the Iraqis . . . had a program to develop nuclear weapons, but did not have nuclear weapons. That is what the United Kingdom's intelligence suggested as well. We still believe that. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#58" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program. The statement also failed to mention that weeks of intensive inspections conducted directly before the war in which United Nations inspectors found no sign whatsoever of any effort by Iraq to resume its nuclear program.">58</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 5/30/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> The biological weapons facilities, the mobile one that the DIA and CIA put a paper out on the other day, I think make it clear that there is such a capability that's existed over the years. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 5/30/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> The presentation I made on the 5th of February, where I put up the cartoons of those biological vans, we didn't just make them up one night. Those were eyewitness accounts of people who had worked in the program and knew what was going on, multiple accounts. We have examined those vans repeatedly for the last several weeks, and we are confident that's what they are. Now there will be other theories that come from time to time -- oh, it was a hydrogen making thing for balloons. No. But, there's not question in the mind of the intelligence community as to what it was designed for. And so that is a case of clear solid evidence. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/1/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> Here's what -- we've discovered a weapons system, biological labs, that Iraq denied she had, and labs that were prohibited under the U.N. resolutions. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/2/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> And we made a case, I made the case to the United Nations just in February as to what we knew, and I showed drawings of a biological laboratory. We found that biological laboratory, now everybody can see it. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/2/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> Now we found some mobile labs, we're interviewing people, we have a lot of documents that have come into our possession and we'll be examining that. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/3/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> But let's remember what we've already found. Secretary Powell on February 5th talked about a mobile, biological weapons capability. That has now been found and this is a weapons laboratory trailers capable of making a lot of agent that -- dry agent, dry biological agent that can kill a lot of people. So we are finding these pieces that were described. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/3/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> QUESTION: OK. Let's be careful and precise here, because that's what this whole argument going on right now is about. Do we know that those trailers were used for developing biological weapons? MS. RICE: We know that these trailers look exactly like what was described to us by multiple sources as the capabilities for building or for making biological agents. We know that we have from multiple sources who told us that then and sources who have confirmed it now. Now the Iraqis were not stupid about this. They were able to conceal a lot. They've been able to scrub things down. But I think when the whole picture comes out, we will see that this was an active program. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/5/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> We recently found two mobile biological weapons facilities which were capable of producing biological agents. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/8/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> One element that I presented at that time, these biological vans, all I could show was a cartoon drawing of these vans, and everybody said, Are the vans really there?" And, voila, the vans showed up a few months later. We found them." </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/8/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> I can assure you that if those biological vans were not biological vans when I said they were on the 5th of February, on the 6th of February Iraq would have hauled those vans out, put them in front of a press conference, gave them to the UNMOVIC inspectors to try to drive a stake in the heart of my presentation. They did not. The reason they did not is they knew what they were. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/8/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> And I would put before you Exhibit A, the mobile biological labs that we have found. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/8/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> We have uncovered the mobile vans and we are continuing to search. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/8/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> And I think the mobile labs are what I think is a good indication of the kind of thing they are doing. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/8/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> QUESTIONS: You are confident you will find weapons of mass destruction. MS. RICE: We are confident that we -- I believe that we will find them. I think that we have already found important clues like the biological weapons laboratories that look surprisingly like what Colin Powell described in his speech. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/8/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> Already, we've discovered, uh, uh, trailers, uh, that look remarkably similar to what Colin Powell described in his February 5th speech, biological weapons production facilities. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/8/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> And there were other attempts to, to get yellow cake from Africa. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#14" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq sought uranium from Africa despite the fact that the CIA expressed doubts about the credibility of this claim in two memos to the White House, including one addressed to National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice. CIA Director George Tenet also warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice's deputy. In addition, the statement fails to mention that State Department intelligence officials also concluded that this claim was 'highly dubious.'">14</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/8/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> At the time that the State of the Union address was prepared, there were also other sources that said that they were, the Iraqis were seeking yellow cake, uranium oxide from Africa. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#14" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq sought uranium from Africa despite the fact that the CIA expressed doubts about the credibility of this claim in two memos to the White House, including one addressed to National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice. CIA Director George Tenet also warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice's deputy. In addition, the statement fails to mention that State Department intelligence officials also concluded that this claim was 'highly dubious.'">14</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/8/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> QUESTION: [T]his is what appeared in the Washington Post: A key piece of evidence linking Iraq to a nuclear weapons program appears to have been fabricated, the United Nations' chief nuclear inspector said in a report that called into question U.S. and British claims about Iraq's secret nuclear ambitions. . . . " In light of that, should the president retract those comments? . . . MS. RICE: The president quoted a British paper. We did not know at the time -- no one knew at the time, in our circles -- maybe someone knew down in the bowels of the agency, but no one in our circles knew that there were doubts and suspicions that this might be a forgery." </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#44" title = "The statement that 'no one knew' about the doubts regarding the uranium claim was false. The statement contradicts the fact that the CIA in October 2002 had expressed doubts about the uranium claim in two memos to the White House, including one addressed to Ms. Rice. Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet in October 2002 also had warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice’s deputy. In addition, the statement contradicts the fact that State Department intelligence officials had stated that this claim was 'highly dubious' in the October 2002 National Intelligence Estimate that had been provided to top White House officials.">44</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/8/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> The intelligence community did not know at that time or at levels that got to us that this, that there was serious questions about this report. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#47" title = "This statement was false. Ms. Rice made this statement in response to the question of how the claim 'The British government has learned that Saddam Hussein recently sought significant quantities of uranium from Africa' made it into the President's January 28, 2003, State of the Union address. Her statement contradicted the fact that the CIA in October 2002 had expressed doubts about the claim in two memos to the White House, including one addressed to Ms. Rice. Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet also in October 2002 had warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice’s deputy. In addition, Ms. Rice's statement contradicted the fact that State Department intelligence officials had stated that this claim was 'highly dubious' in the October 2002 National Intelligence Estimate that had been provided to top White House officials.">47</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/12/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> I think that we will be able to demonstrate convincingly through the mobile labs, through documentation, through interviews, through what we find, that we knew what we were speaking about. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/12/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> The biological weapons labs that we believe strongly are biological weapons labs, we didn't find any biological weapons with those labs. But should that give us any comfort? Not at all. Those were labs that could produce biological weapons whenever Saddam Hussein might have wanted to have a biological weapons inventory. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/23/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> The mobile biological laboratories that were found and presented to the world, I think, is a further evidence of this, and so, at the same time that we continue our efforts to uncover those weapons programs. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/27/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> The imminent threat is that suddenly, this biological warfare lab, for example, could have been put to use. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 6/30/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> We have found the mobile biological weapons labs that I could only show cartoons of that day. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 7/2/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> Take the mobile vans that we've been talking about, the biological vans. I can assure you, Sean, that when I presented those vans to the world on the 5th of February and described them, all I could put up were pictures or cartoons that we made of them. And later, we actually found them and showed them to the world. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 7/10/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> One item I showed was cartoons of the mobile biological van. They were cartoons, artist's renderings, because we had never seen one of these things, but we had good sourcing on it, excellent sourcing on it. And we knew what it would look like when we found it, so we made those pictures. And I can assure you I didn't just throw those pictures up without having quite a bit of confidence in the information that I had been provided and that Director Tenet had been provided and was now supporting me in the presentation on, sitting right behind me. And we waited. And it took a couple of months, and it took until after the war, until we found a van and another van that pretty much matched what we said it would look like. And I think that's a pretty good indication that we were not cooking the books. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 7/11/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> Now, I can tell you, if the CIA, the Director of Central Intelligence, had said, take this out of the speech, it would have been gone, without question. What we've said subsequently is, knowing what we now know, that some of the Niger documents were apparently forged, we wouldn't have put this in the President's speech - but that's knowing what we know now. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#45" title = "The statement that the CIA did not object to the uranium claim is false. In October 2002, the CIA sent two memos to the White House, including one addressed to Ms. Rice, that raised concerns about the claim. In addition, in October 2002, Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice’s deputy.">45</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 7/11/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> [T]he NIE, which, by the way, the Agency was standing by at the time of the . . . State of the Union, and was standing by at the time of the Secretary's speech, has the yellow cake story in it. . . . Now, if there were doubts about the underlying intelligence to that NIE, those doubts were not communicated to the President, to the Vice President, or to me. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#46" title = "This statement was false. Ms. Rice made this statement in response to a question about why Secretary Powell had decided against using in his February 5, 2003, remarks the claim that Iraq sought to acquire uranium whereas the President had used the claim just a week earlier in his State of the Union address. The October 1, 2002, National Intelligence Estimate Ms. Rice referenced in her statement did contain the uranium claim. However, subsequent to the issuance of the NIE, the CIA expressed doubts about the claim in two memos to the White House, including one addressed to Ms. Rice. Shortly after the issuance of the NIE, Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet also warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice’s deputy.">46</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 7/11/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> So the process is an NIE that is the basis of this, and then if the Agency had reservations about information that was in the NIE, then the DCI -- and I think he will tell you that if he had reservations, he did not make those known to the President, to the Vice President, or to me -- if he had reservations. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#48" title = "This statement was false. Ms. Rice was claiming in this statement that the doubts intelligence officials had regarding the claim in the National Intelligence Estimate that Iraq sought uranium in Africa were not communicated to her. In fact, following the issuance of the National Intelligence Estimate, the CIA expressed doubts about the uranium claim in two memos to the White House, including one addressed to Ms. Rice. In addition, shortly after the issuance of the NIE, Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice's deputy.">48</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 7/11/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> The only thing that was there in the NIE was a kind of a standard INR footnote, which is kind of 59 pages away from the bulk of the NIE. That's the only thing that's there. And you have footnotes all the time in CIA - I mean, in NIEs. So if there was a concern about the underlying intelligence there, the President was unaware of that concern and as was I. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#49" title = "This statement was false. Ms. Rice was claiming in this statement that the doubts intelligence officials had regarding the claim in the National Intelligence Estimate that Iraq sought uranium in Africa were not communicated to her. In fact, following the issuance of the National Intelligence Estimate, the CIA expressed doubts about the uranium claim in two memos to the White House, including one addressed to Ms. Rice. In addition, shortly after the issuance of the NIE, Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice's deputy. Further, the fact that INR objected to the NIE's nuclear statements was noted prominently in the first paragraph of the NIE's key judgments.">49</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 7/13/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> My only point is that, in retrospect, knowing that some of the documents underneath may have been--were, indeed, forgeries, and knowing that apparently there were concerns swirling around about this, had we known that at the time, we would not have put it in. . . . And had there been even a peep that the agency did not want that sentence in or that George Tenet did not want that sentence in, that the director of Central Intelligence did not want it in, it would have been gone. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#43" title = "Ms. Rice was responding to questions regarding how the claim that Iraq sought uranium in Africa made it into the President's January 28, 2003, State of the Union address. The statement that the Director of Central Intelligence and the CIA did not object to the claim was false. In October 2002, the CIA expressed doubts about the claim in two memos to the White House, including one addressed to Ms. Rice. Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet also warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice’s deputy in October 2002.">43</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 7/13/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> We said they had a nuclear program. That was never any debate. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#55" title = "This statement was false because there were deep divisions within the intelligence community on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program. The statement also failed to mention weeks of intensive inspections conducted directly before the war in which United Nations inspectors found no sign whatsoever of any effort by Iraq to resume its nuclear program.">55</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 7/17/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff6666"> Bush </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> I strongly believe he was trying to reconstitute his nuclear weapons program. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#12" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program. The statement also failed to mention weeks of intensive inspections conducted directly before the war in which United Nations inspectors found no sign whatsoever of any effort by Iraq to resume its nuclear program.">12</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 7/30/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> [H]e had . . . an active procurement network to procure items, many of which, by the way, were on the prohibited list of the nuclear suppliers group. There's a reason that they were on the prohibited list of the nuclear supplies group: Magnets, balancing machines, yes, aluminum tubes, about which the consensus view was that they were suitable for use in centrifuges to spin material for nuclear weapons. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#6" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq sought aluminum tubes for use in its nuclear weapons program, failing to mention that the government’s most experienced technical experts at the U.S. Department of Energy concluded that the tubes were 'poorly suited' for this purpose.">6</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 7/31/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> Going into the war against Iraq, we had very strong intelligence. I've been in this business for 20 years. And some of the strongest intelligence cases that I've seen, key judgments by our intelligence community that Saddam Hussein could have a nuclear weapons by the end of the decade, if left unchecked . . . that he was trying to reconstitute his nuclear program. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#12" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program. The statement also failed to mention weeks of intensive inspections conducted directly before the war in which United Nations inspectors found no sign whatsoever of any effort by Iraq to resume its nuclear program.">12</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 7/31/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> Going into the war against Iraq, we had very strong intelligence. I've been in this business for 20 years. And some of the strongest intelligence cases that I've seen, key judments by our intelligence community that Saddam Hussein . . . had biological and chemical weapons . . . . </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#53" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">53</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/7/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> QUESTION: Do you believe, because this is continually a subject of debate, that there was a link between al Qaeda and the regime of Saddam Hussein before the war? MS. RICE: Absolutely. . . . But we know that there was training of al Qaeda in chemical and perhaps biological warfare. We know that the Zarqawi was network out of there, this poisons network that was trying to spread poisons throughout . . . . And there was an Ansar al-Islam, which appears also to try to be operating in Iraq. So yes, the al Qaeda link was there. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#52" title = "This statement was misleading because it asserted that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. This statement also failed to mention that Ansar al-Islam was based in the Kurdish area of Iraq beyond Saddam Hussein's control.">52</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/14/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> Same on biological weapons--we believe he'd developed the capacity to go mobile with his BW production capability because, again, in reaction to what we had done to him in '91. We had intelligence reporting before the war that there were at least seven of these mobile labs that he had gone out and acquired. We've, since the war, found two of them. They're in our possession today, mobile biological facilities that can be used to produce anthrax or smallpox or whatever else you wanted to use during the course of developing the capacity for an attack. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/14/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> [Since September 11] We learned more and more that there was a relationship between Iraq and al-Qaeda that stretched back through most of the decade of the '90s, that it involved training, for example, on BW and CW, that al-Qaeda sent personnel to Baghdad to get trained on the systems that are involved. The Iraqis providing bomb-making expertise and advice to the al-Qaeda organization. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#9" title = "This statement was misleading because it asserted that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">9</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/14/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> With respect to 9/11, of course, we've had the story that's been public out there. The Czechs alleged that Mohammed Atta, the lead attacker, met in Prague with a senior Iraqi intelligence official five months before the attack, but we've never been able to develop anymore of that yet either in terms of confirming it or discrediting it. We just don't know. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#17" title = "This statement is misleading because it describes a Czech government report of a meeting between Mohammed Atta and Iraq intelligence official Ahmed Khalil Ibrahim Samir al-Ani in April 2001 and states that there hasn’t been more information on that, despite the fact that Czech intelligence officials were skeptical about the report; U.S. intelligence had contradictory evidence regarding this report, such as records indicating Atta was in Virginia at the time of the meeting; and the C.I.A. and F.B.I. had concluded the meeting probably didn’t occur.">17</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/14/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> If we're successful in Iraq, if we can stand up a good representative government in Iraq, that secures the region so that it never again becomes a threat to its neighbors or to the United States, so it's not pursuing weapons of mass destruction, so that it's not a safe haven for terrorists, now we will have struck a major blow right at the heart of the base, if you will, the geographic base of the terrorists who have had us under assault now for many years, but most especially on 9/11. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#30" title = "This statement is misleading because it states that Iraq is the 'heart' of the geographic base for terrorists who assaulted the United States on September 11, despite the fact that intelligence officials do not have evidence that Iraq was linked to the September 11 attack.">30</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/28/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> Saddam Hussein -- no one has said that there is evidence that Saddam Hussein directed or controlled 9/11, but let's be very clear, he had ties to al-Qaeda, he had al-Qaeda operatives who had operated out of Baghdad. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#4" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">4</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 9/28/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ff66ff"> Rice </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> On nuclear there was dissent on the extent of the program and how far along the program might be. How much had he gone to reconstitute? But the judgment of the intelligence community was that he had kept in place his infrastructure, that he was trying to procure items. For instance, there's been a lot of talk about the aluminum tubes but they were prohibited on the list of the nuclear suppliers group for a reason. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#6" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq sought aluminum tubes for use in its nuclear weapons program, failing to mention that the government’s most experienced technical experts at the U.S. Department of Energy concluded that the tubes were 'poorly suited' for this purpose.">6</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/3/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#006600"> Powell </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> It isn't a figment of anyone's imagination that just 15 years ago they gassed and killed 5,000 people with sarin and VX at a place called Halabja I visited just a few weeks ago. They never lost that capability. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#1" title = "This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an 'estimate.' According to CIA Director George Tenet, 'it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof.' In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">1</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/3/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> And the reason we had to do Iraq, if you hark back and think about that link between the terrorists and weapons of mass destruction, Iraq was the place where we were most fearful that that was most likely to occur, because in Iraq we've had a government -- not only was it one of the worst dictatorships in modern times, but had oftentimes hosted terrorists in the past . . . but also an established relationship with the al Qaeda organization . . . . </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#4" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">4</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/3/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> If we had had that information and ignored it, if we'd been told, as we were, by the intelligence community that he was capable of producing a nuclear weapon within a year if he could acquire fissile material and ignored it . . . we would have been derelict in our duties and responsibilities. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#10" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to provide the context that the U.S. intelligence community believed that Iraq probably would not be able to make a nuclear weapon until near the end of the decade.">10</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/3/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> [I]f we had not paid any attention to the fact that al Qaeda was being hosted in Northeastern Iraq, part of poisons network producing ricin and cyanide that was intended to be used in attacks both in Europe, as well as in North Africa and ignored it, we would have been derelict in our duties and responsibilities. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#15" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. The statement also refers to al Qaeda in Northeastern Iraq without acknowledging that this area was not controlled by Saddam Hussein.">15</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/3/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> Al Qaida had a base of operation there up in Northeastern Iraq where they ran a large poisons factory for attacks against Europeans and U.S. forces. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#15" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. The statement also refers to al Qaeda in Northeastern Iraq without acknowledging that this area was not controlled by Saddam Hussein.">15</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/5/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> Al Qaida had a base of operation there up in Northeastern Iraq where they ran a large poisons factory for attacks against Europeans and U.S. forces. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#15" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. The statement also refers to al Qaeda in Northeastern Iraq without acknowledging that this area was not controlled by Saddam Hussein.">15</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/10/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> He cultivated ties to terror, hosting the Abu Nidal organization, supporting terrorists, making payments to the families of suicide bombers in Israel. He also had an established relationship with al Qaeda, providing training to al Qaeda members in the areas of poisons, gases, making conventional bombs. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#4" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">4</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 10/18/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> Saddam Hussein had a lengthy history of reckless and sudden aggression. He cultivated ties to terror -- hosting the Abu Nidal organization, supporting terrorists, and making payments to the families of suicide bombers. He also had an established relationship with Al Qaida -- providing training to Al Qaida members in areas of poisons, gases and conventional bombs. He built, possessed, and used weapons of mass destruction. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#9" title = "This statement was misleading because it asserted that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">9</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/2/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#66ffff"> Rumsfeld </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> We said from the outset that there are several terrorist networks that have global reach and that there were several countries that were harboring terrorists that have global reach. We weren't going into Iraq when we were hit on September 11. And the question is: Well, what do you do about that? If you know there are terrorists and you know there's terrorist states -- Iraq's been a terrorist state for decades -- and you know there are countries harboring terrorists, we believe, correctly, I think, that the only way to deal with it is -- you can't just hunker down and hope they won't hit you again. You simply have to take the battle to them. And we have been consistently working on the Al Qaeda network. We've captured a large number of those folks -- captured or killed -- just as we've now captured or killed a large number of the top 55 Saddam Hussein loyalists. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#11" title = "This statement was misleading because by referencing the September 11 attacks in conjunction with discussion of the war on terror in Iraq, it left the impression that Iraq was connected to September 11. In fact, President Bush himself in September 2003 acknowledged that 'We’ve had no evidence that Saddam Hussein was involved with September the 11th.'">11</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/9/04 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> We did have reporting that was public, that came out shortly after the 9/11 attack, provided by the Czech government, suggesting there had been a meeting in Prague between Mohammed Atta, the lead hijacker, and a man named al-Ani (Ahmed Khalil Ibrahim Samir al-Ani), who was an Iraqi intelligence official in Prague, at the embassy there, in April of '01, prior to the 9/11 attacks. It has never been -- we've never been able to collect any more information on that. That was the one that possibly tied the two together to 9/11. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#17" title = "This statement is misleading because it describes a Czech government report of a meeting between Mohammed Atta and Iraq intelligence official Ahmed Khalil Ibrahim Samir al-Ani in April 2001 and states that there hasn’t been more information on that, despite the fact that Czech intelligence officials were skeptical about the report; U.S. intelligence had contradictory evidence regarding this report, such as records indicating Atta was in Virginia at the time of the meeting; and the C.I.A. and F.B.I. had concluded the meeting probably didn’t occur.">17</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/9/04 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#99cc66"> Nuclear </td> <td> [T]he reporting that we had prior to the war this time around was all consistent with that -- basically said that he had a chemical, biological and nuclear program, and estimated that if he could acquire fissile material, he could have a nuclear weapon within a year or two. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#18" title = "This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program. The statement also failed to mention weeks of intensive inspections conducted directly before the war in which United Nations inspectors found no sign whatsoever of any effort by Iraq to resume its nuclear program. In addition, it failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: 'There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities.'">18</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/9/04 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> QUESTION: When I was in Iraq, some of the soldiers said they believed they were fighting because of the Sept. 11 attacks and because they thought Saddam Hussein had ties to al Qaida. You've repeatedly cited such links. . . . I wanted to ask you what you'd say to those soldiers, and were those soldiers misled at all? VICE PRESIDENT CHENEY: . . . . With respect to . . . the general relationship. . . . One place you ought to go look is an article that Stephen Hayes did in the Weekly Standard . . . That goes through and lays out in some detail, based on an assessment that was done by the Department of Defense and forwarded to the Senate Intelligence Committee some weeks ago. That's your best source of information. I can give you a few quick for instances, one the first World Trade Center bombing in 1993. QUESTION: Yes, sir . . . . VICE PRESIDENT CHENEY: The main perpetrator was a man named Ramzi Yousef. He's now in prison in Colorado. His sidekick in the exercise was a man named Abdul Rahman Yasin. . . Ahman Rahman . . . Yasin is his last name anyway. I can't remember his earlier first names. He fled the United States after the attack, the 1993 attack, went to Iraq, and we know now based on documents that we've captured since we took Baghdad, that they put him on the payroll, gave him a monthly stipend and provided him with a house, sanctuary, in effect, in Iraq, in the aftermath of nine-ele (sic) . . . the 93' attack on the World Trade Center. QUESTION: So you stand by the statements? VICE PRESIDENT CHENEY: Absolutely. Absolutely. And you can look at Zarkawi, (Abu Mussab) al-Zarkawi . . . Who was an al-Qaida associate, who was wounded in Afghanistan, took refuge in Baghdad, working out of Baghdad, worked with the Ansar al Islam group up in northeastern Iraq, that produced a so-called poison factory, a group that we hit when we went into Iraq. . . . We'll find ample evidence confirming the link, that is the connection if you will between al Qaida and the Iraqi intelligence services. They have worked together on a number of occasions. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#33" title = "This statement was misleading because it asserted that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. The statement also refers to the Ansar al Islam group in Northeastern Iraq without acknowledging that this area was not controlled by Saddam Hussein.">33</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/14/04 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> Saddam Hussein had a lengthy history of reckless and sudden aggression. His regime cultivated ties to terror, including the al Qaeda network, and had built, possessed, and used weapons of mass destruction. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#4" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">4</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/15/04 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> Saddam Hussein had a lengthy history of reckless and sudden aggression. His regime cultivated ties to terror, including the al Qaeda network, and had built, possessed, and used weapons of mass destruction. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#4" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">4</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/22/04 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#00cc33"> Chem/Bio </td> <td> In terms of the question what is there now, we know for example that prior to our going in that he had spent time and effort acquiring mobile biological weapons labs, and we're quite confident he did, in fact, have such a program. We've found a couple of semi trailers at this point which we believe were, in fact, part of that program. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#2" title = "This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons.">2</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/22/04 </td> <td bgcolor="#0066ff"> Cheney </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc33"> Al Qaeda </td> <td> I continue to believe. I think there's overwhelming evidence that there was a connection between al-Qaeda and the Iraqi government. We've discovered since documents indicating that a guy named Abdul Rahman Yasin, who was a part of the team that attacked the World Trade Center in '93, when he arrived back in Iraq was put on the payroll and provided a house, safe harbor and sanctuary. That's public information now. So Saddam Hussein had an established track record of providing safe harbor and sanctuary for terrorists. . . . I mean, this is a guy who was an advocate and a supporter of terrorism whenever it suited his purpose, and I'm very confident that there was an established relationship there. </td> <td> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#4" title = "This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship.">4</a> </td> </tr> </table> <table border="1" cellpadding="5"> <tr> <td> <strong>Footnote</strong> </td> <td> <strong>Why This Statement is Misleading</strong> </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="1"></a>1 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it professed certainty when the intelligence community provided only an "estimate." According to CIA Director George Tenet, "it is important to underline the word estimate. Because not everything we analyze can be known to a standard of absolute proof." In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: "There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities." </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="2"></a>2 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it claimed the purpose of the trailers was to produce biological weapons without disclosing that engineers from the Defense Intelligence Agency who examined the trailers concluded that they were most likely used to produce hydrogen for artillery weather balloons. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="3"></a>3 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="4"></a>4 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="5"></a>5 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq posed an urgent threat despite the fact that the U.S. intelligence community had deep divisions and divergent points of view regarding Iraq's weapons of mass destruction. As Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet noted in February 2004, "Let me be clear: analysts differed on several important aspects of these programs and those debates were spelled out in the Estimate. They never said there was an 'imminent' threat." </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="6"></a>6 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq sought aluminum tubes for use in its nuclear weapons program, failing to mention that the government’s most experienced technical experts at the U.S. Department of Energy concluded that the tubes were "poorly suited" for this purpose. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="7"></a>7 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was linked to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="8"></a>8 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program. In addition, it failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: "There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities." </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="9"></a>9 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it asserted that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="10"></a>10 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it failed to provide the context that the U.S. intelligence community believed that Iraq probably would not be able to make a nuclear weapon until near the end of the decade. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="11"></a>11 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because by referencing the September 11 attacks in conjunction with discussion of the war on terror in Iraq, it left the impression that Iraq was connected to September 11. In fact, President Bush himself in September 2003 acknowledged that "We’ve had no evidence that Saddam Hussein was involved with September the 11th." </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="12"></a>12 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program. The statement also failed to mention weeks of intensive inspections conducted directly before the war in which United Nations inspectors found no sign whatsoever of any effort by Iraq to resume its nuclear program. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="13"></a>13 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq sought to acquire uranium despite the fact that the CIA expressed doubts about the credibility of this claim in two memos to the White House, including one addressed to National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice. CIA Director George Tenet also warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice's deputy. In addition, the statement fails to mention that State Department intelligence officials also concluded that this claim was "highly dubious." </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="14"></a>14 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq sought uranium from Africa despite the fact that the CIA expressed doubts about the credibility of this claim in two memos to the White House, including one addressed to National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice. CIA Director George Tenet also warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice's deputy. In addition, the statement fails to mention that State Department intelligence officials also concluded that this claim was "highly dubious." </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="15"></a>15 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. The statement also refers to al Qaeda in Northeastern Iraq without acknowledging that this area was not controlled by Saddam Hussein. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="16"></a>16 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. This statement also was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing al Qaeda with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had "low confidence" in that scenario. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="17"></a>17 </td> <td> This statement is misleading because it describes a Czech government report of a meeting between Mohammed Atta and Iraq intelligence official Ahmed Khalil Ibrahim Samir al-Ani in April 2001 and states that there hasn’t been more information on that, despite the fact that Czech intelligence officials were skeptical about the report; U.S. intelligence had contradictory evidence regarding this report, such as records indicating Atta was in Virginia at the time of the meeting; and the C.I.A. and F.B.I. had concluded the meeting probably didn’t occur. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="18"></a>18 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program. The statement also failed to mention weeks of intensive inspections conducted directly before the war in which United Nations inspectors found no sign whatsoever of any effort by Iraq to resume its nuclear program. In addition, it failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: "There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities." </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="19"></a>19 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because by referencing the September 11 attacks in conjunction with discussion of the war on terror in Iraq, it left the impression that Iraq was connected to September 11. In fact, President Bush himself in September 2003 acknowledged "We’ve had no evidence that Saddam Hussein was involved with September the 11th." This statement also was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing terrorists who would attack the United States with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had "low confidence" in that scenario, and Iraq appeared to be "drawing a line short of conducting terrorist attacks" against the United States for fear of providing cause for war. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="20"></a>20 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it asserted that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. The statement also was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing al Qaeda with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had "low confidence" in that scenario. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="21"></a>21 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it claimed that Iraq’s UAVs were intended and able to spread biological weapons, including over the United States, but failed to mention that the U.S. government agency most knowledgeable about UAVs and their potential applications, the Air Force’s National Air and Space Intelligence Center, had the following view: the "U.S. Air Force does not agree that Iraq is developing UAVs primarily intended to be delivery platforms for chemical and biological (CBW) agents." </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="22"></a>22 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it claimed that Iraq’s UAVs were intended and able to spread chemical or biological weapons, including over the United States, but failed to mention that the U.S. government agency most knowledgeable about UAVs and their potential applications, the Air Force’s National Air and Space Intelligence Center, had the following view: the "U.S. Air Force does not agree that Iraq is developing UAVs primarily intended to be delivery platforms for chemical and biological (CBW) agents." </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="23"></a>23 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it evoked a lethal threat to millions of individuals from Iraq's biological weapons but failed to acknowledge that the U.S. intelligence community had reported on Iraq's biological weapons capabilities with qualifiers and lack of specificity. For example, the October 2002 NIE estimated simply that Iraq had "some" BW agents that were lethal and incapacitating, "including anthrax." </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="24"></a>24 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing Al Qaeda with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had "low confidence" in that scenario, and the intelligence community believed that Iraq appeared to be "drawing a line short of conducting terrorist attacks" against the United States for fear of providing cause for war. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="25"></a>25 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing terrorists who would attack the United States with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had "low confidence" in that scenario, and Iraq appeared to be "drawing a line short of conducting terrorist attacks" against the United States for fear of providing cause for war. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="26"></a>26 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing terrorists who would attack the United States with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had "low confidence" in that scenario, and Iraq appeared to be "drawing a line short of conducting terrorist attacks" against the United States for fear of providing cause for war. This statement also was misleading because by referencing the September 11 attacks in conjunction with discussion of the war on terror in Iraq, it left the impression that Iraq was connected to September 11. In fact, President Bush himself in September 2003 acknowledge that "We've had no evidence that Saddam Hussein was involved with September the 11th." </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="27"></a>27 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing weapons to al Qaeda. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had "low confidence" in that scenario. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="28"></a>28 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it starkly evoked a threat of Iraq detonating a nuclear bomb when the intelligence community was deeply divided on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="29"></a>29 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it starkly evoked a threat of Iraq detonating a nuclear bomb when there was deep division in the intelligence community on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="30"></a>30 </td> <td> This statement is misleading because it states that Iraq is the "heart" of the geographic base for terrorists who assaulted the United States on September 11, despite the fact that intelligence officials do not have evidence that Iraq was linked to the September 11 attack. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="31"></a>31 </td> <td> This statement was false because the intelligence community did not believe that Iraq actually possessed nuclear weapons. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="32"></a>32 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because by referencing the September 11 attacks in conjunction with discussion of the war on terror in Iraq, it left the impression that Iraq was connected to September 11. In fact, President Bush himself in September 2003 acknowledged that "We’ve had no evidence that Saddam Hussein was involved with September the 11th." The statement also was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing terrorists who would attack the United States with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had "low confidence" in that scenario. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="33"></a>33 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it asserted that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. The statement also refers to the Ansar al Islam group in Northeastern Iraq without acknowledging that this area was not controlled by Saddam Hussein. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="34"></a>34 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it asserted that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. This statement also was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing al Qaeda with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had "low confidence" in that scenario, and Iraq appeared to be "drawing a line short of conducting terrorist attacks" against the United States for fear of providing cause for war. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="35"></a>35 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing al Qaeda with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had "low confidence" in that scenario, and Iraq appeared to be "drawing a line short of conducting terrorist attacks" against the United States for fear of providing cause for war. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="36"></a>36 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing terrorists who would attack the United Stateswith weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligene Estimate, the intelligence community had "low confidence" in that scenario, and Iraq appeared to be "drawing a line short of conducting terrorist attacks" against the United States for fear of providing cause for war. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="37"></a>37 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: "There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities." </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="38"></a>38 </td> <td> This presentation was misleading because it heavily emphasized reports supporting the assertion that a relationship between Iraq and Al Qaeda existed that posed a real threat to the United States, when in fact the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. While Secretary Powell, unlike several other top administration officials, included a reference to the fact that "some believe" that the contacts "don't amount to much," he did not make clear that this was a view within the U.S. intelligence community, and further he was dismissive of this position. