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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>I\'m happy to report that through a series of connections that The Echo Chamber Project has received a $55,000 grant for the next year of operations. Below is the text of the four-page grant that I submitted to the foundation, who prefers to remain anonymous. </p>\n<p>I am also pleased to report that I have made it past the first round of the Knight Brothers 21st Century News Challenge competition, and am in the process of submitting a full proposal.</p>\n<p><strong>OVERVIEW</strong><br />\nThe Echo Chamber Project explores collaborative investigative filmmaking by using new media technologies as well as a repository of original video interviews with journalists and scholars. It is a project that details the limitations of American journalism while at the same time embodying innovative solutions through collaborat in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>I just wanted to break the four-month radio silence here on the blog to let folks know that I intend on releasing some alpha-level collaborative editing functionality with the 15 journalist interviews.</p>\n<p>I\'m addressing some bugs and getting things ready to start having some folks help filter, tag, edit and sequence together sound bite segments. More details soon...</p>\n<p>-Kent.</p>\n', created = 1464548670, expire = 1464635070, headers = '' WHERE cid = 'filter:3:e76e155b4a0202f1e8c92b77ed5c83e1' in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p><center><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-VloggerconPresentation405.mov?source=3\"><img border=\"0\" src=\"http://blip.tv/uploadedFiles/Kentbye-VloggerconPresentation119.jpg\" /></a></center><br />\n <br />\n <a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-VloggerconPresentation405.mov?source=3\">Watch Quicktime Video</a> | <a href=\"http://kentbye.blip.tv/file/42049?file_type=flv\">Watch Flash Video</a></p>\n<p>This is my demonstration of the collaborative editing workflow for The Echo Chamber Project during the Politics and Social Change Session during the first day of <a href=\"http://www.vloggercon.com\">Vloggercon.</a> Total run time is 9:15.</p>\n<p>This software demonstration is at the prototype in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>The second day of the <a href=\"http://www.beyondbroadcast.net/blog\">Beyond Broadcast</a> Conference split into smaller working groups, and I attended the <a href=\"http://www.beyondbroadcast.net/wiki/index.php?title=Iterative_Media\">\"Iterative Media: Treating Media like Open Source Code\"</a> session with about 30 other people. </p>\n<p>The idea was to draw parallels between open source software development and the trend towards interactive and participatory media. </p>\n<p>The Echo Chamber Project has been very much influenced by the open source production model, especially after watching the <a href=\"http://www.revolution-os.com\">Revolution OS</a> documentary about the free and open source movements -- as well as reading Eric S. Raymond\'s <a href in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p><center><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSocialChange736.mov\"><br />\n<img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/politics_socialchange.jpg\" alt=\'\'></a><br />\n</center></p>\n<p><a href=\"http://kentbye.blip.tv/file/31389?file_type=flv\">Flash Version</a></p>\n<p>This video provides explains how the media fits into political and social change and specifically addresses the following questions:</p>\n<blockquote><p>* How is the Press supposed to Work?<br />\n* How and why does the Press act like an Echo Chamber?<br />\n* How is media changing?<br />\n* What does it mean that the \"news is becoming a conversation\"?<br />\n* Will these new media changes a in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>Using new media technology to make the filmmaking post-production process more collaborative has uncovered some interesting theoretical insights. It has introduced some constraints that have allowed me to abstract some broader concepts that can be applied to journalism and collaborative sensemaking.</p>\n<p>Below I explore some of the parallels between Collaborative Filmmaking, New Media Technology, Journalism, The Intelligence Cycle, Knowledge Management Pyramid and the Scientific Method... </p>\n<blockquote><p>* <a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/795#goodconstraints\">Constraints Can Be Good</a><br />\n* <a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/795#scalingcomplexity\">Scaling Up Complexity with Folksonomy Tags &amp; Playlists</a><br />\n* <a href= in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p><center><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSeanCoon877.mp3\"><br />\n<img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1coon.jpg\"></a><br />\n</center></p>\n<p><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSeanCoon877.mp3\">Listen to a conversation</a> that I had with <a href=\"http://www.seancoon.org/\">Sean Coon,</a> who is a web developer and consultant that got in touch with me after listening to a good number of my <a href=\"http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio\">interview</a> and <a href=\"http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectCommunityAudio\">community podcasts.</a> We had an hour conversation talking about some of th in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>For the past couple of days, the Drudge Report has been running excerpts from Bill Sammon\'s latest book \"Strategery\" [sic]. Today\'s Drudge top headline was <a href=\"http://www.drudgereport.com/flash3wsb.htm\">\"Bush Cheers Decline of Mainstream Media, Rise of Alternative Press\"</a> -- which provides further validation to the trend that I elaborated in this video: <a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/governmentbypasspress\">Government Bypassing the Press.</a></p>\n<p>Sammon interviewed Bush and a number of senior advisors about the pre-election \"Memogate,\" where Bush claims that CBS explicitly \"conspired\" to harm his campaign. <a href=\"http://www.drudgereport.com/flash3wsb.htm\">Drudge writes</a> that \"Memogate in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p><center><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectCollaborativeFilmmakingPresentationSanFrancisco743.mp3\" target=\"new\"><br />\n<img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1kent_sftalk.jpg\"></a><br />\n</center></p>\n<p><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectCollaborativeFilmmakingPresentationSanFrancisco743.mp3\" target=\"new\">Listen to a presentation</a> that <a href=\"http://www.flickr.com/photos/missrogue/sets/1755219/\">I gave at Ritual Roasters</a> coffee shop in San Francisco\'s Mission District on January 3rd, 2006. (Length: 25:28)</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://factoryjoe.com/blog/2006/01/03/out-of-towner-meetup-kent-bye-echo-chamber-project/\& in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p><center><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectCollaborativeFilmmakingPresentationOpenMediaDevelopersSummit672.mp3\" target=\"new\"><br />\n<img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1kent_omds.jpg\"></a><br />\n</center></p>\n<p><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectCollaborativeFilmmakingPresentationOpenMediaDevelopersSummit672.mp3\" target=\"new\">Listen to a presentation</a> that I gave at the <a href=\"http://itp.nyu.edu/omds/\">Open Media Developers Summit</a> on October 21st, 2005. (Length: 25:01)</p>\n<p>This is a fairly technical overview of the <a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/collaborativefilmmaking\">collaborative filmma in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p><center><a href=\"http://www.blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectGovernmentBypassesPress618.mov\"><br />\n<img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/governmentbypasspress.jpg\"></a><br />\n</center></p>\n<p><a href=\"http://www.blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectGovernmentBypassesPress618.mov\">Video essay</a> in response to Jay <a href=\"http://journalism.nyu.edu/pubzone/weblogs/pressthink/2006/02/16/chn_ftz.html\">Rosen\'s \"Dick Cheney Did Not Make a Mistake By Not Telling the Press He Shot a Guy\" bog post</a> -- featuring Chris Nolan, Mindy Finn, Hugh Hewitt, John H. Brown, Don Beck, Steve Rubel, Merrill Brown, Tom Rosenstiel, Congressman Rob Simmons, and a virtual Jay Rosen.