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="39"></a>39 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it claimed that Iraq’s UAVs were intended and able to spread chemical or biological weapons, but failed to mention that the U.S. government agency most knowledgeable about UAVs and their potential applications, the Air Force’s National Air and Space Intelligence Center, had the following view: the "U.S. Air Force does not agree that Iraq is developing UAVs primarily intended to be delivery platforms for chemical and biological (CBW) agents." </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="40"></a>40 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it evoked a lethal threat to millions of individuals from Iraq's chemical weapons but failed to acknowledge that the U.S. intelligence community had reported on Iraq's chemical wapons capabilities with qualifiers and lack of specificity. In addition, the statement failed to acknowledge a 2002 Defense Intelligence Agency report that concluded: "There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities." </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="41"></a>41 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it evoked a threat of Iraq using UAVs to spread biological and chemical agents, but failed to mention that the U.S. government agency most knowledgeable about UAVs and their potential applications, the Air Force’s National Air and Space Intelligence Center, had the following view: the "U.S. Air Force does not agree that Iraq is developing UAVs primarily intended to be delivery platforms for chemical and biological (CBW) agents." </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="42"></a>42 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing al Qaeda with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had "low confidence" in that scenario. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="43"></a>43 </td> <td> Ms. Rice was responding to questions regarding how the claim that Iraq sought uranium in Africa made it into the President's January 28, 2003, State of the Union address. The statement that the Director of Central Intelligence and the CIA did not object to the claim was false. In October 2002, the CIA expressed doubts about the claim in two memos to the White House, including one addressed to Ms. Rice. Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet also warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice’s deputy in October 2002. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="44"></a>44 </td> <td> The statement that "no one knew" about the doubts regarding the uranium claim was false. The statement contradicts the fact that the CIA in October 2002 had expressed doubts about the uranium claim in two memos to the White House, including one addressed to Ms. Rice. Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet in October 2002 also had warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice’s deputy. In addition, the statement contradicts the fact that State Department intelligence officials had stated that this claim was "highly dubious" in the October 2002 National Intelligence Estimate that had been provided to top White House officials. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="45"></a>45 </td> <td> The statement that the CIA did not object to the uranium claim is false. In October 2002, the CIA sent two memos to the White House, including one addressed to Ms. Rice, that raised concerns about the claim. In addition, in October 2002, Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice’s deputy. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="46"></a>46 </td> <td> This statement was false. Ms. Rice made this statement in response to a question about why Secretary Powell had decided against using in his February 5, 2003, remarks the claim that Iraq sought to acquire uranium whereas the President had used the claim just a week earlier in his State of the Union address. The October 1, 2002, National Intelligence Estimate Ms. Rice referenced in her statement did contain the uranium claim. However, subsequent to the issuance of the NIE, the CIA expressed doubts about the claim in two memos to the White House, including one addressed to Ms. Rice. Shortly after the issuance of the NIE, Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet also warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice’s deputy. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="47"></a>47 </td> <td> This statement was false. Ms. Rice made this statement in response to the question of how the claim "The British government has learned that Saddam Hussein recently sought significant quantities of uranium from Africa" made it into the President's January 28, 2003, State of the Union address. Her statement contradicted the fact that the CIA in October 2002 had expressed doubts about the claim in two memos to the White House, including one addressed to Ms. Rice. Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet also in October 2002 had warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice’s deputy. In addition, Ms. Rice's statement contradicted the fact that State Department intelligence officials had stated that this claim was "highly dubious" in the October 2002 National Intelligence Estimate that had been provided to top White House officials. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="48"></a>48 </td> <td> This statement was false. Ms. Rice was claiming in this statement that the doubts intelligence officials had regarding the claim in the National Intelligence Estimate that Iraq sought uranium in Africa were not communicated to her. In fact, following the issuance of the National Intelligence Estimate, the CIA expressed doubts about the uranium claim in two memos to the White House, including one addressed to Ms. Rice. In addition, shortly after the issuance of the NIE, Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice's deputy. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="49"></a>49 </td> <td> This statement was false. Ms. Rice was claiming in this statement that the doubts intelligence officials had regarding the claim in the National Intelligence Estimate that Iraq sought uranium in Africa were not communicated to her. In fact, following the issuance of the National Intelligence Estimate, the CIA expressed doubts about the uranium claim in two memos to the White House, including one addressed to Ms. Rice. In addition, shortly after the issuance of the NIE, Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice's deputy. Further, the fact that INR objected to the NIE's nuclear statements was noted prominently in the first paragraph of the NIE's key judgments. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="50"></a>50 </td> <td> This statement was false. The government’s most experienced technical experts at the U.S. Department of Energy concluded that the tubes were "poorly suited" for this purpose, and intelligence officials at the State Department concurred in this view. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="51"></a>51 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it asserted that Iraq was linked to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="52"></a>52 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it asserted that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. This statement also failed to mention that Ansar al-Islam was based in the Kurdish area of Iraq beyond Saddam Hussein's control. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="53"></a>53 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the Defense Intelligence Agency position that: "There is no reliable information on whether Iraq is producing and stockpiling chemical weapons or where Iraq has -- or will -- establish its chemical warfare agent production facilities." </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="54"></a>54 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it starkly evoked a threat of Iraq detonating a nuclear bomb when the intelligence community was deeply divided regarding whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear weapons program. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="55"></a>55 </td> <td> This statement was false because there were deep divisions within the intelligence community on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program. The statement also failed to mention weeks of intensive inspections conducted directly before the war in which United Nations inspectors found no sign whatsoever of any effort by Iraq to resume its nuclear program. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="56"></a>56 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it asserted that Iraq sought uranium from Africa despite the fact that the CIA had expressed doubts about the credibility of this claim in two memos to the White House, including one addressed to National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice. Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet also had warned against using the claim in a telephone call to Ms. Rice’s deputy. In addition, the statement failed to mention that State Department intelligence officials had concluded that this claim was "highly dubious." </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="57"></a>57 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it asserted that Iraq was providing support to al Qaeda. In fact, the U.S. intelligence community had conflicting evidence on this issue and was divided regarding whether there was an operational relationship. This statement also was misleading because it evoked the threat of Iraq providing al Qaeda with weapons of mass destruction. According to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had "low confidence" in that scenario. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="58"></a>58 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it failed to acknowledge the intelligence community's deep division on the issue of whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear program. The statement also failed to mention that weeks of intensive inspections conducted directly before the war in which United Nations inspectors found no sign whatsoever of any effort by Iraq to resume its nuclear program. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="59"></a>59 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it implied that Iraq’s UAVs were intended and able to spread chemical or biological weapons, but failed to mention that the U.S. government agency most knowledgeable about UAVs and their potential applications, the Air Force’s National Air and Space Intelligence Center, had the following view: the "U.S. Air Force does not agree that Iraq is developing UAVs primarily intended to be delivery platforms for chemical and biological (CBW) agents." </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="60"></a>60 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it starkly evoked a threat of Iraq detonating a nuclear bomb when the intelligence community was deeply divided regarding whether Saddam Hussein was divided on whether Iraq was actively pursuing its nuclear weapons program. </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="61"></a>61 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because it suggested that Iraq posed an imminent threat despite the fact that the U.S. intelligence community had deep divisions and divergent points of view regarding Iraq's weapons of mass destruction. As Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet noted in February 2004, "Let me be clear: analysts differed on several important aspects of these programs and those debates were spelled out in the Estimate. They never said there was an 'imminent' threat." </td> </tr> <tr> <td align=left valign=top> <a name="62"></a>62 </td> <td> This statement was misleading because, by evoking the specter of thousands of deaths in a time frame as short as "a week, or a month," it suggested that Iraq posed an urgent threat. The U.S. intelligence community, however, had deep divisions and divergent points of view regarding Iraq's weapons of mass destruction. Further, according to the National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community had "low confidence" regarding whether Iraq would provide al Qaeda with weapons of mass destruction. </td> </tr> </table> http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements#comment PR Fri, 09 Dec 2005 12:05:53 -0500 kentbye 725 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Selling the War in Iraq: A Look at Anonymous Sources http://www.echochamberproject.com/anonymoussources <p>Often times politicians will speak off the record when they don't want to be held accountable for what they're saying. </p> <p>So in the case of the build-up to the war in Iraq, there were many instances where the Bush Administration would use the cloak of anonymity to push forward their agenda, which was to convey to the American people through the press that the war was inevitable and there was nothing anyone could do about it.</p> <p>For example, on January 13, 2003, ABC Pentagon Corresponent John McWethy reported the following:</p> <blockquote><p>Sources say the Bush Administration is preparing to take its case for war to the United Nations soon after January 27th. And, Peter, they say it doesn't matter what UN inspectors report.</p></blockquote> <p>Wow. It doesn't matter what the UN inspectors say? This is never something that the Bush Adminstration would come out and <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/whtalkingpoints">explicitly say</a>, but their actions leading up to war certainly indicated that they were only interesting in proving that Iraq was in violation of UN Security Council resolutions to justify going to war.</p> <p>Sometimes reporters would even explictly report that the US officials were saying that they were only interested in finding a tripwire for war like when CBS News White House correspondent John Roberts reported on 12/5/02:</p> <blockquote><p>The White House is providing some intelligence to the UN teams, but inspectors in Baghdad say if President Bush knows where Saddam is hiding his weapons, he's certainly not telling them. Officials say the president is holding the intelligence close, in part to lay a trap for Saddam in anticipation of a flagrantly false weapons declaration this weekend. Catching him in a lie would bolster the case for war, though the administration still hopes the Iraqi people get rid of Saddam before it comes to that.</p></blockquote> <p>ABC State Department correspondent Martha Raddatz also reported on 1/3/03:</p> <blockquote><p>US officials are well aware that the UN report may not contain any conclusive evidence of weapons of mass destruction, but some US officials don't think that matters. A US official told ABC News today that, despite the absence of definitive evidence, the US and a few other countries will likely say Iraq has failed to account for weapons of mass destruction it has been known to possess in the past. But what comes next is unclear. Some Bush Administration officials are arguing that the US should then simply tell the UN Security Council that the US is ready to attack Iraq, and urge the Council to support the effort. Other US officials argue that the inspection process is working and should continue."</p></blockquote> <p>It's interesting to note that there were anonymous Bush Administration sources who were willing to admit that there was not conclusive intelligence that Iraq had WMD -- even when <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements">Bush, Cheney, Rumsfeld, Rice and Powell were making very conclusive statements</a> that Iraq did have stockpiles of chemical and biological weapons. Here's another skeptical anonymously sourced report from Raddatz from 12/8/02:</p> <blockquote><p>But a senior official tells ABC News the US has no smoking gun that proves Iraq has weapons of mass destruction, although the official says the circumstantial evidence is strong and compelling.</p></blockquote> <p>"Circumstantial" -- Indeed.</p> <p>Read through some of ABC and CBS television news' pre-war reporting that that was based upon anonymous sources below, and <strong>ask yourself, "Is this information reliable?"</strong> And if it's not reliable, then ask yourself, <strong>"What is motivating the sources to say what they're saying?"</strong></p> <p>The biggest surprise to me in looking over this time period was a report from March 13th, 2003 in this whopper of a story introduced by Dan Rather:</p> <blockquote><p>And US officials are telling CBS News tonight the war against al-Qaida, as they see it, has been won. And while that undoubtedly would be great news, they are quick to point out that the overall war on terror is far from over. CBS' Jim Stewart reports tonight on the apparent collapse of al-Qaida.</p></blockquote> <p>What? How in the world could the government say al-Qaida has been defeated? And why would they want to say this off the record right on the brink of going to war in Iraq? Could it be that they wanted to convey the message that going to war in Iraq wasn't going to interfere with the War on Terror? Could it be that they were trying to distract the American people and the news organizations from the fact that the second UN Security Council resolution aimed at authorizing the war was going down in flames?</p> <p>I don't know, but it's certainly interesting to look at what messages were being conveyed to the media by anonymous sources during this time period. </p> <p>Look at the collection of quotes below, and tell me <strong>What sticks out to you?</strong></p> <p>Feel free to compare these with their <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/whtalkingpoints">explicit talking points</a> from this pre-war time period -- or with their <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iraqstatements">specific on-the-record statements</a></p> <p><strong>What types of things were they saying off-the-record that they were not willing to say on-the-record?</strong></p> <p><!--break--></p> <table border ="1" cellpadding ="5"> <tr> <td width="75"> 11/4/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Western Intelligence Sources </em></td> <td> Mark Phillips, "Western intelligence sources have also told CBS News they believe the killing of a US Marine by two gunmen during a training exercise in Kuwait was also a sign of renewed al-Qaida activity, as was the bombing of a French oil tanker off Yemen." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/5/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "The greatest concern, Iraq, because a US attack there might prompt Saddam Hussein to unleash the deadly germs. Within the Administration, there is a divide, say sources. On one side, Vice President Dick Cheney, who sources say is advising quick, nationwide preemptive inoculation. On the other side, Health and Human Services Secretary Tommy Thompson, who has suggested vaccine for health care and emergency personnel, and a voluntary nationwide program when the vaccine is licensed in two years."" </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/6/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Dan Rather, "At the United Nations today, US diplomats offered a final draft of a revised Security Council resolution on Iraq. It makes further concessions to critics such as France and Russia, but leaves the Bush administration free to use force against Saddam Hussein without another resolution. US officials want the council to vote on it by the end of this week." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/7/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Administration Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Mr. Bush has been convinced, we are told, to some degree, to give the inspection regime, which Vice President Cheney and other Administration officials had expressed such deep skepticism about, calling it dangerous, to give that regime a chance. And perhaps it could do the trick of disarming Saddam Hussein. There are also Administration aides who describe the Iraqi regime as brittle and it might break under the pressure of a new inspection team." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/8/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Top Administration Officials / Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "The second trigger for war, if Iraq allows the inspectors in, top Administration officials say they will look for a pattern of cheating or deceit by Baghdad, not a single, minor incident. The pattern would be determined by weapons inspectors or by the US alone, but officials left vague how they would define it." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/8/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Administration Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Today, we asked top Administration officials what ever happened to regime change? Their answer, the aim of that policy was always to eliminate what the Administration sees as the dire threat posed by the Iraqi regime, and Peter, they say this new resolution will eliminate that threat, one way or the other." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/8/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Western Intelligence Officials </em></td> <td> Bob Woodruff, "But western intelligence officials tell ABC News they believe since inspectors were kicked out five years ago, Iraq has miniaturized its chemical and biological processing equipment, and moved supplies into private houses." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/9/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#cc6633"> NBC </td> <td><em> Military Sources </em></td> <td> Jim Maceda, "But while US forces could launch a war within weeks, military sources tell NBC News that the optimal time to strike would be February. By then, the weather in the Iraqi desert will be more moderate, the days longer. Inventories of US precision-guided bombs, depleted in the war in Afghanistan, will be restocked. And most importantly, the logistical support will be in place to minimize casualties." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/10/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "The US, Meanwhile, continues to build up for war, and to let Saddam Hussein know it. Today, in what appeared to be a clearly coordinated leak to 'The New York Times' and 'Washington Post,' the Pentagon detailed its battle plans, 200 to 250,000 troops, according to sources, would be part of an invasion force coming from the land, sea and air. A smaller strike force would lead the assault, backed up by the larger force, which will go into Baghdad if necessary." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/10/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> White House Officials / Sources </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "White House officials won't confirm it--they want to focus on plans for weapons inspections--but a Pentagon leak to two leading newspapers today says President Bush has signed off on war plans for a swift and massive campaign to take over Iraq and cut off Saddam. The Washington Post and New York Times quote sources as saying up to a quarter of a million US troops would take part in a combination air and ground campaign that Pentagon planners hope would take less time than the Persian Gulf War." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/10/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Charles D'Agata, "Saddam Hussein met with his Cabinet members today and called an emergency session of the Iraqi parliament tomorrow. The agenda? How to proceed in the face of the United Nations Security Council unanimous vote demanding that he disarm and allow weapons inspectors back into Iraq. But US officials insist the parliamentary session is symbolic and the decision is Saddam's alone." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/11/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Intelligence Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "That's correct, Peter. ABC News has been told by various intelligence sources that Saddam Hussein's government has ordered its diplomats to use the cover of Iraqi embassies in order to conceal an aggressive new surveillance effort against US facilities overseas." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/11/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> Wyatt Andrews, "Meanwhile, the war plan is almost complete. Sources tell CBS News the plan calls for a force of approximately 200,000. But unlike the Gulf War, the US will not preposition large numbers of troops in the desert in case Iraq counterattacks with chemical weapons." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/11/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Federal Officials </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "Federal officials warn regularly that al-Qaida sleeper cells here in the United States may be planning major new attacks." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/12/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources / One Offiical </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Sources say some in the Administration would prefer that Saddam Hussein quickly reject the UN resolution outright, since that would provide a clear justification for war. The Administration wants to avoid what one official called the subjectivity of a new Security Council debate on future Iraqi noncompliance." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/12/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Administration Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Today, the President also announced a policy of zero tolerance of any Iraqi noncompliance with the UN resolution, should Saddam Hussein decide to accept weapons inspections. And that, Peter, seems to contradict what senior Administration officials were telling us last week, that they would look for a pattern of defiance from Iraq." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/12/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> White House Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "White House officials dismissed the move by the Iraqi Parliament as, quote, pure political theater, unquote. And the President sought to keep up the pressure on Saddam Hussein." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/12/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Bush Administration </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "One reason the Army practices this so much is because the Bush Administration believes Saddam Hussein, under pressure, might use chemical and biological weapons." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/12/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "This could all slow a US offensive, but officials insist a gas attack would not change the outcome." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/12/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "US officials also tell ABC News today that the Iraqi government is trying to buy four to five million doses of the drug Atropine, which can be used, among other things, as a treatment for someone exposed to nerve gas. Sources also tell us they are trying to buy large amounts of Cipro, which can be, as we've heard before, used as a treatment for anthrax. It is the amount that Iraq is allegedly trying to buy that has officials in Washington rattled, because as we go down the road to a possible war, the US knows that chemical and biological weapons may be possible." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/12/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Dan Rather, "It appears Osama bin Laden is alive, or at least was very recently. US officials tell CBS News tonight that a new audio tape of bin Laden aired in the Arab world today is almost certainly authentic. On that tape, bin Laden praises terror attacks that occurred in October, in Bali and Moscow, and he says the United States is, quote, "hell-bent on hitting Baghdad." The tape surfaced on the day the Iraqi parliament rejected the UN Security Council resolution ordering Iraq to disarm, leaving the final decision to Saddam Hussein." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/12/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Analysts </em></td> <td> Jim Stewart, "No matter who's in charge, US analysts believe they've seriously disrupted al-Qaida, which no longer has a safe sanctuary anywhere, but the fact that bin Laden may have escaped is a serious concern, officials acknowledge, especially with Iraq on the horizon." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/13/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Senior White House Official </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "A senior White House official said the Iraqi reply was merely punching a ticket in complying with the resolution. The President wants to keep up the pressure on Iraq." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/13/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Intelligence Analysts / US Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Intelligence analysts say he is trying to capitalize on Muslim anger at the US for its campaign against Iraq and cast America's war against terror as a war against all of Islam. He is calling on Muslims everywhere to rise up against the US and its allies. In the past, messages like this have preceded major attacks, and US officials say the chatter among known and suspected terrorists about attacks in the works is almost as high as it was in the months leading up to 9/11. But just like then, there is nothing specific about where or when." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/14/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Intelligence Officials </em></td> <td> Bob Orr, "The hospital warning comes as intelligence officials are picking up a level of chatter among terrorists that is nearly as high as it was before 9/11. The recent attack on a French tanker off Yemen, the bombing of a nightclub in Bali and the new bin Laden tape all ratchet up the fear. And officials worry tonight's scheduled execution of Aimal Kasi, the Pakistani man convicted of killing two CIA employees, could bring new attacks. Officials have been short on specifics, but frequent with their warnings." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/14/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> White House Officials </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "But White House officials today said they, too, will be watching for a 'pattern of behavior.' As one official put it, 'We can't describe what we're looking for. But like the judge said about pornography, we'll know it when we see it.' White House officials also said today they expect to have an indication of how the process will go early on. And despite concerns at the United Nations about the outward hostility of Iraq's acceptance letter yesterday, the White House says it will ignore the rhetoric and judge Saddam on his actions." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/15/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Dan, two days after accepting the UN Security Council resolution to resume weapons inspections, Iraq has fired on American planes patrolling the no-fly zone in the south of Iraq, and that, according to US officials, constitutes a violation of that resolution." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/15/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> White House Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Paragraph eight of the resolution says, 'Iraq shall not take or threaten hostile acts directed against any representative or personnel of the United Nations or any member state taking action to uphold any council resolution.' Since US and British aircraft are patrolling the no-fly zone to enforce an earlier UN resolution barring Saddam Hussein from oppressing his own people, firing on those aircraft would, according to White House officials, violate the president's zero tolerance policy toward Iraqi violations of the resolution." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/15/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "But the question is: Will this incident start a war with Iraq? The answer, according to US officials, is no. The US could report this incident to the UN Security Council, but it would be up to the Security Council to decide whether this constitutes a violation of the resolution. And that seems unlikely, since not all the members of the Security Council support the US and British operation in the no-fly zones. " </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/16/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Randall Pinkston, "Even before Blix's team arrives, Iraq is pressing its luck, firing on coalition jets in the no-fly zone. While US officials call it a material breach of the resolution, for now it's not expected to trigger military invasion." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/18/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> White House Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Peter, it seems there are material breaches, and then there are material breaches. Tonight, White House officials are frank in acknowledging that the United States is not going to go to war because of this activity in the no-fly zones, even though they say that's a violation of the new UN resolution. And it's a practical issue, they say. That new UN resolution is about disarmament, not the no-fly zones. The goal of US policy right now is to pressure Saddam and get him to make a mistake, in terms of the disarmament policy." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/18/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Western Intelligence Sources </em></td> <td> David Wright, "The inspectors hope to surprise the Iraqis. If they have weapons of mass destruction, western intelligence sources tell ABC News, it's likely they will already have cleared up any known sites, making the job of the inspectors that much more difficult. " </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/18/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "The US will also give the inspectors its best intelligence on where Saddam Hussein is believed to be hiding chemical, biological or nuclear weapons. The inspectors will need all the help they can get. The UN resolution requires Iraq to give them total access, but US officials say Saddam has already violated it." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/20/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "US officials say the Iraqis fired first, trying to knock down American and British planes that are patrolling the no-fly zones. The response today was swift and powerful. Sources tell ABC News that a dozen US and British aircraft dropped 20 bombs on three air defense communication centers well south of Baghdad. In everything but name, it is already war." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/20/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "I think there are some US officials that believe, in fact, the Iraqis are trying to goad the US in an effort to gain sympathy from much of the world because, as those US bombs drop, especially in Muslim countries and Arab countries, it doesn't look that good for the US." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/20/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "American officials claim Iraq is shooting at planes more often. The US and Britain are dropping more bombs. All this means if the US ends up invading Iraq, important first steps will have already been taken." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/20/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Officials say about 50 nations have now been asked what kinds of assistance, from troops and equipment to intelligence and transport, they would be willing to contribute in a campaign against Iraq. Mr. Bush made clear he wants a military option to be ready immediately should Saddam Hussein refuse to cooperate with the UN." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/20/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Administration Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Again and again, in recent days, Administration officials are pointing to December 8th as the crucial date for war or peace. That's when Iraq must fully declare all its weapons of mass destruction." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/20/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> White House Officials </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "That reference to 'final stage,' a new twist for President Bush, would suggest that the mission is again moving from one of simply disarming Saddam back to taking him out. White House officials wouldn't tip their hand today, nor would they say how they plan to prove that Iraq is lying should it again claim to have no weapons of mass destruction." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/20/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#cc6633"> NBC </td> <td><em> White House Sources </em></td> <td> David Gregory, "White House sources say the US is now negotiating with 50 different countries on how they can join the fight against Saddam." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/20/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#cc6633"> NBC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> David Gregory, "But the president's emphasis on Iraq's December 8th deadline could once again put him at odds with other members of the Security Council who have said the US alone should not determine the trigger for war. Nevertheless, US officials say a denial from Iraq that it has an extensive weapons arsenal is a proofable lie and a violation of the UN resolution. " </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/25/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "Satellite imagery already raises questions about nuclear research centers such as Tuwaitha, which have undergone recent construction. These former chemical weapons bunkers, once protected by 19 anti-aircraft batteries, have been bulldozed in the past few years. Officials wonder whether the Iraqis are now hiding something new. " </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/25/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "Iraq was later forced to admit it hadn't told the truth. This time around, it is supposed to be different, but it will still be difficult. Officials do not think inspectors will find evidence of prohibited programs as quickly as the Bush Administration wants." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/26/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Peter, these are people who have been recruited by the CIA and the State Department. The plan, which is now at the White House, calls for this training to begin in January. These people will not be brought to the US, we are told. They will be trained in Europe. And officials say Hungary has raised its hand to be the volunteer country to do the training." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/27/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "One area of disagreement involves US surveillance aircraft, the U2 spy plane and unmanned Predator, that can keep watch on a suspicious site for 24 hours at a time. The US wants to loan these planes to the UN, but sources say only if the US controls the intelligence output. Sources say the UN wants full control of what the surveillance planes collect." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/27/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> David Wright, "After the inspectors left, the Iraqis invited the press in. But journalists, obviously, lack the expertise of inspectors. Also today, a second inspection team drove 80 miles south of Baghdad to an industrial complex called Al Rafah, Iraq's main missile-testing range. These satellite photos, which inspectors may well have brought with them, show a new test stand there. US officials say it is designed to test long-range missile engines." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 11/28/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#cc6633"> NBC </td> <td><em> Administration Sources </em></td> <td> Campbell Brown, "Administration sources do say that the White House has been working on a road map toward achieving a final settlement, but that there is disagreement within the administration over what should be the priority right now, the situation in the Mideast or taking on Saddam Hussein." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/1/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Military Officials </em></td> <td> Carole Simpson, "In Iraq, US and British warplanes fired on targets in the northern and southern no-fly zones. US military officials said the strikes were in response to Iraqi anti-aircraft fire." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/2/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> White House Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Publicly, White House officials are saying it's far too soon to say whether Iraq is truly cooperating with inspections. Behind the scenes, however, there is mounting concern that Saddam Hussein may be outmaneuvering the US." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/2/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> White House Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "White House officials had been pointing to the December 8th deadline for Iraq to fully declare its weapons as the critical moment in this confrontation. But now, Peter, officials say they expect Iraq that day to file a voluminous declaration in Arabic that could take days or weeks to sort through." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/3/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> American Intelligence Officials </em></td> <td> Brian Ross, "American intelligence officials confirmed for ABC News today they are investigating whether a Russian scientist transferred a particularly lethal strain of smallpox to the government of Iraq in the 1990s. As first reported in "The New York Times," the allegations involve a smallpox strain stored at this scientific institute in Moscow, and the institute's director, Nadia Maltseva, who died two years ago. Intelligence officials say an informant has reported she gave the Iraqis the smallpox on a trip there in 1990." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/3/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Officials / Military Officer </em></td> <td> David Martin, "At the same time, officials tell CBS News Saudi Arabia, another key but reluctant ally, has promised to grant overflight rights to American warplanes and allow the US to use this sophisticated command center at Prince Sultan Air Base. It's part of what one military officer called 'a slow, deliberate process of war preparation' designed to pressure Saddam into giving up his weapons of mass destruction." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/3/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "US officials say Saddam is responding to the pressure by taking personal control of all dealings with the UN weapons inspectors, trying to look like he is cooperating without actually giving up any of his weapons. In other words, satisfy the UN, but defy the US. So far, it's working." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/3/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Donald Rumsfeld, "The burden of proof is on the Iraqi regime to prove that it is disarming."<br>David Martin, "The first chance to prove it will come this weekend, when Iraq gives the UN an accounting of its weapons programs. US officials expect it will be hundreds, if not thousands, of pages long and will require lengthy analysis before anyone can accuse Saddam of refusing to come clean." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/4/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "But if the Iraqis deny it, formally, will the President have to prove it? ABC's Terry Moran is at the White House. Terry?"<br>Terry Moran, "Peter, as a practical matter, you're right, the US will have to provide proof to back up its accusations. For now, however, officials here are downplaying the Iraqi pronouncements, saying the only statement out of Baghdad that really matters is that declaration that Iraq must file by midnight Sunday." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/4/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Official / Sources </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "If Iraq does formally declare that it has no forbidden weapons, ABC News has learned the President has decided, after a fierce internal debate, to give the inspectors several weeks to take what one official called 'a first crack' at proving Iraq is lying. During that period, sources say, the US will provide new intelligence directing inspectors to the most sensitive sites, in order to challenge Saddam Hussein." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/4/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Official </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "There's also what one official called a "fallback position." If the inspectors find nothing, then the US will go to the Security Council to lay out a case against Saddam Hussein, using the most recent intelligence, and it's a case, Peter, that could well lead to war." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/5/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> White House Officials </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "Much of what the administration regards as proof of Saddam's weapons program is from the last round of inspections, material that went unaccounted for by the UN, but Iraq claims it destroyed. White House officials also say there's new intelligence that leads them to believe Iraq has active biological, chemical and nuclear programs, though they admit the evidence does not constitute a smoking gun." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/5/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "The White House is providing some intelligence to the UN teams, but inspectors in Baghdad say if President Bush knows where Saddam is hiding his weapons, he's certainly not telling them. Officials say the president is holding the intelligence close, in part to lay a trap for Saddam in anticipation of a flagrantly false weapons declaration this weekend. Catching him in a lie would bolster the case for war, though the administration still hopes the Iraqi people get rid of Saddam before it comes to that." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/6/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Senior Official </em></td> <td> David Martin, "US forces for war on the eve of the Iraqi declaration. But even if it's full of lies, the declaration, by itself, will not trigger a war. As one senior official put it, no one's going to war over a piece of paper. But will the declaration account for the large quantities of chemical and biological agents which Iraq once had and claims, but can't prove, it destroyed?" </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/8/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Senior Official </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "Inspectors will get additional help from US satellite imagery and unmanned aerial vehicles. But a senior official tells ABC News the US has no smoking gun that proves Iraq has weapons of mass destruction, although the official says the circumstantial evidence is strong and compelling." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/8/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> David Kay, "No weapons of mass destruction, no programs to develop them in the last four years, nothing left over from their previous program. I think that just doesn't meet the laugh test."<br> Wyatt Andrews, "It doesn't meet any test, officials say, because of one overriding question: Where are the weapons Iraq got caught holding in the '90s, the enriched uranium, the VX nerve gas, the weaponized anthrax? The US believes Iraq may still have everything, plus sophisticated, new ways to hide it." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/9/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Senior Official </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "Of course, the Bush Administration has still not seen the documents. A senior official I spoke to a short time ago, Carole, says he hopes that happens fairly soon." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/9/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Well, because, as Martha points out, the intelligence is fragmentary and opaque, there is no smoking gun. The officials have said that the best way to get a dramatic demonstration that Iraq is lying is to get a defector to blow the whistle on Saddam, and so the US is going to pressure Hans Blix, the Chief UN Weapons Inspector, and his team very hard to get Iraqi scientists and officers and other officials out of the country, to get them to defect and blow the whistle." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/10/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Senior Administration Official </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "First, the declaration on weapons that the United States and several other countries are analyzing. A senior Administration official tells ABC News today that parts of the document are, word for word, the same as previous Iraqi declarations about their weapons of mass destruction, or the lack of them, as the Iraqis would say it. " </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/10/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "They may be ready, but sources say an attack using just the forces there now is not likely, unless Saddam Hussein does something very provocative, invading a neighbor, for example, or shooting down an American plane. But the more likely scenario, if diplomacy fails, sources say the Bush Administration plans to quickly send 20,000 marines and at least 75,000 more army troops." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/10/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "This last buildup, sources say, will take 30 to 60 days at a minimum. The goal, have enough force to quickly defeat the Iraqi army and occupy the country." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/11/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Pentagon Sources </em></td> <td> Allen Pizzey, "More than 10,000 US troops in Kuwait are part of an ongoing build-up in the region that Pentagon sources have said makes launching a war against Iraq possible within a month if necessary." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/12/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources / Officials </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "Sources tell 'The Washington Post,' that a transfer of a chemical weapon to al-Qaeda affiliates took place in Iraq in October or November. A courier, they suspect, then smuggled the VX gas out of Iraq, into Turkey and possibly beyond. 'The Post' said it talked to two officials who had firsthand knowledge of the report, who called the source of the information sensitive and credible. Today, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld told ABC's John McWethy he had not read the article, but had seen information suggesting the possibility." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/12/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Official </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "The Bush Administration has tried for a long time to make the case that al-Qaeda and Iraq are linked. But in reference to "The Post" article, a US official told ABC News today, that there is no link with Saddam Hussein. That should be knocked down completely." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/12/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Intelligence </em></td> <td> Dan Rather, "US intelligence officials told CBS News today they have no credible evidence that Iraq has given nerve gas to al-Qaida terrorists. The Washington Post today cited uncorroborated reports that Islamic extremists linked to al-Qaida obtained the gas in northern Iraq and may have smuggled it into Turkey." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/13/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "US officials are saying they are not happy with this declaration. But the question is now, what does the US do about it?" </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/13/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "The UN wanted details about new Iraqi weapons of mass destruction programs, if they exist. The Iraqis didn't provide any. The UN wanted information about weapons unaccounted for since the Gulf War, 550 mustard gas shells, 150 bombs filled with biological agents, among others. US officials say the declaration ignores the issue. They say the Iraqis have provided what is largely a carbon copy of past declarations and denials. But the UN is not making any snap judgments." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/13/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Pentagon Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "That would be the first time since the current crisis began that Iraq has tried to set a SAM trap, and Saddam Hussein may not understand the risk he is taking. Pentagon officials say if he were to succeed in shooting down an American plane now, the US would not wait any longer to go to war." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/13/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "The 12,000-page declaration Iraq turned over last week will not by itself trigger a war, even though US officials say it fails to account for hundreds of chemical and biological weapons. The UN resolution states it would take both false statements or omissions in the declarations, and failure to cooperate fully with the weapons inspections before Iraq could be found guilty. So far, Saddam seems to be cooperating with the inspections, although US officials expect that to end the moment the UN demands that dozens of Iraqi scientists and their families--hundreds of people in all--be brought out of Iraq for questioning." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/18/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "'Material breach' is a term the US fought to include in the resolution to provide a trigger for war. Today, however, officials said this is not a trigger for war, that the US will continue to work with the UN and with inspectors, a reversal, based in part on lack of international support for war." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/18/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "Despite the political signals that the US will not rush into war, officials do tell ABC News that after the first of the year, the military will rapidly increase its buildup in the Persian Gulf." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/18/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Military Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Peter, this is about shortening the time it would take to mount a full-scale invasion. If ordered today, for example, military sources say it could take two, at least two months. Now, ABC News has learned that the timetable, the plan is to shorten the timetable to two or three weeks." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/18/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "But first, a review of the main story tonight. The Bush Administration is going to say formally tomorrow that Iraq is in material breach of the United Nations resolution, which required Baghdad to provide a full accounting of its weapons programs. This does not mean war. Officials said today the US would continue to work with the United Nations." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/18/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Administration Officials </em></td> <td> Bill Plante, "Yet administration officials say that even though the Iraqis are clearly in violation of the new UN resolution, it's too soon to pull the trigger." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/18/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Bill Plante, "Officials say the secretary of State and others believe that the US needs to spend more time building support and assembling a coalition for any military action. At the same time, it is pressuring the UN to begin interviewing Iraqi scientists outside the country. They are the people most likely to know of secret weapons programs." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/18/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "In the two months it will take the US to position its forces around Iraq, there will be several key events which will determine the likelihood and timing of any war: the request by the UN weapons inspectors to take Iraqi scientists and their families out of the country so they could be interviewed without fear of reprisal. Those interviews could produce a host of new leads that would take the inspectors weeks, if not months, to track down. But if, as most officials expect, Saddam refuses to let his scientists go, it would be a further violation of the UN resolution." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/19/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "It certainly it, Peter. The grim US assessment of the Iraqi declaration was paired with statements that the President still wants to work with the UN and inspectors. But officials also made clear, the time for a peaceful resolution of the crisis is running out." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/19/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "After the public statements, the US released a catalog of what officials say are omissions in the declaration including, any explanation of why Iraq is making high energy fuels, suitable only for long-range missiles that Baghdad is prohibited from possessing, and a fuller description of mobile refrigeration vehicles and food testing laboratories, which the US suspects are biological weapons labs." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/19/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "The Administration's focus will now shift to the inspectors. Officials say the US will now provide the inspectors with some intelligence information to help them get more aggressive. And they'll pressure the inspectors to interview Iraqi scientists out of Iraq. But Peter, at the same time, that huge US military buildup in the Persian Gulf will continue to accelerate." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/19/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Lee Cowan, "US officials reportedly have evidence that Saddam Hussein is willing to destroy not only his own oil wells but his power plants, even food supplies, during an attack in order to blame it on US bombs and garner Arab support. It's a charge Iraq vehemently denies." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/20/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Dan Rather, "United Nations chief arms inspector Hans Blix complained today that the United States and Britain are not giving his teams the high-tech intelligence they need to do their job in Iraq. The US said it will provide more information over the weekend. Today, the inspectors paid another visit to Iraq's main nuclear site outside Baghdad, irritating the Iraqis by working on a Muslim day of rest. US officials said tonight they expect to give the inspectors as early as next week a list of Iraqi scientists to question about Iraq's weapons programs." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/21/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Elizabeth Vargas, "This as US troops in Kuwait conducted their biggest military exercise since the Gulf War. The war games come as US officials announce they will give new intelligence on Iraq to United Nations weapons inspectors." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/23/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> Bob Woodruff, "And sources tell ABC News that within the past month, the air force has added modified Stinger missiles to some its Predators over Iraq, which are capable of attacking Iraqi fighter jets in the air. Since last year, Iraq has downed at least two other Predators with ground-to-air missiles, the wreckage proudly displayed on Iraqi TV. But US officials have never described this as a violation of any UN resolutions. And today, they played it down again." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/23/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Pentagon Sources </em></td> <td> Bob Woodruff, "Pentagon sources tell ABC News at least twice in the last month, unmanned Predators have fired their Stinger missiles at Iraqi fighter jets in or near the no-fly zone. But in each case, Charlie, they missed their targets." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/23/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Bob Woodruff, "Since last year, Iraq has downed at least two other Predators with ground-to-air missiles, the wreckage proudly displayed on Iraqi TV. But US officials have never described this as a violation of any UN resolutions. And today, they played it down again. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/23/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "President Bush has branded them parts of a worldwide 'axis of evil,' and US officials say belligerent actions today by Iraq and North Korea can only strengthen American resolve to put an end to the threats that they pose, one way or another." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/26/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Dan Harris, "US officials say the best way to get answers may be for the weapons inspectors to take Iraqi scientists out of the country for questioning." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/26/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "In Iraq today, US and British warplanes bombed air defense sites in the southern no-fly zone. US officials said the targets were command centers southeast of Baghdad that directed Monday's downing of an unmanned US spy plane. Iraq claims the air strikes killed three civilians and injured 16 other people." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/27/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Lee Cowan, "While continuing to support inspections, some US officials say better information could come from Iraqi scientists willing to defect once outside the country. At the very least, they could clarify the on-site surveys." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 12/28/02 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Dan Harris, "US officials have said that they're worried that Iraqi government officials might intimidate the scientists." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/2/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Turkey recently elected a conservative Islamic government, and US officials are worried its parliament will not permit Turkish bases to be used for a war against Iraq. As long as Turkey refuses, US officials say, it will be impossible to open up a northern front, and that would significantly increase the risks of any war." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/2/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Jordan is also holding up approval to base American troops on its territory. The US wants to put Special Operations forces into Jordan from where they could be inserted into western Iraq to hunt for the Scud missiles, which in the last war Saddam launched against Israel and which this time could be armed with chemical or biological warheads. US officials are confident Jordan will eventually come through." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/3/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "US officials are well aware that the UN report may not contain any conclusive evidence of weapons of mass destruction, but some US officials don't think that matters. A US official told ABC News today that, despite the absence of definitive evidence, the US and a few other countries will likely say Iraq has failed to account for weapons of mass destruction it has been known to possess in the past. But what comes next is unclear. Some Bush Administration officials are arguing that the US should then simply tell the UN Security Council that the US is ready to attack Iraq, and urge the Council to support the effort. Other US officials argue that the inspection process is working and should continue." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/3/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Military Officials </em></td> <td> Elizabeth Vargas, "Military officials say a full scale invasion of Iraq could require a quarter of a million troops in the Middle East. Many of them would be reservists, facing the possibility of war for the first time." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/3/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "But the Pentagon's war plans go far beyond that. Still to come, officials say, is another order for an additional 25,000 to 30,000 troops that would bring the total number of forces to roughly 200,000 and allow the US to invade Iraq not just from the south from the north and west as well." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/3/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Pentagon Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "But Jordan's king has not yet given his approval and Turkey's foreign minister said today his country may not allow its bases to be used to open up a northern front. ... And Pentagon officials say it won't stop the president from going ahead with an invasion, but it would increase the risks, and in military operations, risks are measured in lives." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/6/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "The United States now has a force of 65,000 in the Persian Gulf. Officials say that will grow to roughly 90,000 in two weeks. And by the middle of February, to nearly 200,000. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/6/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Administration Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Bush administration officials admit they have not yet made a compelling case for war. The CIA is being urged to make public more of its intelligence about Iraq's weapons of mass destruction, but officials say there is still no smoking gun. Which is exactly what the UN official in charge of hunting for evidence Saddam is hiding a nuclear weapons programs said in public today." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/6/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Pentagon Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Pentagon officials insist the US will go to war alone if it has to, but they acknowledge that would fuel the growing perception that America is an arrogant superpower." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/7/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Administration Officials </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Administration officials say a war with Iraq, on the other hand, is one that Pentagon planners say they should be able to win quickly and without massive casualties. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/8/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "As the US prepares for war, a crucial part of the plan may be breaking down. The US had hoped to put 10,000 to 15,000 American ground troops at bases in Turkey. But the Turkish government has been dragging its feet for more than a month on US requests, preventing an American survey team from even looking at possible bases. This could dramatically complicate a US invasion that sources say was to include American troops closing in on Baghdad from both the north and the south. Troops could still be brought in to northern Iraq by air, sources say, but heavy equipment and most supplies would have to come by road from the south." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/8/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Pentagon Officials </em></td> <td> Dan Rather, "Inside Iraq today, US and British aircraft bombed Iraqi air defense sites after Iraqi jets violated again the southern no-fly zone. Pentagon officials say the Iraqis hope to shoot down another unmanned Predator spy plane. They got the first one two weeks ago, and CBS' David Martin has exclusive pictures of the dogfight that Predator lost." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/9/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "But dealing with Iraq is getting more complicated. First, the assessment from UN weapons inspectors that they have turned up nothing so far that would justify a war. And US officials admit it's unlikely inspectors will find any smoking gun." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/9/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Administration Officials / Sources </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Nevertheless, Administration officials insist the President's timetable has not changed. Sources say the Administration will continue to support the weapons inspectors with intelligence information, continue the military buildup in the Persian Gulf and go back to the UN Security Council, Peter, shortly after that January 27th deadline to declare Iraq in material breach." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/9/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Pentagon Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Pentagon officials insist they'll be ready by the middle of February, but acknowledge that as long as UN weapons inspectors remain in Iraq, the war is unlikely to start." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/10/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Official </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "Well, they are giving [the UN] a little bit of intelligence in the last couple of weeks. The reason they say they're not giving more, and one US official I talked to today said they have much better intelligence, is they say they're afraid there will be leaks to Iraq and also that sources and methods will be revealed, in other words how the United States gathers that intelligence. " </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/10/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "UN weapons inspectors were out looking for that elusive smoking gun again today while US officials debated what to do about this Iraqi missile, known as the Al-Samoud, which could ultimately trigger a confrontation between the UN and Iraq." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/10/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "The Iraqis admit that in flight tests the fat missile flew about 20 miles over the limit, but they say it was a mistake, that the fat missile simply went further than they thought it would. US officials don't believe that, but they're not yet ready to demand that Iraq give up the fat missile. They don't want to let Saddam Hussein get away with anything, but they also don't want to start a war over a missile that exceeds the range limit by a measly 20 miles." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/13/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Today, in Kuwait, US troops were honing their combat skills. In North Carolina, marines were shipping out. And in Texas this morning, more reservists got their orders. All snapshots of a buildup that sources tell ABC News could end up involving more than 350,000 troops for a war and subsequent occupation. Sources say the National Guard and reserve call up, 56,000 have already been mobilized, could also grow well beyond the 263,000 used in the Persian Gulf War more than a decade ago. The number of troops, sources say, will depend, at least in part, on whether there is large- scale resistance in Iraq." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/13/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Sources say the Bush Administration is preparing to take its case for war to the United Nations soon after January 27th. And, Peter, they say it doesn't matter what UN inspectors report." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/14/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "But President Bush is putting pressure on Saddam Hussein and on allies like Mr. Blair. Part of it, however, might be for show, Peter. Officials say that the main US goal over the next couple of weeks is to convince Saddam Hussein that he has no choice but to comply." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/14/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "If and when President Bush decides to go to war, US officials say it won't start right away. The Pentagon would still need another week or more to deploy additional air and ground combat units, bringing the total invasion force to 250,000." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/14/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Soon they will have intelligence from American U-2 spy planes, which are about to start flying missions for the UN over both northern and southern Iraq. But in the past, Iraq has gone to great lengths to hide its weapons, and US officials do not believe the inspectors will find a smoking gun unless an Iraqi official can be spirited out of the country so he can tell the UN where to look." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/15/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Administration Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Administration sources tell ABC News that the US has detected Iraq moving equipment and containers of suspected chemical and biological agents just before UN inspectors have arrived. Skeptics say, if the Bush Administration has that kind of specific evidence, it better find a way to make it public, because on the world stage, the US argument for going to war against Iraq is not selling." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/16/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials / Aides </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Officials say the President, in Pennsylvania today, will wait to speak out on the discovery in Iraq until inspectors reach solid conclusions about the warheads. But aides said the fact that inspectors found the warheads in a bunker built in the mid-1990s and that they were in excellent condition indicated they may be part of an active stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. But the White House does not want to make too much of today's discovery. Instead, officials say they will use this as part of their case to take to the UN that war is justified, simply because Saddam Hussein is not actively cooperating." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/16/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Most Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Most officials here are deeply skeptical that the inspectors will ever be able to find anything that would count as a smoking gun, nevertheless they continue to pressure the inspectors, Peter, especially urging them to interview key Iraqi scientists outside Iraq." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/16/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Official </em></td> <td> Dan Rather, "UN weapons inspectors here in Iraq finally found something today. Not quite a smoking gun; one US official told CBS News it was more like a smoldering gun. It was found at an Iraqi military site about 50 miles south of the capital, and it is potentially a breach of the United Nations resolution that requires Iraq to disarm." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/16/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Dan Rather, "US officials say today's discovery only scratches the surface of what it believes Iraq may be hiding." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/17/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Administration Officials </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "Today, Administration officials have said it is deeply troubling that empty chemical warheads were found by the UN weapons inspectors yesterday and that the Iraqi explanation doesn't wash." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/17/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials / US Officials </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "Officials tell ABC News the US will present pieces of evidence to the Security Council that they believe make a compelling case. Including, missing weapons. The US says that in addition to the 12 warheads, Iraq has failed to account for 30,000 chemical or biological weapons. No-fly zone violations, Iraq has continued to fire on US and allied warplanes. And US officials will argue that recent satellite surveillance shows Iraqis moving what officials believe may be containers of chemical agents just before the inspectors arrive. But those same officials admit the US has no definitive evidence and little to present that is new. A tough case to make to an already skeptical Security Council." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/19/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> American Officials </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "But American officials believe that the Iraqis will put in place what one general referred to as speed bumps to slow down an invading force." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/20/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "Terry, I grant you, it's the way it looks from here, but it is as if they have no doubts about it, they intend to attack."<br>Terry Moran, "Well, Peter, they have no doubts that Iraq must do more, much more in order to avoid an attack. And they are frankly dismissive of today's moves in Baghdad. Officials here say it's much more about public relations, than about genuine disarmament." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/20/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Powell has long been seen as a dove in the Administration on Iraq, but officials say he now backs a harder line." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/20/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Administration </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "But the Administration says that's not enough and over the course of the next week, senior Administration officials will lay out in a series of speeches the Administration's case that inspections aren't working and that will culminate, Peter, in the President's State of Union address next week." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/20/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Dan Rather, "In Washington today, US officials made a point of letting the impatience show, and chief White House correspondent John Roberts reports tonight they made it explicitly clear Saddam has very little room or time left to maneuver." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/20/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> White House Officials </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "Eight weeks into UN inspections, White House officials said today it will be Iraq's cooperation with inspectors that will make the difference between war and peace, not evidence of a so-called smoking gun." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/20/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> White House Officials </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "White House officials admit they don't know where Iraq may be hiding its weapons, but they are convinced Saddam never destroyed thousands of liters of anthrax and nerve gas." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/20/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Byron Pitts, "Kuwaiti and US officials are concerned Kuwait City could be targeted by terrorists if there is a war with Iraq." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/21/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Administration Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Administration officials insist the crucial finding of the inspectors is already clear, the evidence shows, they say, Saddam Hussein is not complying and will never voluntarily give up his weapons of mass destruction. And that, Peter, they say alone justifies war." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/21/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "But Mr. Bush is pressing ahead despite the resistance, publishing today a 32-page document detailing what officials called Saddam's Apparatus of Lies, dispatching Colin Powell's right-hand man to say America cannot allow the fear of war let Saddam off the hook." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/21/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Military Officials </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "Military officials tell CBS News tonight they now have a solid indication that Saddam plans to blow up Iraq's oil wells if it appears certain his regime will fall." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/21/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Pentagon Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Pentagon officials are betting that Turkey will eventually allow them to send in about 40,000 troops, including not just Army, but Air and Special Operations forces as well." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/22/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Military Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Military sources say US forces could go to war immediately if they had to, but a full buildup will likely take at least another month. Despite orders directing more than 100,000 troops to the region, most of those troops are not there yet." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/22/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Pentagon Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Pentagon officials say they have received intelligence reports that some members of the Iraqi government are arguing among themselves about whether to fight if the US invades." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/23/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Military Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "One obvious concern for the US is Turkey. If American ground troops are not able to use Turkish bases to help open a northern front against Iraq, US military sources say any war would take longer, cost more, and US casualties would likely be higher." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/23/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> American Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Losing support of a country like Germany, now a vocal critic, would complicate, but not cripple a military campaign. The US is now negotiating with other European allies so war supplies could flow through their bases if Germany refused. American sources say they do have crucial military support in the Persian Gulf itself, beginning with Kuwait, Bahrain, and Qatar." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/23/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Officials have assumed all along that the United States would carry most of the burden of actually fighting a war, with some important help from Britain. But US officials say the political backlash of doing it that way, especially if casualties are high, could be huge." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/23/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Pentagon Sources </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "To strengthen its case for war, the White House put out yet another dossier today, listing more of Iraq's alleged lies and deceptions. The most shocking examples date back to the '90s, though Pentagon sources say there is evidence of very recent activity that Iraq is relocating weapons of mass destruction, and there is new intelligence that the infamous Iraqi intimidation is harsher than ever." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/25/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Administration Sources </em></td> <td> Derek McGinty, "And in Washington, the White House released photos of President Bush working on his State of the Union address for Tuesday night when he will almost certainly once again lay out his arguments for regime change in Iraq. Administration sources say Tuesday night the President will tell the nation Iraq has massive piles of weapons of mass destruction and he will brace America for war." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/25/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Thalia Assuras, "Two days before the UN weapons inspectors report on their investigations in Iraq, US officials are trying to convince world leaders to present a united front against Saddam Hussein. That, as President Bush prepares to once again make the case for military action against Iraq in his State of the Union address on Tuesday." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/27/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Many Officials </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "As I said, Terry, before the speeches and after, pretty much the same message."<br>Terry Moran, "The same message, but Dr. Blix's presentation, Peter, vindicated, according to many, to many officials here, the US position. They say they felt vindicated. They also say they sense international momentum shifting and they want to keep the pressure on." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/27/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Administration Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Administration officials will provide more unclassified evidence they say will help prove two US claims, that Iraq currently possesses weapons of mass destruction and that there are current links between Saddam Hussein's regime and Al Qaeda." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/27/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Senior White House Official </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "A senior White House official says the President is still willing to engage in what he called serious diplomacy at the UN, but there are no plans for the US to work on a second resolution now to the UN Security Council. And, Peter, this aid says the President remains willing to leave diplomacy behind." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/27/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "And now, we turn to the military dimension of all this. US officials said today they finally got agreement with Turkey allowing US ground troops to use Turkey as a base in the event of war. The US wants to use Turkey as a launching pad for a component of the invasion into Iraq that would come from the north." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/27/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "US commanders are pressing ahead on a timeline all their own. There are 400 US military aircraft in the Persian Gulf today. And sources say that number is expected to double in the weeks ahead. There are 77,000 US troops there. That force is also expected to at least double before an invasion is likely. Sources say the buildup is expected to take at least another month. " </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/27/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "As for the timing of any invasion, officials say there are many factors influencing the planning. One is a strong desire not to attack during the middle of the Haj, the annual pilgrimage of Muslims to the holy City of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. The Haj ends in mid- February. More important may be the moon. Ideally, military commanders prefer the moon be in its darkest phase. The US trains to fight with night vision goggles. The darker it is, the greater the advantage." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/27/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "Over the next several weeks, President Bush will continue to build a case against Iraq, unveiling what sources tell CBS News is new intelligence culled from al-Qaida detainees and other sources that will help to prove the case that Saddam Hussein has both weapons of mass destruction and links to al-Qaida." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/27/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "The National Security Agency has eavesdropped on Iraqis talking about hiding material from the inspectors, although officials say it's not always clear exactly what it is the Iraqis are hiding." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/27/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "US officials say they also have evidence Iraq is harboring members of al-Qaida. One senior leader lost a leg to US bombing in Afghanistan and received medical treatment in Baghdad. He then went to northeastern Iraq and joined a group which has links to al-Qaida and is suspected of having provided the deadly biological agent ricin to alleged terrorists recently arrested in London." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/27/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, " The US has promised Turkey billions in economic aid and officials remain confident the new government there will eventually say yes. But they acknowledge that the holdup in approval is one of several factors likely to delay military action from early until late March. Another factor: Britain's Prime Minister Blair, America's chief ally, is running into increasing opposition at home. Like it or not, officials say, a delay of weeks now appears to be both a diplomatic and a military necessity." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/28/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Senior US Officials </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "There are no hidden chemical agents the US has uncovered, no cache of biological weapons to report. The first case the Administration will try to make is that Iraq is playing a shell game, moving banned weapons from one place to another so inspectors won't find them. Senior US officials say recent evidence includes, intercepted communications of Iraqi officials talking about hiding things at inspection sites, but there is no proof of what was being hidden. Satellite imagery showing trucks and equipment being moved from selected sites just hours or days before inspectors arrive. But again, not proof of what was being moved. An even tougher case, making a link between Iraq and al-Qaeda. The evidence, a senior al- Qaeda leader, Abu Musa'ab al-Zarqawi, received medical treatment in Baghdad after losing a leg in the US-led bombing in Afghanistan. There is no proof that Iraqi officials knew about the treatment. A senior official adds that the al-Qaeda leader may have fled to northern Iraq and may have connections to a London al-Qaeda cell, recently found in position of the deadly biological agent, ricin." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/28/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Some Officials </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "But some officials concede that the evidence of a link is weak and much of it recycled." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/28/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Senior Intelligence Official </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "A senior intelligence official summed it up this way, if you believe that Iraq has weapons of mass destruction, you will be reassured by this evidence. But, Peter, he said, if you don't, it won't change your mind." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/28/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> White House Officials </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "White House officials say tonight's State of the Union address is just the first step toward preparing the American people for war." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/29/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Peter, officials here say that there is a window of diplomacy, now, that will last only for weeks, not months. And the Administration intends to use that time, by pressuring allies hard and by providing some new proof of its charges." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/29/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Intelligence Community / Sources </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "Now, you also talked to your sources in the intelligence community, based on what the President said last night. What do they say today?"<br>Martha Raddatz, "The intelligence community is probably more skeptical of this than anyone. Most officials I talk to say there is no undeniable proof in Powell's presentation." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/29/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "US officials acknowledge today, for the first time, that there are small groups of US forces already in northern Iraq. They're in areas controlled by the Kurds. They are, of course, laying the groundwork for war. And it is going on in a much, much larger scale to the south, next to Iraq in Kuwait. There's been a very rapid buildup of US troops there, and ABC's Bob Woodruff is on the scene." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/30/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> White House Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Peter, White House officials say they had nothing to do with that letter, from eight European leaders backing the tough US line on Iraq. But it does serve the President's diplomatic strategy, now, pressuring France and other reluctant allies. And it sounds almost as if it could have been written here." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/30/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "The Saudi Arabian foreign minister, who has been quietly trying to engineer Saddam's departure, met with Mr. Bush today. But the Saudis claim the subject did not come up. Few officials here or in the Saudi government believe Saddam would voluntarily relinquish power." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/30/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "This is an idea being floated in some Arab countries. US officials say they have not been involved in any planning. But Secretary of State Colin Powell raised eyebrows yesterday when he suggested the US would help find a place for Saddam Hussein to go. The Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld said recently that immunity for Saddam Hussein should be considered." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/30/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Sources say the military is also considering sending trained dolphins to the Persian Gulf, to provide similar harbor security or to hunt for mines. Dolphins were used during the Persian Gulf War, but their handlers discovered as the weather heated up, and the water got warmer, the dolphins became sluggish and far less effective. Sea lions do not appear to be bothered as much by rising water temperature, and they have one other advantage. Unlike a dolphin, a sea lion could continue chasing an enemy, if it came to that, on to dry land." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/30/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Dan Rather, "In Congress today, US officials offered new details of their case against Saddam. And as CBS' David Martin reports, it included evidence of Iraqi support for al-Qaida." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/31/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Administration Officials </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "'The Washington Times' newspaper, which has good sources in this Administration, reported today that President Bush had signed a directive allowing the use of nuclear weapons against Iraq if Iraq uses chemical or biological weapons against American troops. Even talking about it is chilling. But that may be the point. ABC's Martha Raddatz is at the State Department. Martha, what are we supposed to think about this? And more to the point, what are the Iraqis supposed to think about it? <br> Martha Raddatz, "Well, Peter, Administration officials will not even confirm or deny this report, but it is in their interest to remain vague about this policy." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/31/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "Officials usually avoid the word "nuclear," but that is what is clearly implied." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 1/31/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "US officials may now be leaking documents containing a specific nuclear option to frighten Saddam Hussein. But some experts say if the President is including this in his national strategy, he has crossed a dangerous line." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/1/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "The weapons inspectors have agreed to go back to Baghdad, although officials here are not optimistic that there will be any kind of a breakthrough. And frankly, this Administration is looking past inspections, toward diplomacy at the Security Council where the Secretary of State will present a case against Iraq on Wednesday." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/4/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Official </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "The Bush administration was asked today about the interview. One official said, we do not need to do a play-by-play on Saddam, as they called it. They are focusing on the presentation of Secretary of State Colin Powell, the one that he will make tomorrow to the United Nations." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/4/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Bush Administration </em></td> <td> Bob Simon, "But beyond any links to al-Qaida, the Bush administration claims Saddam may be close to building nuclear weapons and probably has chemical and biological weapons, charges he continues to deny." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/5/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Intelligence Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "With Powell arguing that Al-Qaeda is now getting help from Iraq, intelligence sources say they are increasingly concerned by the possibility of terrorist attacks against key US bases in the Persian Gulf and Europe" </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/6/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Intelligence </em></td> <td> Bush, "A UAV launched from a vessel off the American coast could reach hundreds of miles inland."<br>Terry Moran, "US intelligence sources say that scenario is not likely. But the White House argues the risk is real." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/6/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Senior White House Official </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "The diplomatic game plan from here is for Great Britain to carry the ball in trying to craft some kind of second UN resolution, with the US paradoxically supporting it by saying the President's willing to go to war without a new resolution. Peter, as one senior White House official put it, that's how we got the first one." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/6/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> FBI Officials </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "FBI officials briefed members of the Congress today. They said that al Qaeda is the number one threat to the country." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/6/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources / US Officials </em></td> <td> Pierre Thomas, "And sources tell ABC News the US has received information from Arab allies that bin Laden will release a new recording, signaling a new wave of attacks against the US if it attacks Iraq. US officials are extremely worried, especially during the period leading up to possible war with Iraq." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/6/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "In fact, sources say the US could introduce a resolution soon after Blix and ElBaradei's next report to the UN on February 14. Before then, the White House fully expects Saddam to make another play for time by showing more cooperation with weapons inspections." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/6/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Diplomatic Sources </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "Security Council members France and Russia restated their opposition to war today. But diplomatic sources say tonight they are confident that Russia will sign on with the United States, and they say there are indications that France is beginning to move their way, too." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/6/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "It will take well into March for all of the 101st to get there. And officials say that if the Pentagon sticks to its current schedule, the war will already have started by then." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/7/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Senior US Official </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "Peter, as you know, there has been a lot of skepticism about whether the UN Security Council would pass a second resolution supporting action against Iraq. A senior US official tells ABC News tonight, we are confident we will get one. It will happen." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/7/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials / Senior US Official </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "But US officials insist that members of the Security Council will ultimately support the US. The senior US official says the resolution would not likely contain language calling for all necessary means to be used against Iraq, an authorization for war. Instead, it would reinforce the last resolution, saying Iraq is in material breach and again warn of Iraq of serious consequences." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/7/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Senior US Official </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "It is expected that the Iraqis will tell the inspectors they will now allow U2 surveillance flights, but, Peter, a senior US official says, we want the whole loaf, not just another slice." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/7/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Official </em></td> <td> Jim Stewart, "In the past two days, the White House has been briefed on what one US official called, 'increasingly scary stuff,' suggesting even more terrorist cells were about ready to go operational." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/7/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Pentagon Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Pentagon officials say they see nothing in Iraqi troop deployments that concerns them. It's what they don't see that worries them." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/10/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "Terry, whatever the Bush Administration thinks privately about Saddam Hussein's concessions today, the public position is very consistent."<br>Terry Moran, "It is very consistent, Peter, and familiar. The official word out of the White House today in reaction to Baghdad's moves can be summed up in one word, skepticism. Officials say they do not believe that Saddam Hussein will follow through on these commitments. And they say even if he does, it's still not enough." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/10/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Senior US Official </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Allowing the U-2 flights, a senior US official added, is 'an empty gesture."'" </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/10/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "US officials are fuming over the actions of the three NATO allies, but are determined it will not slow down any war efforts." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/10/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Intelligence </em></td> <td> "Brian Ross, ""The defector also says the Iraqi scientists being interviewed by the UN have been required to sign two written documents, one, public, pledging to cooperate with the UN, a second one, he says, is secret, holding the scientist responsible if the security of Iraq is harmed.""<br></p> <p>Male One, ""The words 'being held responsible for harming the country's security' are well known for Iraqis. The penalty, killing and torture and going after the family.""<br><br /> Brian Ross, ""American intelligence sources say the defector's information was included in Secretary of State Powell's UN speech last week.""" </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/10/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> White House Officials </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "White House officials tell CBS News they have all but given up hope that Germany might come over to the United States and change its mind. Also, earlier optimism that France might be willing to join up has now all but evaporated, making it appear ever more likely that if President Bush wants to go to war soon, it will be without the United Nations." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/10/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Pentagon Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Pentagon officials refuse to discuss how the bomb might be used, but it seems unlikely a weapon that powerful would be dropped on a populated area. It seems more likely to be used as a way of shocking the Iraqis into surrendering by making them think the US had done the unthinkable and used a nuclear weapon." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/11/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> American Officials </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "The Administration was very quick to say that it proved a connection between al Qaeda and Saddam Hussein. Not everybody agreed. ABC's Brian Ross has covered this story today. Brian?"<br>Brian Ross, "Peter, American officials knew the bin Laden audiotape was coming before it was broadcast. And they say they are certain it was authentic. It's his voice on the tape." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/11/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Administration Officials </em></td> <td> Linda Douglass, "Administration officials said when a war on Iraq has ended, tens of thousands of American troops may have to stay there for two years or more, costing billions of dollars. But they were short on specifics." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/11/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Linda Douglass, "The officials outlined a plan to eventually turn the reins of power over to the Iraqis, though they acknowledge they must first figure out which Iraqis they can trust." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/11/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Linda Douglass, "Officials testified that an office inside the Defense Department is organizing plans for a post-war Iraq. It was set up three weeks ago." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/11/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "Dan, sources tell CBS News tonight that the White House may move to begin negotiations on a second United Nations resolution next Monday, three days after Hans Blix reports back to the Security Council. And they are optimistic that--despite threats from France and now Russia to veto any swift move toward war, that the president will get the resolution passed." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/11/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Homeland Security Officials </em></td> <td> Bob Orr, "And for the first time, Homeland Security officials recommend citizens prepare 'disaster supply kits' to include: A three-day supply of water and food, flashlights, batteries and radios; even plastic sheeting and duct tape to seal windows and doors against a bio or chemical attack." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/11/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> White House Officials </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "To hear the White House expressing optimism tonight would seem to be ignoring the facts. China today joined with France and Russia, creating a three-two split among the veto-bearing members of the Security Council. But White House officials insist tonight the public pronouncements are not necessarily reflective of the private conversations that are taking place at the highest levels." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/12/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Administration Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Looming over all of this is the issue of what a war with Iraq would do to the US economy and to the Federal budget. And to both of those questions, Peter, Administration officials have given no specific answer." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/12/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> Pierre Thomas, "ABC News has been told the US government is aggressively pursuing intelligence that Saddam Hussein may have sent operatives to the United States."<br>Robert Gallucci (Georgetown University School of Foreign Services), "We should fully expect that he would use whatever capability he has to inflict harm on us or our allies. And that means, certainly us at home, if he can do it.<br>Pierre Thomas, "Sources tell ABC News that is one reason why the FBI launched a massive campaign to interview 50,000 Iraqi-Americans." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/12/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Sources / Officials </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "Sources tell CBS News that the White House is working together with Britain on language for a very simple second resolution authorizing force against Iraq, and officials say negotiations with the Security Council will be short, nothing like last fall's seven and a half week long wrestling match." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/12/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Pentagon Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "A couple thousand more Marines came ashore in Kuwait today as the number of troops positioned for an attack on Iraq climbed above 150,000, the number Pentagon officials have said would set the stage for an invasion decision by the president." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/12/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Senior Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Senior officials say the president is not likely to make that decision for at least another 10 days, and the Pentagon is far from ready to open a northern front against Iraq." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/13/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "And [Blix] will present evidence that Iraq's al Samoud missile exceeds the 93-mile range allowed under UN regulations, a conclusion that US officials seized on today as another argument for war." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/13/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> White House Sources </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "White House sources tell CBS News that tomorrow's critical UN weapons report will likely not be the slam dunk against Saddam Hussein that the United States was hoping for. The White House says Hans Blix is coming under pressure from dovish members of the Security Council to, quote, 'tone down his remarks, knowing that the consequences could be war.'" </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/13/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Sources / Official </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "The report appears to be far less damning than Blix's last presentation to the UN. He will acknowledge a new spirit of Iraqi cooperation and say Saddam seems to be finally taking inspections more seriously. But Blix will also declare there are still many unanswered questions about Iraq's weapons of mass destruction. Sources say while Blix is well aware of the pressures and the consequences, he will present an unvarnished assessment of the facts, and those facts, one official told CBS News, would indicate Saddam is not complying enough, but added, 'That is up to the council to decide.'" </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/13/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Pentagon Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Knowing what Saddam did to Kuwait's oil fields in 1991, Pentagon officials say one of the first objectives will be to secure the oil fields in both northern and southern Iraq. Oil is Iraq's most valuable asset and vital to putting the country back on its feet once Saddam is gone." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/13/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> State Department Official </em></td> <td> Colin Powell, "And during that period of time, when we would have responsibility for the country, we will protect this asset [oil] that belongs to the Iraqi people."<br>David Martin, "No one knows how long that will be, although one State Department official estimated a military occupation of Iraq might last two years." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/13/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Official Estimate </em></td> <td> David Martin, "And a staggering bill. Defense Secretary Rumsfeld says the Pentagon has already spent more than $2 billion moving troops into position around Iraq and that official estimate's put the cost of a war at $50 billion to $60 billion. Whatever the price of getting rid of Saddam, Rumsfeld says, it will be cheaper than 9/11." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/14/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> White House Officials / Aides </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Well, Peter, White House officials first characterized today's developments at the UN as unsurprising. But, Peter, an air of fatalism has settled over much of this Administration. Aides say the President remains determined to force a showdown over Iraq at the Security Council within the next couple of weeks." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/14/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials / Aides </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "US officials are now demanding that Iraq destroy all the missiles under inspectors' supervision, as UN resolutions require. And as early as next week, aides say, the US, Great Britain, and possibly Spain, will propose a new, blunt UN resolution that will declare Iraq to be in material breach of all previous resolutions and decide that it now faces serious consequences, diplomatic code for war." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/14/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Government Sources </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "In Washington today, government sources tell us that the official terrorism threat level might not be lowered for the foreseeable future. Earlier this week, as you know, the Department of Homeland Security recommended that people go out and prepare for a terrorist attack, including buying duct tape and plastic in order to prepare for an attack" </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/14/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> White House Officials </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "Despite the opposition, the White House still plans to press ahead with a second United res--Na--Nations resolution authorizing force against Iraq; though, now perhaps not until later next week at the earliest. White House officials tell CBS News tonight they have no hope that France will support it. The question is: Will France veto it?" </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/14/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "US officials insist there's no change in their determination to disarm Saddam Hussein by force if necessary, but they admit anti-war sentiment both at the UN and in the streets is throwing sand in the gears of the march toward war." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/16/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Administration Sources </em></td> <td> Tamala Edwards, "Administration sources tell ABC News they have their own plan that they are working on with the British to secure a new UN resolution. First, they will take their case public. They will argue, like National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice did today, that there were serious omissions in the Iraqi weapons report." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/17/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "US warplanes are now bombing Iraqi air defenses almost everyday. Other aircraft are dropping millions of leaflets all over Iraq, warning people things are about to change. And small numbers of CIA and US military operatives are now secretly working inside Iraq. In many respects, the war has already begun. Sources say American commando teams have been operating in Iraq's western desert, where the US believes Saddam Hussein has hidden Scud missiles capable of hitting Israel or Jordan with nerve gas. These teams are dropped by helicopters in darkness. They stay for a day or two, hunting for missiles, scouting for future bases, and planting surveillance equipment. Other teams, operating more openly, have set up small bases in Kurdish-controlled northern Iraq." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/17/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Bill Plante, "As the American U-2 reconnaissance aircraft swept above Iraq carrying the surveillance process to the next level, the Bush administration continued working to cut short the inspections and get UN sanction for war. The US and Britain won't offer a new resolution until late this week at the earliest, say officials. They're still working to find the nine votes needed in the Security Council and to avoid a French veto." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/17/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Senior Administration Official </em></td> <td> Bill Plante, "A senior administration official tells CBS News, 'Washington wants a simple resolution, with no tests or conditions.' But if the Europeans finally decide some sort of ultimatum is necessary, former national security adviser Sandy Berger says it's worth the trouble." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/18/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Military Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Military sources say any war with Iraq will begin with an intense, unrelenting bombardment. At the cutting edge, weapons guided by satellite, dropped from the B-2 Stealth bomber, both new since the last war with Iraq 12 years ago. And beyond that, a few weapons drawn from the government's most secret research programs." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/18/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Ships loaded with equipment for the US Army's 4th Infantry Division are waiting outside Turkish ports for permission to unload, and US officials say they need an answer within the next 48 to 72 hours, or they will have to divert the 4th Infantry Division to Kuwait." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/18/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Pentagon Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "The US has such overwhelming military power, it can work around almost any problem, but Pentagon officials say the loss of Turkey would greatly complicate their battle plan." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/18/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Bill Plante, "The massive protests are another reason Mr. Bush's ally Tony Blair says he needs a second UN resolution. US officials are on board with the idea of a final challenge to Iraq. They say they'll take it to the Security Council as soon as they think they can make some progress." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/19/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Diplomatic Sources </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Diplomatic sources tell ABC News that the US and Great Britain will introduce a final UN resolution on Iraq, either Friday or Monday. And when that resolution is introduced, the US will ask for a deadline. But not a deadline for Saddam Hussein, Peter, a deadline for the Security Council to vote on war." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/19/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Military Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Once a ground assault begins, military sources say the US plans to rely on speed and overwhelming firepower. More than 100,000 American and British troops are expected to roll across the border of Kuwait into southern Iraq, the first major resistance is expected in the port City of Basra, but sources say no matter how that fight goes, most troops will continue to push north. Much smaller American units are expected to head toward Baghdad from the north and west. As the ground assault begins, the US expects many of Iraq's 2,000 tanks, along with tens of thousands of troops, to dig in near cities. The US will go after them with a combination of M-1 tanks and Apache helicopters, the same 1-2 punch that decimated Iraqi armor 12 years ago in the Persian Gulf War. The helicopter, now called Apache Longbow, has been upgraded, better radar, more firepower, longer range." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/19/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Sources tell ABC News the US will also launch the largest offensive attack on computers and communications links ever attempted." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/19/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Officials say these deployment delays, coming on top of all the political and diplomatic opposition the Bush administration has encountered, are pushing the possible start date of a war further and further into March." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/20/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Senior Administration Official </em></td> <td> Dan Rather, "In Washington today, a senior administration official said the United States will present a draft war resolution to the UN Security Council next week, but it is less certain when the council might vote on the resolution." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/20/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Administration Officials </em></td> <td> Bill Plante, "In what amounts to an admission that the US has failed to convince most members of the UN Security Council, administration officials now say there is not likely to be a vote on the second resolution until after the next report from the chief UN weapons inspector, which is at least 10 days away. With only four of the 15 council members now in favor of a new resolution declaring Iraq in further material breach, the White House has little choice but to give in; effectively allowing the inspectors more time as most council members are demanding." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/20/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> UN Source </em></td> <td> Mark Phillips, "The inspectors have become so frustrated trying to chase down unspecific or ambiguous US leads that they've begun to express their anger privately in no uncertain terms. UN sources have told CBS News that American tips have lead to one dead end after another." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/20/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Source (UN) </em></td> <td> Mark Phillips, "So frustrated have the inspectors become that one source here referred to the American intelligence they've been getting as 'garbage after garbage after garbage.' In fact, the source used another cruder word." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/20/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Turkish </em></td> <td> Bill Plante, "A Turkish source denies his government is horse trading, pointing out that 95 percent of Turks are opposed to war with neighboring Iraq, and he says an answer is likely tomorrow." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/20/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Senior Administration Official </em></td> <td> Dan Rather, "In Washington today, a senior administration official said the United States will present a draft war resolution to the UN Security Council next week, but it is less certain when the council might vote on the resolution. And as CBS' Bill Plante reports from the White House, that could well push back the Pentagon's invasion timetable." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/20/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Administration Officials </em></td> <td> Bill Plante, "In what amounts to an admission that the US has failed to convince most members of the UN Security Council, administration officials now say there is not likely to be a vote on the second resolution until after the next report from the chief UN weapons inspector, which is at least 10 days away." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/21/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> White House Aides / Administration Official </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Well, White House aides say there are no financial inducements and diplomats in New York say the main arguments they are hearing from Americans are the ones heard in public, that this is a test of the Security Council but one Administration official admitted, as he put it, 'we don't have to be that crass. These are countries that don't want to bite the hand that feeds them.'" </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/21/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "The hope is that the US intelligence will be able to first identify Saddam Hussein, he does use doubles, and pick him up on the run. But officials admit that, too, is wishful thinking." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/21/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "US officials are aware that the chances of getting Saddam Hussein under any circumstances are slim, which is one reason the Administration continues to publicly deny that would be a goal, if it comes to war." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/21/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "US officials believe they have a deal with the Turkish government to allow tens of thousands of American troops into Turkey to open up a northern front against Iraq. But the agreement must still be submitted to the Turkish parliament, and that won't happen until Tuesday." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/21/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Pentagon Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Pentagon officials insist the president has not yet made a decision to go to war, but they are proceeding on the assumption the decision could come in a matter of days." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/21/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Secretary of State Powell said today there is still no sign Saddam Hussein is serious about disarming or making preparations to leave Iraq and go into exile. And other officials say they now see little chance war can be avoided." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/21/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "US officials expect Iraq to destroy at least some of the missiles as a public show of cooperation, but they insist that won't be enough." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/21/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Despite the opposition of some key members of the Security Council, most notably France, US officials think they can draft a resolution that will get the nine votes and no vetoes needed to pass." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/21/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Officials refuse to say how many days they will give the resolution to pass, but after that there will be only one more step to war. President Bush will issue a final ultimatum giving Saddam Hussein a short time to disarm or else." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/22/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> American Officials </em></td> <td> John Cochran, "American officials say a resolution that avoids any reference to military action might win the Council's approval. The vote may not come until mid-March." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/23/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Aides </em></td> <td> John Cochran, "Well, the hard sell is under way and will only intensify this week as the President and top officials lobby members of the Security Council. The President's aides believe they will get the votes they need to pass a new resolution, but they don't have them yet." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/23/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Administration Officials </em></td> <td> John Cochran, "Administration officials tell ABC News that regardless of what the Security Council does, the President and Britain's Prime Minister, Tony Blair, may give Saddam Hussein one last chance to leave Iraq for exile in another country." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/23/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Diplomatic Sources </em></td> <td> Carole Simpson, "France is still officially opposed for now to a second UN Security Council resolution on Iraq. Diplomatic sources say President Jacques Chirac still thinks UN weapons inspectors need more time to complete their work." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/23/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Josh Gerstein, "US officials have repeatedly said the two cases required different approaches, because North Korea already has the ability to inflict massive casualties if the US resorts to military force." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/24/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Administration Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Peter, Administration officials are calling this new draft UN resolution an efficient resolution. They say it was written to provide very little room for negotiation at the UN. The White House simply wants a vote on war, soon." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/24/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Administration Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Administration officials have been saying for weeks that the military buildup and the diplomacy are closely intertwined, and it's clear both are nearly complete. Driving that point home tonight, Peter, the National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice, when she was asked about the French proposal for more time, she said bluntly, that's not going to be acceptable." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/25/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Senator Peter Fitzgerald (R, IL), "I have personally talked to the President about this. And if we had intelligence on where he was now, and if we had a clear shot to assassinate him, we would probably do that. President Bush would probably sign an executive order, repealing the executive order put in place by President Ford that forbid the assassination of foreign leaders."<br> Terry Moran, "The White House does not deny this account. But officials insist there has been no change in that law banning assassinations, which has been on the books for nearly three decades." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/25/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Administration Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Administration officials say if it came to war, it would not be a hypothetical. Under the laws of war, Saddam Hussein would be fair game, because he is part of the Iraqi military command and control structure." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/25/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Peter, it is getting more intense. In fact, sources tell ABC News the Administration has a plan to further intensify these air strikes, whether Iraqi, whether the Iraqis are shooting at American planes or not. The goal here is to take out as much of the Iraqi air defenses in these zones as the US can, before a potential invasion." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/25/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Military Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Military sources say all the ships the Navy needs to go to war are now in the region, nearly 100 of them, including five aircraft carriers." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/25/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Military Officials </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Peter, there is a new monster weapon that military officials are saying could be used in the first few nights of this war." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/25/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Sources say MOAB, still experimental, is a 21,000-pound bomb that will be pushed out the back of a C-130 transport and guided by satellite. Its massive explosive punch, sources say, is similar to a small nuclear weapon." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/25/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "But, Peter, one of the potentials of this weapon, officials say, is psychological. They hope that it will freeze Iraqi troops in their tracks." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/26/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Senior Official </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "France, Russia, and China still want more inspections. Although a senior official told ABC News today that the US does not expect the Russians or the Chinese to use their veto power, although neither country has made any commitment." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/26/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "US officials are still working on those votes. But, Peter, the Administration continues to say it will disarm Iraq, with or without the approval of the United Nations Security Council." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/26/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> Wyatt Andrews, "Loren Thompson is one of a handful of analysts who's been briefed on the occupation plan. After victory, the US will anoint a military commander of Iraq, either wartime General Tommy Franks or, some sources believe, his deputy, Army Lieutenant General John Abizaid, who is fluent in Arabic." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/26/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "The US is still hoping to win this war without firing a shot and is actually calling senior Iraqis on the phone and warning them they will be tried as war criminals if they follow Saddam's orders. Soon, US officials say, they will begin offering amnesty to Iraqi leaders who desert Saddam." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/26/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Dan Rather, "As US officials plan for the rebuilding of Iraq, the US-backed leader of Afghanistan appealed today for more help in rebuilding his country." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/27/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "At the UN Security Council today, the Bush Administration's hard line contributed to what diplomats said was an unusually bitter debate that yielded no consensus and left smaller nations feeling intense pressure from both the US and France."<br> Sir Jeremy Greenstock (UK UN Ambassador), "They're concerned to be put between two camps. They're concerned about the unity of the council."<br>Terry Morna, "But the Bush Administration is, frankly, not very sympathetic about those concerns. Officials say that they are determined to continue pressuring those smaller nations to vote with the United States. And, Peter, they aren't going to let up." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/27/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Bush Administration / State Department Official </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "The Bush Administration insists it's not making any deals. But a lot can be said with a wink and a nod."<br>Susan Rice (Fmr. Ast. Secretary of State), "My favorite quotation from a State Department official was that we're not cutting any deals, but we'll be good to those that are good to us, and nice to those that are nice to us." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/27/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Intelligence </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "There are also new trenches around Baghdad that US intelligence sources say are likely to be filled with burning oil. The idea, analysts say, is the smoke would throw off American laser- guided bombs that were so devastating in the Persian Gulf War. Of course, the US now has satellite-guided bombs that are unphased by smoke." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/27/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "During the last war, thousands surrendered without a fight. Now, sources say, members of the Elite Republican Guard have been added to these units as stiffeners, to stiffen their resolve to fight, by letting them know they will be shot if they don't." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/27/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Senior US Official </em></td> <td> Bob Orr, "A senior US official told CBS News the government lowered the threat level to yellow so that it can be hiked back up again to orange at the outbreak of any hostilities with Iraq." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/28/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Military Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Three times in the last week, Iraq has flown Mig-25s deep into the southern no-fly zone, and today, all the way to the border with Saudi Arabia. Military sources say a decision was made not to intercept the plane. The US wanted to see if the Iraqi pilot was trying to defect. At the last minute, he turned his aircraft and raced back to safety. " </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/28/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "An unmanned Predator aircraft fired a Hellfire missile at a mobile radar. Sources tell ABC News the Predator attack was flown by controllers at Nellis Air Force Base in Nevada, 12,000 miles away. When the Iraqis shot at the Predator, the US ordered a second strike with a manned aircraft, using a bunker-buster bomb, they destroyed an important command complex, deeply buried under a building. In the last month, the US has bombed targets in southern Iraq every other day, on average. It's one of the busiest months in years, with the US going after nearly 30 targets." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/28/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> British Sources </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "The US and Britain are urging their Security Council colleagues to not be duped by a, quote, 'show' of Iraq destroying a few missiles this weekend, and British sources say that, behind closed doors, they have been providing new intelligence to council members that shows Iraq continues to manufacture poison gas and conceal weapons, but so far, none of the big holdouts appears to be convinced." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 2/28/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> John Roberts, "The White House today dismissed Iraq's promise to destroy its prohibited Al Samoud missiles. 'Not enough,' declared officials. 'It's nothing more than another tactic of deception." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/3/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Washington Sources </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "On 'World News Tonight', sources in Washington begin to talk about an attack on Iraq as early as next week. For one thing, the White House says there is virtually nothing that Saddam Hussein can do about it anymore." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/3/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Civilian Military Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Peter, from military, civilian sources, here in Washington and overseas, we're getting a sense that things are coming to a head, that the US could go to war against Iraq as early as late next week. One of the clues that we're all going to get is a public announcement by the Administration saying that UN inspectors, journalists, and humanitarian workers need to get out of Iraq within three days." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/3/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Military Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "But military sources say the US has a plan "B," that involves far fewer American troops, almost no tanks and helicopters, just light infantry forces that can be flown into airfields in Kurdish- controlled northern Iraq, like this one." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/3/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Sources warn without a strong US force in the north, any war with Iraq could take longer." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/3/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "All the signals today were that the weapons inspectors have essentially ended their job, that their course has run, and that there's nothing that the current Iraqi regime could do in the way of disarmament to avoid war. And that's because officials say this current regime is not credible." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/3/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "But the real diplomatic complication now, Peter, is Turkey, where the Parliament voted not to allow US troops to be based, and where, today, officials were pessimistic that they can get the Turks to change their minds." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/3/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Several Senior Officials </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "The US is expecting more incidents [with North Korea], especially if the US goes to war with Iraq. And, Peter, several senior officials I talked to say there really isn't a plan in place to deal with that." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/3/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Washington Sources </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "Now, just a brief review of the lead. Washington sources telling us the Bush Administration may, repeat, may, begin the full- scale war against Iraq as early as the end of next week. The White House is saying today that nothing short of Saddam Hussein's exile could prevent a war." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/3/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Military Sources </em></td> <td> Richard Roth, "Despite Turkey's decision blocking deployment of 62,000 US troops, a few GIs today were moving closer to the Iraqi border. But for now, military sources tell CBS News American troops, along with 30 ships offshore, will wait, hoping Turkey hurries up and reconsiders. If it doesn't, the 101st Airborne Division, now arriving in Kuwait, could be used to secure northern Iraq, the sources say, but the logistics of an air assault would be, quote, 'hellish.'" </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/4/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Peter, when you send 24 heavy bombers, I suppose it's open to interpretation. US officials are insisting, though, this is not intended to escalate tension between the US and North Korea. But they're admitting in private it almost certainly will." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/4/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> Bill Plante, "The vote next week will depend, to some degree, on what chief UN arms inspector Hans Blix has to say when he appears before the Security Council on Friday. But US officials expect to hear more of the same: 'Iraq is cooperating, but could do more, and inspections should continue.' Whichever way the vote goes next week, sources say the president won't wait long to speak out. At that point, Mr. Bush will either give Saddam Hussein a final deadline or simply tell him that the game is up and war could come at any time." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/4/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Bill Plante, "The vote next week will depend, to some degree, on what chief UN arms inspector Hans Blix has to say when he appears before the Security Council on Friday. But US officials expect to hear more of the same: 'Iraq is cooperating, but could do more, and inspections should continue.'" </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/4/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Pentagon Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Pentagon officials say waiting for Turkey to allow the US to offload some 30 ships crammed with battle gear would, at this late date, force a delay in the war plan." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/5/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "Then, came the Pope's envoy, Pio Cardinal Laghi, an old friend of the Bush family, met with the President for 40 minutes in the Oval Office, bringing with him a letter from the Pope, who strongly opposes any war. Later, Cardinal Laghi said US officials prevented him from speaking at the White House." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/5/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "ABC News has learned that the United States is expelling two Iraqi diplomats from the Iraqi mission at the United Nations here in New York City. US officials said they were involved in activities considered harmful. We may actually be seeing the beginning of a US offensive against Iraqis around the world. We have an exclusive tonight from ABC's John McWethy, who is at the Pentagon. John, how many countries involved?"<br>John McWethy, "Many countries, Peter. US intelligence sources say that the US is launching this operation, called, code named, "Imminent Horizon." The effort here is to try to disrupt Iraqi agents around the world. These are people the US fears may be trying to plot terrorist attacks against American interests. As American military preparations accelerate, intelligence sources tell ABC News the US is secretly asking for help from more than 60 countries, working from a list of about 300 suspected Iraqi agents. Sources say most of these people are hidden in Iraqi embassies, using diplomatic jobs as cover. The US will ask the host nation to expel them. A much smaller number are said to be posing as businessmen or students. The US will ask they be arrested. If there is no cooperation, sources say the US will mount its own harassment campaign, letting suspected Iraqi agents know they are now being watched. In law enforcement terms, it's called 'shaking the tree,' creating doubts, trying to rattle potential terrorists." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/5/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Sources say the CIA, the FBI, and various military intelligence agencies have been working on this for more than a year, Peter. This is a period, they say, during which evidence about Iraq's intentions have been mounting." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/5/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Frustrated Senior US Official </em></td> <td> Martha Raddatz, "There are some in the Administration who believe the US reached the crisis stage with North Korea many months ago, but that the fixation on Iraq means North Korea will continue to be ignored. One frustrated senior US official told ABC News, "there is an absence of diplomacy" with North Korea right now, which leaves North Korea to set the agenda." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/5/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Franks has developed a backup plan for flying troops into the north. Officials admit that is not nearly as good as coming through Turkey, but with the clock ticking down and the troops of the 4th Infantry Division still back at their home base in Texas, the war could well start without them." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/5/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Aides (White House) </em></td> <td> Bill Plante, " The president is expected to speak to the nation after the UN votes next week. Aides suggest that he'll do what he did before US troops went into Afghanistan: lay down a series of final, non-negotiable demands and then say nothing more until he announces that military operations are under way." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/5/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Aide (Pentagon) </em></td> <td> David Martin, " And early next week, General Franks will leave the States and head once again to his forward command post in the Persian Gulf. Only this time, an aide says, he won't be coming back until the final showdown with Saddam is over one way or the other." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/6/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Top Central Command Official </em></td> <td> Dan Rather, "A top official at the US military's Central Command said today Saddam Hussein is acquiring US and British uniforms. This official won't say how he knows, but he says Saddam plans to order disguised Iraqi paramilitary troops to attack Iraqi civilians and blame it on the allies." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/7/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Senior Official </em></td> <td> Bill Plante, "The White House hopes to call for a vote on the deadline resolution early next week. If it passes, then by March 17th, says a senior official, Saddam Hussein will finally be out of final opportunities. But even if it doesn't pass, the president has left no doubt that he's ready to go to war." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/7/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Pentagon Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "The US has all but given up on plans to send 40,000 of its own troops through Turkey. Pentagon officials say all they want now is permission to fly air strikes through Turkish air space and to position search-and rescue units on the border." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/7/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Pentagon Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, " The lack of Iraqi preparations is a measure of just how weak Saddam's military is. But Pentagon officials say it is also an ominous sign he may decide his only hope is to use chemical or biological weapons." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/8/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Aides (White House) </em></td> <td> John Cochran, "Terry, the President's aides believe that new material in Hans Blix's written report backs up old accusations by American officials." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/8/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials / American Official </em></td> <td> John Cochran, "While US officials are pleased that Blix's written report specifically mentions the new drone, they are not happy that he made no mention of it yesterday when the world was listening to him. One American official called Blix "disingenuous" for not emphasizing that Iraq may also possess 10,000 liters of anthrax and scud missile warheads with biological and chemical agents." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/8/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Aides (White House) </em></td> <td> John Cochran, "Terry, the President is not calling more foreign leaders this weekend to try to win their votes at the UN. Is Mr. Bush conceding defeat? No, say his aides, but they admit they do not yet have the votes." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/8/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Senior Administration Official </em></td> <td> Sharyl Attkisson, "President Bush is spending the weekend working to get last-minute backing for military action against Iraq from key members of the UN Security Council, who so far are reluctant to endorse war. The president has dismayed some allies with his tough talk over the past weeks, and now it's crunch time. A senior administration official quotes Mr. Bush's typical personal phone pitch to dubious Security Council members as beginning with, 'I need you.'" </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/10/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Bill Plante, "US officials also criticized chief UN weapons inspector Hans Blix, suggesting that he should have told the council in public last week about two findings by his team. One is a cluster bomb apparently modified to disperse chemical weapons; the other, a pilotless plane fitted with tanks modified to spray chemical or biological agents." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/10/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Intelligence / Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "US intelligence is already predicting substantial numbers of Iraqi army troops will surrender as soon as the first shot is fired. Officials hope a successful test of what is unofficially called the mother of all bombs will encourage further surrenders." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/10/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, " The US originally had planned on a bombing campaign of four or five days before the ground war began, but officials now say the invasion by Army and Marine divisions could begin almost at the same time as the air campaign and that commando raids might actually take place before the bombing starts." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/11/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "At the White House, officials rejected the proposal to extend the March 17th deadline by anything like 45 days."<br>Ari Fleischer, "Well, the President thinks that there is a little room for a little more diplomacy, but not much time. Any suggestion of 30 days, 45 days is a nonstarter."<br>Terry Moran, "Officials say the President is now willing to push back the March 17th deadline by only a few more days." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/11/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "But there was another sign of another possible setback, after announcing last week that the President of Cameroon, a key Security Council nation, would be coming to the White House tomorrow, officials now say he's not coming. And, Peter, they called the change a mix-up." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/11/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials / Pentagon Officials </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "One day, the US would be fighting Iraqi troops, and the next, officials say, many of the same Iraqi soldiers could find themselves on the US payroll. That's part of the plan, Pentagon officials said today, for rebuilding Iraq, creating a new Iraqi army" </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/11/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "US officials say they are considering sending cargo planes loaded with bundles of American one dollar bills, to pay Iraqi soldiers and thousands of other Iraqi citizens to stay on the job" </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/11/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> Bill Plante, "Dan, sources tell CBS News that Britain, the US' closest ally, may find it politically impossible to commit its military to a US-led attack on Iraq." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/11/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Independent Military Sources </em></td> <td> Dan Rather, "As for fierce sandstorms picking up in frequency and force where US troops are now and will have to go in case of war, several independent military sources told CBS News today waiting in the desert very long will adversely affect US equipment and the morale of troops." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/11/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "According to US officials, there are already secret surrender negotiations under way with the commanders of some Iraqi military units." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/13/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Intelligence </em></td> <td> Charles Gibson, "Good evening. ABC News has learned that American intelligence officials now believe Saddam Hussein may be preparing preemptive attacks on US forces, on his neighbors, and on his own oil fields. The expectation is that the attacks would come once Hussein is certain the Bush Administration is going to invade. So, the US military is considering whether to strike sensitive targets inside Iraq before any invasion. ABC's John McWethy has this exclusively from his sources." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/13/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Intelligence </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "There is an accumulation of intelligence that has raised official concerns. This includes some troubling new details that has US officials focusing on three specific areas. New evidence of Iraqi activity in the western desert shows the strong likelihood that there are Scud missiles hidden there. These missiles could easily reach Israel, carrying chemical or biological warheads which could draw Israel into any war. Detailed new intelligence from the southern Iraqi oil fields shows that many of the 700 wells have now been wired with explosives. These explosives appear to be connected to a central command post, sources say, presumably so Saddam Hussein could easily set the wells ablaze. Near the border with Kuwait, where there are now 135,000 US troops, recent surveillance indicates Iraqi artillery batteries have been moved dangerously close. The artillery is capable of firing shells filled with poison gas. Sources tell ABC News that the US is now considering moving against all three of these targets before any war begins, in an effort to prevent Saddam Hussein from acting first." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/13/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources / American Officials </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Sources tell ABC News that the US is now considering moving against all three of these targets before any war begins, in an effort to prevent Saddam Hussein from acting first. But in taking such actions, especially if the US tries to seize and protect the oil fields, American officials acknowledge they may end up starting the war." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/13/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Administration sources </em></td> <td> President Bush, "No matter what the whip count is, we're calling for the vote. It's time for people to show their cards, to let the world know where they stand when it comes to Saddam."<br>Terry Moran, "Why the turnaround? Administration sources say British Prime Minister Tony Blair, fighting for his political life as his party revolts against his tough stance on Iraq, has told the President he cannot afford to lose a vote at the UN, and would rather withdraw the resolution than see it defeated, as now seems likely." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/13/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Charles Gibson, "Recapping our top stories tonight, ABC News has learned that US officials believe Saddam Hussein may be planning preemptive attacks on US forces. Now the US might attack sensitive targets within Iraq before any war begins." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/13/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Dan Rather, "Tonight's headlines: US officials tell CBS News al-Qaida is basically defeated. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/13/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Dan Rather, "It has been one and a half years now since the attack on America; one and a half years since the United States declared war on the terror network behind the murders of nearly 3,000 people. And US officials are telling CBS News tonight the war against al-Qaida, as they see it, has been won. And while that undoubtedly would be great news, they are quick to point out that the overall war on terror is far from over. CBS' Jim Stewart reports tonight on the apparent collapse of al-Qaida" </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/13/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Several Senior US Officials </em></td> <td> Jim Stewart, "But privately, several senior US officials have concluded that al-Qaida has effectively been defeated, and are now planning on how to battle its successor. Officials say they have detected that supporters of al-Qaida have also begun exploring a post-bin Laden future." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/13/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Official / Officials </em></td> <td> Jim Stewat, "One official said some of those potential leaders have already been identified by US authorities. Bin Laden himself, these officials believe, is still alive, but has essentially lost tactical control of his fast-shrinking organization. One by one, the men he counted on to run it have been killed or captured, and the arrest of latest, Khalid Shaikh Mohammed, has given the best clues yet about bin Laden's whereabouts, officials said." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/13/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Administration Officials </em></td> <td> Jim Stewart, "Publicly, administration officials continue to insist that al-Qaida is still a capable terrorist force" </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/13/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Senior Officials </em></td> <td> Jim Stewart, "But senior officials now feel an optimism that has been carefully shielded from the public. Even if al-Qaida does strike again, which they feel is almost a certainty, it will never be with the power it once had. 'These guys have insurmountable problems,' said one official, and are quite literally running for their lives." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/13/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Pentagon Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "American Special Operations Forces on a reconnaissance mission; scanning the desert through night-vision goggles and high-powered scopes. They told the cameraman who shot these pictures they were actually inside Iraq. But he had no way of verifying that, and Pentagon officials insists no military units have crossed into enemy territory yet." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/14/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "The US has been attacking inside Iraq for a long time, John, but there is one thing at least different today."<br>John McWethy, "A pair of B-1 bombers were used in this particular situation, Peter. These are aircraft that have not been used to patrol the southern no-fly zone. US officials say they went after a number of mobile radar that were near the border with Jordan and Syria. This is an area of Iraq, of course, that the US has been scrutinizing carefully because perhaps there are Scud missiles there that might threaten Israel." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/14/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "US officials say they went after a number of mobile radar that were near the border with Jordan and Syria. This is an area of Iraq, of course, that the US has been scrutinizing carefully because perhaps there are Scud missiles there that might threaten Israel." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/14/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Government Source </em></td> <td> Bob Schieffer, "CBS News correspondent Bob Orr has learned of a possible terror threat to US and British targets in east Africa. A government source there says there's been a significant uptick in intelligence about this in the past 36 hours. The source says that the threat is not against military forces and does not appear connected to the looming war, but there is concern about a possible surface-to-air missile attack against aircraft." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/14/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Twenty-five UN weapons inspectors leaving Baghdad today. The UN calls it a normal rotation, but US officials say the weapons inspectors have begun to drawn down their numbers in Iraq even though President Bush has promised to issue a public warning so weapons inspectors and journalists can get out before the bombing starts, but officials are concerned Saddam Hussein will use that final warning as a signal to seize citizens of the US, Britain and Australia--the three countries sending troops to the war--and hold them as hostages or human shields." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/14/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Senior Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "No one can read Saddam's mind, but senior officials say there now appears to be at least a chance he will decide to go into exile." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/14/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Pentagon Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "Pentagon officials say there is evidence family members of senior Iraqi leaders are already leaving the country, presumably with Saddam's knowledge and permission." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/14/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Pentagon Intelligence Officer </em></td> <td> David Martin, "One Pentagon intelligence officer described the Iraqi leadership as very brittle, meaning it is likely to break under pressure, but Iraqi intelligence could very well be saying the same thing about the international coalition against Saddam." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/15/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Military Sources </em></td> <td> Lisa Sylvester, "Dean, military sources say they now have an A-day to mark the start of a possible air war and a Go-day for the start of the ground war. Both are dates, marks on a calendar the military is using as a theoretical time line. They need it for planning purposes to be combat ready if and when the President decides to go to war. Even the smallest units of the army are now being told to be ready. It requires a high degree of coordination, everything from programming targets to deciding the sleep schedules of pilots." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/15/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Officials / Official </em></td> <td> John Cochran, "Dean, the British Foreign Secretary said, there is still faint hope that Saddam Hussein will disarm or go into exile. Officials here at the White House agree. Hope is faint. One official said, even that may be optimistic." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/16/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Pentagon Officials </em></td> <td> Allen Pizzey, "Pentagon officials believe the rigs that sit on 10 billion barrels of known reserves have been wired with explosives. Saddam Hussein ordered Kuwaiti oil fields set ablaze at the end of the Gulf War and military planners don't believe the Iraqi leader's claims that he will not burn his own." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/17/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "And a prominent Democrat on the House of Representatives says today, he believes that he may have been misled into supporting war against Iraq. Congressman Henry Waxman of California, says he believes Mr. Bush based some of his arguments for war on information he may have known was false. At issue, are allegations that Iraq was trying to acquire nuclear material from Niger, in Africa. An accusation which the UN weapons inspectors said, and US officials now agree, was fabricated." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/17/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Military Sources / Officials </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "But military sources say an invasion is still days away. There are reasons, they say, not to rush. One, allow time for hundreds of UN weapons inspectors, aid workers and journalists to get out of Iraq. And that could take days. Two, keep Saddam Hussein guessing, though a US-led invasion is not likely to be a surprise, exactly when an attack would begin still can be. Three, nervous days of waiting can eat away at the confidence of Iraqi troops, officials say, and exhaust them." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/17/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Intelligence Sources / US Officials </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "As it turns out, Saddam Hussein himself may determine the timing. Intelligence sources say that some artillery shells filled with nerve gas may have been handed out to some Iraqi, various Iraqi military units. This is the same thing US officials are saying they almost hope that Saddam Hussein uses these weapons, the weapons that he promised the world he did not have." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/17/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Administration Officials </em></td> <td> Bob Schieffer, "The purpose of tonight's speech lay down that 48-hour deadline and set the ultimatum. Then if Saddam Hussein does not agree to all of that, the president will go back on the air on Wednesday and announce that he is taking military action. Congressmen have been trying to find out how much all of this is going to cost, but administration officials told them today they won't find out until after the war is under way. At that point, they were told the president will ask for an emergency appropriation and the price tag will be $90 billion to $100 billion." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/18/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> White House Officals </em></td> <td> Terry Moran, "But White House officials are insisting that all troops in what will be the theater of operations fall under the coalition's unified command structure. When officials are asked, however, what would happen if Turkey goes in anyway, Peter, their answer is, we don't think that will happen." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/18/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> Peter Jennings, "The White House said today that if the Iraqi leader and his sons left, the US would still go into Iraq. John McWethy is at the Pentagon today. John, everyone is waiting for the signal to go. And there are some reasonably encouraging signals from Iraq."<br>John McWethy, "Some encouraging signs, Peter, but also some growing tensions. Sources say this war could begin as early as tomorrow night." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/18/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Intelligence Sources / Officials </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "There is growing hope that the coalition land force can push rapidly up the main highway toward Baghdad, without meeting heavy resistance. Here's why, intelligence sources tell ABC News that the US is now getting clear signals from some senior leaders of the elite Republican Guard that they are looking for a way to cooperate. Officials say this follows efforts by leaders of some regular Iraqi army units to let the US know they do not want to fight. " </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/18/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Intelligence Offials </em></td> <td> Pierre Thomas, "And Intelligence officials tell us tonight, they fear that Saddam Hussein has sent agents to commit acts of terrorism, overseas and in the US." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/18/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> Pierre Thomas, "Sources tell ABC News the government will begin detaining dozens of suspected Saddam Hussein sympathizers in at least five US cities this week." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/18/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> FBI Bulletin </em></td> <td> Pierre Thomas, "An FBI bulletin obtained by ABC News says, Iraqi agents have the expertise to 'construct sophisticated improvised explosive devices.'" </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/18/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Senior State Department Official </em></td> <td> Pierre Thomas, "And a senior State Department official says the threat from al Qaeda remains." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/18/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Senior FBI Officials </em></td> <td> Pierre Thomas, "Senior FBI officials tell us tonight they fear the greatest threat may be from what they call lone wolves, individuals attacking in public places, incited by images of war." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/18/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Western Intelligence Sources </em></td> <td> Tom Fenton, "The crew of Commando Solo call it a weapon of mass persuasion. It's not the only psychological weapon in America's arsenal. Today Iraq was bombed with almost two million leaflets carrying similar messages, and Western intelligence sources believe the messages are getting through." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/18/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Officials </em></td> <td> David Martin, "US officials say so many Iraqi army units seem ready to surrender, it is possible American ground forces will not encounter any serious resistance, until they come up against the Republican Guard divisions defending Baghdad" </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/18/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> US Intelligence </em></td> <td> David Martin, "According to US intelligence, senior Iraqi officials intend to ride out the bombing, not by hiding in underground shelters, but by taking shelter in private homes, which will be safe from air attack by American planes intent on avoiding civilian casualties." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/18/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> Bob Orr, "Sources say 9/11 mastermind Khalid Shaikh Mohammed told interrogators before his capture, al-Qaida was planning attacks to coincide with a US invasion of Iraq. " </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/18/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Bob Orr, "The hike in the terror threat level back up to code orange was always part of the Bush administration's war plans, but officials say intelligence reports do point to an increased risk of terrorist attacks and from more than one group." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/18/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffcc99"> CBS </td> <td><em> Officials </em></td> <td> Jim Stewart, "At least one potential Iraqi saboteur has been caught trying to enter the US. Officials will not provide any details and, frankly, believe he will not be the last." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/19/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Military Officials </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "Today, there were still more reports of Iraqi troops signaling their desire not to fight, 17 Iraqi soldiers defected to Kuwait. Elsewhere, military officials say there were e-mail exchanges between American and Iraqi units facing each other across the border" </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/19/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "For more than 140,000 combat troops, the way into Iraq is up this road and across Kuwait's border. But sources tell ABC News thousands of other US troops are likely to parachute into Iraq, in what will be the largest such airborne operation in decades. Sources say their targets will be primarily airfields in northern and western Iraq. Some may secure crucial bridges or command centers. There is no faster way to get large numbers of troops on the ground, ready to fight." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> 3/19/03 </td> <td bgcolor="#ffff66"> ABC </td> <td><em> US Sources </em></td> <td> John McWethy, "As for the timing of this US-led invasion, Peter, US sources are saying, before the weekend, probably Friday night. But they say dust storms could be a factor." </td> </tr> </table> http://www.echochamberproject.com/anonymoussources#comment PR Fri, 09 Dec 2005 09:53:12 -0500 kentbye 724 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Received Fellowship for We Media Conference http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/648 <p>I got an awesome surprise for my 29th birthday today -- I was awarded with a fellowship to attend the <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/wemedia05/">We Media Conference</a> in New York City!</p> <p>This is <strong><em>really great</em></strong> news for me and The Echo Chamber Project.</p> <p>Not only does it does is waive the $695 fee, but more importantly the American Press Institute's <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org">Media Center</a> will be publishing a statement from me about my project on their website as one of the 15 fellowship recipients. </p> <p><strong>UPDATE:</strong> He is the <a href="http://mediacenter.blogs.com/morph/2005/09/we_media_fellow.html">We Media announcement about the 15 fellowship recipients.</a><br /> (<em><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/648">More info below</a></em>)</p> <p><a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/wemedia05/">The We Media Conference</a> is <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/wemedia05/the_program.html">bringing together some of the biggest thought leaders</a> from old big media to the innovators of the new media movement "for a series of conversations and collaborations on participatory media."</p> <p>It features a lot of the usual suspects from the New Media world like <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/content/6133.cfm">Jeff Jarvis</a>, <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/content/5917.cfm">Dan Gillmor</a>, <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/content/6957.cfm">Jay Rosen</a>, <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/content/6911.cfm">Rebecca MacKinnon</a>, and <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/content/5120.cfm">Susan Mernit</a> mixed with influential people from the old media world like the <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/content/6924.cfm">President of the Associated Press</a>, <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/content/6936.cfm">Presidents of CBS News</a> &amp; <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/content/6535.cfm">CBS Digital Media</a>, <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/content/6078.cfm">Director of the BBC Global News Division</a>, a <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/content/6920.cfm">New York Times columnist</a>, the <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/content/6080.cfm">VP for Yahoo!</a>, and the <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/content/7028.cfm">Former Vice President of the United States / Chairman of Current.tv</a></p> <p>There are also notable appearances from popular bloggers like <a href="http://www.wonkette.com">Wonkette's</a> <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/content/6927.cfm">Ana Marie Cox</a>, <a href="http://www.gawker.com">Gawker's</a> <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/content/6943.cfm">Jessica Coen</a>, <a href="http://www.weblogsinc.com">Weblogs, Inc. founder</a> <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/content/5140.cfm">Jason Calacanis</a>, <a href="http://www.craigslist.org">Criagslist founder</a> <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/content/5528.cfm">Craig Newmark</a>, and representatives from Citizen Journalism efforts like the <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/content/6955.cfm">Greensboro News-Record</a> and <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/content/6539.cfm">Backfence.com</a>.</p> <p>Throw in some more analysts and other institutional representatives and you've got a pretty impressive group of movers and shakers when it comes to the blending old school professional media with the emerging paradigms for participatory citizen journalism.</p> <p>Needless to say, I'm pretty excited about attending this conference on October 5th. </p> <p>The only bad part is that <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/wemedia05/the_program.html">the schedule for this one-day conference</a> is packed so tight that it'll be impossible to talk to everyone that I'd like to. </p> <p>I haven't decided on my conference strategy just yet, but I'm sure that it will involve getting in touch with as many of the participants before the conference as possible.</p> <p>Listed below is the letter from the Media Center announcing my fellowship...</p> <blockquote> <p>Kent,</p> <p>We received almost 140 fellowship applications, and it was very difficult to select just 15 out of so many terrific applicants. It is our pleasure to be able to offer you a fellowship to the We Media conference on Oct. 5, 2005, at The Associated Press.</p> <p>To remind you, you are responsible for your own travel and lodging expenses.</p> <p>To accept the fellowship,</p> <blockquote><p> 1) Please respond to this note with “I accept the fellowship” in the subject line.</p> <p>2) We will publish your statement on the We Media Web site, so in your email please give us your name, title and organization that you want us to use.</p> <p>3) In your email, please send us your application statement again, with any editing changes you want to make. This, also, will be published on the We Media site.</p></blockquote> <p>Your statement [edited]:</p> <blockquote><p>The Echo Chamber Project is an open source, collaborative documentary about the failures of the broadcast television news media leading up to the war in Iraq, and how I produce the film will provide some innovative solutions to large-scale, decentralized citizen journalism.</p> <p>Collaborative editing of this film will be accomplished with an open source, Internet-based infrastructure and analytical methodologies that will provide a proof-of-concept for how complex investigative journalism projects could be facilitated with a diverse ecosystem of citizen journalists.</p> <p>This collaborative process includes the distributed transcription of interviews by volunteers, open sourcing the text and audio of interviews with nearly 70 journalists, media critics, new media leaders and other scholars, and then using the social software of Drupal to add folksonomy tags to sound bites, stringing together sound bite sequences within Drupal, and then generating valid XML to interface with the Final Cut Pro editing software.</p> <p>I am documenting this process with a video blog, and provide a number of links with more details here: <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/WeMediaConference">http://www.echochamberproject.com/WeMediaConference</a></p> <p>I look forward to attending the We Media Conference to gather more insights and institutional support for The Echo Chamber Project.</p></blockquote> <p>See you at We Media!</p> <p>Regards,</p> <p>Gloria Pan<br /> Communications Director, The Media Center at API<br /> ... </p></blockquote> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/648#comment Conference PR Status Thu, 01 Sep 2005 16:30:50 -0400 kentbye 648 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Formatting to Optimize Vlog Remix Potential http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/634 <p>The video blog creator wants to be properly attributed for their work, while the remixer would ideally want to have footage that can be seamlessly used in their productions. </p> <p>So not including any watermarks or titles is in a vlog entry could encourage remixing. But at the same time, the original content creator wants to maximize the attribution for their work.</p> <p>I sent the following two questions to <a href="http://ryanedit.blogspot.com/">Ryanne Hodson</a> because she is in the process of remixing this vlog entry for the <a href="http://www.advocatesforrasiej.com/">Rasiej campaign for Public Advocate in NYC.</a></p> <p>I eventually decided to experiment with my second video blog entry by publishing two different versions -- the <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/vlog02">original version with titles</a> and <a href="http://www.ourmedia.org/node/45428">a more remix-friendly version without a watermark or any titles.</a></p> <p>For future episodes, I'll probably chose to only publish versions with watermarks and titles until my film is completed -- at which time I'm open to releasing more remix-friendly versions.</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/634">Below are some more thoughts</a> on finding the best balance between what's in the best interest of the creator and remixer...<br /> <!--break--></p> <p><strong>QUESTION #1</strong><br /> Do you think that I should identify everyone with their name &amp; affiliation everytime they appear in a video?</p> <p>To prevent being redundant in my own piece, I only identify people the first time they appear. But if you remix the second sound bites of people, then you have to either verbally identify the person, add your own titles that are different, or not identify them at all.</p> <p>So I'm thinking that it might go ahead and identify everyone each time they appear even though it might be redundant.</p> <p>The upside is that each clip would ID people so that the remixer wouldn't have to worry about it.</p> <p>But the downside is that it may make it more difficult for shortening the length of the soundbites.</p> <p><strong>QUESTION #2</strong><br /> Which of the following options do you think makes the most sense when thinking about how to handle the attribution aspect of the CreativeCommons-Attribution license.</p> <p>A URL link in the blog posting is simple enough, and I think makes sense for the linklove incentive of sharing.</p> <p>But I see four different options for how to handle attribution within the video.</p> <p>[1] I place a EchoChamberProject.com watermark in the corner throughout the whole video.<br /> [2] I add fake 16:9 black lines with the watermark in the bottom or top black area<br /> [3] Have the remixer credit that they used clips at the end of the video.<br /> [4] Have no attribution in the video, and only attribute in the blog posting.</p> <p>I leaning towards a watermark like [1] or [2] since it's the best guarantee for the creator that his/her clips are properly identified if the remix is remixed.</p> <p>[1] and [2] are the most annoying for remixers who want to create seemless videos, but it's also the easiest option for them to take care of the attribution responsibilities.<br /> The black lines in [2] could provide a visual cue that footage originated from someplace else, but the remixer may want footage that is more seemless less jarring -- in which case [1] would be better.</p> <p>Credits at the end w/ [3] is less good for the creator since this type of attribution may be lost once the remix is remixed. It makes it harder to track the origin of clips. [3] is better for the remixer, but not all vloggers are in the habit of doing credit sequences.</p> <p>[4] No attribution in the video sucks for the creator since it provides less incentive to share. It's bad karma for the remixer, but it's the best option for them.</p> <p>So I think that putting a watermark in the corner in option [1] would be the simplest for the originator to implement to ensure proper attribution, the easiest for the remixer to properly attribute, and the best option to ensure that further remixes accurately track the originator. The originator just has to remember to add watermarks to their vlog entries.</p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/634#comment Collaboration PR remix Vlog Sun, 21 Aug 2005 16:11:13 -0400 kentbye 634 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Using Citizen Journalism to Open Source Political Campaigns http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/633 <p>I sent the following proposal to Micah Sifry and Andrew Rasiej to open source the national aspects of their <a href="http://www.advocatesforrasiej.com/">campaign for New York City Public Advocate</a> by remixing citizen videojournalism reports into their communications strategy. </p> <p>This could provide a viable model for how traditionally top-down driven political campaigns could release some control by collaborating with issue-based advocates on more detailed, Long-Tail messages that go beyond the least common denominator audience.</p> <p>I heard from <a href="http://www.hyperorg.com/blogger/mtarchive/004343.html">David Weinberger</a> that Rasiej was having a conference call last Wednesday for political bloggers, and some other surprise guests. </p> <p>I joined this conference call where Rasiej said that they needed help spreading the word to New York citizens to vote for him on September the 13th. </p> <p>Rasiej talked about the national implications of his campaign for how Wi-Fi in NYC would be a cultural and political trendsetter for other cities to do the same -- as well as how he intended to use technology to facilitate grassroots activism and bottom-up democracy. </p> <p>The only problem was that Rasiej campaign hasn't had time to craft this message on their own, and so they asked bloggers to make the case for him.</p> <p>It just so happened that I had just completed my <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/vlog02">second video blog episode</a> where I had already made the connection for how technology is changing media, politics and leadership.</p> <p>So I suggested that they remix <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/vlog02">my second vlog episode</a> by cutting out my message out and inserting their own. Using the <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/">Creative Common-Attribution license</a> encourages people to do this type of remixes as long as they provide a link to EchoChamberProject.com and an attribution in their video. </p> <p>This would encourage both of us to promote our respective vlog entries to our network of contacts.</p> <p>And it also allows us to experiment with how citizen journalism and activism could be used to collaborate with political campaigns. </p> <p>Below is the more detailed pitch that I sent to the Rasiej campaign laying out my vision for how this type of collaboration between citizen journalists and political campaigns could work. They gave it the green light, and the remix will start being produced next week by vlogger <a href="http://ryanedit.blogspot.com/">Ryanne Hodson.</a></p> <blockquote><p> Hey Micah and Andrew,<br /> During the conference call yesterday, I noted some pressing desires for your campaign, and I think that I have some innovative solutions to some of them.</p> <p>I talked with vlogger <a href="http://ryanedit.blogspot.com/">Ryanne Hodson</a>, and she is willing to remix the following five-minute video on how technology is changing media &amp; politics into a shorter vlog entry that communicates how your campaign can catalyze a larger movement of grassroots, participatory democracy.</p> <p>This would require gathering a few sound bites with Ryanne, and then having her edit these juxtaposed with the sound bites that I've already gathered from experts at the <a href="http://www.personaldemocracy.com">Personal Democracy Forum.</a></p> <p>Here is link to the 5-minute video<br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/vlog02">http://www.echochamberproject.com/vlog02</a> </p></blockquote> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/633">Below are more details</a> on how these <strong>SOLUTIONS</strong> can fill your <strong>DESIRES</strong> and accomplish your <strong>BOTTOM LINE.</strong><br /> <!--break--></p> <blockquote><p> <strong>DESIRES</strong><br /> * You want to communicate to the larger blogosphere how your election can prove to the Democrats the full capabilities of many-to-many communication technology.</p> <p>* You don't just want to just use technology as a giant ATM machine or a one-to-many television/radio channel to amplify your message.</p> <p>* You need to find an innovative way to catalyze and energize the campaign by tapping into the national network of advocates for open source democracy, free culture &amp; true grassroots, bottom-up activism.</p> <p>* But you're faced with the reality of the Get Out the Vote for the local election and you can only chose 2 major issues to focus the campaign on.</p> <p>* You need the larger blogosphere to take some initiative to creating a buzz by virally spreading your larger visions for how technology can be used to empower citizens, for how the Democrats could gain a competitive advantage in elections, and for how these changes could transform the way that we govern ourselves.</p> <p>* Your campaign and vision for New York City is a symbol and catalyst for what's possible with true bottom-up, grassroots democracy.</p> <p><strong>BOTTOM LINE</strong><br /> * Your campaign seems to still be a closed-source, one-to-many operation where you have a tight lock on the message that is coming from you within the context of your New York City campaign for Public Advocate.</p> <p>* You can only focus on the local aspects of this election, and you don't have a lot of extra time and resources on developing your National communications strategy for how networking technology can give the Democrats a competitive advantage in the next election cycle.</p> <p>* It's difficult to realistically run a local Get Out the Vote campaign by focusing on abstract macro issues like how releasing top-down control can tap into the collective creativity and wisdom of the electorate, and how Wi-Fi in NYC will be a cultural/political trendsetter for the entire grassroots, participatory democracy movement.</p> <p>* So you're asking for help and insights from the network of citizen's media.</p> <p><strong>SOLUTION</strong><br /> Let citizen journalists like me help you develop that national message by open sourcing your campaign to the larger community of bloggers, podcasters and vloggers.</p> <p>How?</p> <p>By having citizen journalists produce media that you can then remix, recontextualize and then make your own.</p> <p>The first step would be to remix my five-minute video talking about how technology is revolutionizing media and politics.</p> <p>It's for my collaborative, open source documentary on the pre-war failings of the mainstream media -- but since it's released under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/">CreativeCommons-Attribution license</a>, then you're free to cut out my message, and insert your own message.</p> <p>This could prove to be a viable model for how grassroots citizen journalism could be used to help shape the message coming from political campaigns.</p> <p>The following five-minute video features quotes about how technology is transforming media &amp; politics from Chris Nolan, Jeff Jarvis, Doc Searls, Scott Heiferman, Markos Moulitsas &amp; Mindy Finn:</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/vlog02">http://www.echochamberproject.com/vlog02</a><br /> (Full transcript is attached below)</p> <p>I've already been in contact with <a href="http://ryanedit.blogspot.com/">Ryanne Hodson</a>, and she is willing to film the sound bites from you, edit and remix it.</p> <p>You can go ahead and coordinate with her when to get together to gather the sound bites for the remix -- a remix where you can connect the dots for the broader goals and intentions for providing a proof-of-concept for how new media technologies can be used in innovative ways.</p> <p>The actual content of the remixed vlog entry would talk about this, and by allowing me -- a citizen living in the basement of log cabin in the woods of Maine -- to help develop your National message by remixing clips from my open source documentary would speak volumes for putting true open source democracy and citizen journalism into action.</p> <p>The only thing that I would ask is that there be a blog link to the URL with the source material on http://www.echochamberproject.com -- and an attribution citation within the vlog credits.</p> <p>My incentive is to drive traffic to my website and to my project, and to symbiotically help your campaign demonstrate the power of citizen journalism combined with what's possible with bottom-up democracy. To drive activist technologists to my project in order to build the open source tools within Drupal for large-scale collaborative media. And to experiment a bit with how open source, collaborative media could feed into an open source, political campaign.</p> <p>Your incentive is to empower the grassroots with a voice, and ultimately catalyze and energize a National-to-Local, peer-to-peer communications strategy by having bloggers around the country to tell every Democrat they know in NYC to vote for you on September 13th. Anything that can realistically create a buzz to GOTV is what's important.</p> <p>The remixed video and how it was collaboratively produced could provide something viral that bloggers could point at and talk about beyond your immediate network of contacts.</p> <p>You can talk more with Ryanne and myself about what you want to communicate in the remix, and how the end product could come together.</p> <p>And I've offered some suggestions for what to keep and edit out in the transcript below, but it's ultimately up to your campaign and Ryanne to decide. I can coordinate any other logistics with Ryanne.</p> <p>When my vlog and your remix vlog are posted, then we can all promote it to our respective networks.</p> <p>If we do this and pull it off, then it will be a very blogworthy and newsworthy event.</p> <p>I'm also imagining that this could help catalyze other vlogging/podcasting/blogging correspondents to gather quotes and vlog entries from other luminaries from their local communities.</p> <p>For example, San Francisco vloggers like <a href="http://www.ericrice.com/">Eric Rice</a> or <a href="http://schlomolog.blogspot.com/">Schlomo</a> could interview <a href="http://www.cnewmark.com/">Craig Newmark</a> talking about NYC slum lords. They could post the entire interview or excerpts of video in their vlogs. Ryanne (as well as other NYC vloggers) could collect sound bites from you on this topic, and then they could remix the video into a shorter video for the context of your campaign.</p> <p>Since you don't really have time to incorporate these types of Long Tail messages into your local campaign, then you could release control to experts like Newmark and other citizen journalists who'd be willing to do the hardest work in producing and broadcasting this message.</p> <p>Now suddenly you're able to let citizen journalists do the hardest part of spending the time to gather and edit together the meat of the messages from domain experts. They post their videos online, and then it's in the hands of your campaign vlogger to filter, remix, edit and curate the people's messages into your own.</p> <p>It's distributed citizen journalism being filtered into an open source campaign.</p> <p>How does this sound so far?</p> <p>Here's a link to the five-minute video to work with, and the full transcript is below with some edit-point suggestions:<br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/vlog02">http://www.echochamberproject.com/vlog02</a><br /> You can reach me at 207-223-5566</p> <p>Thanks,<br /> -Kent Bye.<br /> Director, The Echo Chamber Project<br /> MetaThought Productions<br /> http://www.echochamberproject.com</p> <p>* * * * * * * * * * * * * * *</p> <p>FULL TRANSCRIPT<br /> Echo Chamber Project Vlog Episode 2: Media &amp; Politics</p> <p>KENT BYE (EchoChamberProject.com)<br /> [SUGGESTION: Edit out this clip and insert your own intro]<br /> I wanted to talk a bit about the intersection between media and politics for a couple of reasons. Collaborative media can provide a lot insights into grassroots activism and bottom-up democracy. The Echo Chamber Project is also developing a lot of the open source tools for collaborative media that could also be used for political campaigns in the next election cycle. So here are some insights from the Personal Democracy Forum</p> <p>CHRIS NOLAN ("Politics from Left to Right" Blog)<br /> Back five / ten years ago, the people at Wired Magazine used to say, "The Internet changes everything." They were right. We're just getting -- I mean, outside of Silicon Valley -- people are just beginning to understand just how dramatic and how important those changes are.</p> <p>JEFF JARVIS (BuzzMachine.com)<br /> If you give the people control of media, they will take it. If you don't give them control, you will loose them. And I think we have to look not just at media where this is occurring, but also in marketing and in politics. I don't think here at the Personal Democracy Forum we've yet seen nearly the endgame of the people taking over their political process, and I do believe that will happen.</p> <p>DOC SEARLS (Doc Searls Weblog)<br /> Sooner or later, the connected electorate essentially imposes Democracy back on government in a way we've never seen before. So I think five years from now what we're going to see is something that's much more like democracy than we've seen in the history of the Republic.</p> <p>BYE<br /> [SUGGESTION: Either edit this clip -- or include your own]<br /> It's safe to assume that the Internet will continue to change the way that we interact with media and politics. One of the founders of Meetup.com talks about the challenges of coordinating large-scale collaboration.</p> <p>SCOTT HEIFERMAN (Co-Founder/CEO Meetup.com)<br /> How do organizations find that balance between top-down and bottom-up? How is that you can both give people direction and leadership while at the same time giving people enough freedom to truly have a grassroots feel? Not just *look* grassroots, but authentically be grassroots. Not just sort of look bottom-up, but authentically be bottom-up.</p> <p>MARKOS MOULITSAS (DailyKos.com)<br /> Now people want you to be proactive. They want you to be innovative. They want you to really look for solutions to problems. They don't want you to just follow orders. Yet we have a media environment and a political environment that are still very top-bottom driven. They still expect to issue proclamations and edicts and have people follow those. It's not like that any more. And I think that what we're seeing with the blogs is a creation of this new citizen's movement to take over things -- like I said -- politics, journalism and activism.</p> <p>MINDY FINN (Republican National Committee eCampaign)<br /> We're really tasked with online strategy. Leveraging the web and new media to help advance the committee's goals at all levels. For finance goals, which is raising money. To mobilization -- our political goals, getting grassroots out there, getting folks to the polls and actually voting for our candidates. And message, which is getting our message out there and hoping that it resonates, and helping drive the message into the grassroots and to the public.</p> <p>[SUGGESTION: Either stop here and comment -- Or include the next two clips]</p> <p>MOULITSAS<br /> But I hope that what we're creating is culture where people don't feel a need to wait for "so-called leaders" to tell them to act to do anything. It's that they'll take that initiative on their own -- the tools are available.</p> <p>FINN<br /> There's some hierarchy to respect. And I think there always -- *I* think there always will be and there always has been just to make sure that it's efficient and organized. But that what that hierarchy is all about is really putting people in touch with like-minded individuals -- empowering the grassroots. I mean, you have to have someone kind of crafting message. You have someone making sure that message is getting out to these individuals.</p> <p>BYE<br /> [SUGGESTION: Edit this clip out, and conclude your vlog entry here with the message that you want to send out.]<br /> I think it's important to find that balance between top-down leadership and bottom-up participation without being too extreme on either end. What I hope to do with my open source documentary is help find that healthy balance. What I've done is I've gone out and taken the initiative to gather all of these interviews -- and ask the questions. But I'm releasing a lot of control with how the final film comes together. So I hope to have a community help collaborative edit and shape the film. So here's Doc Searls talking more about open source communities work.</p> <p>SEARLS<br /> Groups of people that work together in much the same way as -- say as a group of farmers would raise a barn. Right? And there's a shared understanding of what needs to be done. People step forward who have particular expertise, and they'll work on that part of the project.</p> <p>BYE<br /> Large-scale collaborative media can provide a lot of answers to some of the questions surrounding grassroots activism and bottom-up democracy. Small-scale collaboration is already possible with blogs, podcasts and video blogs -- but additional tools -- like the ones that I described in the previous episode -- have to be developed in order to facilitate collaboration on a large-scale. I'm still searching for funders and potential [software] programmers. So if you're interested in getting more involved, then please drop by the website and leave a comment. </p></blockquote> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/633#comment Collaboration Decentralization Journalism New Media Open Source Politics PR Sun, 21 Aug 2005 15:18:43 -0400 kentbye 633 at http://www.echochamberproject.com BBC Article Has a Picture of Me on OurMedia http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/605 <p>There is an article on the BBC website today called, <a href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/4728259.stm">"Citizens do media for themselves"</a> that features a screenshot of <a href="http://www.ourmedia.org">OurMedia.org</a> with <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/317">my picture on it</a>.</p> <p><center></p> <div class="image"> <a href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/4728259.stm"><img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/BBC_OurMedia.jpg" width="557" height="464" alt="BBC OurMedia Screenshot" /></a></p> <div class="caption"> </div> </div> <p></center></p> <p>The article doesn't explictly mention me or The Echo Chamber Project -- it was written before my <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/vlog01">first vlog episode</a> was featured on the front page.</p> <p>The caption reads, "Ourmedia members are encouraged to be creative"</p> <p>I discovered this from vlogging pioneer <a href="http://stevegarfield.blogs.com/videoblog/">Steve Garfield</a> who wrote to me saying, "the picture in this story makes you look creative."</p> <p>Cool.<br /> <!--break--></p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/605#comment Communications PR Status Wed, 10 Aug 2005 16:37:00 -0400 kentbye 605 at http://www.echochamberproject.com ECP Featured on OurMedia's Front Page! http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/317 <p>I just discovered that the first Echo Chamber vlog made it up onto the front page of <a href="http://www.ourmedia.org">OurMedia.org</a>! This is great news, and will provide some great exposure for the project.<br /> <center></p> <div class="image"> <a href="http://www.ourmedia.org"><img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/OurMediaFrontPage.jpg" width="300" height="327" alt="OurMedia.org Front Page!" /></a></p> <div class="caption"> </div> </div> <p></center><br /> This is great timing as I just start to promote the project beyond the New Media blogosphere.</p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/317#comment PR Status Vlog Tue, 02 Aug 2005 09:25:00 -0400 kentbye 317 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Launching the ECP to the World http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/285 <p>I spent most of yesterday sending out e-mails pitching <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/vlog01">my first vlog posting</a> to the new media blogosphere.</p> <p>It looks like it's gaining some momentum after receiving links from podcasting pioneer <a href="http://blog.ericrice.com/blog/_archives/2005/7/28/1085978.html">Eric Rice,</a> <a href="http://www.ourmedia.org">OurMedia</a> executive director <a href="http://www.newmediamusings.com/blog/2005/07/the_echo_chambe.html">JD Lasica</a> and <a href="http://blogumentary.org/"><em>Blogumentary</em> director</a> / vlogging pioneer <a href="http://blogumentary.typepad.com/chuck/2005/07/kent_bye_has_a_.html">Chuck Olsen.</a></p> <p>I also posted <a href="http://groups.yahoo.com/group/videoblogging/message/18299">an announcment to the YahooGroups Videoblogging listserve,</a> which tapped into the very friendly and energetic vlogging community. </p> <p>I've been tracking the vlogging community for a while here: <a href="http://del.icio.us/kentbye/vlog">http://del.icio.us/kentbye/vlog,</a> and I sent it to some vloggers for some preliminary feedback earlier this week, which I got a lot of positive feedback from.</p> <p>I share a lot of the same values of openness and transparency with the vlogosphere (and the larger blogosphere as well), and I think the first vlog post will continue to get more attention over the next week or so as it slowly comes out of the more technical parts of the New Media blogosphere, and hopefully over to the political end of blogosphere by the end of next week.</p> <p>How far and wide it'll end up spreading is really hard to predict, but I'm pretty optimistic at this point.</p> <p>I'm going to try to track the progress by tagging mentions of the vlog with the ECP tag over at del.icio.us found at this page: <a href="http://del.icio.us/kentbye/ECP">http://del.icio.us/kentbye/ECP</a>. I'm going to set up an RSS aggregator in the sidebar so that it'll appear on this site.</p> <p>I figure that if I'm going to be obsessing over <a href="http://www.sitemeter.com/default.asp?action=stats&amp;site=s12echochamber&amp;report=11">tracking statistics of inbound links</a>, then I might as well do something useful with it.<br /> <!--break--></p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/285#comment Communications New Media PR Fri, 29 Jul 2005 12:09:00 -0400 kentbye 285 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Joining a Folksonomy Community of Practice http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/264 <p>After a <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/245">warm-up specification of Drupal functionality</a>, I've started to <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/plante_mockup">map out the user interface</a> that I need in order to productively collect collaborative input from volunteers, and then feed this gathered intelligence into the editing process. </p> <p>I've discussed the mechanisms for this <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/phase01">Phase 01</a> of development as being <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/167">folksonomies</a>, <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/tagcloud">tag clouds</a>, <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/219">Drupal &amp; Final Cut Pro XML.</a></p> <p>Drupal already has some folksonomy capabilities, and the open source nature of the software allows it to be altered by computer programmers familiar with the open source scripting language of <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PHP">PHP</a>, the open source database of <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MySQL">MySQL</a> or the inner workings of <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drupal">Drupal.</a></p> <p>I've been <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/262">interacting with a number of developers</a> over the last couple of days, and I've found some potential leads for some help.</p> <p>I also revisited Phillip <a href="http://www.pui.ch/phred/archives/2005/04/tags-database-schemas.html">Keller's post about the technical database details</a> for the database schemas that are fueling social bookmarking tagging sites such as <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/">del.icio.us</a> or <a href="http://www.flickr.com/">flickr.</a> Keller provided a lot of interesting insights for how to make Drupal's folksonomy implementation more scalable for the types of features that I wanted to include.</p> <p>Keller's post led me to the <a href="http://lists.del.icio.us/pipermail/discuss/">del.icio.us mailing list</a>, as well as to Nitin <a href="http://www.tagschema.com">Borwanker's interesting tagschema blog</a> that contains philosophical musings about the systems level database design issues for the flood of data technologists need to help manage in the 21st Century. Borwanker describes it with the metaphor of the <a href="http://tagschema.com/blogs/tagschema/2005/06/fundamental-scalability-problem-of.html">1 Billion Row Problem</a> -- referring to the daunting task for managing a database that has 1+ billion rows.</p> <p>On Tuesday, <a href="http://lists.del.icio.us/pipermail/discuss/2005-June/003453.html">Borwanker announced</a> that he's starting a <a href="http://lists.tagschema.com/mailman/listinfo/tagdb">special spin-off listserve from the del.icio.us list</a> in order to broaden the conversation to other developing tag projects, and to brainstorm the best practices for designing the backend databases for large-scale tagging websites. </p> <p>I joined this Folksonomy Community of Practice with the intent of finding some help in getting some feedback on some of my a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/phase01">Phase 01 ideas</a> and to get some help in getting them rolling. </p> <p>Below is the <a href="http://nelson.textdrive.com/pipermail/tagdb/2005-June/000014.html">introductory e-mail that I sent out the listserve</a> this morning. You can <a href="http://nelson.textdrive.com/pipermail/tagdb/2005-June/thread.html">monitor the responses from a distance</a> -- or <a href="http://lists.tagschema.com/mailman/listinfo/tagdb">sign up to the folksonomy discussion list yourself</a>.<br /> <!--break--></p> <blockquote><p> Greetings everyone.</p> <p>Thanks Nitin for setting this up. I'll start this thread to introduce<br /> myself and my project.</p> <p><strong>THE ECHO CHAMBER DOCUMENTARY</strong><br /> My name is Kent Bye and I'm a documentary filmmaker working on a project<br /> about the failures of the mainstream media -- And how I produce the film<br /> will hopefully provide innovative solutions for doing collaborative,<br /> investigative citizen journalism that can extract the collective<br /> intelligence from a diverse set of volunteers.</p> <p>As a documentary filmmaker, I'm in the business of collecting a ton of<br /> interview and stock footage, and then editing together the narrative<br /> themes that emerge from the data. Folksonomy provides some pretty<br /> powerful capabilities for documentaries -- especially large-scope,<br /> politically-charged films about the mainstream media.</p> <p>Our film's hypothesis is that the broadcast television news media became<br /> an uncritical echo chamber to the countdown towards the war in Iraq for<br /> the 6 months after there was a political consensus within Congress in<br /> early October 2002.</p> <p>We interviewed 45 journalists, professors, think tank scholars and other<br /> perspectives about the how the mainstream media covered the Executive<br /> Branch's PR campaign to sell the war in Iraq.</p> <p>We're in the process of having volunteers transcribe the 40+ hours of<br /> footage so that we can open source the text of the interviews, split<br /> them up into sound bites, assign a unique URL to each sound bite, and<br /> then internally tag each sound bite with folksonomy metadata.</p> <p>We also have 35+ hours of ABC, CBS and NBC footage from the five months<br /> leading up to the military intervention -- and we have the Lexis<br /> transcripts for all of this footage. I'd love to also be able to post<br /> these news scripts online to be tagged with folksonomy metadata as well<br /> -- assuming that there aren't any copyright issues.</p> <p><strong>FOLKSONOMY FOR EDITING</strong><br /> I'm interested in ideas for making the subjective context of these film<br /> sound bites more explicit to make it easier to edit strings of sound<br /> bites together. I'd also like to associate pro-war and anti-war<br /> identities to the folksonomy metadata so that I can track the common<br /> ground and points of departure between the two group's subjective<br /> judgments. This could bring about a deeper understanding between<br /> ideologically entrenched perspectives and provide some interesting<br /> conflict resolution cabilitites</p> <p><strong>COLLABORATIVE MEDIA</strong><br /> Apple's Final Cut Pro editing software has the capability to import XML<br /> created by third party software, which means that I can collect a number<br /> of metadata fields for sound bites from volunteers around the world<br /> through an open source CMS like Drupal. (i.e. what OurMedia.org and Dan<br /> Gillmor's Bayosphere.com uses).</p> <p>Once Drupal has the capability to import and produce valid FCP XML, then<br /> film sequences could then be remotely edited by volunteers (possibly<br /> tested by using MP3 dummy files), and then imported into the master<br /> editing sequence to be included into the film.</p> <p><strong>FOLKSONOMIES IN DRUPAL</strong><br /> Drupal already has free-tagging folksonomy capabilities built in --<br /> along with AJAX AutoComplete functionality in the latest HEAD version.</p> <p>I went back to tag my entire blog archive with folksonomies, and Drupal<br /> offers a lot of exciting possibilities for experimentation.</p> <p><strong>WHAT I NEED</strong><br /> I have a very large set of interesting data that is ready for<br /> experimentation. The problem? I have no PHP, MySQL, database, and very<br /> little programming experience to start implementing the different phases<br /> that I've laid out in my development roadmap.</p> <p>So I'm on the lookout for some theoretical &amp; logistical help on the<br /> backend to help make a lot of this happen -- especially anyone with PHP,<br /> MySQL and Drupal experience.</p> <p>I'm starting to specify what I need to end up with on the filmmaking<br /> end, and then trying to figure out how to get there via Drupal. I'll<br /> need feedback and insights on this design -- and how to optimize the<br /> scalability of the systems level design.</p> <p>I've been depending on volunteer labor so far -- but I'm interested in<br /> hearing any leads for funders who might be interested in helping<br /> catalyze this type of open source folksonomy development.</p> <p><strong>MY BACKGROUD</strong><br /> My training is as an electrical engineer with 4 1/2 years of experience<br /> as a radar systems engineer at Northrop Grumman working on the F/A-22<br /> Raptor. But my passion has always been in filmmaking, and I worked on a<br /> three other feature film projects while still a professional engineer.</p> <p>I quit my two years ago job to work full-time to help create a more<br /> interactive new media ecosystem and deliberative democracy. My business<br /> model is to self-distribute The Echo Chamber documentary while keeping<br /> all of the new media technologies open sourced within the Drupal<br /> community for others to use.</p> <p><strong>POLITICAL APPLICATIONS FOR FOLKSONOMIES</strong><br /> CivicSpace the political organizing software that came out of the Dean<br /> campaign, is built upon Drupal and will be increasingly used by<br /> political campaigns in the next election cycle in 2006.</p> <p>I hope to see some of these developed Drupal folksonomy tools applied to<br /> empowering citizens in the political process, and The Echo Chamber<br /> Project is already on the radar screen of many of the activist<br /> technologists leading the CivicSpace &amp; Drupal development communities.</p> <p><strong>CONCLUSION</strong><br /> Anyway -- I look forward to learning more and getting some feedback on<br /> some of the problems I'm trying address from this listserve.</p> <p>For anyone interested in learning more about this project, I aggregated<br /> a list of relevant links here:<br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/tagschema">http://www.echochamberproject.com/tagschema</a></p> <p>Looking forward to the conversation,<br /> -Kent Bye<br /> Director, The Echo Chamber<br /> MetaThought Productions<br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com">http://www.echochamberproject.com</a><br /> 207-223-5566</p></blockquote> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/264#comment Collaboration del.icio.us Development Drupal Folksonomy New Media PR Wed, 29 Jun 2005 12:59:00 -0400 kentbye 264 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Links for the Tagschema Listserve http://www.echochamberproject.com/tagschema <p>[1] A handcrafted Drupal tag cloud for all of my blog posts:<br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/tagcloud">http://www.echochamberproject.com/tagcloud</a></p> <p>[2] Tag Cloud Font Distribution Algorithm<br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/247">http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/247</a></p> <p>[3] Flowcharts for Personalized Drupal Tag Clouds<br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/245">http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/245</a></p> <p>[4] Collaborative Media with Drupal + Final Cut Pro XML<br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/219">http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/219</a></p> <p>[5] A list of all of my blog posts tagged "Theory" discussing Journalistic Paradigms with New Media technologies<br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/theory">http://www.echochamberproject.com/theory</a></p> <p>[6] Swarm Intelligence Journalism<br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/151">http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/151</a></p> <p>[7] Phase 01 of the 11-phase Development Roadmap for The Echo Chamber Project<br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/phase01">http://www.echochamberproject.com/phase01</a></p> <p>[8] A list of all of the full-length interviews that were conducted with some transcripts posted:<br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/interviews">http://www.echochamberproject.com/interviews</a></p> <p>[9] A list of 13 leaders of the New Media movement interviewed at the Personal Democracy Forum<br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/newmedia13">http://www.echochamberproject.com/newmedia13</a></p> <p>[10] A cover story in the Baltimore City Paper featuring <em>The Echo Chamber</em>, Kent Bye &amp; Jennifer Gouvea.<br /> <a href="http://www.citypaper.com/news/story.asp?id=7807">http://www.citypaper.com/news/story.asp?id=7807</a><br /> <!--break--></p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/tagschema#comment Decentralization Folksonomy New Media PR Tagcloud Wed, 29 Jun 2005 10:24:00 -0400 kentbye 263 at http://www.echochamberproject.com The Post Analyzes the UK Path to War http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/261 <p>Today the <a href="http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/06/27/AR2005062701584_pf.html">Washington Post finally digs into what the DSM reveal about the UK's doubts about the path towards war.</a></p> <p>I'm not sure if <a href="http://journalism.nyu.edu/pubzone/weblogs/pressthink/2005/06/19/dwn_mmo.html">Jay Rosen's recent Pressthink pleas</a> helped the Post decide to do a front page news analysis of the DSM, but it looks like there is a growing movement to reanalyze the build-up to war in Iraq -- which is good news for The Echo Chamber Project.</p> <p>During the build-up, the US media largely ignored many of the controversial details of the proposed intervention that were coming in from the overseas press. But now that the war is becoming more and more of a political liability for our allies, we're starting to see a lot more dissent and leaks that are reintroducing a lot of questions about the purpose and intent of the war. </p> <p>The Post distances itself from the "He Said / She Said" debate over the DSM documents by starting two paragraphs with allegations from both sides -- "Critics of the Bush administration contend" &amp; "Supporters of the administration contend." The <a href="http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/06/27/AR2005062701584_pf.html">Post then discloses the intent of their article</a>:</p> <blockquote><p>But beyond the question of whether they constitute a so-called smoking gun of evidence against the White House, the memos offer an intriguing look at what the top officials of the United States' chief ally were thinking, doing and fearing in the months before the war.</p></blockquote> <p>There was a lot of lively political discussion about the DSM over in the <a href="http://journalism.nyu.edu/pubzone/weblogs/pressthink/2005/06/19/dwn_mmo.html#comments">comments section of Rosen's post</a> -- and in the last comment <a href="http://journalism.nyu.edu/pubzone/weblogs/pressthink/2005/06/19/dwn_mmo.html#comment18571">Rosen speculates</a></p> <blockquote><p>I think the Brits and getting them on board was a substitute United Nations for the Bush war planners &amp; strategists. Bush was prepared to go without even the fig leaf of the UN. They figured that America plus one was coalition enough, and the British were the one.</p></blockquote> <p>I think Rosen's speculation is probably right, and that the historical record of US documents would bear this out if any of it is ever leaked or formally declassified. But there's already enough evidence for this by <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/overview">connecting the dots</a> of the <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/whtalkingpoints">Bush Administration's rhetoric</a> and behavior towards the UN leading up to the war...</p> <p><a href="http://journalism.nyu.edu/pubzone/weblogs/pressthink/2005/06/19/dwn_mmo.html#comment18571">Rosen also asks</a>, "Put that way, how much choice did Tony Blair really have?"...<br /> <!