</p>\n<p>Y in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p>The media spends so much time and energy focusing on problems, but how can they do a better job at empowering citizens towards a vision of hope and possibility?</p>\n<p><center><a href=\"http://www.blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSolutionOrientedMedia198.mov\"><br />\n<img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/solution_oriented_media.jpg\"></a><br />\nMusic: <a href=\"http://ccmixter.org/media/files/disharmonic/2958\">On The Moon (Trip Hop mix)</a> by <a href=\"http://ccmixter.org/media/people/disharmonic\">disharmonic</a></center></p>\n<p><a href=\"http://www.blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSolutionOrientedMedia198.mov\">This video </a> features some insights on this from < in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p><center><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectMerrillBrown274.mp3\"><br />\n<img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1merrillbrown.jpg\"></a><br />\n</center></p>\n<p><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectMerrillBrown274.mp3\">Listen to the Interview</a> with Merrill Brown, Media Consultant, MMB Media LLC (Length: 21:15)</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/wemediainterviews\">More interviews</a> from the We Media Conference.</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio\">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a></p>\n<p><em>Transcript Coming Soon...</em><br />\nOctober 5th in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p><center><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectTomCurley624.mp3\"><br />\n<img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1curley.jpg\"></a><br />\n</center></p>\n<p><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectTomCurley624.mp3\">Listen to the Interview</a> with Tom Curley, President &amp; CEO of the <a href=\"http://www.ap.org\">Associated Press</a> (Length: 11:32)</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/wemediainterviews\">More interviews</a> from the We Media Conference.</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio\">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a></p>\n<p><em>Tran in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p><center><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSteveRubel351.mp3\"><br />\n<img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1rubel.jpg\"></a><br />\n</center></p>\n<p><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSteveRubel351.mp3\">Listen to the Interview</a> with Steve Rubel, Public Relations Blogger, <a href=\"http://www.micropersuasion.com\">MicroPersuasion.com</a> (Length: 13:26)</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/wemediainterviews\">More interviews</a> from the We Media Conference.</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio\">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a></p>\n<p>F in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p><center><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectAndrewNachison537.mp3\"><br />\n<img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1nachison.jpg\"></a><br />\n</center></p>\n<p><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectAndrewNachison537.mp3\">Listen to the Interview</a> with Andrew Nachison, Director, <a href=\"http://www.mediacenter.org/\">The Media Center</a> (Length: 9:43)</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/wemediainterviews\">More interviews</a> from the We Media Conference.</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio\">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a></p>\n<p><em> in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p><center><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectLexAlexander792.mp3\"><br />\n<img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1alexander.jpg\"></a><br />\n</center></p>\n<p><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectLexAlexander792.mp3\">Listen to the Interview</a> with Lex Alexander, <a href=\"http://blog.news-record.com/lexblog/\">Citizen Journalism Coordinator</a>, <a href=\"http://www.news-record.com/\">Greensboro News-Record</a> (Length: 11:11)</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/wemediainterviews\">More interviews</a> from the We Media Conference.</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberP in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p><center><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSusanMernit144.mp3\"><br />\n<img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1mernit.jpg\"></a><br />\n</center></p>\n<p><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSusanMernit144.mp3\">Listen to the Interview</a> with Susan Mernit, Digital Media Consultant, 5ive (Length: 11:03)</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/wemediainterviews\">More interviews</a> from the We Media Conference.</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio\">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a></p>\n<p><em>Transcript Coming Soon...</em><br />\nOctober 5th, 2005< in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p><center><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectAndyCarvin989.mp3\"><br />\n<img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1carvin.jpg\"></a><br />\n</center></p>\n<p><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectAndyCarvin989.mp3\">Listen to the Interview</a> with Andy Carvin, <a href=\"http://www.digitaldividenetwork.org/\">The Digital Divide Network</a> (Length: 11:32)</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/wemediainterviews\">More interviews</a> from the We Media Conference.</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio\">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a></p>\n<p><em>Ful in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p><center><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectPeterRussell868.mp3\"><br />\n<img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1russell.jpg\"></a><br />\n</center></p>\n<p><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectPeterRussell868.mp3\">Listen to the Interview</a> with Peter Russell, Eastern Philosophy Author &amp; Futurist (Length: 20:16)</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/consciousness\">More interviews</a> from the Consciousness &amp; Healing Conference.</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio\">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a></p>\n<p><em>Transcript Coming Soon...</em&g in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p><center><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectDuaneElgin394.mp3\"><br />\n<img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1elgin.jpg\"></a><br />\n</center></p>\n<p><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectDuaneElgin394.mp3\">Listen to the Interview</a> with Duane Elgin, Futurist &amp; Media Activist, <a href=\"http://www.ourmediavoice.org\">OurMediaVoice.org</a> (Length: 9:46)</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/consciousness\">More interviews</a> from the Consciousness &amp; Healing Conference.</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio\">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a&g in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p><center><a href=\"http://kentbye.blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectDonBeck181.mp3\"><br />\n<img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1beck.jpg\"></a><br />\n</center></p>\n<p><a href=\"http://kentbye.blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectDonBeck181.mp3\">Listen to the Interview</a> with Don Beck, National Values Center &amp; <a href=\"http://www.spiraldynamics.net/\">Spiral Dyanamics Integral</a> Model of Worldviews and Value structures (Length: 12:41)</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/consciousness\">More interviews</a> from the Consciousness &amp; Healing Conference.</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInter in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p><center><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectVanJones960.mp3\"><br />\n<img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1jones.jpg\"></a><br />\n</center></p>\n<p><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectVanJones960.mp3\">Listen to the Interview</a> with Van Jones, Executive Director of the <a href=\"http://www.ellabakercenter.org\">Ella Baker Center for Human Rights</a>(Length: 19:26)</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/consciousness\">More interviews</a> from the Consciousness &amp; Healing Conference.</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio\">Subscribe to Interview Audio</ in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p><center><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSharifAbdullah640.mp3\"><br />\n<img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1abdullah.jpg\"></a><br />\n</center></p>\n<p><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSharifAbdullah640.mp3\">Listen to the Interview</a> with Sharif Abdullah, President of the <a href=\"http://www.commonway.org/index.htm#Site%20Map\">Commonway Institute</a> (Length: 17:12)</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/consciousness\">More interviews</a> from the Consciousness &amp; Healing Conference.</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio\">Subscribe to Intervi in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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Warning: Table './kentbye_echochamber/cache' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache SET data = '<p><center><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSusanDavis472.mp3\"><br />\n<img src=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1davis.jpg\"></a><br />\n</center></p>\n<p><a href=\"http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSusanDavis472.mp3\">Listen to the Interview</a> with Susan Davis (Length: 16:52)</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://www.echochamberproject.com/consciousness\">More interviews</a> from the Consciousness &amp; Healing Conference.</p>\n<p><a href=\"http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio\">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a></p>\n<p><em>Transcript Coming Soon...</em><br />\nJuly 9th, 2005<br />\n<!--bre in /home/kentbye/public_html/echochamberproject.com/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 120

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kentbye's blog http://www.echochamberproject.com/kentbye en Echo Chamber Project Receives A $55,000 Grant http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/2971 <p>I'm happy to report that through a series of connections that The Echo Chamber Project has received a $55,000 grant for the next year of operations. Below is the text of the four-page grant that I submitted to the foundation, who prefers to remain anonymous. </p> <p>I am also pleased to report that I have made it past the first round of the Knight Brothers 21st Century News Challenge competition, and am in the process of submitting a full proposal.</p> <p><strong>OVERVIEW</strong><br /> The Echo Chamber Project explores collaborative investigative filmmaking by using new media technologies as well as a repository of original video interviews with journalists and scholars. It is a project that details the limitations of American journalism while at the same time embodying innovative solutions through collaborative media production. In short, it is an independent filmmaker's "YouTube" combined with "Wikipedia" for serious journalism.</p> <p>Radical innovation is needed in order to discover both sustainable business models for hard-hitting investigative journalism as well as new ways of maintaining influence and audience attention with trustworthy content. The Echo Chamber Project explores the two key trends of <strong>Online Video</strong> and <strong>Tapping into Collective Intelligence through Citizen Participation.</strong></p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/2971">Continued below</a> is a brief overview of the history and scope of the Echo Chamber Project, as well as a funding request for a total of $55,000 for the next year of operations...<br /> <!--break--></p> <p>The project will continue to test the developed collaborative editing software during the first quarter of 2007. Volunteers will assist in collaboratively completing a 90-minute film by the fourth quarter of 2007. The finished documentary film will capture the essence of the major conclusions from the 86 interviews with journalists, scholars and media critics concerning the press' pre-war performance. It will also include documentary evidence from a comprehensive collection of 5 months worth of pre-war news coverage from ABC, CBS and NBC used within the confines of fair use.</p> <p>By the first quarter of 2007, the online component will provide a comprehensive collection of all of the interview source material in a way that is easily navigated and searchable. If a viewer wants to seek out more details on any given topic, then there will be multiple ways to discover the source material in its original context. </p> <p>Finally, the project intends to provide a proof-of-concept business model for an open access, collaborative video production that could be applied to large-scale media organizations. A financially successful project could provide a viable blueprint for the future of online video journalism and the collaborative peer production of rich media.</p> <p><strong>The History of The Echo Chamber Project</strong><br /> The absence of independent and skeptical journalism during the build-up to the war in Iraq in the fall of 2002 is what initially catalyzed The Echo Chamber Project. I watched and recorded five months of ABC, CBS and NBC footage leading up to the war. Then in the summer of 2004, my wife and I went on a journey of interviewing 45 different experts who described the general symptoms and underlying illnesses of American Journalism as well as the specific pre-war media failings (<a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/interviews">http://www.echochamberproject.com/interviews</a>).</p> <p>After gathering many insights into journalism through the first round of production interviews, I realized that I didn't want to just describe the existing problems, but that I wanted to actually try to provide some practical solutions. I could see that the trends in new media were incorporating principles of transparency, openness, cooperation, collaboration and authenticity. So I began to explore the concept of "Open Source Journalism" in early 2005 and how to apply it to my documentary production.</p> <p>Throughout 2005, I attended a number of technology conferences and interviewed another 41 experts on New Media, Open Source Intelligence and Culture &amp; Consciousness to explore the future landscape of collaborative journalism. For the duration of 2006, we have been developing open source software in order to put these collaborative theories into practice for The Echo Chamber Project.</p> <p>The request for $55,000 is to sustain this collaborative phase throughout the duration of 2007.</p> <p><strong>Exploring Open Questions in the Future of Journalism</strong><br /> American journalism is facing many crises while trying to transform their business models and products for a communications environment that is marked by a fierce competition for advertising dollars and audience attention. </p> <p>Radical innovation is desperately needed, and The Echo Chamber Project intends on reducing the uncertainty on a number of open questions:</p> <p>* With cutbacks in newsroom personnel and resources, how are journalists going to continue to dedicate the time and energy to hard-hitting investigative reporting?</p> <p>* How can the press be collaboratively produced in a way that produces accurate and verified information?</p> <p>* How can journalists do a better job at tapping into the wisdom of the citizens and be more inclusive of alternative perspectives and points of view?</p> <p>* If news is a conversation and not a lecture, then what does this look like in the context of video production?</p> <p>* How can the press provide a more comprehensive map that represents the complexity of the world that we live in?</p> <p>* How can the press do a better job at cutting through the public relations spin to detect political deception by analyzing facts over time?</p> <p>* How can journalists better engage youth culture into current affairs?</p> <p>* How can the Open Business principles of openness, free services and free access be applied to independent documentary filmmaking?</p> <p>* How can the Free Culture principles of<br /> cooperative sharing and word-of-mouth marketing be leveraged through Creative Commons licensing of video content?</p> <p>* What is the potential of online advertising revenue to support an open and transparent post-production process?</p> <p><strong>APPENDIX: Exploring Solutions to the Open Questions in the Future of Journalism</strong><br /> This final section provides more technical details that could be treated as an appendix.