--break--><br /> The <a href="http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/06/27/AR2005062701584_pf.html">Post's front page story</a> talks more about what the DSM reveals about the UK's doubts about the Path to War. </p> <p>It's pretty clear that Blair was informed of all of the risks for any military intervention in Iraq, and he could have bowed out at any time knowing how much flak the UK would take from the International community and their domestic population. But Blair was living by the assumption <a href="http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/06/27/AR2005062701584_pf.html">spelled out by Michael Clarke in the Post article</a>:</p> <blockquote><p>"Still, while no one in government would ever say it, the rationale from the British point of view is that our strategic relationship with the U.S. is more important than any single campaign we fight on its behalf. The basic calculation was: Right or wrong, it is in our interest to stand with the United States."</p></blockquote> <p>The Post says that "Many inside the British policy establishment still feel angry and bruised about the invasion and its aftermath." And that the DSM leak "shows the depth of those feelings." At some point, the UK may decide that it's no longer in their interest to stand with the US on Iraq, and it'll be interesting to see how they cut their losses.</p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/261#comment DSMemos Political PR Rosen Tue, 28 Jun 2005 08:01:00 -0400 kentbye 261 at http://www.echochamberproject.com New Media Blogs Discuss Downing Street Memos http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/238 <p>A discussion of the Downing Street Memos has kicked up briefly in the New Media blogosphere after <a href="http://journalism.nyu.edu/pubzone/weblogs/pressthink/2005/06/19/dwn_mmo.html">Jay Rosen's post on Sunday</a>.</p> <p>I thought I'd drop a few signposts from my daily blog surfing from this morning [my Internet connection went down delaying this post.]</p> <p>All of these following posts have interesting discussions going on in their comment sections.</p> <p>Dan <a href="http://bayosphere.com/blog/dangillmor/062005/downing_street">Gillmor weighs in</a> by excerpting the following passage from Russ Baker's <a href="http://www.tompaine.com/articles/20050620/why_george_went_to_war.php">Why Bush Went to War</a> -- "Bush wanted a war so that he could build the political capital necessary to achieve his domestic agenda and become, in his mind, 'a great president."</p> <p>Jeff <a href="http://www.buzzmachine.com/archives/2005_06_20.html#009893">Jarvis says</a> that the Downing Street Memos aren't a big deal because everyone knows "the truth is that WMDs were never the real justification" and that this is all just "a scandal of bad PR." </p> <p><a href="http://bayosphere.com/blog/dangillmor/062005/downing_street">Gillmor updates his post in response to Jarvis</a> "What Jeff fails to note is that Congress would never have backed the war so fecklessly had the phony WMD issue been off the table..."<br /> <!--break--><br /> <a href="http://journalism.nyu.edu/pubzone/weblogs/pressthink/2005/06/19/dwn_mmo.html">Rosen updates his original post</a> citing Jarvis and Gillmor and disagrees with Jarvis' take that it was just a case of bad PR by saying:</p> <blockquote><p>No. If you think reason-giving is PR you have already lost the battle for public choice in politics. It is a basic failure of national legitimacy to have your reason-giving go so awry as it did with this war. If you are a Bush supporter, my view is you should be doubly concerned because, as things stand, actions in Iraq you believe fully legitimate have seen their official rationale (that is, their reason-giving) fail.</p></blockquote> <p>Jarvis lists three reasons why he supports the Iraq war by giving suggestions for how Bush should've sold the war:<br /> 1.) A regime change/humanitarian mission;<br /> 2.) Spreading democracy in the Middle East;<br /> 3.) Fighting the war on terrorism in the hotbed of Middle East terrorism.</p> <p>Jarvis also thinks that it was a bad idea for Bush to declare "Mission Accomplished" May 1st, 2003 -- he thinks Bush should've been more honest with the American people saying that it'll be a "long, hard, dangerous, costly war."</p> <p><a href="http://journalism.nyu.edu/pubzone/weblogs/pressthink/2005/06/19/dwn_mmo.html">Rosen's response</a> is "A representative democracy requires an elected commander-in-chief not only to <em>have</em> reasons, but to <em>give</em> reasons, publicly, for what he chooses to do."</p> <p>I agree with Rosen &amp; Gillmor. </p> <p>This <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/83">link</a> provides more details as to why I don't support the military intervention in Iraq.</p> <p>I have three additional insights that I'll add to Jarvis' perspective -- all three of these points can be attributed to debates and discussions that the US media has so far <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/overview">failed to adequately cover</a> due to the lack of diverse perspectives coming from the Democrats in Congress and the White House.</p> <p>1.) Jarvis conflates reason-giving for domestic legal purposes with reason-giving for the <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/237">international legal purposes.</a> None of the three reasons that Jarvis lists would be permissible under International Law. The US chose WMD because the UK actually respects International Law.</p> <p>Quoting from the <a href="http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,2089-1648758_2,00.html">July 21, 2002 Cabinet Office Paper</a> (aka the second set of Downing Street Memos):</p> <blockquote><p>US views of international law vary from that of the UK and the international community. Regime change per se is not a proper basis for military action under international law. But regime change could result from action that is otherwise lawful.</p></blockquote> <p>2.) International Law Professor Sean <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/murphy">Murphy had the following to say</a> about the rationale for going to war:</p> <blockquote><p>I think you have to look at a legal argument for invading another country at the time that you’re actually invading the other country. It has to stand or fall at that time, I think. Otherwise, we’ll get into a situation where we say, "Well we’re invading. We’re not quite sure what the basis is going to be. We’ll tell you after we get in there and figure it out." And then "Oh, by the way, we got in there, and we can’t find a basis." And it’s just not going to work that way. So you have to look at what was the basis in March of 2003 for the coalition to go in? Did they have a legal authorization to do it, or didn’t they? And as I’ve indicated, I don’t think they did.</p></blockquote> <p>3.) Finally, it is under this International Legal context that Human Rights Watch came out in early 2004 saying that <a href="http://hrw.org/wr2k4/3.htm">"War in Iraq: Not a Humanitarian Intervention"</a></p> <p>I though that this was an interesting enough perspective to interview a lawyer at Human Rights Watch for The Echo Chamber Project last year. <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/brody">Reed Brody says</a> the following:</p> <blockquote><p>If you’re going to upset the rules of international law, and go in -- invade a country without United Nations authorization in apparent violation of the traditional rules because you say, ‘There’s a humanitarian emergency. We’ve got to get in there.’ Then you do it when the humanitarian emergency is real. You don’t do it because a country is engaged in a lot of torture -- as bad -- as condemnable as that may be. You do it when you’re actually going in to save tens of thousands or hundreds of thousands of lives.</p></blockquote> <p>The has been a debate about the moral and humanitarian justifications for the war in Iraq that has been taking place on the streets of America, but a debate the US media has failed cover beyond what the Congress or the Executive Branch has to say. </p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/238#comment Blog Communications DSMemos InternationalLaw New Media PR Transparency Tue, 21 Jun 2005 13:18:29 -0400 kentbye 238 at http://www.echochamberproject.com A Pitch for Phase 01 http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/236 <p>As a result of my little <a href="/tagcloud">Drupal tag cloud</a> PR blitz this afternoon, a Drupal developer asked me to pitch some features to him for a development contest that he's entering. </p> <p>I threw together an elevator pitch for technogeeks of <a href="/phase01">Phase 01</a></p> <p>Here it is:</p> <blockquote><p>A quick metaphor would be to say that I need del.icio.us-like capabilities within Drupal.</p> <p>But the way I'd pitch it would be to say that I need a toolkit for <a href="/node/151">Swarm Intelligence Journalism</a> by collecting third-party metadata on soundbite Drupal nodes so that I can <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/219">collaboratively edit</a> my investigative documentary film about how the mainstream media became an <strong>Echo Chamber</strong> to the countdown towards war in Iraq.</p> <p>If I had the <a href="/phase01">Phase 01</a> toolset that I'm proposing, then I could start to tap into the collective intelligence of a set of diverse volunteers by making their subjective interpretations of politcal material more explicit through folksonomy <a href="/tagcloud">tag clouds.</a> </p> <p>By associating pro-war and anti-war identities to third-party del.icio.us-like folksonomy tags on my politically contentious soundbites, then this tool could be used to bring about a deeper understanding to the common ground and points of departure between polar opposite poltical worldviews.</p> <p>Incorporating this <a href="/phase01">Phase 01</a> toolkit into Drupal will also <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/167">facilitate collaborative film editing capabilities</a> within Drupal by using the <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/219">Final Cut Pro XML interface.</a></p></blockquote> <p><!--break--></p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/236#comment del.icio.us Drupal FinalCutPro Folksonomy PR Roadmap XML Fri, 17 Jun 2005 18:06:27 -0400 kentbye 236 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Automatic Media Enclosures at del.icio.us http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/233 <p>The social bookmarking site of <a href="http://del.icio.us">del.icio.us</a> <a href="http://blog.del.icio.us/blog/2005/06/casting_the_net.html">announced on their blog earlier this week</a> that they are now automatically detecting media files and adding invisible "system:filetype:" tags to the post.</p> <blockquote><p>Bookmarked items in del.icio.us that end in one of a number of filetypes will now automatically get some system tags added. You can use these just like normal tags. RSS feeds that have one of those system tags added will automatically become a rss-with-enclosures file.</p></blockquote> <p>What the does this mean in English? </p> <p>Let's start from the beginning to show how this latest development is going to further democratize the media by giving people more and more choices for how they consume their information and media diet...<br /> <!--break--><br /> Let's say I find an interesting PDF file on the Internet that incorporates Integral Philosophy and Spiral Dynamics into mainstream communications theories.</p> <p>The URL of this file happens to be on my site at: <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/IntegralCommunicationThesis.pdf">http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/IntegralCommunicationThesis.pdf</a></p> <p>I read it and find the PDF file to be fascinating --<br /> I'd like to share it with people who'd really like it.</p> <p><strong>How do help other people discover it by using del.icio.us?</strong> </p> <p>Well, I go into my <a href="http://del.icio.us/kentbye">del.icio.us/kentbye</a> account and post a link to the the URL with the tags "SpiralDynamics Wilber Communications Worldview Evolution Integral."</p> <p>This serves a <strong>personal</strong> and <strong>global purpose.</strong></p> <p>It helps me find the URL for this file again a month from now when I accidently delete it or I want to link to the original PDF link in a blog post and I forget where I found it.</p> <p>This action puts a link to the URL of this file on all of my <strong>personal del.icio.us pages</strong>:<br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/kentbye/spiraldynamics">http://del.icio.us/kentbye/spiraldynamics</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/kentbye/Wilber">http://del.icio.us/kentbye/Wilber</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/kentbye/Communications">http://del.icio.us/kentbye/Communications</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/kentbye/Worldview">http://del.icio.us/kentbye/Worldview</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/kentbye/Evolution">http://del.icio.us/kentbye/Evolution</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/kentbye/Integral">http://del.icio.us/kentbye/Integral</a></p> <p>You'll notice that the communications tag is the only one I've used previously.</p> <p>This action also puts a link to the file on del.icio.us' <strong>global tag pages</strong> -- the latest websites that all del.icio.us users have tagged with the same keyword tags:<br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/spiraldynamics">http://del.icio.us/tag/spiraldynamics</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/Wilber">http://del.icio.us/tag/Wilber</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/Communications">http://del.icio.us/tag/Communications</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/Worldview">http://del.icio.us/tag/Worldview</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/Evolution">http://del.icio.us/tag/Evolution</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/Integral">http://del.icio.us/tag/Integral</a></p> <p>You can also do combinations of tags:<br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/communications+integral">http://del.icio.us/tag/communications+integral</a></p> <p>A better example that use more popular tags is here.<br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/RSS+newmedia">http://del.icio.us/tag/RSS+newmedia</a></p> <p><strong>All of these del.icio.us pages have RSS feeds</strong> where you can track all of the sites that ever tagged with those keywords -- you can also get RSS feeds of combinations.</p> <p>Okay -- so none of this is new to experienced del.icio.us users. </p> <p><strong>What's new?</strong></p> <p>Well, del.icio.us has added an invisible system tag to the post that doesn't clutter my personal del.icio.us site -- but it is another global way to share information.</p> <p>The pdf file briefly shows up on the <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/system:filetype:pdf">http://del.icio.us/tag/system:filetype:pdf</a> page which lists <strong><em>all of the PDF files</em></strong> that have been recently tagged in del.icio.us -- The Integral Communications link will probably be gone by the time you check this link -- but you can find it if you sift through the archives -- or better yet, it will have been in the RSS feeds of anyone who has subscribed to the <a href="http://del.icio.us/rss/tag/system:filetype:pdf">PDF RSS feed</a> because they want to track what PDF files people are finding interesting. </p> <p>Most people would refine their interest to something more specific though by adding an additional tag keyword to the RSS feed. For example, the PDF file I tagged shows up at the following link -- <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/system:filetype:pdf+spiraldynamics">http://del.icio.us/tag/system:filetype:pdf+spiraldynamics</a> -- and there happens to be two other PDF files that have been tagged with the "spiraldynamics" tag.</p> <p>This action has allowed me to find two other PDF files about spiral dynamics that I may have not been able to so easily discover with Google or known to even look for.</p> <p>And with del.icio.us I can even subscribe to an RSS feed at<br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/rss/tag/system:filetype:pdf+spiraldynamics">http://del.icio.us/rss/tag/system:filetype:pdf+spiraldynamics</a> that will deliver any other PDF file tagged with spiraldynamics in the future.</p> <p>The PDF file that I tagged also pops up temporarily on the PDF pages with the more popular tags like "communications" &amp; "evolution":<br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/system:filetype:pdf+communications">http://del.icio.us/tag/system:filetype:pdf+communications</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/system:filetype:pdf+evolution">http://del.icio.us/tag/system:filetype:pdf+evolution</a></p> <p>This <a href="http://blog.del.icio.us/blog/2005/06/casting_the_net.html">del.icio.us blog post</a> lists all of the following media files that they are now automatically encoding with these invisible system tags:</p> <p><a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/system:media:audio">All Audio Files</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/system:filetype:mp3">*.MP3</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/system:filetype:wav">*.WAV</a></p> <p><a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/system:media:video">All Video Files</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/system:filetype:mpg">*.MPG</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/system:filetype:mpeg">*.MPEG</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/system:filetype:avi">*.AVI</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/system:filetype:wmv">*.WMV</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/system:filetype:mov">*.MOV</a></p> <p><a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/system:media:image">All Image Files</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/system:filetype:jpg">*.JPG</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/system:filetype:jpeg">*.JPEG</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/system:filetype:gif">*.GIF</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/system:filetype:png">*.PNG</a></p> <p><a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/system:media:document">All Document Files</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/system:filetype:pdf">*.PDF</a><br /> <a href="http://del.icio.us/tag/system:filetype:doc">*.DOC</a></p> <p>Wow -- There's a new program that allows you to subscribe to Video RSS feeds called <a href="http://www.antisnottv.net/">FireANT</a> -- This means that people can subscribe to RSS feeds like this one <a href="http://del.icio.us/rss/tag/system:media:video+iraq">http://del.icio.us/rss/tag/system:media:video+iraq</a> and automatically download every single video that someone tags with an "iraq" tag. That's right -- FireANT allows you to subscribe to video RSS feeds which means that you could check to see if there are new videos posted to the <a href="http://del.icio.us/rss/tag/system:media:video+iraq">del.icio.us irag video feed</a> and automatically download all of these files to your harddrive while you sleep at night and watch them at your convenience without having to wait to download them.</p> <p><strong>Welcome to the personal media revolution that is just starting to really begin!</strong></p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/233#comment Choice Communications del.icio.us FireANT Folksonomy New Media PR RSS Vlog Thu, 16 Jun 2005 08:01:00 -0400 kentbye 233 at http://www.echochamberproject.com A Flood of Downing Street E-mail Alerts http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/232 <p>I've been flooded this week with e-mail notices about the upcoming Downing Street Memo Congressional hearings being held tomorrow initiated by Representative John Conyers (D-MI).</p> <p>I think it's interesting to watch how these progressive grassroots organizations have helped keep this issue alive through the Internet. I'll pass along all of these e-mails for you to read through down below. </p> <p>I used to consume about 90 minutes of political news a day, but I've parsed that down to about 10 minutes of scanning headlines per day with the rest of my 30 minutes of spent surfing <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/84">blogs covering the New Media movement.</a></p> <p>I pick up the slack by scanning the titles of e-mails that I'm sent by a number e-mail lists (mostly progressive but a few conservative). </p> <p>If more opposition Congressmen and Senators pick up on this, then this story could have legs -- especially if more documentary evidence or testimony turns up tomorrow. Otherwise this story will have a hard time breaking out of progressive anti-war circles and into the mainstream consciousness.</p> <p>I personally think the Downing Street documents contain some pretty compelling circumstantial evidence that the Bush Administration never took the United Nations weapons inspection process seriously. It reinforces the hypothesis that the US only went through the UN because Tony Blair's demanded it as one of two conditions for being a part of the Coalition of the Willing -- (the other being a concrete plan for Israel &amp; Palestine).</p> <p>The UK takes International Law seriously, and the US political establishment and therefore media don't think it's all that important. But these latest memos have helped introduce these International Law issues into the US media bubble where they have been almost universally ignored leading up to the war and up to the present moment. </p> <p>After the Congressional resolution passed in early October 2002, war was seen as inevitable by the US media and the inconsistencies in the Bush administration's arguments presented at the UN and the ones presented at home were largely overlooked by a myopic US media. </p> <p>A more detailed <a href="/overview">overview is here</a> and here are <a href="/internationallaw">all of my blog postings tagged International Law.</a></p> <p>Plenty more about the latest Downing Street developments can be found in the flood e-mails listed below...<br /> <!--break--></p> <p><strong>FYI:</strong> I don't necessarily endorse all of these e-mail messages -- I haven't clicked through any of the links, called anyone or tried to pass along any of my writings on the subject. </p> <p>I just thought it'd be interesting to document these grassroots actions to see if they help create enough political support for further Congressional action. </p> <p>Transparency and Openness is what our Democracy is supposed to be about, and I'm all for an open and detailed inquiry into this matter.</p> <p>Anyway, the first e-mail that I received within the last week was from <strong>Democracy for America</strong>:</p> <blockquote><p> <strong>Subject: Did You Get the Memo?</strong><br /> Date: 6/8/05 3:45 p.m.</p> <p>Dear Kent,<br /> Read the Downing Street Memo</p> <p>Since the United States went to war in Iraq, nearly 1,700 of our troops have died there -- most of them long after President Bush put on his flight-suit to boast of an end to "major hostilities."</p> <p>Despite his declaration, though, the war rages on for our nation's sons and daughters -- with no end in sight. Senior military officers have started to admit off the record that, even if we stay for years, we may ultimately fail. Our country has paid a terrible price in blood, in tax dollars, and in the global reputation that generations of Americans have built.</p> <p>It gets worse. A secret British document revealed last month -- the Downing Street Memo -- all but confirms a sickening truth. Obsessed with Saddam no matter what the cost, President Bush and his aides dragged the nation to war with fixed evidence and false claims about non-existent Iraqi WMD's.</p> <p>Despite pressure from ordinary people who have read the few reports of the memo in the American press, the White House has stonewalled on the issue. And the vast majority of our complacent media allows it.</p> <p>Enough is enough. I'm tired of waiting for President Bush to own up to the facts -- and we apparently can't count on our own media to ask the simple, tough questions.</p> <p>So, first things first -- read the memo and commit to making sure every other American does, too:</p> <p>http://www.democracyforamerica.com/memo</p> <p>The Downing Street Memo makes clear that Bush wanted intelligence that justified a war, no matter how the facts had to be bent to get it.</p> <p>The memo consists of the minutes of a meeting where the British intelligence chief, just back from the White House, told Prime Minister Tony Blair that "Bush wanted to remove Saddam, through military action, justified by the conjunction of terrorism and [weapons of mass destruction]. But the intelligence and facts," the Downing Street Memo continues, "were being fixed around the policy. The [National Security Council] had no patience with the UN route, and no enthusiasm for publishing material on the Iraqi regime's record. There was little discussion in Washington of the aftermath after military action."</p> <p>Today, American soldiers and their families deal with the aftermath of a war hastily planned and poorly executed by an ideologically obsessed White House that finds money for corporate welfare, but not for armor for our troops.</p> <p>The American people deserve an explanation -- but it's clear that even with Blair in Washington this week, the press won't do the job on its own. So we will have to take the memo directly to the people. Ask your friends, family and co-workers: have they read the memo? Ask them here:</p> <p>http://www.democracyforamerica.com/memoinvite</p> <p>Read the memo for yourself -- the full-text is at the end of this email.</p> <p>We all have to spread the word about the deceptions it reveals. Together, we can put the truth on our leaders' agenda.</p> <p>But it's going to take a lot of work. That's why grassroots DFA groups across the country will be setting up tables, handing out copies, and asking Americans: have you read the memo?</p> <p>When it comes to matters of war and peace, doesn't every American deserve the truth?</p> <p>Tom Hughes<br /> Executive Director<br /> Democracy for America</p> <p>P.S. -- At democracyforamerica.com, you can find a print version of the memo to post or hand out in your community, along with a print petition you can use to inform your friends and neighbors. And through our event planning tool, you can set up a Downing Street Memo table right at your own town square, student center or neighborhood corner. </p></blockquote> <p>I got this the next day from <strong>MoveOn PAC:</strong></p> <blockquote> <p><strong>Subject: 500,000 signatures needed today to expose Iraq lies</strong><br /> Date: 6/9/05 11:31 a.m.</p> <p>Dear MoveOn member,</p> <p>Last month the Times of London printed "smoking gun" evidence that long before the invasion of Iraq the Bush administration was determined to go to war, intentionally distorting intelligence, and lying to the American people.</p> <p>The proof comes from the classified minutes of a British cabinet meeting, referred to as the "Downing Street Memo." So far President Bush has refused to explain or directly respond to the memo, but pressure is mounting daily from Congress and the public. This week Tony Blair visited Washington and the press finally started asking the obvious questions—creating a critical opportunity to turn up the heat.</p> <p>One Congressman, John Conyers of Michigan, has started a citizens petition—demanding that Bush directly respond to the evidence of deception contained in the Downing Street Memo. When half a million Americans sign, Rep. Conyers will personally deliver the signatures to the gates of the White House.</p> <p>If we can reach 500,000 signatures today we can bring this scandal to light while the story is still hot. Please add your voice today:</p> <p>http://www.moveonpac.org/tellthetruth/?id=5651-1864367-cAGh4P0yYzoLdpiRX3zALw&amp;t=3</p> <p>The smoking gun memo quotes high level British officials during a July 23rd, 2002 cabinet meeting, discussing recent conversations with the Bush Administration on their decision to invade Iraq and the manipulation of intelligence to back it up. Below are two key excerpts:</p> <p>Sir Richard Dearlove, Director of the British foreign intelligence service, (MI6) reported on his recent meetings in Washington:</p> <p> Military action was now seen as inevitable. Bush wanted to remove Saddam, through military action, justified by the conjunction of terrorism and WMD. But the intelligence and facts were being fixed around the policy.[1][1] </p> <p>Later British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw added:</p> <p> It seemed clear that Bush had made up his mind to take military action, even if the timing was not yet decided. But the case was thin. Saddam was not threatening his neighbours, and his WMD capability was less than that of Libya, North Korea or Iran.[2] </p> <p>The British government has not disputed the authenticity or accuracy of the smoking gun memo, even in the few crucial days after the story broke before Tony Blair's re-election.[3]</p> <p>What the Bush administration told these foreign officials is the exact opposite of what the President repeatedly told Congress and the American people about his decision before the invasion, and what he continues to claim - that he was trying to avoid a war America did not want, and that intelligence about the Iraqi weapons of mass destruction was clear and compelling.[4]</p> <p>Why is it important to confront the Bush administration now and get this story out?</p> <p>The Bush administration continues to peddle falsehoods about the rush to war and intelligence manipulation, despite overwhelming evidence from former administration officials, and now our closest allies. Two weeks ago, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice told troops stationed in Iraq: "This war came to us, not the other way around."[5] And just yesterday Bush avoided a direct question about the Downing Street Memo by simply reiterating his claim that the war was a choice of last resort.[6]</p> <p>We must make it clear that lying to the people and our representatives about the life and death choices we face must not go unaddressed. Democracy cannot function without truth from our leaders, and it's time for the deception to end.</p> <p>With limited news coverage and an administration completely dismissive of any evidence it doesn't like, exposing the truth can feel like a daunting challenge. But we've been here before. Many of us joined MoveOn at a time when the White House and the press didn't believe there could be any real opposition to the President's war, and it took millions of us working together to prove them wrong. That time has come again.</p> <p>Please help take the first crucial step by helping Representative Conyers directly confront President Bush with signatures and comments from 500,000 Americans demanding a real response to the Downing Street Memo—and the truth about the war.</p> <p>Please sign today:</p> <p>http://www.moveonpac.org/tellthetruth/?id=5651-1864367-cAGh4P0yYzoLdpiRX3zALw&amp;t=4</p> <p>Thanks for all that you do.</p> <p>--Ben, Adam, Jennifer, Eli and the MoveOn PAC Team<br /> Thursday, June 9, 2005</p> <p>Notes:</p> <p>For more information about the Downing Street Memo, including the full text, visit http://www.downingstreetmemo.com/</p> <p>To read the full text of Representative Conyers' sign on letter, go to: http://www.moveonpac.org/tellthetruth/conyersletter.html?id=5651-1864367-cAGh4P0yYzoLdpiRX3zALw&amp;t=5</p> <p>[1] The Downing Street Memo, http://www.moveon.org/r?r=741</p> <p>[2] The Downing Street Memo, http://www.moveon.org/r?r=741</p> <p>[3] CNN, Bush asked to explain UK War Memo May 12, 2005 http://www.cnn.com/2005/US/05/11/britain.war.memo/</p> <p>[4] There are dozens of quotes by Bush and senior administration officials containing false claims about invasion plans and WMD's compiled by the Center for American Progress, and searchable here: http://www.claimvfact.com/</p> <p>Here are just a few directly from the President and the White House official statements, made before the war and after the time of the Downing Street Memo:</p> <p> * "Of course, I haven't made up my mind we're going to war with Iraq." [10/1/02]<br /> * "Hopefully, we can do this peacefully—don't get me wrong. And if the world were to collectively come together to do so, and to put pressure on Saddam Hussein and convince him to disarm, there's a chance he may decide to do that. And war is not my first choice, don't—it's my last choice." [11/7/02]<br /> * "This is our attempt to work with the world community to create peace. And the best way for peace is for Mr. Saddam Hussein to disarm. It's up to him to make his decision." [12/4/02]<br /> * "The Iraqi regime possesses biological and chemical weapons...And according to the British government, the Iraqi regime could launch a biological or chemical attack in as little as 45 minutes." [9/26/2002]<br /> * "I expected to find the weapons [because] I based my decision on the best intelligence possible...The evidence I had was the best possible evidence that he had a weapon. [2/8/2004] </p> <p>[5] CNN, "Rice makes surprise visit to Iraq" May 15, 2005 http://www.moveon.org/r?r=739</p> <p>[6] New York Times, "Bush and Blair Deny 'Fixed' Iraq Reports" June 8th 2005 http://www.moveon.org/r?r=740 </p></blockquote> <p><strong>Buzzflash</strong> sent out a special report over the weekend pointing to the latest <a href="http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,2089-1648758_1,00.html">Downing Street documents</a> published by the London Times over the weekend.</p> <blockquote><p> <strong>Subject: Whoa, Smoking Cannon Revelation of Bush/Blair Iraqi Lies!</strong><br /> Sent: 6/11/05 9:49 p.m.</p> <p>For the full story go to the main headline at BuzzFlash.com on Saturday<br /> Night!</p> <p>Four Star Alert, This is the Smoking Cannon After the Smoking Gun and the<br /> Smoking Bullet About Fixing Intelligence: "The briefing paper, for<br /> participants at a meeting of Blair’s inner circle on July 23, 2002, said<br /> that since regime change was illegal it was "necessary to create the<br /> conditions" which would make it legal."</p> <p>"The briefing paper is certain to add to the pressure, particularly on the<br /> American president, because of the damaging revelation that Bush and Blair<br /> agreed on regime change in April 2002 and then looked for a way to justify<br /> it."</p> <p>When will Bush be held accountable when the proof is so overwhelming it<br /> would have gotten any other president impeached by now?</p> <p>Go to BuzzFlash.com for the details.</p></blockquote> <p>Then a follow-up message from <strong>Democracy for America</strong> on Monday:</p> <blockquote><p><strong>Subject: Personal Secret UK Eyes Only </strong><br /> Date: 6/13/05 3:30 p.m.</p> <p>Dear Kent,</p> <p>Last week, I sent you the full minutes of a July 2002 meeting where the British intelligence chief -- having just returned to London from the White House -- told Prime Minister Tony Blair that, in regards to Iraq War planning, "the intelligence and facts were being fixed" by the Bush administration.</p> <p>Those minutes -- the "Downing Street Memo" -- finally made the front page of the Washington Post on Sunday. Rep. John Conyers (D-Mich.) holds hearings on the matter later this week.</p> <p>But now there's even more: As if we didn't have enough evidence that the White House sacrificed over 1,700 American lives to a war based on trumped-up charges, this past weekend brought news of yet another memo -- this time, the PERSONAL SECRET UK EYES ONLY briefing paper from that July 2002 meeting.</p> <p>What does the new memo show? That British officials worried about "creat[ing] the conditions in which [they] could legally support military action" -- because they knew the facts made no case for the war Bush had decided to wage. Worse, it confirms the rudely obvious fact that Bush had no clue how to deal with Iraq after toppling the regime. To quote:<br /> "A post-war occupation of Iraq could lead to a protracted and costly nation-building exercise. As already made clear, the US military plans are virtually silent on this point."</p> <p>See the new EYES ONLY briefing and the Downing Street Memo for yourself:</p> <p>http://www.democracyforamerica.com/memo</p> <p>Together, these briefings give us the painful, raw truth. In 2002, George W. Bush fixed the facts. He didn't have an exit strategy. He still doesn't. And every day, our sons and daughters in Iraq pay a terrible price because of it.</p> <p>We need to get out of this mess.</p> <p>Democracy for America is looking for ideas - yours - on how best to spread the word on the Downing Street papers. Is it reprints in newspapers across the country? Is it a "Did You Get The Memo?" advertising campaign? Or, maybe, it's billboards in Crawford?</p> <p>http://www.democracyforamerica.com/downingideas</p> <p>Be creative. The best ideas always come from the grassroots. Later this week, we'll announce the campaign that you help design.</p> <p>The facts in the memo and the briefing can't be twisted, and they can't be fixed. Together, we're going to get them to as many people as we can -- because America deserves the truth about the White House's failed and misguided policy.</p> <p>With thanks,<br /> Tom Hughes<br /> Democracy for America</p></blockquote> <p>I then received the following message 40 minutes later from <strong>United Peace &amp; Justice</strong> on Monday:</p> <blockquote><p> <strong> Subject:Hold Bush Accountable for his Iraq War Lies</strong><br /> Date: 6/13/05 4:10 p.m.</p> <p>Downing Street Memo Offers Proof of Pre-War Intelligence Manipulation<br /> Join the Conyers' Initiative to Demand a Resolution of Inquiry<br /> Take Action TODAY and on June 16th (details below)</p> <p>By now you've probably heard about the Downing Street memo, the minutes of a meeting between British Prime Minister Tony Blair and top U.S. intelligence officials in July 2002, where -- more than half a year before the Bush administration started it's war on Iraq -- the Bush administration's efforts to manipulate intelligence data in order to justify going to war are laid out. It's concrete proof of what the anti-war movement has known all along: The war on Iraq was based on lies.</p> <p>Now, in a critically important new development, Rep. John Conyers, Jr. is convening a hearing to gather more testimony about the Downing Street Minutes and the Bush administration's manipulations and lies. On this Thursday, June 16th, Rep. Conyers, the Ranking Member of the House Judiciary Committee, and other members of Congress will use this hearing to address a set of Constitutional questions raised by the information disclosed in the Downing Street Minutes.</p> <p>Rep. Conyers is prepared to lead the fight to pass a Resolution of Inquiry which would direct the House Judiciary Committee to launch a formal investigation into whether sufficient grounds exist for the House to impeach President Bush. The hearing on Thursday is part of this process, and there are several ways you can join this effort:</p> <p>1) Take a moment right now to sign on to a citizens petition/letter campaign initiated by Rep. Conyers. It is directed to the White House and demands answers, it demands the truth. Hundreds of thousands of people have already signed the letter, and we want to help expand this effort. The names gathered by this Thursday will be included in the delivery of the petitions to the White House that Rep. Conyers will do after the hearing.</p> <p>2) Urge your representative to join this effort. Close to 100 members of Congress have already signed on. Now is the time to push the people who represent you to take a stand, to do the right thing!</p> <p>To get the most up-to-date list of the members of Congress that have signed on to the Conyers letter, and to send an email to your member of Congress, visit http://www.afterdowningstreet.org.</p> <p>3) On Thursday, June 16th, there will be a demonstration in Washington, DC in support of the hearing and petition delivery by Rep. Conyers. If you live in driving distance of Washington, D.C., try to attend this important gathering. Or consider organizing a solidarity demonstration in your city or town. The details of the Washington protest are still being worked out, so be sure to check the web site for the exact time and place, as well as downloadable flyers for the event. </p> <p>You can also find more information there about the hearing and petition campaign, and other news about developments related to this. </p> <p>For more information about the Downing Street Memo, including the full text, visit http://www.downingstreetmemo.com </p></blockquote> <p>I then received the following Action Alert from <strong>Fairness &amp; Accuracy in Reporting</strong> on Tuesday:</p> <blockquote><p> <strong>Subject: Downing Street Memo Activists "Wing Nuts," "Paranoid" </strong><br /> Date: 6/14/05 2:49 p.m.</p> <p>FAIR-L<br /> Fairness &amp; Accuracy In Reporting<br /> Media analysis, critiques and activism</p> <p>http://www.fair.org/index.php?page=2545</p> <p>ACTION ALERT:<br /> Downing Street Memo Activists "Wing Nuts," "Paranoid"</p> <p>June 14, 2005</p> <p>After over a month of scant media attention, mainstream U.S. outlets have begun to report more seriously about the "Downing Street Memo," the minutes of a July 2002 meeting of British government officials that indicate the White House had already made up its mind to invade Iraq at that early date, and that "the intelligence and facts were being fixed around the policy" of invading rather than seeking a peaceful solution.</p> <p>A June 7 White House press conference with George W. Bush and Tony Blair offered the first public response from Bush to the memo, and with that came an upswing in U.S. media attention. But some in the media took it as a chance to lash out at the activists who have been bringing attention to the story all along. On June 8, Washington Post reporter Dana Milbank referred to Downing Street Memo activists--some of whom were offering a cash reward for the first journalist to ask Bush about the memo--as "wing nuts." He also offered an illogical explanation for the memo's low media profile:</p> <p>"In part, the memo never gained traction here because, unlike in Britain, it wasn't election season, and the war is not as unpopular here. In part, it's also because the notion that Bush was intent on military action in Iraq had been widely reported here before, in accounts from Paul O'Neill and Bob Woodward, among others. The memo was also more newsworthy across the Atlantic because it reinforced the notion there that Blair has been acting as Bush's 'poodle.'"</p> <p>Milbank had reported the same day (6/8/05) that his paper's latest poll showed that only 41 percent of Americans approved of the Iraq war--which makes one wonder when exactly the war would cross Milbank's threshold and become unpopular enough to make the memo newsworthy. Secondly, Milbank argued the memo isn't news because other similar stories were once reported--a peculiar explanation, to be sure. Finally, Milbank's third rationale--that the memo was news in the U.K. because it confirmed existing suspicions--would seem to directly contradict the second principle of not reporting familiar stories.</p> <p>Los Angeles Times editorial page editor Michael Kinsley opted for sarcasm over serious discussion, deriding activists in a June 12 column for sending him emails "demanding that I cease my personal cover-up of something called the Downing Street Memo." Kinsley kidded that the fuss was a good sign for the Left: "Developing a paranoid theory and promoting it to the very edge of national respectability takes ideological self-confidence."</p> <p>What does Kinsley mean by paranoid? Criticizing the Times for not giving the story much attention would be accurate: Prior to the Bush-Blair press conference, a Nexis search shows one story about the Downing Street minutes appeared in the paper nearly two weeks after the story broke (5/12/05), and that columnist Robert Scheer mentioned it a few days later (5/17/05).</p> <p>In fact, Kinsley's mocking seemed to serve no purpose, since his fallback position is a familiar media defense: We all knew the Bush administration wanted war, so this simply isn't news. As Kinsley put it, "Of course, you don't need a secret memo to know this." As for "intelligence and facts...being fixed around the policy," Kinsley eventually acknowledged that "we know now that this was true."</p> <p>So, to follow Kinsley's logic: People who demand more Downing Street coverage have developed a "paranoid theory" that accurately portrays White House decision-making on Iraq. His only quarrel with what he calls a "vast conspiracy" pushing the mainstream media to take the memo more seriously is that the activists think such information is important, and should be brought to the attention of the public, whereas Kinsley--and apparently many others in the mainstream media--doesn't "buy the fuss."</p> <p>ACTION:<br /> Contact the Washington Post ombudsman Michael Getler and ask him if it is appropriate to label media activists "wing nuts" in a news story. Also, ask Los Angeles Times editor Michael Kinsley to explain how Downing Street Memo activists are peddling a "paranoid theory" that he also suggests is correct.</p> <p>CONTACT:<br /> Washington Post<br /> Ombudsman<br /> Michael Getler<br /> Phone: (202) 334-7582<br /> ombudsman@washpost.com</p> <p>Los Angeles Times<br /> Editorial &amp; Opinion Editor<br /> Michael Kinsley<br /> michael.kinsley@latimes.com</p> <p>As always, please remember that your comments have more impact if you maintain a polite tone. </p></blockquote> <p>I then received the following e-mail from <strong>CODEPINK</strong> on Tuesday evening.</p> <blockquote><p> <strong>Subject: Memo-Gate: Demand the Truth!</strong><br /> Date: 6/14/05 5:26 p.m.</p> <p>Dear Supporter,</p> <p>A few weeks ago, CODEPINK joined together with other groups to form the After Downing Street coalition in order to publicize the shocking Downing Street memo. This memo shows the Bush administration's determination to invade Iraq even though Iraq posed no threat to us, and its decision to "fix" intelligence data to justify the case for invasion. With more than 100,000 deaths, over $300 billion tax dollars spent, and a severely tarnished international reputation, we, the American people, must now ensure that those in charge are held accountable. The Downing Street memo presents a unique opportunity to do that and we need your help.</p> <p>Here are important ways you can help:</p> <p>1. Sign Rep. Conyers petition and get your congressional Rep to sign as well. Shortly after the May 1st leak of the memo, Rep. John Conyers sent a letter to George W. Bush asking for an explanation. To date, more than 100 of his congressional colleagues have also signed on. Please urge your congressperson to join! (See link below to send a letter to your Rep.) If you have not already signed the letter yourself (over 500,000 people have!), or if you are willing to send the letter to friends for their signature, click here.</p> <p>2. Pressure your Congressional Representative to join this effort. On Thursday, Rep. Conyers will hold a public hearing to look into the constitutional questions raised by the memo. Directly following the hearing, Rep. Conyers, together with other members of Congress and concerned citizens (including CODEPINK), will go to the White House to hand deliver the letter with the 500,000 signatures! Send your Rep an email letter urging him or her to: a) sign on to Conyers' petition letter, b) attend the June 16 hearing on the Downing Street Minutes, and c) support a resolution of inquiry into impeacheable offenses. Please email your Rep today and ask him or her to do the right thing! Spread the word!</p> <p>If you are in the DC area, come join us at the June 16 Hearing and Rally in Lafayette Park.</p> <p>3. Pressure your media to cover the hearing and the memo itself. The White House would love to see this memo fade away, and so would much of the mainstream press! Let's force them to cover the issue. Contact your local media. Click here for action ideas, sample letters to the editor, press releases and op-eds.</p> <p>The way we see it, this memo shows that the Bush administration has engaged in a conspiracy to deceive Congress and the American people about the reasons for going to war. That constitutes a High Crime, and grounds for impeachment. While it is highly unlikely that a Republican Congress will impeach George Bush, it is critical for us to push the process and to educate the American people about the lies that sucked us into this quagmire in Iraq. Let's ride the Downing Street wave as far as we can take it!</p> <p>With a passion for truth,</p> <p>Dana, Farida, Gael, Jodie, Medea, Nancy, Rae, and Tiffany </p></blockquote> <p>I got the following message from <strong>TrueMajority</strong> on Tuesday evening:</p> <blockquote><p> <strong>Subject: Downing Street Memo: The Smoking Gun </strong><br /> Date: 6/14/05 9:49 p.m.</p> <p>We All Thought Bush Was Lying; Now We Have Proof<br /> Help Rep. Conyers Find Out What Really Happened</p> <p>Dear Kent,</p> <p>We all thought that Bush was lying when he said that we had to invade Iraq because of 9/11 and Saddam’s weapons of mass destruction (WMDs). Well, now we have proof. A British journalist uncovered a memo to Tony Blair from his chief of foreign intelligence written after a series of high-level meetings in Washington back in July of 2002—months before Colin Powell’s famous presentation to the United Nations.</p> <p>Basically, the memo states that the Bush administration was set on ousting Saddam Hussein despite the circumstances. However, since that would violate international law, the administration planned on using terrorism and WMDs as the pretext, even if the facts didn’t support it. You can read the entire memo here, but these are a few of my favorite lines:</p> <p>"It seemed clear that Bush had made up his mind to take military action...but the case was thin. Saddam was not threatening his neighbors, and his WMD capability was less than that of Libya, North Korea or Iran." In another section, the intelligence advisor writes: "But the intelligence and facts were being fixed around the policy."</p> <p>That’s a smoking gun if I’ve ever smelled one. While administration officials filled the airwaves talking about the need to remove Saddam because of his WMDs and his being an imminent threat, they were confiding to their closest ally that that really wasn’t true. Apparently Tony Blair deserved the truth but the American people didn’t.</p> <p>Rep. John Conyers and 88 other members of Congress sent a letter to the president asking five straightforward questions about the memo (see them below). Their request has been met with stony silence. Rep. Conyers is asking the American people to join him as he tries to get some answers, by signing the letter yourselves. If you are a member of TrueMajority, you can sign the letter by simply hitting "Reply" and "Send," and we’ll add your name. If you were forwarded this e-mail or would like to read the full text of the letter, simply click here:</p> <p>http://action.truemajority.org/campaign/DowningStreetMemo</p> <p>Rep. Conyers is holding a hearing on this issue on Thursday, June 16th, so please take action and urge your friends to do the same before then.</p> <p>Thanks for seeking the truth,</p> <p>Andrew Greenblatt</p> <p>Online Organizer</p> <p>You can read the entire letter and the Downing Street Memo click here. Here are the five questions in the letter:</p> <p>1) Do you or anyone in your administration dispute the accuracy of the leaked document?</p> <p>2) Were arrangements being made, including the recruitment of allies, before you sought Congressional authorization to go to war? Did you or anyone in your Administration obtain Britain's commitment to invade prior to this time?</p> <p>3) Was there an effort to create an ultimatum about weapons inspectors in order to help with the justification for the war as the minutes indicate?</p> <p>4) At what point in time did you and Prime Minister Blair first agree it was necessary to invade Iraq?</p> <p>5) Was there a coordinated effort with the U.S. intelligence community and/or British officials to "fix" the intelligence and facts around the policy as the leaked document states? </p></blockquote> <p>Amy Goodman at <strong>Democracy Now!</strong> took up the issue on Wednesday morning by interviewing Rep. John Conyors. Here is the e-mail digest that DN! sent out:</p> <blockquote><p> <strong>Subject: DN!: Downing Street Memo Comes to Washington//Untold Story of Emmett</strong><br /> Date: 6/15/05 1:55 p.m.</p> <p>TODAY'S DEMOCRACY NOW!:</p> <p>* The Downing Street Memo Comes To Washington, Conyers Blasts "Deafening<br /> Sound of Silence" *</p> <p>We speak with Rep. John Conyers (D-MI) who is convening a public hearing<br /> tomorrow in Washington on the so-called Downing Street Memo and other newly<br /> released documents that he says show the Bush administration's "efforts to<br /> cook the books on pre-war intelligence." We also speak with former CIA<br /> analyst Ray McGovern.</p> <p>Listen/Watch/Read<br /> http://www.democracynow.org/article.pl?sid=05/06/15/1345223</p></blockquote> <p>As I was writing up this compilation of e-mails, I just received another alert from the <strong>Institute of Public Accuracy:</strong> </p> <blockquote><p> <strong>Subject: Downing Street Memo: Deception and Cover-Up</strong><br /> Date: 6/15/05 4:15 p.m.</p> <p>Institute for Public Accuracy<br /> 915 National Press Building, Washington, D.C. 20045<br /> (202) 347-0020 * http://www.accuracy.org * ipa@accuracy.org</p> <p> PM Wednesday, June 15, 2005</p> <p> Downing Street Memo: Deception and Cover-Up</p> <p>On Thursday June 16, 2005, from 2:30 p.m. to 4:30 p.m. in Room HC-9 of the U.S. Capitol, Rep. John Conyers, Jr., Ranking Member of the House Judiciary Committee, and other members of Congress will hold a hearing on the Downing Street Minutes and related evidence of White House efforts to cook the books on pre-war intelligence.</p> <p>Later on the same day at 5:00 p.m. ET in Lafayette Square Park, in front of the White House, Congressman Conyers will deliver to the White House a letter addressed to President Bush and signed by over 500,000 Americans and over 90 members of Congress. The letter asks the President to respond to questions raised by the Downing Street Minutes.</p> <p>Among those speaking at the hearings will be: Joe Wilson, former U.S. ambassador and WMD expert; Ray McGovern, 27-year CIA analyst who prepared regular presidential briefings during the Reagan administration; Cindy Sheehan, mother of a U.S. soldier killed in Iraq; and John Bonifaz, co-founder of AfterDowningStreet.org.</p> <p>The following are available for interviews:</p> <p>JOHN BONIFAZ, DAVID SWANSON, david@davidswanson.org, http://www.AfterDowningStreet.org<br /> Bonifaz and Swanson are two of the co-founders of the AfterDowningStreet.org coalition which is urging Congress to begin a formal investigation into whether President Bush has committed impeachable offenses in connection with the Iraq war. The Downing Street Memo consists of minutes of a meeting with the British Prime Minister Tony Blair and his top foreign policy advisors in July 2002 before the U.S. Congressional and UN votes on Iraq. The minutes state that: "Bush wanted to remove Saddam, through military action, justified by the conjunction of terrorism and WMD. But the intelligence and facts were being fixed around the policy." [Video on the controversy is available at: [http://hijackingcatastrophe.org/downingstreet>.]</p> <p>WILLIAM CHRISTISON, bill@christison-santafe.com, http://www.counterpunch.org/christison02082003.html<br /> RAY McGOVERN, mcgovern@slschool.org, http://www.democracynow.org/article.pl?sid=05/06/15/1345223<br /> Available for a limited number of interviews, McGovern was a 27-year career analyst with the CIA. The Washington Post in its lead editorial today writes: "The memos add not a single fact to what was previously known about the administration's prewar deliberations. Not only that: They add nothing to what was publicly known in July 2002."<br /> McGovern said today: "If the editors of The Washington Post knew that as of July, 2002, the President had, in the words of the Downing Street Memo, 'inevitably' decided on war, if they knew that the president intended to use as justification the conjunction between terrorism and so-called weapons of mass destruction, and if they knew that the intelligence and facts were being 'fixed' around the policy, then why didn't they say that clearly at the time?"<br /> Former director of the CIA's Office of Regional and Political Analysis, Christison said today: "The Downing Street Memo shows that war was not a last resort as the administration continues to claim, but a first resort. While many of us came to that assessment before the invasion, the Memo fits in with other things we have found out since the invasion -- like revelations by former Treasury Secretary Paul O'Neil that Bush and others wanted to go after Iraq from the start."<br /> As members of the steering committee for Veteran Intelligence Professionals for Sanity, McGovern and Christison were among the authors of the article "Cooking Intelligence for War" [<http://www.counterpunch.org/vips03152003.html>], which appeared just before the invasion of Iraq.