</p> <p>I have found it is easiest to actually show people how some of these concepts have been implemented through a working demonstration -- rather than just describing it in words. The following two videos offer a general five-minute overview, and then a more detailed nine-minute presentation and brief demonstration from the Vloggercon conference:<br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/media_politics_socialchange">http://www.echochamberproject.com/media_politics_socialchange</a> &amp;<br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/vloggercon_presentation">http://www.echochamberproject.com/vloggercon_presentation</a></p> <p>These two videos offer a visual overview, and the following sections encapsulate the essence of some of the potential solutions to the open questions listed above.</p> <p><strong>* Distributed Sensemaking</strong><br /> Hard-hitting investigative reporting could be sustained by putting the following Dan Gillmor aphorism into action with technology: "readers collectively know more than the reporter." This could be practically achieved through a number of peer production methods and collective intelligence technologies described in more detail below (<a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/collaborativesensemaking">http://www.echochamberproject.com/collaborativesensemaking</a>).</p> <p><strong>* Peer Production</strong><br /> Collaboratively produced news with accurate and verified information can potentially come out of developing an ecosystem of volunteer roles and tasks that can add up to complex intelligence through an "architecture of participation." Best practices for this can be adapted from successful open source software projects, peer-produced Wikipedia, social bookmarking site del.icio.us, news filtering site digg.com and the playlisting community at webjay.org (<a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iterative_collaborative_media_open_source_code">http://www.echochamberproject.com/iterative_collaborative_media_open_source_code</a>).</p> <p><strong>* Collective Intelligence</strong><br /> Tapping into collective intelligence is achieved by aggregating context and meaning on video segment sound bites through the mechanism of "user-contributed metadata" (i.e. credibility ratings, quality ratings, free tagging categorization and organizing video segments into playlist sequences). The end result a rich body of links and associations between the facts and subjective judgments that is used to aggregate contextual knowledge from the participants. There are many practical examples from technology firms that aggregate individual judgments into collective decisions -- Amazon.com book recommendations, eBay trust and reputation systems, the link citation analysis built into Google's PageRank algorithm, and the front-page voting system of Digg.com. The Echo Chamber Project will be combining some of these technological mechanisms within a journalistic context by using the collection of interview video segments.</p> <p><strong>* Participatory Engagement</strong><br /> The trend of "news is a conversation and not a lecture" indicates a preference of active engagement over passive consumption. This is manifesting with blog conversations and comment feedback systems. Audio and video "conversations" are limited by the post-production bottleneck involved with rich media. The Echo Chamber Project intends on exploring the dialogue possibilities by using a collection of video segment sound bites from subject matter experts. These video segments can be used as building blocks for creating longer discussions and arguments by juxtaposing multiple segments within a chronological sequence and virtually editing them together at http://www.EchoChamberProject.com.</p> <p><strong>* Handling Complexity</strong><br /> The world's problems have become more complex than the maps that we have to describe them. We are reaching the limits of linear storytelling and reductionistic approaches to describing the world that we live in. A more holistic and comprehensive map can be achieved by describing the interconnectivity and relationships between individual elements. The hypertext-linked medium of the Internet has a lot of potential for mapping out this network of connections, but most newspapers and television journalists are still stuck in the mindset of producing content for the flat mediums of print and television. The Echo Chamber Project will experiment with exploring new layers of depth and contextual relevance of video segments by using the filtering and clustering mechanisms of ratings, tags and playlists.</p> <p><strong>* Countering Deceptive Public Relations Spin</strong><br /> Merriam Webster's 2006 Word of the Year is "Truthiness," which indicates how much the proliferation of political deception has saturated our media environment. The tactics of political spin have matured well past the ability of the existing journalistic paradigms to effectively counter them. Jon Stewart and Stephen Colbert use humor and satire as their pretext for making political judgments. But there are other mechanisms for aggregating facts over time in a transparent way that provides an audit trail to justify controversial judgments and avoids charges of political bias (<a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/722">http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/722</a>).</p> <p><strong>* Engaging Young Audiences</strong><br /> Traditional journalism institutions are facing dwindling revenue streams through their legacy distribution systems, and the trend is the online movement of viewership and advertising revenue. It is harder and harder to capture the attention and engagement of the MySpace and YouTube Generation, and my goal is to create a social networking environment that is fun and exciting for me to learn, explore, connect and create. A key towards achieving this is to make it easy for like-minded people to communicate and collaborate in editing video content.</p> <p><strong>* Exploring Open Business Principles</strong><br /> The latest trends in "Web 2.0" technology have been free services and free access to open content supported by advertising. Cooperation and Openness are key buzzwords. It is an ecosystem of symbiotic partnerships rather than competitive enemies. The downside to openness is more creative and financial uncertainty through the loss of control. The benefit is more creativity, more engagement, more diversity, and a much richer end product with stronger grassroots word-of-mouth reputation, trust and influence. The benefits have the potential to outweigh the costs, but the fear of uncertainty has prevented media companies from fully embracing Open principles and making the quantum leap into this new paradigm.</p> <p><strong>* Implementing Free Culture Principles Through Creative Commons Licensing</strong><br /> One mechanism of cooperation and sharing is through "Creative Commons licensing" of content. Volunteers will be able to use some of the original interview videos under the conditions that they attribute it to The Echo Chamber Project and use it in a non-commercial context. This will help expand the reach and cultural influence of the source material.</p> <p><strong>* Exploring Sustainable Business Models</strong><br /> The key for this type of video production and distribution model to expand to other contexts is to prove that it economically sustainable. This will be achieved through a partnership with the advertising program with www.Blip.tv and potential advertising sponsorships. The online component will also serve as a marketing mechanism for the DVD release of the final film.</p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/2971#comment About EchoChamberProject Fri, 05 Jan 2007 18:45:39 -0500 kentbye 2971 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Breaking Radio Silence with a Quick Update http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/2970 <p>I just wanted to break the four-month radio silence here on the blog to let folks know that I intend on releasing some alpha-level collaborative editing functionality with the 15 journalist interviews.</p> <p>I'm addressing some bugs and getting things ready to start having some folks help filter, tag, edit and sequence together sound bite segments. More details soon...</p> <p>-Kent.</p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/2970#comment EchoChamberProject Tue, 14 Nov 2006 17:28:35 -0500 kentbye 2970 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Echo Chamber Project's Collaborative Editing Demonstration at Vloggercon http://www.echochamberproject.com/vloggercon_presentation <p><center><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-VloggerconPresentation405.mov?source=3"><img border="0" src="http://blip.tv/uploadedFiles/Kentbye-VloggerconPresentation119.jpg" /></a></center><br /> <br /> <a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-VloggerconPresentation405.mov?source=3">Watch Quicktime Video</a> | <a href="http://kentbye.blip.tv/file/42049?file_type=flv">Watch Flash Video</a></p> <p>This is my demonstration of the collaborative editing workflow for The Echo Chamber Project during the Politics and Social Change Session during the first day of <a href="http://www.vloggercon.com">Vloggercon.</a> Total run time is 9:15.</p> <p>This software demonstration is at the prototype phase, and I'm transitioning to a private alpha and then a public beta over the next couple of months. </p> <p>Please <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/user/register">sign up as a user</a> if you're interested in getting more involved with the project as it evolves. </p> <p>More background information can be found in this post: <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/iterative_collaborative_media_open_source_code">Iterative Media: Treating Collaborative Media Like Open Source Code</a></p> <p><!--break--></p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/vloggercon_presentation#comment About demo EchoChamberProject KentBye Software Vlog Vloggercon Thu, 15 Jun 2006 16:07:31 -0400 kentbye 799 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Iterative Media: Treating Collaborative Media Like Open Source Code http://www.echochamberproject.com/iterative_collaborative_media_open_source_code <p>The second day of the <a href="http://www.beyondbroadcast.net/blog">Beyond Broadcast</a> Conference split into smaller working groups, and I attended the <a href="http://www.beyondbroadcast.net/wiki/index.php?title=Iterative_Media">"Iterative Media: Treating Media like Open Source Code"</a> session with about 30 other people. </p> <p>The idea was to draw parallels between open source software development and the trend towards interactive and participatory media. </p> <p>The Echo Chamber Project has been very much influenced by the open source production model, especially after watching the <a href="http://www.revolution-os.com">Revolution OS</a> documentary about the free and open source movements -- as well as reading Eric S. Raymond's <a href="http://www.catb.org/~esr/writings/cathedral-bazaar/cathedral-bazaar">The Cathedral and the Bazaar.</a></p> <p>Here is some of the discussion that came out of session as to how it relates to The Echo Chamber Project:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/798#iterativemedia">* WHAT IS ITERATIVE MEDIA?</a><br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/798#collaborativeeditingworkflow">* COLLABORATIVE EDITING WORKFLOW</a><br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/798#interactivetraditional">* BOTH INTERACTIVE AND TRADITIONAL FILM, NOT EITHER/OR</a><br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/798#filmcommitteebenevolentdictator">* BALANCING FILM BY COMMITTEE MODEL AND BENEVOLENT DICTATOR MODEL</a><br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/798#submitterscommitters">* SUBMITTERS AND COMMITTERS</a><br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/798#userincentivesmotivation">* PROVIDING INCENTIVES AND USER MOTIVATION</a><br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/798#corecontributedfork">* CORE DEVELOPMENT VS. CONTRIBUTED MODULES VS. FORKING</a><br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/798#powerlawparticipation">* POWER LAW OF PARTICIPATION</a><br /> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/798#moredetails">* MORE DETAILS</a></p></blockquote> <p><!--break--></p> <p><a name="iterativemedia"></a><strong>WHAT IS ITERATIVE MEDIA?</strong><br /> What is the best way to describe "Iterative Media" or "Open Source Media?" It helps to define it by contrasting it to traditional media.</p> <p><strong>Traditional media production</strong> has a distinct final product that is <strong>created, consumed and understood</strong> by the audience. (h/t Thomas Michael Winningham.) </p> <p><strong>Iterative media</strong> is always being <strong>updated, improved and remixed</strong> much like the "constant beta" nature of modern software and websites.</p> <p>Let's take a look at the traditional production cycle that <a href="http://www.kenyattacheese.net">Kenyatta Cheese</a> mapped out on the chalkboard during the session that <a href="http://hvytk.blogspot.com/2006/05/very-interesting-iterative-media.html">Thomas Kriese documented</a></p> <p><img src="http://static.flickr.com/55/145663927_449960021b.jpg?v=0" alt='Traditional Production Cycle'></p> <p><strong>The Traditional Production Cycle: </strong></p> <blockquote><p>* Starts with an idea.<br /> * More plans are made and resources gathered during pre-production<br /> * Audio and visual source material are collected during production<br /> * All of the gathered material is filtered, edited and massaged into a final film during post-production<br /> * This static product is then distributed and consumed through various distribution channels. </p></blockquote> <p><strong>Iterative and Open Source media</strong> introduces <strong>feedback loops</strong> and <strong>collaboration</strong> at various stages of the production cycle:</p> <p><img src="http://static.flickr.com/54/148318001_f5ee886657.jpg?v=0" alt='Iterative Media'></p> <p>Some examples of this are:</p> <blockquote><p>* Collaborative planning like <a href="http://www.aswarmofangels.com">A Swarm of Angels</a><br /> * Collaborative Production like <a href="http://www.chaincamerathemovie.com/">Chain Camera</a>, <a href="http://www.awesomeishotthat.com/main/">Beastie Boys: Awesome I F***in' Shot That!</a> and <a href="http://www.thewartapes.com/faq">The War Tapes</a><br /> * Collaborative Editing like <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/collaborativefilmmaking">The Echo Chamber Project</a><br /> * Collaborative Distribution like Robert Greenwald's <a href="http://www.truthuncovered.com">Uncovered</a>, <a href="http://www.outfoxed.org">Outfoxed</a> &amp; <a href="http://www.walmartmovie.com/">WAL-MART: The High Cost of Low Price</a><br /> * And a new phase of remixing content into new and different products like <a href="http://modfilms.com/">MOD Films.</a></p></blockquote> <p>Archival documentaries have been remixing footage for quite a long time, but the difference now is that the proliferation of Creative Commons licensed material has made it so much easier and faster to create iterative media derivatives.</p> <p>I see that one of the biggest bottlenecks for achieving large-scale participation is within the post-production phase. It relatively easy to gather a lot of facts and other source material compared to the challenges of filtering, making sense and condensing all of the material into a consumable form that has a cohesive story. </p> <p>The Echo Chamber Project is focusing on developing the methodologies and open source technology for making the post-production process more collaborative.</p> <p><a name="collaborativeeditingworkflow"></a><strong>COLLABORATIVE EDITING WORKFLOW</strong><br /> Kevin <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/729"> Marks describes the editing process</a> as distinct stages of shot-logging, sequencing and polishing. I'd add another stage of filtering and clustering of the logged segments before they're placed into sequences. So the four steps would be:</p> <blockquote><p>* <strong>Shot-logging:</strong> Longer audio/visual segments are broken into smaller discrete chunks of meaning with specific IN and OUT times.<br /> * <strong>Filtering &amp; Clustering:</strong> The good segments are separated from the bad ones, and segments are then categorized into thematic clusters<br /> * <strong>Sequencing:</strong> Sound bite and visual chunks are placed within an editing timeline and juxtaposed together.<br /> * <strong>Polishing:</strong> Fine-tuning of IN/OUT times as well as adding transitions, color correction, graphics, etc. </p></blockquote> <p>For the Echo Chamber Project: </p> <blockquote><p>* I will be setting the preliminary shot-logging by segmenting the sound bites within Final Cut Pro.<br /> * Users will be helping filter the signal from the noise, and help categorize the sound bites into different thematic clusters.<br /> * Users will then be sequencing the sound bites into conceptual sequences (and have the ability to alter the default IN/OUT times).