</p> <p>JOSEPH WILSON, joewilson@jcwilsoninternationalventures.com, http://www.politicsoftruth.com<br /> Wilson is author of the book "The Politics of Truth: Inside the Lies that Led to War and Betrayed My Wife's CIA Identity." He also wrote the New York Times op-ed in July 2003 titled "What I Didn't Find in Africa," in which he stated: "The question now is how that answer [the finding that Iraq did not obtain uranium from Niger] was or was not used by our political leadership. If my information was deemed inaccurate, I understand (though I would be very interested to know why). If, however, the information was ignored because it did not fit certain preconceptions about Iraq, then a legitimate argument can be made that we went to war under false pretenses."<br /> Wilson said today: "My question appears to have been answered by the Downing Street Memo: The administration was fixing the facts to fit the policy it wanted. It's incorrect for anyone to state that this is old news since we supposedly all knew that Bush wanted war under any circumstances. Until the 2004 election a majority of Americans mistakenly thought we found weapons of mass destruction in Iraq."</p> <p>CINDY SHEEHAN, scindy121@aol.com, http://www.gsfp.org<br /> Sheehan is co-founder of Gold Star Families for Peace. Her son Casey was killed in Iraq. She said today: "Members of Congress -- whether they are Democrats or Republicans -- should do the right thing. They have a Constitutional duty to investigate the facts surrounding the Downing Street Memo. They didn't ask my son if he was a Democrat or Republican when he joined the military. These are life and death questions and should be treated that way."</p> <p>For more information, contact at the Institute for Public Accuracy:<br /> Sam Husseini, (202) 347-0020; or David Zupan, (541) 484-9167</p></blockquote> <p>From the conservative perspective, the Downing Street Memo has also hit the <strong>Media Research Center's</strong> radar screen a number of times over the past week.</p> <p>From the MRC's <a href="http://www.mediaresearch.org/cyberalerts/2005/cyb20050608.asp#1">6-8-05 Cyber Alert</a></p> <blockquote><p> Networks Pounce on Opportunity to Hype "Downing Street Memo"</p> <p>1) Enabled by a question posed at Tuesday afternoon's press conference at the White House with President Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair, the CBS Evening News, NBC Nightly News, MSNBC's Countdown, with Keith Olbermann making it his lead item, and CNN's NewsNight all jumped on a cause celebre of the left, the so-called "Downing Street memo." NBC's David Gregory described it as "a rallying cry for war critics" which "claims that in July 2002, the President had already decided to go to war and claims, quote, 'the intelligence and facts were being fixed around the policy.'" CNN anchor Aaron Brown boosted the credibility of the memo as he asserted that "even if we aren't exactly sure how the intelligence service and the administration got it so wrong" on Iraq, "one answer comes in the so-called 'Downing Street memo' written by a British intelligence official who says the WMD threat was deliberately exaggerated to sell the war. Neither the President nor the British Prime Minister would acknowledge that, how could they?"</p></blockquote> <p>Finally, <a href="http://www.mediaresearch.org/cyberalerts/2005/cyb20050615.asp#1">today's MRC Cyber alert</a> criticized NBC's coverage of the Downing Street Memo and heralded Fox's coverage of the "New Annan Scandal":</p> <blockquote><p> FNC Picks Up New Annan Scandal Link, NBC Plays Up British Memos</p> <p>1) An illustration of mainstream versus new media news judgment. On Tuesday night, FNC's Special Report with Brit Hume led with how the commission investigating the UN oil-for-food scandal is "urgently" reviewing documents which, FNC's Jonathan Hunt reported, "appear to contradict [UN Secretary General Kofi] Annan's claim that he knew nothing about the awarding of a major oil for food contract to a company that employed his son." But none of the broadcast network evening newscasts, nor CNN's NewsNight, mentioned the development even though the Tuesday New York Times ran an article on it and before 1pm EDT Tuesday the AP distributed a story, with reaction from the Volcker committee, headlined: "Memo Suggests Annan Oil-For-Food Link." Instead, the NBC Nightly News regurgitated the so-called "Downing Street Memo" as Andrea Mitchell gave publicity to how "war critics have come up with seven more memos verified by NBC News. One, also from July 2002, says U.S. military planners had given 'little thought' to postwar Iraq." </p></blockquote> <p>Notice that the MRC considers Fox News to be "new media." Hmmmm... I think I'd peg Fox News as old school corporate media, but that's just me.</p> <p>Anyway, we'll see where this story goes from here. I think that there is enough chatter in the progressive circles that could keep this issue alive whether conservatives like it or not. </p> <p>What did Reagan say? "Trust, but verify."</p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/232#comment Activism DSMemos InternationalLaw MediaCriticism New Media Political PR Transparency Wed, 15 Jun 2005 17:16:21 -0400 kentbye 232 at http://www.echochamberproject.com White House's Pre-War Talking Points http://www.echochamberproject.com/whtalkingpoints <p>I'm posting all of the pre-war talking points from White House that I aggregated back in August of 2004.</p> <p>If journalists were paying attention, then they'd realize that the Bush Adminstration was trying to scare the hell out of the domestic population with a self-defense argument while trying to claim to the UN that we already the US already had prior authorization to attack Iraq. </p> <p>These two PR campaigns were often conflicting with each other, and it wasn't a very difficult task to identify that the Bush Adminstration was hellbent on going to war regardless of whatever the UN said. I make a much more convincing argument in this <a href="/overview">Overview of the Bush Administration's PR campaign to sell the war in Iraq.</a></p> <p>It's taken the <a href="http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,2087-1593607,00.html">Downing Street Memo</a> to reintroduce this concept that Bush was hellbent on going to war in Iraq -- journalists need documentary proof to be able to report on these things.</p> <p>I'm trying to apply <a href="/node/86">more sophisticated analytical techniques</a> to journalism that could be used to scrub the public record and form theories that contain sets of facts over time. </p> <p>It's pretty evident that the Bush Administration was more interested in using the UN inspections process as a tripwire for war than they were with actually wanting to find and disarm the prohibited weapons.</p> <p>I'd suggest reading through my <a href="/overview">overview of the Bush administration's PR campaign to sell the war in Iraq</a><br /> Read through these <a href="/node/223">daily talking points below.</a><br /> And decide for yourself...<br /> <!--break--><br /> <a name="wh091802"></a><strong>9/18/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh091802">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/09/20020918-15.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/09/20020918-15.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> * Saddam Hussein's regime now claims that Iraq would comply unconditionally with UN demands.<br /> * While this is evidence that world pressure can force the Iraqi regime to respond, it is also a return to form.<br /> * Repeatedly, Iraq's version of "without conditions" has meant deception, delay, and disregard for the United Nations.<br /> * Saddam Hussein has repeatedly violated 16 UNSC resolutions designed to ensure that Iraq does not pose a threat to international peace and security.<br /> * Today the President will again consult with Congressional leaders about Iraq, while Secretary Rumsfeld testifies on Capitol Hill and Secretary Powell continues his discussions with UN leaders.</p> <p><a name="wh091902"></a><strong>9/19/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh091902">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/09/20020919-16.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/09/20020919-16.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> * It is important for the world to see that the US and its allies are united in resolve to deal with the threats we face.<br /> * Saddam Hussein's regime now claims that Iraq would comply unconditionally with UN demands.<br /> * While this is evidence that world pressure can force the Iraqi regime to respond, it is also a return to form.<br /> * Repeatedly, Iraq's version of "without conditions" has meant deception, delay, and disregard for the United Nations.<br /> * Saddam Hussein has repeatedly violated 16 UNSC resolutions designed to ensure that Iraq does not pose a threat to international peace and security.</p> <p><a name="wh092002"></a><strong>9/20/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh092002">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/09/20020920.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/09/20020920.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> Statement by the Press Secretary<br /> Today President Bush submitted to Congress the National Security Strategy of the United States as required by the Goldwater-Nichols Defense Department Re-Organization Act of 1986. The president's national security strategy reflects the union of our values and our national interest. This strategy states that the safety and security of America is the first and fundamental commitment of the our government.<br /> America must always stand for and protect the universal values on which it was founded. To this end, President Bush makes clear that the United States will use its position of strength and influence in the world to defend, preserve, and extend the peace.<br /> The full text of the National Security Strategy can be accessed at www.whitehouse.gov. </p> <p><a name="wh092302"></a><strong>9/23/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh092302">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/09/20020923-9.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/09/20020923-9.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> * The President is resolved in confronting the threat posed by Saddam Hussein's regime and is asking Congress to support his firm stand.<br /> * Meanwhile, the UN Security Council must act to enforce its own resolutions. The UN's credibility is at stake as it responds to the President's call for international action to achieve Iraqi disarmament.<br /> *****<br /> * In the Middle East, Israel's recent actions in Ramallah have not been helpful either in reducing terrorist violence or in promoting Palestinian reforms.<br /> * The administration urges Israel to consider carefully the consequences of its actions on reaching the vision for peace in the region outlined by President Bush. </p> <p><a name="wh092402"></a><strong>9/24/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh092402">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/09/20020924-17.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/09/20020924-17.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> * The United States and the United Kingdom are in full agreement that the threat posed by Iraq's weapons of mass destruction programs is significant and growing.<br /> * Both countries agree that Iraq has developed and possesses chemical and biological weapons, has missiles with ranges beyond that permitted, and is trying hard to develop nuclear weapons.<br /> * Both countries recognize that Iraq has pursued WMD programs in defiance of a decade of UN Security Council Resolutions.<br /> * Both countries recognize that Saddam's use of WMD against civilians and others, when combined with his brutal repression opponents, leaves little doubt that his regime is a grave and gathering threat to world peace. </p> <p><a name="wh092502"></a><strong>9/25/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh092502">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/09/20020925-12.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/09/20020925-12.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> * Iraqi weapons of mass destruction are a danger to us all. The UK government's dossier helps make clear the growing threat that we must confront.<br /> * The President has urged the UN Security Council to act now to enforce its own resolutions. He expects that the UN will live up to its responsibilities. But the world should not doubt the resolve of the United States to do what is necessary to defend its national security interests.<br /> * Secretary Powell continues to work closely with UN Security Council members and other parties to draft language for a new, effective UNSC resolution that:<br /> * Makes clear that what is required is nothing less than full compliance with all UNSC resolutions<br /> * Sets a relatively short time for compliance<br /> * Makes clear the potential consequences if the regime fails to act.<br /> * The President is consulting closely with Congress as it moves toward a joint resolution. It is important for this nation be united in confronting the threat posed by Saddam Hussein's regime.</p> <p><a name="wh092602"></a><strong>9/26/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh092602">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/09/20020925-12.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/09/20020925-12.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> * The security of our country is the commitment of both political parties, and the responsibility of both elected branches of government.<br /> * Elected officials are working for a strong Congressional resolution that sends a clear message: UN Security Council demands must be followed and the Iraqi dictator must be disarmed. These requirements will be met, or they will be enforced.<br /> * The danger is grave and growing. The Iraqi regime possesses biological and chemical weapons and is rebuilding facilities to make more. It could launch a biological or chemical attack 45 minutes after the order is given. The regime is seeking a nuclear bomb -- and, with fissile material, could build one within a year.<br /> * Iraq's regime has longstanding and continuing ties to terrorist groups -- there are al-Qaida terrorists inside Iraq. The regime also practices the rape of women and the torture of dissenters and their children as methods of intimidation.<br /> * The President has made it clear: we refuse to live in a future of fear. We are determined to build a future of security and peace for the world.</p> <p><a name="wh093002"></a><strong>9/30/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh093002">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/09/20020930-7.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/09/20020930-7.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * For more than ten years, the regime in Iraq has built the case against itself with continual failure to meet the demands of the UN. And for the past four years, Saddam Hussein has been able to pursue weapons of mass murder unchecked by UN inspections.<br /> * Repeatedly, Iraq's version of "without conditions" has meant deception, delay, and disregard for the UN. This weekend, the regime again tried to limit the sites open to investigation.<br /> * Saddam's regime has repeatedly violated 16 UNSC resolutions designed to ensure that Iraq does not posea threat to international peace and security.<br /> * We will continue to work with the UN and member nations toward a strong Security Council resolution that demands Iraqi compliance with their UN obligations and make clear the consequences of non-compliance.</p> <p><a name="wh100202"></a><strong>10/2/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh100202">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/10/20021002-18.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/10/20021002-18.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * The President is pleased to have reached agreement today with the bipartisan House leadership on language for a joint congressional resolution on Iraq.<br /> * The security of our country is the commitment of both political parties, and the responsibility of both elected branches of government.<br /> * Recognizing that Saddam Hussein was a serious threat, Congress passed a strong resolution on Iraq in 1998. Four years later his regime is a grave and growing danger.<br /> * We will continue to work with our partners in the UN Security Council to secure a new resolution that pressures the Iraqi regime to respond to the requirements of the international community and makes clear the consequences of non-compliance. </p> <p><a name="wh100302"></a><strong>10/3/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh100302">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/10/20021003-10.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/10/20021003-10.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * Congress is quickly closing ranks behind the President, and soon America will be speaking with one voice in confronting a gathering threat to America and the future of peace around the world.<br /> * The treacherous history of Iraq's dictator is to wage war against neighbors, sponsor and support terrorists, and develop and use weapons of mass death.<br /> * We know the methods of this regime. They buy time with hollow promises and move incriminating evidence to stay ahead of inspectors.<br /> * A new UN resolution for weapons inspectors is needed and should enable full and unconditional access - including to Iraqi Regime government ministries and presidential palaces. We know that Iraq used such sites to hide weapons of mass destruction-related equipment and information. (from cleared DOS guidance)<br /> * The United States will work with other nations to bring Saddam to account, help the Iraqi people form a just government and a unified country, and should force be required, help rebuild a liberated Iraq. </p> <p><a name="wh100702"></a><strong>10/7/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh100702">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/10/20021007-11.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/10/20021007-11.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * Leaders from both parties and both houses of Congress are rallying around a resolution on Iraq that shows to friend and enemy alike our unity of purpose and resolve.<br /> * Congress is quickly closing ranks behind the President, and soon America will be speaking with one voice in confronting a gathering threat to America and the future of peace around the world.<br /> * The treacherous history of Iraq's dictator is to wage war against neighbors, sponsor and support terrorists, and develop and use weapons of mass death.<br /> * We know the methods of this regime. They buy time with hollow promises and move incriminating evidence to stay ahead of inspectors.<br /> * The United States will work with other nations to bring Saddam to account, help the Iraqi people form a just government and a unified country, and should force be required, help rebuild a liberated Iraq. </p> <p><a name="wh100802"></a><strong>10/8/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh100802">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/10/20021008-10.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/10/20021008-10.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> A Decade of Deception and Defiance: Saddam Hussein has defied and deceived the UN for more than a decade. He has chemical and biological weapons, is seeking nuclear weapons, has given shelter and support to terrorism, and practices terror against his own people.<br /> A Unique Threat: Iraq is a unique threat that gathers the most serious dangers of our age in one place - weapons of mass destruction controlled by a murderous tyrant who has used chemical weapons to kill thousands of people. This same dictator has an unrelenting hostility towards the US.<br /> An Urgent Threat: The danger from the Iraqi regime is significant and only grows worse with time. Iraq has a massive stockpile of chemical and biological weapons never accounted for and capable of killing millions.<br /> The Means of Delivery: Saddam Hussein has many means of weapons delivery at his disposal - from ballistic missiles, to unmanned aerial vehicles, to small containers.<br /> Iraq's Support of Terror: The Iraqi regime has direct links to international terrorist groups and continues to finance terror and give assistance to groups that use terrorism to undermine Middle East peace.<br /> Winning the War on Terror: Confronting the threat posed by Iraq is crucial to winning the war on terror. Those who harbor terrorists are as guilty as the terrorists themselves. Saddam Hussein is harboring terrorists and the instruments of terror, and the risk is too great that he will use these instruments or provide them to a terror network. </p> <p><a name="wh101602"></a><strong>10/16/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh101602">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/10/20021016-23.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/10/20021016-23.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * Regarding the bombing in Bali, the President expressed his sorrow and said that terrorists have once again targeted innocent men, women, and children. They were murdered or injured in a cowardly act designed to create terror and chaos.<br /> * The world must confront the global menace of terrorism. Together we must challenge and defeat the idea that the wanton killing of innocents advances any cause or supports any aspirations. And we must call this despicable act by its rightful name: murder.</p> <p><a name="wh101702"></a><strong>10/17/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh101702">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/10/20021017-9.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/10/20021017-9.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * The Iraqi regime is a serious and growing threat to peace. On the commands of a dictator, the regime is armed with biological and chemical weapons, possesses ballistic missiles, promotes international terror and seeks nuclear weapons.<br /> * Every nation that shares in the benefits of peace also shares in the duty of defending peace. The time has come once again for the UN to live up to the purposes of its founding to protect our common security.<br /> * For 11 years, the Iraqi regime has become highly skilled in the techniques of deception and has frustrated the work of international inspectors. The ploys and promises of the Iraqi regime no longer matter. The regime is free to continue saying whatever it chooses; its fate depends entirely on what it actually does.<br /> * America has never sought to dominate or conquer, but to liberate and free. Our desire is to help Iraqi citizens find the blessings of liberty within their own culture and their own traditions.<br /> * This nation will not live at the mercy of any foreign power or plot. Confronting grave dangers is the surest path to peace and security. This is the expectation of the American people, and the decision of their elected representatives.</p> <p><a name="wh102902"></a><strong>10/29/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh102902">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/10/20021029-7.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/10/20021029-7.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * In Los Cabos, Mexico, President Bush and other APEC Leaders issued a statement condemning in the strongest terms the recent terrorist attacks in Bali, Indonesia, the Philippines and Moscow, and pledging to accelerate counterterrorism cooperation.<br /> * APEC Leaders also joined in issuing an unprecedented statement calling on North Korea to "visibly honor its commitment to give up nuclear weapons programs."<br /> * President Bush secured APEC agreement on a US-driven "Statement on Fighting Terrorism and Promoting Growth" designed to enhance our security while growing our economies. The Statement commits APEC members to specific measures to protect key Pacific Rim sectors - trade, finance, and communications - from terrorist exploitation and attack.</p> <p><a name="wh110102"></a><strong>11/1/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh110102">#</a><br /> <b>NOTE: This Global Message is correctly dated, but incorrectly filed as 11/11/02 on the <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/ogc/global-messages.html" target="new">Global Message Archives</a></b><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/11/20021101-11.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/11/20021101-11.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * The President looks forward to a new UN Security Council resolution that pressures the Iraqi regime to respond to the requirements of the international community and makes clear there will be consequences from non-compliance.<br /> * Every nation that shares in the benefits of peace also shares in the duty of defending peace. The time has come once again for the UN to live up to the purposes of its founding to protect our common security.<br /> * The purpose of the resolution is to provide the tools, equipment, and means necessary for the inspectors to carry out the will of the Security Council.<br /> * The President has urged the UN Security Council to act now to enforce its own resolutions. This is the United Nations' chance to make certain that Saddam Hussein disarms so that peace can be protected.<br /> * America has never sought to dominate or conquer, but to liberate. Our desire is to help Iraqi citizens find the blessings of liberty within their own culture and their own traditions.</p> <p><a name="wh110602"></a><strong>11/6/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh110602">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/11/20021106-6.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/11/20021106-6.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS From a Presidential Greeting, November 5, 2002<br /> * Ramadan is a time for fasting, prayer, worship, and contemplation. Muslims observe this month by renewing their dedication to caring for those in need, doing good deeds, and strengthening family and community ties.<br /> * Islam is a peace-loving faith practiced by more than one billion people, including millions of American Muslims.<br /> * The United States is grateful for the friendship and support of many Muslim Nations that are vital partners in the global coalition to fight against terrorism.<br /> * America remains committed to freedom, justice, and opportunity for all people and we continue to work together for a future of peace, tolerance, and understanding. </p> <p><a name="wh110802"></a><strong>11/8/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh110802">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/11/20021108-7.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/11/20021108-7.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * This is an important week for America and for the world. The United Nations will vote today on a resolution bringing the civilized world together to disarm Saddam Hussein.<br /> * The United Nations can today fulfill its responsibilities to make sure that 11 years of defiance do not go unanswered. The UN resolution is a statement of intent to disarm Saddam Hussein once and for all.<br /> * Saddam Hussein is a threat to his country, to people in his region, and to the world. For the sake of peace, America has an obligation to lead. If Saddam won't disarm, we will lead an international coalition to disarm him.<br /> * War is not the first choice but the last. Nevertheless, it is an option in order to make the world a more peaceful place. It's up to Saddam Hussein, however, to make that choice.<br /> * America has never sought to conquer, but to liberate. The Iraqi people can have a better life than they have now. There are alternatives to a dictator willing to rape and mutilate and murder in order to stay in power.</p> <p><a name="wh110902"></a><strong>11/9/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh110902">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/11/20021109-2.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/11/20021109-2.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * The United Nations Security Council has met important responsibilities, upheld its principles and given clear and fair notice that Saddam Hussein must fully disclose and destroy any weapons of mass destruction.<br /> * Saddam must submit to any and all methods to verify his compliance, and his cooperation must be prompt and unconditional, or he will face the severest consequences.<br /> * The world has now come together to say the outlaw regime in Iraq will not be permitted to build or possess chemical, biological or nuclear weapons. The world must insist that that judgment be enforced.<br /> * Any Iraqi noncompliance is serious, because such bad faith will show that Iraq has no intention of disarming. If we're to avert war, all nations must continue to pressure Saddam Hussein to accept this resolution and to comply with its obligations and his obligations.<br /> * In fighting a war on terror, we are determined to oppose every source of catastrophic harm that threatens our country, our friends, and our allies. And we oppose a uniquely dangerous regime that has harbored terrorists and can supply terrorists with weapons of mass destruction.<br /> * The time has come for the Iraqi people to escape oppression, find freedom and live in hope. In confronting this threat, America seeks the support of the world. If action becomes necessary, we will act in the interests of the Iraqi people and the world. </p> <p><a name="wh111302"></a><strong>11/13/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh111302">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/11/20021113-16.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/11/20021113-16.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * The international community is speaking with one voice, and the United Nations is living up to its founding purpose.<br /> * Security Council nations worked hard to meet each other's concerns. 15 nations agreed on a strong, principled resolution that makes clear what the Iraqi regime must do to meet its obligations to the international community.<br /> * The Security Council reconfirmed that Iraq has been and remains in material breach of its international obligations and reminds Iraq that there will be serious consequences for any additional breach.<br /> * Iraq has repeatedly demonstrated that it only complies when faced with strong resolve. This resolution gives the Iraqi regime one last chance to avoid conflict.<br /> * The new UN inspection mandate will test whether the Iraqi regime has made a strategic shift and decided to give up its WMD.<br /> * The goal is simple: to fully and finally end Iraq's illegal weapons programs. Any and all non-compliance by the regime will be very serious, and treated as such.<br /> * To avoid conflict, the international community must continue to stand together. Standing together, we will remove this common threat to the peace of the world. </p> <p><a name="wh111402"></a><strong>11/14/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh111402">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/11/20021114-17.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/11/20021114-17.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * The Iraqi regime says it has agreed to cooperate and comply with the UN resolution. We have heard this before, and now it is time to judge their actions.<br /> * The international community is speaking with one voice, and the United Nations is living up to its founding purpose.<br /> * Security Council nations worked hard to meet each other's concerns. Fifteen nations agreed on a strong, principled resolution that makes clear what the Iraqi regime must do to meet its obligations to the international community.<br /> * The Security Council reconfirmed that Iraq has been and remains in material breach of its international obligations and reminds Iraq that there will be serious consequences for any additional breach.<br /> * Iraq has repeatedly demonstrated that it only complies when faced with strong resolve. This resolution gives the Iraqi regime one last chance to avoid conflict.<br /> * The goal is simple: to fully and finally end Iraq's illegal weapons programs. Any and all non-compliance by the regime will be very serious, and will be treated as such.</p> <p><a name="wh111502"></a><strong>11/15/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh111502">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/11/20021115-9.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/11/20021115-9.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * The international community is speaking with one voice, and the United Nations is living up to its founding purpose.<br /> * Security Council nations worked hard to meet each others' concerns. Fifteen nations agreed on a strong, principled resolution that makes clear what the Iraqi regime must do to meet its obligations to the international community.<br /> * This resolution is the final test of Saddam's willingness to disarm and end his twenty-year quest for weapons of mass destruction.<br /> * The Security Council reconfirmed that Iraq has been and remains in material breach of its international obligations and reminds Iraq that there will be serious consequences for any additional breach.<br /> * The goal is simple: to fully and finally end Iraq's illegal weapons programs. Any and all non-compliance by the regime will be very serious, and will be treated as such. </p> <p><a name="wh120302"></a><strong>12/3/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh120302">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/12/20021203-6.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/12/20021203-6.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * As UN weapons inspections begin, inspections will only work if Iraq fully complies. The responsibility of inspectors is simply to confirm the evidence of voluntary and total disarmament.<br /> * Saddam Hussein has the responsibility to provide the evidence as directed and in full. The United States will be making one judgment: Has Saddam Hussein decided to cooperate willingly and comply completely, or has he not?<br /> * On or before the 8th of December, Iraq must provide a full and accurate declaration of its weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missile programs. That declaration must be credible and complete, or the Iraqi dictator will have demonstrated to the world once again that he has chosen not to change his behavior.<br /> * The UN Security Council, the NATO Alliance and the United States are united. Saddam Hussein will fully disarm himself of weapons of mass destruction. And if he does not, the United States will lead a coalition to do so. </p> <p><a name="wh121102"></a><strong>12/11/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh121102">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/12/20021211-10.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/12/20021211-10.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * Disarming the Iraqi regime is a central commitment of the war on terror. We must prevent terrorist groups and outlaw regimes from threatening the American people with catastrophic harm.<br /> * For more than a decade, Saddam Hussein has consistently and systematically violated his obligations to the world and undermined UN inspections. And he only admitted to a massive biological weapons program after being confronted with the evidence.<br /> * As the new inspections process proceeds, the United States will be making only one judgment: Has Saddam Hussein changed his behavior of the last 11 years and decided to cooperate willingly and comply completely, or has he not?<br /> * Thus far we are not seeing the fundamental shift in practice and attitude that the world is demanding. Iraq's letters to the UN regarding inspections show that their attitude is grudging and conditional. And in recent days, Iraq has fired on American and British pilots enforcing the UN's no-fly zone.<br /> * Iraq was required by the UN to provide a full and accurate declaration of its weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missile programs. We will judge the declaration's honesty and completeness only after we have thoroughly examined it.<br /> * The UN Security Council and the United States have told Saddam Hussein, the game is over. Saddam Hussein will fully disarm himself of weapons of mass destruction, and if he does not, America will lead a coalition to disarm him.<br /> * War is the last option for confronting threats. Yet the temporary peace of denial and looking away from danger would only be a prelude to a broader war and greater horror. By showing our resolve today, we are building a future of peace. </p> <p><a name="wh121802"></a><strong>12/18/02</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh121802">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/12/20021218-10.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/12/20021218-10.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * Disarming the Iraqi regime is a central commitment of the war on terror. We must prevent terrorist groups and outlaw regimes from threatening the American people with catastrophic harm.<br /> * As the new inspections process proceeds, the United States will be making only one judgment: Has Saddam Hussein changed his behavior of the last 11 years and decided to cooperate willingly and comply completely, or has he not?<br /> * Thus far we are not seeing the fundamental shift in practice and attitude that the world is demanding. Iraq's letters to the UN regarding inspections show that their attitude is grudging and conditional. And in recent days, Iraq has fired on American and British pilots enforcing the UN's no-fly zone.<br /> * Iraq was required by the UN to provide a full and accurate declaration of its weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missile programs. As Secretary Powell has said, there are problems with the declaration. We will be sharing our thoughts on this in greater detail later this week. </p> <p><a name="wh011803"></a><strong>1/18/03</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh011803">#</a><br /> <B> NOTE: The rhetoric increased to sell the war at this point, but this global message was buried on official White House site. Contains the following anomalies: Correct talking points from this time period, but it is not linked on White House Global Messages Archive, the dated release is February 24, 2004, and the URL is filed under a release date of July 9, 2003</b><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/07/20030709-33.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/07/20030709-33.html</a><br /> WEEKEND EDITION January 18, 2003<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * The United Nations Security Council found Iraq in continuing material breach of its obligations and made clear this was Iraq's final opportunity to comply. We are very far from that point today.<br /> * The chemical warheads found by United Nations inspectors were not on the declared list of weapons submitted by Iraq just one month ago. The fact that Iraq is in possession of undeclared chemical warheads, which the UN says are in excellent condition, is troubling and serious.<br /> * Under the UN resolution, Saddam Hussein has an obligation to disarm. It is becoming increasingly clear that he is not doing so.<br /> * Time is running out on Iraq's chance to disarm peacefully. We know what a genuine effort to disarm looks like. We have seen it, for example, in South Africa's renunciation of nuclear arms and the dismantlement of its program.<br /> * What we are seeing from Iraq is not disarmament, but dissembling. The UN must not veer off the course unanimously agreed on November 8. Immediate action is required by Iraq or those who seek to uphold UN mandates will be forced to act.<br /> * The President is continuing to work and consult with our allies. The inspectors are doing their job, but it is not the inspectors' obligation to provide verifiable evidence of disarmament. That is Iraq's responsibility.<br /> * The use of military force is America's last option. Yet if force becomes necessary to secure our country and to keep the peace, America will act deliberately, America will act decisively, and America will prevail.</p> <p><a name="wh012403"></a><strong>1/24/03</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh012403">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/01/20030124-16.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/01/20030124-16.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * For 12 years, the international community has insisted that Saddam Hussein's regime disarm. This was most recently reiterated by a unanimous UN Security Council vote on November 8, 2002.<br /> * Genuine disarmament can only be accomplished through the willing cooperation of the Iraqi regime. So far we have seen few if any signs that the Iraqi regime has made a strategic decision to disarm, and many signs that it has not.<br /> * When a country decides to disarm, there are three common elements to its behavior:<br /> * The decision to disarm is made at the highest political level;<br /> * The regime puts in place national initiatives to dismantle weapons and infrastructure;<br /> * The regime fully cooperates with international efforts to implement and verify disarmament.<br /> * Iraq's behavior contrasts sharply with successful disarmament stories. Instead of cooperation and transparency, Iraq has chosen to concealment and deceit best exemplified by a 12,000 page declaration which is far from "currently accurate, full, and complete," as required by the UN Security Council.</p> <p><a name="wh012803"></a><strong>1/28/03</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh012803">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/01/20030128-26.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/01/20030128-26.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * Eighty days ago, on November 8, in a historic display of unity, the UN Security Council gave Iraq a final opportunity to voluntarily disarm.<br /> * The purpose of UN Resolution 1441 was disarmament. Inspections are a means to an end and they cannot be expected to succeed when a country has an active program of denial and deception, as is the case with Iraq.<br /> * For 11 years before Resolution 1441, Saddam Hussein's regime refused to make the strategic and political decision to disarm itself of WMD. To this day, the regime continues to defy the will of the international community.<br /> * There is an entire state apparatus in Iraq whose sole purpose is to obstruct the inspections. Inspectors are outnumbered by minders, sometimes by as many as five-to-one, each time they head out on a mission.</p> <p><a name="wh013103"></a><strong>1/31/03</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh013103">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/01/20030131-14.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/01/20030131-14.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * The gravest danger we face in the war on terror is outlaw regimes that seek and possess nuclear, chemical and biological weapons.<br /> * The UN and U.S. intelligence sources have known for some time that Saddam Hussein has materials to produce chemical and biological weapons, but he has not accounted for them, nor has he accounted for almost 30,000 munitions capable of delivering chemical agents.<br /> * Thousands of Iraqi security personnel are at work hiding documents and materials from the UN inspectors. Iraqi officials accompany all inspectors in order to intimidate witnesses, and Saddam Hussein has ordered that scientists who cooperate with the UN be killed, along with their families.<br /> * Saddam Hussein aids and protects terrorists, including al-Qaida members. He could provide hidden weapons to terrorists or help them develop their own. It would take just one vial, one canister, one crate slipped into our country to bring a day of horror like none we have ever known.<br /> * The United States will ask the UN Security Council to convene next week to consider the facts of Iraq's ongoing defiance of the world. We will consult. But if Saddam Hussein does not disarm, we will act for the safety of our people, and for the peace of the world.</p> <p><a name="wh020403"></a><strong>2/4/03</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh020403">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030204-17.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030204-17.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * We are in the final phase of the 12 year effort to disarm Saddam Hussein.<br /> * The gravest danger we face is outlaw regimes that sponsor terror and possess or seek weapons of mass destruction.<br /> * As part of the cease-fire agreement at the end of the Gulf War in 1991, Saddam was required to declare and destroy all his weapons of mass destruction.<br /> * For over a decade, Saddam has consistently flouted these obligations. Eight weeks have now passed since Saddam was given his final chance. Six hundred weeks have passed since he was given his first chance.<br /> * The UN and U.S. intelligence sources have known for some time that Saddam Hussein has materials to produce chemical and biological weapons, but he has not accounted for them, nor has he accounted for almost 30,000 munitions capable of delivering chemical agents.<br /> * Thousands of Iraqi security personnel are at work hiding documents and materials from the UN inspectors. Iraqi officials accompany all inspectors in order to intimidate witnesses, and Saddam Hussein has ordered that scientists who cooperate with the UN be killed, along with their families.<br /> * Saddam Hussein aids and protects terrorists. Al-Qaida members are known to have been in Iraq. He could provide hidden weapons to terrorists or help them develop their own. It would take just one vial, one canister, one crate slipped into our country to bring a day of horror like none we have ever known.<br /> * The United States has asked the UN Security Council to convene this week to consider the facts of Iraq's ongoing defiance of the world. We will consult. But if Saddam Hussein does not disarm, we will act for the safety of our people, and for the peace of the world. </p> <p><a name="wh020803"></a><strong>2/8/03</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh020803">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030208-3.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030208-3.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> Key Points from the President's Remarks on Iraq 2-6-03<br /> * The Iraqi regime's violations of Security Council resolutions are evident, and they continue to this hour. The regime has never accounted for a vast arsenal of deadly biological and chemical weapons, and is pursuing an elaborate campaign to conceal its weapons materials, and to hide or intimidate key experts and scientists.<br /> * This deception is directed from the highest levels of the Iraqi regime, including Saddam Hussein, his son, the Vice President, and the very official responsible for cooperating with inspectors.<br /> * Sources tell us Saddam Hussein recently authorized Iraqi field commanders to use chemical weapons - the very weapons the dictator tells the world he does not have.<br /> * The same terrorist network operating out of Iraq is responsible for the recent murder of an American diplomat, Laurence Foley. The same network has plotted terrorism against France, Spain, Italy, Germany, the Republic of Georgia, and Russia, and was caught producing poisons in London. The danger Saddam Hussein poses reaches across the world.<br /> * Saddam Hussein was given a final chance; he is throwing that chance away. The Security Council must show whether its words have any meaning. Having made its demands, the Security Council must not back down, when those demands are defied and mocked by a dictator.<br /> * The United States would welcome and support a new resolution which makes clear that the Security Council stands behind its previous demands. Yet resolutions mean little without resolve. And the United States, along with a growing coalition of nations, is resolved to take whatever action is necessary to defend ourselves and disarm the Iraqi regime.<br /> * On September 11, 2001, America saw what terrorists could do by turning four airplanes into weapons. We will not wait to see what terrorists or terrorist states could do with chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear weapons.<br /> * Saddam Hussein has made Iraq into a prison, a poison factory, and a torture chamber for patriots and dissidents. He has the motive, means, recklessness and hatred to threaten the American people. Saddam Hussein will be stopped. </p> <p><a name="wh021103"></a><strong>2/11/03</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh021103">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030211-16.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030211-16.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * The Iraqi regime's violations of Security Council resolutions are evident, and they continue. The regime has never accounted for a vast arsenal of deadly biological and chemical weapons, and is pursuing an elaborate campaign to conceal its weapons materials, and to hide or intimidate key experts and scientists.<br /> * This deception is directed from the highest levels of the Iraqi regime, including Saddam Hussein, his son, the Vice President, and the very official responsible for cooperating with inspectors.<br /> * Sources tell us Saddam Hussein recently authorized Iraqi field commanders to use chemical weapons - the very weapons the dictator tells the world he does not have.<br /> * The same terrorist network operating out of Iraq is responsible for the recent murder of an American diplomat. This network has plotted terrorism against France, Spain, Italy, Germany, the Republic of Georgia, Russia, and was caught producing poisons in London. The danger of weapons of mass destruction reaches across the world.<br /> * Saddam Hussein was given a final chance; he is throwing that chance away. The Security Council must show whether its words have any meaning. Having made its demands, the Security Council must not back down, when those demands are defied and mocked by a dictator.<br /> * The United States would welcome and support a new resolution which makes clear that the Security Council stands behind its previous demands. Yet resolutions mean little without resolve. The United States, along with a growing coalition of nations, is will take whatever action is necessary to defend ourselves and disarm the Iraqi regime.<br /> * On September 11, 2001, America saw what terrorists could do by turning four airplanes into weapons. We will not wait to see what terrorists or terrorist states could do with chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear weapons.<br /> * The people of Iraq are not our enemies. The true enemy of the Iraqi people is Saddam Hussein, and they have suffered long enough under this tyrant. And the Iraqi people can be certain the United States is committed to helping them build a better future. If conflict occurs, America will bring Iraq food, medicine, supplies and, most importantly, freedom.<br /> <a name="wh021303"></a><strong>2/13/03</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh021303">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030213-17.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030213-17.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * The Iraqi regime's violations of Security Council resolutions are evident, and they continue. The regime has never accounted for a vast arsenal of deadly biological and chemical weapons, and is pursuing an elaborate campaign to conceal its weapons materials, and to hide or intimidate key experts and scientists.<br /> * Saddam Hussein was given a final chance; he is throwing that chance away. The Security Council must show whether its words have any meaning. Having made its demands, the Security Council must face up to the challenges before it. Its responsibilities did not end with passage of Resolution 1441, but only began.<br /> * On September 11, 2001, America saw what terrorists could do by turning four airplanes into weapons. We will not wait to see what terrorists or terrorist states could do with chemical, biological, or nuclear weapons.<br /> * The people of Iraq are not our enemies. The true enemy of the Iraqi people is Saddam Hussein, and they have suffered long enough under this tyrant. And the Iraqi people can be certain the United States is committed to helping them build a better future. If conflict occurs, America will bring Iraq food, medicine, supplies and, most importantly, freedom.<br /> * We seek an Iraq that is democratic, unified, multi-ethnic, which has no weapons of mass destruction, no links to terrorists, and is at peace with its neighbors.<br /> * If we must take military action, we will demonstrate that we want to liberate, not occupy Iraq or control its economic resources, and would safeguard the territorial unity of Iraq.<br /> * Iraq's oil belongs to all of the Iraqi people and any action taken in this area is solely for their benefit. We will work to protect and preserve Iraq's oil sector, and will support Iraqi efforts to restore production if it is cut off.<br /> * We would begin the process of economic and political reconstruction, helping to put Iraq on the path to prosperity and freedom, and would stay as long as is necessary to do this, not one day more.<br /> * In a military conflict, an immediate objective will be humanitarian assistance to civilians. Food, medicine, water and fuel will be restored. People who have fled their home in fear will be cared for.</p> <p><a name="wh021703"></a><strong>2/17/03</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh021703">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030217.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030217.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * America is an active member of institutions that come together for the purposes of peace, mutual security, and to stand together against those nations that threaten their neighbors.<br /> * UN Resolution 1441 is not about inspections. It recognizes Iraq has been in material breach of its obligations for the past 11 years and that Iraq must come into compliance and disarm.<br /> * The few results we've gotten from Iraq occurred only because the UN Security Council showed determination and seriousness.<br /> * Yet to this day, we have not seen the level of cooperation that was expected or hoped for. Inspectors are still being minded, watched, and bugged, and do not have the freedom of access around Iraq they need to do their job well.<br /> * We have not had a complete, accurate declaration. If Iraq was serious in this matter, they would give the world all the evidence needed that their weapons of mass destruction are gone. But questions remain about the unaccounted for anthrax, botulinum, VX, growth media, and 30,000 chemical and biological munitions.<br /> * These are not responsible actions by Iraq, but efforts to deceive, deny, divert, and to throw us off the path. More inspections and a longer inspection period will not move us away from the central problem we are facing: Iraq has failed to comply.<br /> * Iraq's continued noncompliance requires the Security Council to begin to think through the consequences of walking away from this problem, or the reality that we have to face this problem. The security of the region, the hopes for the people of Iraq themselves, and our security rests upon meeting our responsibilities and, if it comes to it, invoking the serious consequences called for in 1441. </p> <p><a name="wh021803"></a><strong>2/18/03</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh021803">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030218-7.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030218-7.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * The UN Security Council and all nations in the world have a responsibility to see that Saddam Hussein's regime is disarmed, and that the will of the international community is enforced.<br /> * We must decide to confront the gravest security challenge of our time: the nexus between outlaw regimes, the proliferation of chemical, biological and nuclear weapons, and spread of global terror.<br /> * The United Nations is the most important international and multilateral institution in the world. We all have a responsibility to strengthen, and not weaken, it.<br /> * Twelve years of sanctions and inspections have not stopped Saddam quest for chemical, biological and nuclear weapons.