<br /> * I will be exporting these edited sequences back into Final Cut Pro to do further polishing and tweaking. </p></blockquote> <p>So I am focusing on <strong>harnessing social networking effects</strong> within the <strong>filtering, clustering and sequencing phases</strong> for the Echo Chamber Project. </p> <p>I am starting with default IN/OUT times for the sound bite segments for users to start building sound bite sequences, but users will be able to alter the IN/OUT times within the sequencing stage. Providing simple building blocks as a starting point will help lower the barrier to entry, as well as the user's ability to copy and build off of the filtering, clustering and sequencing of other users.</p> <p>Here is the conceptual post-production workflow:<br /> <img src="http://static.flickr.com/50/148310824_a03e1f76a1.jpg?v=0" alt='Post-Production Workflow'></p> <blockquote><p>* Start with the default sound bites<br /> * Cluster sound bites into thematic groups<br /> * Place sound bites within short vignettes<br /> * Combine sequences together to create longer and longer segments forming the arch of the final film:</p></blockquote> <p>Here are the technological mechanisms to facilitate each of these stages:<br /> <img src="http://static.flickr.com/50/148310825_b5fcd508f8.jpg?v=0" alt='Technology Mechanisms for Collaborative Post-Production'></p> <blockquote><p>* Sound bites are imported and assigned to a unique URL<br /> * Users filter the good and bad sound bites by rating them, and group them into thematic clusters with tags<br /> * Users place sound bites within a playlist sequence to form the short vignettes<br /> * Finally, playlists can be placed within playlists to create nested playlists and eventually the final film.</p></blockquote> <p>This <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/collaborativefilmmaking">following collaborative editing workflow diagram</a> for The Echo Chamber Project was referenced a number of times throughout the session, and shows how the different steps required for shot-logging, filtering, sequencing and polishing all fit together:<br /> <img src="http://static.flickr.com/50/148310828_735ede1ac1.jpg?v=0" alt='Technology Mechanisms for Collaborative Post-Production'></p> <p>Each of the green boxes indicates user participation. </p> <p>Now is a good time to define the two end products of The Echo Chamber Project</p> <p><a name="interactivetraditional"></a><strong>BOTH INTERACTIVE AND TRADITIONAL FILM, NOT EITHER/OR</strong><br /> I have two end products with The Echo Chamber Project, the traditional documentary film as well as an interactive and multimedia experience of the film. </p> <p>Gathering context and meaning from the users during the collaborative editing stage will be fed into creating the linear film, and this user contributed metadata will also be fed into an multimedia experience of the material as well.</p> <p>The Internet provides new interactive opportunities for experiencing media, and so there are going to be new ways of collaborative storytelling as well as more "Chose-your-own-adventure" ways of experiencing media.</p> <p>Some people will prefer to become very engaged and actively involved with experiencing media in these new ways, but there will still be a place for traditional storytelling and easily consumable linear media for mass media audiences.</p> <p>The linear film will remain fairly static in value once it is completed and distributed -- while the iterative aspects of the interactive website will gain in value over time it aggregates more and more context and meaning through user feedback.</p> <p>So given that there will be both a traditional linear film and an interactive multimedia website, then how will collaborative storytelling be handled in each case?</p> <p><a name="filmcommitteebenevolentdictator"></a><strong>BALANCING FILM BY COMMITTEE MODEL AND BENEVOLENT DICTATOR MODEL</strong><br /> Peter Armstrong of <a href="http://www.oneworld.net">OneWorld.net</a> emphasized to me that there is no guarantee that a collaboratively edited film will necessarily be a more interesting or compelling piece of art. And he's absolutely correct because there is no guarantee that the participation from many people is going to guarantee a better end product.</p> <p>It may create an incredibly engaging interactive experience, but an extremely dull final film. Or it may in fact create a brilliant film, but yet a very bad online user experience.</p> <p>The term "film by committee" is usually used a pejorative description for a movie that lacks cohesion and flow as a whole piece of art. This is a potential pitfall, and why I've assigned myself as the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benevolent_Dictator_for_Life">"Benevolent Dictator"</a> of The Echo Chamber Project, which is a technical reference to other open source projects. </p> <p>This title is obviously informal, tongue-in-cheek, and seemingly goes everything against a collaborative project, but in the case of a film and other open source projects I do think that there needs to be this type role in order to guide a project from the idea phase to the point where other people can get involved. I will also be setting the initial general direction of the project, helping get other people involved, and using my best judgment whenever final calls have to be made. </p> <p>It is also difficult to give up 100% control for the initial linear film after investing so much time and energy into the planning, production and post-production phases. I will be releasing a fair amount of control throughout the post-production process, and trying to incorporate and sythesize as much collaborative input as possible. At the same time, the final film will have my stylistic fingerprints and a cohesive story holding it together. </p> <p>The collaborative editing process that I am envisioning is not a wiki model where anyone can edit a final sequence at any time. Instead it is more of a mix between webjay + del.icio.us + digg model where individuals are making individual editing decisions within playlists (ala <a href="http://www.webjay.org">webjay</a>), their input is being aggregated into social networking effects that can be navigated either locally or globally (ala <a href="http://del.icio.us">del.icio.us</a>), and other users are helping rate good sound bites and playlists so that they can bubble to the top (ala <a href="http://www.digg.com">digg</a>).</p> <p>One aspect of the interactive experience of the material is going to focus on helping people navigate through the social consensus that is aggregated from the cumulative personal input. There will also be other interactive aspects that will emerge as the project evolves. </p> <p>So how is this ecosystem of participation going to collect and make sense of all of this individual input?</p> <p><a name="submitterscommitters"></a><strong>SUBMITTERS AND COMMITTERS</a></strong><br /> The first step towards creating a functional ecosystem is to look at other successful models -- particularly other open source projects. </p> <p>Most successful open source projects have a large number of programmers who submit small patches and bug fixes, and then they have a much smaller team of more involved leaders who are able to commit these patches towards the core project. </p> <p>The core committers either usually initiated the overall project or were active enough submitters to work their way up the hierarchy of responsibility.</p> <p>I imagine that The Echo Chamber will also have a similar dynamic where there is a large set of participants who are contributing granular nuggets of contextual meaning that is aggregated into some sort of larger collective intelligence, and then a smaller core team of participants who will be helping digest, filter and make sense of the input and be incorporating these insights into the final linear film.</p> <p>Each submitter will have their own space to filter, categorize and playlist sound bites, and they will be able to build off the work of other editors at each of these stages. The social consensus of all of the submitters will be made explicit through identifying the most popular sound bites and playlists as well as through weighing the most interesting media elements in search algorithms to make them more findable. </p> <p>I imagine that the core committers will emerge from the process of participating heavily in the phases of rating, tagging and playlisting of sound bites. These would be people who are have dedicated a lot of time and energy, and built up trust within the community. They'd also be interested in the challenge of helping synthesize and interpret the input from all of the submitters.</p> <p><a name="userincentivesmotivation"></a><strong>PROVIDING INCENTIVES AND USER MOTIVATION</strong><br /> I intend to assign film credits and profit sharing to the core committers as well as the dedicated submitters, which will help provide some incentive. </p> <p>I also hope to build in social capital incentives for both submitters and committers by keeping track of an attribution trail as well as giving a lot of attention to their work to the audience of onlookers.</p> <p>I also hope that the project will be an intellectually stimulating experience for all of the participants. They will learn about the traditional mainstream media as well as help invent new ways of creating collective meaning.</p> <p>I'm hoping that initially that this type of project will be new and exciting enough as well as have enough political relevance to encourage broad and diverse participation. For the long-term sustainability, there are many open questions for how to provide even more incentives and kickbacks to the participants.</p> <p>I do intend on releasing all of the interview source material under a Creative Commons license after I complete and release the first linear film, and so users will be free to create and market their own versions. </p> <p>But even with this, there is still the challenge of balancing the top-down control with bottom up participation. There is an interesting dynamic in open source projects between the core development, the contributed modules, and those who want to "fork" the code.</p> <p><a name="corecontributedfork"></a><strong>CORE DEVELOPMENT VS. CONTRIBUTED MODULES VS. FORKING</strong><br /> Another distinction to be made is between core developers who are focused on the main framework versus the developers who are making specialized contributed modules that are supplements to the core release versus those who want to fork the source material to take the project down a completely different path.</p> <p>Open source software code deals with objective functionality while open source media deals with the communication of ideas and concepts.</p> <p><em>Core Development = Linear Film</em><br /> The core software developers are focused on developing the baseline functionality that is applicable for all users. In the case of The Echo Chamber Project, the core project will be The Echo Chamber linear documentary that will shown to a mass audience.</p> <p><em>Contributed Modules = Multimedia Website</em><br /> In software, contributed module developers implement functionality beyond what the main project providing. They often have a very specific itch that they're trying to scratch that isn't general enough to be included within the core project. With the Echo Chamber Project, the interactive and multimedia aspect of the project can serve as an outlet for a lot of these more niche and specialized messages. </p> <p>There could also be niche "narrowcast" versions of the film that could be created for specialized audiences.</p> <p><em>Forked Code= Iterative Remixes of Source Material</em><br /> In the cases where neither the core development or contributed modules addresses the needs of a developer, then there is a "forking" of the source code where a group of users takes the project down a completely different development path.</p> <p>Most open source projects are given a chance to mature before they are forked, and so I will not be releasing high-resolution versions of the source material until the initial version is completed and distributed. I do this to avoid the forking of The Echo Chamber Project before I complete the initial 1.0 version. </p> <p>Selling copies of the linear film will be the main source of revenue for the project, and so it doesn't make sense for me to invest a lot of time and energy into gathering source material to then give it all away for free and have someone beat me to market before I complete my first version.</p> <p>At the same time, I do want to include as much diversity and different points of view as possible within the first film, and let the participants help collectively guide and form the strategic intent of the project. I will clearly be limited by the degree of diversity of the participants that I'm able to recruit, and I'm hoping to leave the process as open as possible throughout this collaborative process.</p> <p>So what are the different steps of increasing levels of participation?</p> <p><a name="powerlawparticipation"></a><strong>POWER LAW OF PARTICIPATION</strong><br /> Marty Kearns posed the following question at the 2005 Personal Democracy Forum: "How do you create a system that allows citizens to drop by and participate for 5 to 10-minute intervals, and still be able to productively contribute to the overall project?" </p> <p>This is one of the characteristics of what Kearns describes as <a href="http://www.network-centricadvocacy.net">Network-Centric Advocacy</a>, and it is also what The Echo Chamber Project aspires to achieve with its collaborative editing workflow. </p> <p>The trick is to have a number of different simple tasks that many people can participate in, and have it add up to some sort of collective intelligence that transcends any individual user.</p> <p>Ross <a href="http://ross.typepad.com/blog/2006/04/power_law_of_pa.html">Mayfield has made a great chart describing the "Power Law of Participation"</a> with a continuum ranging from low threshold to high engagement. </p> <p><a title="Photo Sharing" href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/ross/135959002/"><img width="480" height="395" border="0" align="middle" alt="Power Law of Participation" src="http://static.flickr.com/49/135959002_044797a68c_o.png" /></a></p> <p>The power law metaphor is interesting because the purple section roughly maps out to the large number of submitters compared to the smaller number of blue section committers as described above.</p> <p>Mayfield describes the aggregate of the lower end of the submitter tail as "collective intelligence" and the higher end committers as "collaborative intelligence."</p> <p>I've tailored <a href="http://ross.typepad.com/blog/2006/04/power_law_of_pa.html">Mayfield's descriptions</a> for The Echo Chamber Project, and added a few as well. </p> <blockquote><p>* <strong>Read / Listen / Watch</strong> -- The audience simply listens to and watches the various sound bites or playlist items. These are the "lurkers" who are paying attention to what is going on without actively providing any type of feedback. But because there are ways to track which items are being most watched, then there are ways to capture this passive feedback.<br /> * <strong>Favorite</strong> -- Having lots of people vote in a binary Up/Down manner allows the interesting and popular items raise to the front page like <a href="http://www.digg.com">Digg</a> or <a href="http://www.videobomb.com">Videobomb</a>. This could be a simple way for users to shine a spotlight on playlists that deserve more attention.<br /> * <strong>[Rate] </strong>-- Rating an item on a quantitative five-star scale does a fairly good job of determining the really good and the really bad sound bites or playlists. There could be ratings for both overall production quality as well as for accuracy.<br /> * <strong>Tag</strong> -- Tags place an item within a qualitative category and context that has both local/personal and global/social effects such as the way del.icio.us saves personal bookmarks and can at the same time determine the most popular websites. In the case of the Echo Chamber Project, then tags are a way to group sound bites within thematic clusters before they are placed within a playlist.<br /> * <strong>Comment</strong> -- Comments are is an indication that a playlist or sound bite is interesting, and it also allows for richer communication and interaction. This will be an important feedback mechanism for playlist creators.<br /> * <strong>Subscribe</strong> -- When the best playlists are promoted to the front page, then they will also be sent down an RSS feed for the users who have committed to paying attention over a period of time. The more subscribers that there are, then the more of an incentive that will be provided to have playlists promoted and seen.<br /> * <strong>Share</strong> -- Each sound bite or playlist has the opportunity to provide a common context for people to connect, and it is certainly desirable for users to share playlists with their peer group. The sharing and communication is the social glue that will help keep the community alive, and yet it is probably one of the harder aspects to track and quantify since most of it happens "out of band."<br /> * <strong>Network</strong> -- Users will make personal connections, but will also use other users as filters to help them sort out the signal from the noise. Allowing users to create buddy lists will help them create these trusted human filters.<br /> * <strong>Blog</strong> -- When users either want to start broader conversations or shine a bigger spotlight on specific items, then they can write blog entries. Each user will have access to their own blog within The Echo Chamber Project, and using external blogs is fine as well.