<br /> * The outlaw Iraqi regime's chemical and biological weapons stockpiles, its continued pursuit of nuclear weapons and its ties to global terrorists are a threat to the US, our allies and friends and to the Iraqi people.<br /> * The Iraqi regime has not decided to disarm. What we heard from the inspectors on Friday was that the Iraqis have taken some superficial, process-oriented steps - like Saddam Hussein's decree "banning" WMD. But that does not amount to a strategic decision to disarm.<br /> * More inspections, or more inspectors, will do no good unless Iraq makes the decision to disarm. Dr. Blix himself has said that lack of inspectors is not the problem, lack of Iraqi compliance is the problem.<br /> * The UNSC must rise to the challenge posed by Saddam Hussein's regime. The UNSC must choose to be relevant - it must act to enforce not just 1441, but all 17 resolutions that the Iraqi regime continues to defy.<br /> * Freedom-loving nations are determined that Iraq will be disarmed - one way or another, sooner rather than later.<br /> * The President will continue to consult members of Congress, our allies and friends and the UNSC during this final, diplomatic phase.</p> <p><a name="wh022503"></a><strong>2/25/03</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh022503">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030225-18.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030225-18.html</a><br /> Global Message - KEY POINTS<br /> * The future of peace depends on the disarmament of Iraq. Saddam Hussein continues to be in violation of UN Security Council Resolution 1441 and the terms of that resolution must be fully respected.<br /> * The Security Council has taken a clear stand, and it now faces a clear choice. With all the world watching, the Council will now show whether it means what it says.<br /> * The US, the UK, and Spain introduced a new Security Council resolution that says in clear and simple terms that Iraq is not complying with Resolution 1441. This is not a second resolution on Iraq's weapons of mass destruction, it is the 18th in a long series of resolutions going back 12 years.<br /> * During these final deliberations, there is but one question for the Council to address: is Saddam Hussein complying with Resolution 1441? That resolution did not call for hints of progress or minor concessions, but demanded full and immediate disarmament.<br /> * We will not allow the Iraqi dictator, with a history of aggression and close ties to terrorist groups, to continue to possess or produce weapons of mass destruction</p> <p><a name="wh022803"></a><strong>2/28/03</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh022803">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030228-17.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030228-17.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> Key Points from the President's Remarks on Iraq and the Middle East, 2-26-03<br /> * The danger posed by Saddam Hussein and his weapons cannot be ignored or wished away. We hope the Iraqi regime will meet the demands of the UN and disarm, fully and peacefully. If it does not, we are prepared to disarm Iraq by force.<br /> * Acting against this danger will also contribute greatly to the long term safety and stability of the Middle East and the world.<br /> * The first to benefit from a free Iraq would be the Iraqi people themselves. Their lives and freedom matter little to Saddam Hussein, but matter greatly to us. If we must use force, the United States and our allies stand ready to help the citizens of a liberated Iraq.<br /> * Rebuilding Iraq will require a sustained commitment from many nations, including our own: We will remain in Iraq as long as necessary, and not a day more. The nation of Iraq - with its proud heritage, abundant resources, and skilled, educated people - is fully capable of achieving democracy and living in freedom.<br /> * Success in Iraq will deprive terrorist networks of a wealthy patron that pays for terrorist training, and other regimes will be given clear warning that support for terror will not be tolerated.<br /> * The United States and other countries continue to work on a roadmap for peace. Success in Iraq could begin a new stage for Middle East peace, and set in motion progress towards a truly democratic Palestine.<br /> * A Palestinian state must be reformed and peaceful and abandon forever the use of terror.<br /> * For its part, the new government of Israel - as security improves - will be expected to support the creation of a Palestinian state and work toward a final status agreement, and settlement activity must end.<br /> * And the Arab states will be expected to meet their responsibilities to oppose terrorism, support the emergence of a peaceful and democratic Palestine, and state clearly that they will live in peace with Israel. </p> <p><a name="wh030603"></a><strong>3/6/03</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh030603">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030306-10.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030306-10.html</a><br /> Global Message on Iraq<br /> * Continuing to deceive<br /> * Inspections not working<br /> * Concessions are not compliance<br /> United Nations Resolution 1441 was meant to end 12 years of lies and manipulation. Nothing we have seen since the passage of 1441 indicates that Iraq has decided to disarm or decided to actively,unconditionally, and immediately cooperate with the inspectors.<br /> Intelligence from multiple sources shows that Iraq is continuing efforts to deceive inspectors by moving weapons of mass destruction material around the country to avoid detection. Baghdad is also working to discredit intelligence information being provided to the inspection teams by the United States and our allies.<br /> The inspections are not working. Dribbling out of a warhead here, a missile there, may give the appearance of disarmament, but it is not reducing Saddam's capabilities. It is not eliminating the threat. He gives a little to save a lot, but we've caught on to this game.<br /> Iraq has had more than a decade to decide to disarm. Iraq could have made the decision on November 8 when 1441 was passed. It could make the decision today.<br /> Process is not performance. Concessions are not compliance. Destroying a handful of missiles is not disarmament. Saddam Hussein is betting that his contempt for the will of the Security Council is stronger than our collective resolve. Division among us will only convince Saddam that he is right.<br /> If Saddam leaves us no choice but to disarm him by force, the United States and our coalition partners will do our utmost to minimize the loss of civilian life, meet the humanitarian needs of the Iraqi people, and take responsibility for the post-war stabilization of the country.<br /> We want an Iraq whose people are free from fear and can look to the future with hope. The hard work of rehabilitation and reconstruction will begin at the first possible moment, but our collective, long-term commitment to Iraq will be our efforts to help the Iraqi people build a unified Iraq that does not pose a threat to international peace and a welcome presence among nations. </p> <p><a name="wh030703"></a><strong>3/7/03</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh030703">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030307-12.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030307-12.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> This has been an important week on two fronts in the war on terror:<br /> We captured the mastermind of the September 11th attacks, Khalid Shaikh Mohammed.<br /> We have arrived at an important moment in confronting the threat posed by Saddam Hussein and his weapons of terror.<br /> Friday, the UN Security Council will receive an update from the chief weapons inspector. The world needs him to answer a single question: Has the Iraqi regime fully and unconditionally disarmed, or has it not?<br /> Iraq's dictator has made a public show of destroying a few missiles. Yet our intelligence shows that even as he is destroying these, he has ordered the continued production of the very same type of missiles.<br /> Iraqi operatives continue to hide biological and chemical agents to avoid detection by inspectors, and we know from multiple intelligence sources that Iraqi weapons scientists continue to be threatened with harm should they cooperate with UN inspectors.<br /> If the Iraqi regime were disarming, we would know it because we would see it. Token gestures are not acceptable. The only acceptable outcome is the one already defined by a unanimous vote of the Security Council: total disarmament.<br /> Saddam Hussein possesses weapons of terror, and provides funding, training, and safe haven to terrorists who would willingly use weapons of mass destruction. If the world fails to confront the threat posed by the Iraqi regime, free nations would assume immense and unacceptable risks.<br /> In the event of conflict, America accepts our responsibility to protect innocent lives in every way possible. We will bring food and medicine to the Iraqi people, and will help that nation to build a just government after decades of brutal dictatorship. The form and leadership of that government is for the Iraqi people to choose.<br /> Across the world, and in every part of America, people of good will are hoping and praying for peace. Our goal is peace - for our Nation, for our friends and allies, and for the people of the Middle East. The cause of peace will be advanced only when the terrorists lose a wealthy patron and protector when Saddam Hussein is fully and finally disarmed. </p> <p><a name="wh031103"></a><strong>3/11/03</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh031103">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030311-23.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030311-23.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> Chief Weapons Inspector Hans Blix filed a document with the UN detailing 29 "clusters" of unresolved disarmament issues, covering chemical and biological weapons and the means to deliver them, including:<br /> Undeclared UAV: Blix revealed the recent discovery of an undeclared Unmanned Aerial Vehicle.<br /> Lists of WMD Personnel: According to Blix's report, "Iraq lists less than 132 'experts, specialists, and technicians'...as having worked in the entire chemical weapons program. UNMOVIC databases, on the other hand, indicate that over 325 individuals were engaged in chemical weapons related research or had responsible positions associated with agent production at [one facility] alone."<br /> Anthrax: Blix's report states "UNMOVIC has credible information that the total quantity of BW agent in bombs, warheads, and in bulk at the time of the Gulf War was 7,000 liters more than declared by Iraq. This additional agent was most likely all anthrax. Based on all the available evidence the strong presumption is that about 10,000 liters of anthrax was not destroyed and may still exist."<br /> 16 weeks after the passage of 1441, the Iraqi regime has not complied and has not cooperated "immediately, unconditionally, and actively," as required by UN Resolution 1441. Iraq's recent gestures are nothing more than attempts to game the inspectors, split the international community, and sap its resolve.<br /> Saddam Hussein possesses weapons of terror, and provides funding, training, and safe haven to terrorists who would willingly use weapons of mass destruction. If the world fails to confront the threat posed by the Iraqi regime, free nations would assume immense and unacceptable risks.<br /> Saddam has had 12 years to disarm. The diplomatic window is closing. Security Council members must stand and be counted, and sometime this week we will call for a vote on the resolution. We are hopeful the members of the Security Council will live up to their obligations and vote to affirm and enforce UN Resolution 1441. </p> <p><a name="wh031203"></a><strong>3/12/03</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh031203">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030312-9.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030312-9.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> This is a dangerous game that Saddam Hussein is playing - dangerous for the United States, for the region, and for the world.<br /> Last November, the UNSC voted unanimously on resolution 1441, offering Iraq a final chance to make the strategic decision to disarm. Our hope was that by maintaining international unity and diplomatic pressure on the Iraqi regime, we would achieve peaceful disarmament.<br /> Sadly, that unity has been broken and peaceful disarmament looks less and less likely.<br /> Sixteen weeks after the passage of 1441 - and 12 years after the end of the Gulf War - the Iraqi regime has not complied and has not cooperated "immediately, unconditionally, and actively," as required by 1441.<br /> Saddam Hussein has gotten the message that he can succeed at the dangerous games he's always played.<br /> A vote against the 18th resolution is a vote for continuing the threat to peace and security posed by the Iraqi regime, and for the continued oppression of the Iraqi people.<br /> The world faces many challenges today, and we need a strong UN Security Council - one whose words have meaning, and that has the will to enforce its own resolutions.<br /> In many recent instances, the UN failed to act to prevent or reverse unfolding tragedy: Bosnia, Kosovo, and Rwanda<br /> The world has a responsibility to address the gravest threat of our time - the nexus between rogue regimes, WMD and global terrorism - and President Bush is determined to do so, with or without the United Nations. </p> <p><a name="wh031403"></a><strong>3/14/03</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh031403">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030314-1.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030314-1.html</a><br /> Global Message 3/14/03<br /> Last November, the UNSC voted unanimously on resolution 1441, offering Iraq a final chance to make the strategic decision to disarm. Our hope was that by maintaining international unity and diplomatic pressure on the Iraqi regime, we would achieve peaceful disarmament.<br /> Sadly, that unity has been broken and peaceful disarmament looks less and less likely.<br /> Sixteen weeks after the passage of 1441 - and 12 years after the end of the Gulf War - the Iraqi regime has not complied and has not cooperated "immediately, unconditionally, and actively," as required by 1441.<br /> Saddam Hussein has gotten the message that he can succeed at the dangerous games he's always played.<br /> The world faces many challenges today, and we need a strong UN Security Council - one whose words have meaning, and that has the will to enforce its own resolutions.<br /> The world has a responsibility to address the gravest threat of our time - the nexus between rogue regimes, WMD and global terrorism - and President Bush is determined to do so, with or without the United Nations.</p> <p><a name="wh031503"></a><strong>3/15/03</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh031503">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030315-1.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030315-1.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> KEY POINTS Middle East Peace<br /> * President Bush is committed to achieving the vision of two states, Israel and Palestine, living side by side in peace and security, as he spelled out in his speech last June.<br /> * All parties - the Israelis, the Palestinians, and the Arab states - have responsibilities to work to achieve this vision.<br /> * Working with members of the Quartet last year - officials from the US, the EU, Russia, and the UN - we developed a Roadmap meant to set forth the steps needed to realize the President's vision.<br /> * President Bush announced Friday that he is prepared to deliver the Roadmap to the parties, Israeli and Palestinian, as soon as the Palestinians create an empowered Prime Minister position and fill it with a credible person.<br /> * This is an auspicious time for peace in the Middle East. A new Israeli government is in place. And the Palestinians may be on the verge of implementing important reforms.<br /> * Aiding Palestinians reform will encourage the development of democratic institutions, modernization, and prosperity in the region.</p> <p><a name="wh031603"></a><strong>3/16/03</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh031603">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030316-4.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030316-4.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> SPECIAL EDITION - REMEMBERING HALABJA<br /> KEY POINTS<br /> * This weekend, we remember the victims of Saddam Hussein's heinous chemical weapons attack on the people of Halabja, a city in northern Iraqi, and other villages attacked in the Al-Anfal campaign.<br /> * On March 16, 1988, the Iraqi air force dropped a devastating mix of mustard and nerve gas on citizens in this city - 5,000 were killed immediately, several thousand died later, and an estimated 10,000 people are maimed or still suffering the effects of this attack.<br /> * Iraq arms itself to threaten the peace of the world, posing a grave danger through its pursuit of weapons of mass destruction and its willingness to use them.<br /> * Saddam Hussein must never be allowed to use weapons of mass destruction again. The international community demands that the Iraqi regime disclose and destroy the mustard gas and nerve agents used at Halabja and all other weapons of mass destruction, weapons programs, and delivery systems.<br /> * Our thoughts and prayers are with those who lost loved ones in the Halabja attack and the thousands who still suffer the debilitating effects of the chemical weapons attack.<br /> * The totalitarian nature of this regime limits the world's current knowledge of Saddam's brutality. Defectors tell horrific stories of torture and fear for their lives. We must not forget the attacks at Halabja or Al-Anfal even as we press for the regime's disarmament.</p> <p><a name="wh031703"></a><strong>3/17/03</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh031703">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030317-10.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030317-10.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> All the decades of deceit and cruelty have now reached an end."<br /> - President George W. Bush, March 17, 2003<br /> Events in Iraq Have Now Reached the Final Days of Decision. the Iraqi Regime has used diplomacy as a ploy. Peaceful efforts to disarm the Iraqi regime have failed because we are not dealing with peaceful men.<br /> * The Iraqi regime continues to conceal some of the most lethal weapons ever devised. It has used weapons of mass destruction. It has a history of reckless aggression and a deep hatred for America and our friends. And it has aided terrorists, including al-Qaida. Using chemical, biological, or one day, nuclear weapons, obtained with the help of Iraq, terrorists could kill thousands, or more.<br /> * The United States and other nations did nothing to deserve or invite this threat, but we will do everything to defeat it. Under UN Resolutions 678 and 687 - both still in effect - we are authorized to use force in ridding Iraq of weapons of mass destruction. This is not a question of authority; it is a question of will.<br /> * On November 8th, the Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 1441, finding Iraq in material breach and vowing serious consequences if Iraq did not fully and immediately disarm. Today, no nation claims that Iraq has disarmed.<br /> * Some permanent members of the Security Council announced they will veto any resolution that compels disarmament. The Security Council has not lived up to its responsibilities - so we will rise to ours.<br /> * In recent days, some governments in the Middle East have delivered messages urging the dictator to leave Iraq, so that disarmament can proceed peacefully.<br /> Saddam Hussein and his sons must leave Iraq within 48 hours. Their refusal to do so will result in military conflict.<br /> * In a free Iraq, there will be no more wars of aggression against neighbors...no more poison factories...no more executions of dissidents...no more torture chambers and rape rooms.<br /> * Iraqi military units will receive clear instructions on how they can avoid being attacked. I urge them: If war comes, do not fight for a dying regime that is not worth your own life. Do not destroy oil wells, a source of wealth that belongs to the Iraqi people. Do not obey use weapons of mass destruction.<br /> * Should Saddam Hussein choose confrontation, the American people can know every measure has been taken to avoid war - and every measure will be taken to win it.<br /> * If Saddam Hussein attempts to cling to power, he will remain a deadly foe until the end. In desperation, he and terrorist groups might try to conduct terrorist operations.<br /> * We are acting to protect our homeland. Should enemies strike our country, they would be attempting to shift our attention with panic, and weaken our morale with fear. In this, they would fail. We are acting now because the risks of inaction would be far greater.<br /> * The greatest power of freedom is to overcome hatred and violence, and turn the creative gifts of men and women to the pursuits of peace. Free nations have a duty to defend our people by uniting against the violent. America and our allies accept that responsibility.</p> <p><a name="wh031903"></a><strong>3/19/03</strong> <a href="/whtalkingpoints#wh031903">#</a><br /> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030319.html">http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030319.html</a><br /> Global Message<br /> Events in Iraq have now reached the final days of decision. Peaceful efforts to disarm the Iraqi regime have failed because we are not dealing with peaceful men.<br /> The Iraqi regime continues to conceal some of the most lethal weapons ever devised. It has used weapons of mass destruction. It has a history of reckless aggression and a deep hatred for America and our friends. And it has aided terrorists, including al-Qaida. Using chemical, biological, or one day, nuclear weapons, obtained with the help of Iraq, terrorists could kill thousands, or more.<br /> The United States and other nations did nothing to deserve or invite this threat, but we will do everything to defeat it.<br /> The UN Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 1441, finding Iraq in material breach and vowing serious consequences if Iraq did not fully and immediately disarm. Today, no nation claims that Iraq has disarmed.<br /> Some permanent members of the Security Council announced they would veto any resolution that compels disarmament. The Security Council has not lived up to its responsibilities - so we will rise to ours.<br /> Should Saddam Hussein choose confrontation, the American people can know every measure has been taken to avoid war - and every measure will be taken to win it.<br /> In a free Iraq, there will be no more wars of aggression against neighbors...no more poison factories...no more executions of dissidents...no more torture chambers and rape rooms.<br /> In desperation, Saddam Hussein and terrorist groups might try to conduct terrorist operations.<br /> We are acting to protect our homeland. Should enemies strike our country, they would be attempting to shift our attention with panic, and weaken our morale with fear. In this, they would fail.<br /> The greatest power of freedom is to overcome hatred and violence, and turn the creative gifts of men and women to the pursuits of peace. Free nations have a duty to defend our people by uniting against the violent. America and our allies accept that responsibility.</p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/whtalkingpoints#comment InternationalLaw Political PR Tue, 07 Jun 2005 14:17:07 -0400 kentbye 223 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Drupal-Powered Google Juice http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/222 <p>I posted my <a href="http://www.sitemeter.com/stats.asp?site=s12echochamber">sitemeter icon</a> directly onto this domain last week and was surprised to see just how many people were browsing this site. It turns out that I'm getting around 40-50 hits a day now that I'm on Drupal, where I was just getting 9-12 back when I was on Movable Type. </p> <p>Why? It appears that Drupal is much more optimized for search engine crawlers as echoed by this post on the Drupal site: <a href="http://drupal.org/node/20033">Search engines love Drupal.</a> </p> <p>It's also attributable to the content about the media and Iraq I've written is still very relavant to what people are looking for on the Internet, and my blog posts seem to have compelling enough titles for people to click on them. Jay Rosen admitted at Blogercon III that most of his traffic comes from Google, and I'm adopting his type of deep thinking blogging strategy rather than a more AP-like <a href="http://www.instapundit.com">Instapundit</a> or <a href="http://atrios.blogspot.com">Atrios...</a><br /> <!--break--><br /> It's pretty interesting to see <a href="http://www.sitemeter.com/default.asp?action=stats&amp;site=s12echochamber&amp;report=11">what type of Google searches people do</a> to end up on EchoChamberProject.com. It's also interesting to see <a href="http://www.sitemeter.com/default.asp?action=stats&amp;site=s12echochamber&amp;report=14">which pages they enter the site on.</a> </p> <p>I need to go back and clean up the links in the archives because I assumed that no one would be reading these posts -- But I didn't realize that I'd be getting such a traffic boost from Google.</p> <p>I just did a quick audit to see that everyone of my blog posts has been viewed at least 4 times, and many more have been viewed more than a dozen times. So random traffic appears to be ramping up, and it means that I should get around to fixing a lot of the broken links left over from the transfer over from Movable Type. </p> <p>It's also a promising sign that I'm getting more regular readers as evidenced by the <a href="">http://www.echochamberproject.com/blog</a> page is the most popular page that's being viewed.</p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/222#comment Drupal Google PR Website Mon, 06 Jun 2005 14:50:43 -0400 kentbye 222 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Citizen Journalism Implications of Blog Doc Controversy http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/221 <blockquote><p>(<strong>UPDATE 6/7/05 6:08p.m.</strong> -- <em>John Hart has <a href="http://www.59bloggers.com">posted a public reply on his website</a>, and I'm a bit speechless. It is certainly not a very rational response to the whole situation. Below were my thoughts on what I saw developing with the project independent of any outside influence or input from Chuck Olsen.)</em></p></blockquote> <p>There could be a bit of a PR nightmare brewing for the 59 Bloggers documentary in pre-production that <a href="/node/190">I mentioned a few days ago</a>. Independent filmmaker Chuck Olsen titled his film <a href="http://blogumentary.org/"><em>Blogumentary</em></a> and <a href="http://blogumentary.typepad.com/chuck/2005/06/hello_its_me.html">expressed concern</a> to the 59 Bloggers director John Hart that there might be some confusion over loosely <a href="http://blogumentary.typepad.com/chuck/images/59bloggers.gif">throwing around the "Blogumentary" meme</a> on his site.</p> <p>Hart sent back a curt e-mail telling Olsen, "Please don't bother me with this bullshit nonsense." Then Olsen <a href="http://blogumentary.typepad.com/chuck/2005/06/hello_its_me.html">published an excerpt from Hart's e-mail on his blog.</a> Hart apparently threatened Olsen with some type of legal action for publishing the e-mail. </p> <p>Then David Weinberger -- one of the potential interviewees for the 59 Bloggers film -- responded to the controversy by <a href="http://www.hyperorg.com/blogger/mtarchive/004074.html">saying,</a> "I've seen how this new guy responds to a civil inquiry, I have asked him to drop me from his list of interviewees."</p> <p>Hart then backtracked and <a href"http://www.59bloggers.com/">removed all references to "Blogumentary" on his website</a> -- along with a lot of other background information. Here's <a href="http://blogumentary.typepad.com/chuck/images/59bloggers.gif">Olsen's archival screenshot.</a></p> <p>At this point, we're only hearing Olsen's side of the story because Hart is not keeping a production blog (Bad PR on Hart's part). </p> <p>So I see four lessons for citizen journalism from this little episode:</p> <blockquote><p><strong>1.) There's a difference between social capital and normative standards and institutional capital and legal standards<br /> 2.) There are ethical and legal issues with publishing e-mail correspondence<br /> 3. ) This may have implications for establishing credibility and building trust with potential interviewees for citizen journalists<br /> 4.) It's bad to write something in an e-mail correspondence that you wouldn't want published in <em>The New York Times.</em></strong></p></blockquote> <p>More details below...<br /> <!--break--><br /> <strong>Lesson #1. There's a difference between social capital and normative standards and institutional capital and legal standards.</strong><br /> I'll get into what I know to be the legal aspects of publishing e-mail correspondence in the second lesson, but it is irrelevant who would have the upper hand in a legal battle if Hart pisses off all of his potential interviewees by taking a heavy-handed legal approach to this issue. </p> <p>There are normative standards in the blogosphere that you should treat people with dignity and respect. When you fail to be civil, then you loose social capital. Without social capital, then you don't have a lot of credibility or trust. Without credibility or trust, then it's really hard to gain access to sources and have them trust you in an interview.</p> <p>Hart saw that he is starting to loose this trust and social capital with his potential interviewees after <a href="http://www.hyperorg.com/blogger/mtarchive/004074.html">Weinberger dropped out</a> due to the "Blogumentary" fall-out. Hart inevitably saw that it'd be pointless to push the controversy any further if he still wanted to actually take a stab at this documentary.</p> <p>So Olsen will probably not be threatened any further with legal action since Hart probably wants this little episode to just go away. But it'll probably start to ripple throughout the blogosphere since it's a bit of an ethical dilemma on whether or not the e-mail should've been published.</p> <p>Olsen will inevitably win in terms of the normative standards of openness and transparency within the blogosphere. But Hart could actually have a legal case against Olsen if he foolishly decided to push the issue in court.</p> <p><strong>Lesson #2.) There are ethical and legal issues with publishing e-mail correspondence</strong></p> <p>Now I'm all for siding with Olsen when it comes to openness and transparency, but I'm not sure if I would have gone public with the e-mail myself. </p> <p>Why? As an independent filmmaker who tried to gain access to sources for my investigative documentary on the performance of the TV media leading up to the war in Iraq, I need to have some medium of trusted and private communication. If potential journalistic sources whom I deal with don't know that they can contact me and their message will be secure from being broadcast to the world, then they're not going to contact me. Or more likely, they're not going to return my calls or return my e-mails. </p> <p>Journalists realize that there's a normative standard for establishing trust and credibility that takes a lot of time to build up. Part of this process is to protect the integrity of e-mail correspondence and other private communication. </p> <p>Inside sources talk to Symore Hersh because they know that he's never burnt a source. Sources talk to Josh Marshall because he never publishes the name of the e-mailer unless he receives explicit permission.</p> <p>These inside sources won't come out unless they know that can trust the journalist. </p> <p><strong>* Can citizen journalists establish this same level of normative trust without an institutional backing?</strong></p> <p>I'd say that it is certainly possible after what I was able to achieve with <a href="/interviews">conducting interviews</a> with retired government sources, the spokeswoman of the French embassy, and a host of working journalists. </p> <p>Once I finish <em>The Echo Chamber,</em> then each of the people I interviewed will be able to know how fairly I edited and recontextualized their sound bites. Being transparent about the entire interview process can start to build trust with these sources again for future projects. And if there isn't an outcry of complaints from interviewees being edited unfairly, then this will build trust for other future interviews. </p> <p>I'm hoping that being transparent throughout the entire process can help me to build trust and credibility as an independent citizen journalist.</p> <p>Olsen published Hart's e-mail without receiving explicit permission from him. This was an ethical decision that Olsen took, and you could make a convincing argument that Hart treated him with disrespect and Olsen had a right to expose Hart's character to be further scrutinized.</p> <p>These are the <strong>ethical considerations</strong>, but there are also <strong>potential legal issues</strong> at hand as well.</p> <p>I once received a message from someone who had the following very scary disclaimer on it:</p> <blockquote><p>This communication constitutes an electronic communication within the meaning of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act, 18 USC 2510, and its disclosure is strictly limited to the recipient intended by the sender of this message. This communication may contain confidential and privileged material for the sole use of the intended recipient and receipt by anyone other than the intended recipient does not constitute a loss of the confidential or privileged nature of the communications. Any review or distribution by others is strictly prohibited. If you are not the intended recipient please contact the sender by return electronic mail and delete all copies of this communication. </p></blockquote> <p>Wow. If Hart would've put this in his e-mail, then Olsen would've known pretty explicitly that he'd be taking a risk by publishing it in his blog. If Hart would've written the exact same message with this disclaimer, then Olsen might have published it anyway just because it is so ridiculous considering the normative standards of transparency in the blogosphere.</p> <p><strong>I actually have no idea how the courts would rule this case</strong> if Hart tried to invoke the Electronic Communications Privacy Act on Olsen. <strong>Anyone have any insights?</strong> At any rate, Hart probably isn't going to press the issue because the damage has been done, and he hopefully realizes that he probably should've handled the situation a little bit better. </p> <p>But this is a cautionary dilemma for bloggers, because a legal case like this is bound to happen sooner or later where the blogospheric normative standards are challenged by the set of legal standards. <strong>For the sake of citizen journalism</strong>, then I think <strong>more research needs to be done on this issue</strong> and <strong>more explicit transparency standards need to be adopted.</strong></p> <p>For example, <a href="http://blogs.zdnet.com/Berlind/">CNet's Dave Berlind</a> started a <a href="http://radio.weblogs.com/0143327/">media transparency experiment</a>, there was a source who e-mailed him with <a href="http://radio.weblogs.com/0143327/2005/02/07.html#a45">explicit transparency sematics</a> to declare their desired level of transparency. There were three choices, and the source had explicitly indicated their desired level:</p> <blockquote><p><strong>this email is: [ ] blogable [ x ] ask first [ ] private</strong></p></blockquote> <p>Now if Olsen would've included these choices in his e-mail to Hart, then Hart would've either checked "blogable" and not been so curt. Or he could've checked "private" and told Olsen to go to Hell. Either way, this could've cleared up the transparency assumptions and prevented <a href="">this controversy.</a></p> <p>A common scenario is that Hart would've ignore the three boxes by not checking any of them -- which happens to me <strong>a lot.</strong> Then Olsen would've have been faced with the same decision of whether or not to publish the e-mail. </p> <p>Something else which is helpful is to <strong>delcare which which box is decided to be the default.</strong> When dealing with new sources, I usually default to "private." In this case, Olsen could have declared that the default for the correspondence is "Blogable," which is how he was treating the correspondence. I think that the best option is to <strong>give the source a choice</strong> as to which level of transparency he/she would prefer. I usually prefer complete transparency whenever possible, but it's not always possible and there would be some things I wouldn't be able to do without a private line of communication.</p> <p><strong>Lesson #3. ) This may have implications for establishing credibility and building trust with potential interviewees for citizen journalists</strong></p> <p>The other lesson that pops out at me is that this may have a ripple effect for other citizen journalist projects who are trying to gain access to sources. I didn't have a lot of problems with gaining access to <a href="/interviews">a lot of sources within DC and NYC.</a> I had my fair share of people turn me down, but I was still able to cover a lot of ground.</p> <p>But at the same time, there still aren't a lot of citizen journalists running around. Sooner or later, everyone is going to be a citizen journalist and will want access to sources. At some point, these sources will have to be a little bit more discerning with whom they grant access to.</p> <p>I had a difficult time gaining access to a number of conservative sources, but luckily the <a href="http://www.citypaper.com/news/story.asp?id=7807">Baltimore City Paper did a cover story on my project</a> while it was still in pre-production. This had to have a qualitative impact on my credibility. The other thing that helped was that I was able to conduct and secure a lot of interviews with sources who had a considerable amount of social capital within the journalistic field within two to three weeks into the film shoot. I was able to say I've already talked to Jay Rosen, Greg Mitchell, Todd Gitlin, Jonathan Landay and Lawrence Grossman, and I plan on interviewing Tom Rosenstiel, Helen Thomas and Warren Strobel. I'm sure this helped me score interviews with Bill Plante and Grover Norquist.</p> <p>John Hart is a relatively unknown filmmaker -- even though he worked in the Hollywood industry, he hasn't established much of a reputation in the field of documentary filmmaking.</p> <p>Now David Weinberger is <a href="http://www.hyperorg.com/blogger/mtarchive/004074.html">publicly questioning his level of trust with Hart</a> and reneging on his commitment for an interview. Usually if a potential interviewee didn't want to do the interview with me, they would just not return my calls. If I was lucky, they would actually respond with an explicit decline. </p> <p>But Hart is faced with one of his interviewees who is telling the world that he questions his integrity. A PR nightmare of sorts which may end up having a ripple effect with other interviewees. </p> <p>This brings up some interesting questions:</p> <blockquote><p><strong>* How do sources test the credibility and trust that they have with citizen journalists?</strong><br /> <strong>* What are the levels of transparency that are required from citizen journalists that can help build the trust and credibility that is so crucial in gaining access to sources and having those sources be as open and honest as they can be?</strong></p></blockquote> <p>These are some unanswered questions, and I hope to reduce the uncertainty to some of them with this investigative citizen journalism project.</p> <p>Part of the solution may be for citizen journalists to use the emerging credibility tools like <a href="http://www.technorati.com/cosmos/search.html?rank=&amp;url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.echochamberproject.com">Technorati</a> and <a href="http://www.masternewmedia.org/2005/04/06/how_to_measure_a_bloggers.htm">other PR tracking tricks</a> to build a virtual identity and <a href="http://www.google.com/search?hl=xx-piglatin&amp;q=%22echo+chamber+project%22&amp;btnG=Google+Earchsay">Google footprint</a>.</p> <p><strong> Lesson 4.) It's bad to write something in an e-mail correspondence that you wouldn't want published in <em>The New York Times.</em></strong><br /> Okay. This should seem obvious by now. If you're writing something in an e-mail and sending it to someone, you have to assume that it may end up getting forwarded and passed along for the whole world to see.</p> <p>I'm guilty of doing this, and it takes getting burnt once to really learn this lesson. It's good to be honest and express your feelings, but there is a certain point where some things are just better to keep to yourself. </p> <blockquote><p><strong>UPDATE 6-6-05:</strong> I've sent out a few e-mails to people about this post. I'd be curious to whether or not <a href="http://www.micropersuasion.com/2005/06/blogumentary_fi.html">Steve Rubel</a> weighs in on Hart's lack of PR savviness by failing to actively respond to the controversy on <a href="http://www.59bloggers.com/">his film's website.</a></p></blockquote> <blockquote><p><strong>UPDATE 6-8-05:</strong> <a href="http://www.59bloggers.com">Hart has responded.</a> <em>Yikes.</em> Did you get all of that? More reactions and trackbacks can be found in Olsen's comment section in his blog post titled <a href="http://blogumentary.typepad.com/chuck/2005/06/59bloggers_says.html">"59BLOGGERS SAYS I'M THE DEVIL!"</a> I aggregated my further thoughts in <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/221#comment-35">this comment below.</a></p></blockquote> <blockquote><p><strong>UPDATE 6-9-05:</strong> John Hart has calmed down and given an <a href="http://euphoria.jarkolicious.com/journal/2005/06/09/480/">e-mail interview with Kit Jarrell</a> -- one of the 59Blogger interviewees. This is a much more coherent response than his initial reaction which was totally blinded by anger. He accepts some responsibility for being uncivil and actually plans to continue with the project in some way.<br /> When asked about whether this whole ordeal may have damaged his level of trustworthiness, <a href="http://euphoria.jarkolicious.com/journal/2005/06/09/480/">Hart says</a>, </p> <blockquote><p>To judge someone untrustworthy for defending himself against mob rule is an indication that their ability to judge is severely impaired. I have heard from no one on the original list on the subject of trustworthiness. Quite the opposite, actually. Look, the camera doesn’t lie. When it points at you, you need to trust yourself, not the person holding it.</p></blockquote> <p>We'll see how it goes for him, but I think trust is actually one of the most important keys to getting people to open up and be honest on camera. Anyway, Hart concludes that "failure is just another stepping stone to success."</p></blockquote> <blockquote><p><strong>UPDATE 6-9-05 5:54 p.m.:</strong><br /> As part of <a href="http://euphoria.jarkolicious.com/journal/2005/06/09/480/">Jarrel's interview</a>, Hart humbles himself for an apology:</p> <blockquote><p><strong>KJ: Do you feel that you crossed the line at anytime, or do you stand by your actions?</strong><br /> JH: Crossed what line? Civility? Yes. I am guilty of being uncivil in my reply to Chuck. It’s a shame, actually. I try to practice what I preach, but you must admit, Chuck’s original email to me was absurd and without merit. Had I the chance to do it over, I would say, “just exactly what is your request? How can I help you alleviate your concerns?” But, hindsight can only help my gatekeeper to learn better civility. Meanwhile, I apologize to Chuck for my initial response. I have rent the garmet of civility I wear, but it can be repaired.</p></blockquote> <p>And in the comments, <a href="http://euphoria.jarkolicious.com/journal/2005/06/09/480/#comment-1584":>Olsen accepts</a></p> <blockquote><p>Wonderful!</p> <p>I accept your apology, John, and I offer you mine: I’m sorry for posting part of your email online. And I’m sorry, in general, for this whole episode. I’m glad you’re taking the current 59bloggers page down and continuing with the project in some fashion. I’ll remove your email from my post. Let me know if there’s anything else you’d like me to do, via email or comment, or via Kit.</p> <p>Peace,<br /> Chuck</p></blockquote> <p>More of Olsen's response <a href="http://blogumentary.typepad.com/chuck/2005/06/interview_with_.html">here</a></p> <p>And everyone lives happily ever after... </p></blockquote> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/221#comment Blog Dialogue Film Law New Media PR SocialCapital Transparency Mon, 06 Jun 2005 11:47:35 -0400 kentbye 221 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Preventing Server Overload with Drupal Cache Settings http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/183 <p>One of the concerns that I have with a Drupal site is getting overwhelmed with traffic without the proper configuration. A link from <a href="http://www.slashdot.com">Slashdot.com</a> -- a tech discussion community website &amp; "News for nerds" -- can bring a site down from so much traffic.</p> <p><a href="http://www.newmediamusings.com/blog/2005/03/ourmedia_slashd.html">OurMedia.org got slashdotted</a> on the same day it launched back on March 21, 2005.</p> <dl> <dd>It didn't take long for Ourmedia to be <a href="http://slashdot.org/articles/05/03/21/1916206.shtml?tid=188&amp;tid=95">slashdotted.</a></p> <p>Just what we needed with our servers already getting slammed.</dl> <p>The OurMedia servers got so slammed that it brought the site to its knees.</p> <p>I was concerned and asked Moshe about it:</p> <dl> <dd><strong>KENT:</strong> When I told my Web Host about my project he told me:<br /> "one thing to watch though is not to have a program that accesses mysql for every page hit. I'm getting overloaded with that."</p> <p><strong>MOSHE:</strong> well, cached pages have 2 database calls, as opposed to 50+ for a regular page. a cached page is very light weight. cached pages are served to anonymous users, which is the vast majority, especially in a slashdot situation. drupal routinely survives a slashdot when configured properly.</p> <p><strong>KENT:</strong> I just want to be prepared for the worst case scenario of overloading my web host and having a fat bill to pay for bandwidth issues.</p> <p><strong>MOSHE:</strong> caching doesn't really help with bandwidth bill. it helps with making sure all users actually get what they request. the best way to reduce bandwidth is to minimize the number of images in your theme. the images you do show should be small in dimension and compressed in size.</strong></dl> <p>It was in this context that I tried to alter the Cache Settings on the Admin -&gt; Settings Page from <strong>Disabled (low-traffic sites)</strong> to <strong>Strict (medium-traffic sites)</strong></p> <p><a href="/files/cachesettings.jpg">[inline:cachesettings.jpg=Page Cache Settings]</a></p> <p>After a full day of being set like this, I saw an error and took a screen shot of it.<br /> <a href="/files/cachebootstrap.jpg">[inline:cachebootstrap.jpg=Cache Errors]</a></p> <p>I didn't see the error again. But then I started seeing the same error pop up in my log files:<br /> <a href="/files/headerlog.jpg">[inline:headerlog.jpg=Log tracking the Bootstrap/Page Caching/Header Errors]</a></p> <p>It started happening after Moshe logged in to my site, but then it appeared to only be happening with Anonymous users.</p> <p>I logged out and looked at my site as an Anonymous user, I started seeing the same type of error:</p> <dl> <dd><code>Notice: Undefined index: HTTPS in /www/echochamberproject/sites/echochamberproject.com/settings.php on line 90</code></p> <p><code>Warning: session_start(): Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent (output started at /www/echochamberproject/sites/echochamberproject.com/settings.php:90) in /www/echochamberproject/includes/session.inc on line 10</code></p> <p><code>Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /www/echochamberproject/sites/echochamberproject.com/settings.php:90) in /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 527</code></p> <p><code>Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /www/echochamberproject/sites/echochamberproject.com/settings.php:90) in /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 528</code></p> <p><code>Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /www/echochamberproject/sites/echochamberproject.com/settings.php:90) in /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 529</code></p> <p><code>Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /www/echochamberproject/sites/echochamberproject.com/settings.php:90) in /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 530</code></p> <p><code>Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /www/echochamberproject/sites/echochamberproject.com/settings.php:90) in /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 531</code></p> <p><code>warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /www/echochamberproject/sites/echochamberproject.com/settings.php:90) in /www/echochamberproject/includes/common.inc on line 99.</code></dl> <p>I then went to the homepage and saw an absolute meltdown:<br /> <a href="/files/meltdown.jpg">[inline:meltdown.jpg=Cache Meltdown]</a></p> <p>Here was some of the error:</p> <dl> <dd><code>Notice: Undefined index: module in /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 90</code></p> <p><code>Notice: Undefined index: module in /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 389</code></p> <p><code>Notice: Undefined index: filter in /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 97</code></p> <p><code>Notice: Undefined index: statistics in /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 389</code></p> <p><code>Notice: Undefined index: system in /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 389</code></p> <p><code>Notice: Undefined index: system in /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 97</code></p> <p><code>Notice: Undefined index: throttle in /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 389</code></p> <p><code>Notice: Undefined index: user in /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 389</code></p> <p><code>Notice: Undefined index: user in /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 97</code></p> <p><code>Notice: Undefined index: watchdog in /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 389</code></p> <p><code>Notice: Undefined index: watchdog in /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 97</code></p> <p><code>Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc:90) in /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 502</code></p> <p><code>Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc:90) in /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 503</code></p> <p><code>Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc:90) in /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 511</code></p> <p><code>Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc:90) in /www/echochamberproject/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 519</code></dl> <p>I saw caching in the error message and so I switched the Page Cache Settings from <strong>Strict (medium-traffic sites)</strong> back to the default setting of <strong>Disabled (low-traffic sites)</strong>.<br /> <a href="/files/cachesettings.jpg">[inline:cachesettings.jpg=Page Cache Settings]</a></p> <p>This switch back to the default setting appears to have solved the Anonymous page cache error problem for now.</p> <p>But it's the <strong>"(low-traffic sites)"</strong> of the <strong>Disabled Page Cache setting</strong> that worries me, and makes me think that my site is pretty inadequately prepared to handle being slashdotted.</p> <p>Here's a Drupal page with more information about <a href="http://drupal.org/node/4342">throttle control</a> -- I'd like to figure out how to properly throttle my site can withstand being slammed with traffic.</p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/183#comment Drupal Errors PR Website Tue, 31 May 2005 14:06:29 -0400 kentbye 183 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Grant Strategy for Future of New Media Video http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/170 <p>Another reason why I'm cutting together a short video featuring many leaders of the new media movement is because my film advisor Brian Newman suggested that I reach out to the film world with what I'm doing.</p> <p>I don't think the film industry understands folksonomy, Drupal, wikis, open source &amp; non-hierarchical grassroots collaboration. Brian informs me that they understand short videos or audio pieces that are incorporated into the site. It's hard for film folks to digest a lot of the other stuff that I've been writing about.</p> <p>So I'm working on a short film that can provide some metaphors for what I'm trying to accomplish with this site that can appeal to a broader audience. I've had a number of people tell me, "I read your blog, but I can't understand what you're talking about." Having other people say what I've been writing about should provide some useful metaphors.</p> <p>I've been targeting the technologists up to this point because they can help provide a lot of the open source infrastructure and tools that I need to pull off a collaborative production and techniques for distributed grassroots investigative reporting.</p> <p>Technologists also have a lot of sway in the online attention economy. If this site hits the radar screen of <a href="http://del.icio.us/popular">http://del.icio.us/popular</a>, then it will be a lot easier to tap into the cultural capital held by the online pioneers and folks in the broader blogosphere.</p> <p>Inviting volunteers to participate in the production of my film will make it a better film -- since collectively my readers will know more than I do. </p> <p>This participation also helps build an audience for the film -- If a lot of the marketing for my film takes place before the film is finished and released, then this gives me all types of freedom for experimenting with alternative distribution methods. I want to get the film and message out there as broadly as I possibly can while at the same time not loosing my shirt.</p> <p>Anyway, I think that a short video on the future of New Media would also help out <strong>a lot</strong> with whatever grants I go after.</p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/170#comment Fundraising Metaphor New Media PR Fri, 27 May 2005 07:54:22 -0400 kentbye 170 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Expanding from Windows into Cafes and Bridges http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/157 <p>Now that I have this site Drupalized, I can now start treating it as a cafe and not just a window into the project. Blogger <a href="http://www.hoder.com">Hossein Derakhashan</a> talks about blogs being a <strong>window</strong> into a community, a <strong>bridge</strong> between communities, and a <strong>cafe</strong> where people can chat about different topics. </p> <p>Up until now, EchoChamberProject.com has served as a window for the production of this film for transparency's stake. It can now take it to the next level by treating it more like a cafe where conversations can happen within the internal blogs. It can also now serve more as a community of practice where this virtual space can be used more for collaboration.</p> <p>Cafe-like blog entries aren't as polished as window-blog entries. There's a tendency to put the best face forward whenever you know that the whole world is watching. But I'd like to treat the site more like e-mail discussions that are "CC: WORLD" as Doc Searls describes his philosophy of blog writing. E-mail is more personal, more informal and less polished.</p> <p>I'm going to have my advisors start interacting with me more internally within this site. Journalism professor Dr. Andrew Cline will continue to cross post his rhetorical analyses at his <a href="http://www.rhetorica.net">Rhetorica.net</a> blog.</p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/157#comment Collaboration Communications Drupal Metaphor PR Status Transparency Website Tue, 24 May 2005 06:34:20 -0400 kentbye 157 at http://www.echochamberproject.com