<br /> * <strong> [Playlist] </strong> -- Users place audio and visual sound bites within chronological order. Adding the time dimension allows for media to be juxtaposed next to each other and for additional meaning to emerge. Adding additional layers of audio and video and music will also add increasing levels of context and meaning.<br /> * <strong> [Nested Playlist] </strong> -- As playlists are placed within playsts, then longer and longer sequences can be created. Longer sequences become more sensitive to changes within the beginning playlist subelements since changes will alter the remaining context and holistic meaning of the entire longer piece. </p></blockquote> <p>The more involved tasks that Mayfield describes are <strong>Refract</strong>, <strong>Collaborate</strong>, <strong>Moderate</strong> and <strong>Lead</strong>. These would be the roles of the core committers and benevolent dictator of The Echo Chamber Project and will evolve as the project evolves.</p> <p><a name="moredetails"></a><strong>FOR MORE DETAILS:</strong></p> <blockquote><p>* <a href="http://www.beyondbroadcast.net/wiki/index.php?title=IterativeMediaNotes">Collaborative Notes from the Iterative Media session</a> by <a href="http://www.fireant.tv">Josh Kinberg</a>, <a href="http://www.deeharvey.com/blog">Dee Harvey</a> and <a href="http://uncleleron.com/wp">Joshua Dickens</a></p> <p>* <a href="http://hvytk.blogspot.com/2006/05/very-interesting-iterative-media.html">very interesting iterative media process </a> by Thomas Kriese.</p> <p>* <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/media_politics_socialchange">VIDEO: An Overview of The Echo Chamber Project</a></p> <p>* <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/collaborativesensemaking">Building a Theory of Collaborative Sensemaking</a></p> <p>* <a href="http://msmdx.net">Study of anime music video editing community</a> by <a href="http://dream.sims.berkeley.edu/~ryanshaw/wordpress/">Ryan Shaw</a></p> <p>* <a href="http://civilities.net/ConstructiveMedia">Constructive Media</a> by Jon Garfunkel</p></blockquote> http://www.echochamberproject.com/iterative_collaborative_media_open_source_code#comment About Collaboration Editing opensource Wed, 17 May 2006 14:25:55 -0400 kentbye 798 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Video: Media, Politics & Social Change: An Overview of The Echo Chamber Project http://www.echochamberproject.com/media_politics_socialchange <p><center><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSocialChange736.mov"><br /> <img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/politics_socialchange.jpg" alt=''></a><br /> </center></p> <p><a href="http://kentbye.blip.tv/file/31389?file_type=flv">Flash Version</a></p> <p>This video provides explains how the media fits into political and social change and specifically addresses the following questions:</p> <blockquote><p>* How is the Press supposed to Work?<br /> * How and why does the Press act like an Echo Chamber?<br /> * How is media changing?<br /> * What does it mean that the "news is becoming a conversation"?<br /> * Will these new media changes affect the nature of politics?<br /> * How does The Echo Chamber Project fit into all of this?</p></blockquote> <p><strong>Featuring:</strong> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/goodman">Amy Goodman</a>, <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/grossman">Lawrence Grossman, <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/lobe">Jim Lobe</a>, <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/landay">Jonathan Landay</a>, <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/sambrook">Richard Sambrook</a>, <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/rosen">Jay Rosen</a>, <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/gillmor">Dan Gillmor</a>, <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/jarvis">Jeff Jarvis</a>, <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/searls">Doc Searls</a> &amp; <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/merrillbrown">Merrill Brown</a>.</p> <p>You can subscribe to the Interview Audio <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio">here</a> or browse it <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/InterviewAudio">here.</a></p> <p>Additional interview transcripts are <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/interviews">here.</a></p> <p>Sign up as a user <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/user/register">here.</a></p> <p><!--break--><br /> Music Credits: </p> <blockquote><p>* <a href="http://ccmixter.org/media/files/disharmonic/2957">“In The Sky”</a> by <a href="http://ccmixter.org/media/people/disharmonic">disharmonic</a> via <a href="http://ccmixter.org">ccmixter</a><br /> * <a href="http://ccmixter.org/media/files/disharmonic/2958">“On The Moon (Trip Hop mix)”</a> by <a href="http://ccmixter.org/media/people/disharmonic">disharmonic</a> via <a href="http://ccmixter.org">ccmixter</a><br /> * <a href="http://ccmixter.org/media/files/cdk/3841">"People"</a> by <a href="http://ccmixter.org/media/people/cdk">cdk</a> via <a href="http://ccmixter.org">ccmixter</a><br /> * <a href="http://magnatune.com/artists/albums/sieber-second/">"Tree of Love"</a> by <a href="http://www.jamisieber.com/">Jami Sieber</a> used by permission by <a href="http://www.magnatune.com">Magnatune.com</a></p></blockquote> http://www.echochamberproject.com/media_politics_socialchange#comment About Activism EchoChamberProject Journalism Politics trends Vlog Wed, 10 May 2006 09:46:07 -0400 kentbye 796 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Building a Theory of Collaborative Sensemaking http://www.echochamberproject.com/collaborativesensemaking <p>Using new media technology to make the filmmaking post-production process more collaborative has uncovered some interesting theoretical insights. It has introduced some constraints that have allowed me to abstract some broader concepts that can be applied to journalism and collaborative sensemaking.</p> <p>Below I explore some of the parallels between Collaborative Filmmaking, New Media Technology, Journalism, The Intelligence Cycle, Knowledge Management Pyramid and the Scientific Method... </p> <blockquote><p>* <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/795#goodconstraints">Constraints Can Be Good</a><br /> * <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/795#scalingcomplexity">Scaling Up Complexity with Folksonomy Tags &amp; Playlists</a><br /> * <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/795#collaborativesensemaking">Towards a Theory of Collaborative Sensemaking</a></p></blockquote> <p><!--break--><br /> <a name="goodconstraints"></a><strong>Constraints Can Be Good</strong><br /> When people collaboratively write a Wikipedia article, the users are free to change any word or phrase with very little constraints. This isn't as easy with collaborative filmmaking in that there are more defined and discrete building blocks that the users have at their disposal to create a multimedia product. </p> <p>In the case of the Echo Chamber Project, the building blocks will be the audio sound bites and visual clips from the <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/interviews">50+ hours of interview footage</a> and 40+ hours of ABC, CBS and NBC pre-war evening news coverage. I will be <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/729">defining the default IN and OUT points of these sound bites</a>, but users will be free to lengthen or shorten the boundaries of these media elements. This will create a common context for collaboration that will allow me to further develop these collaborate principles, methods and technology.</p> <p>It is easy to edit someone else's sentence, but it is more difficult to chop up and move around audiovisual media. These chunks of rich media add the dimension of time to the collaborative process, which is a constraint that limits the possibilities and will potentially yield some interesting insights for how collaboration can be achieved in new and different ways. </p> <p>Some of the limitations with comment threads and Wikipedia articles is that they have an upper threshold for the amount of participation that they can handle, and they also fail to produce relevant social networking effects beyond a certain level of complexity.</p> <p><a name="scalingcomplexity"></a><strong>Scaling Up Complexity with Folksonomy Tags &amp; Playlists</strong><br /> Using segments of rich media makes it possible to aggregate context and meaning on these chunks by using a number of different mechanisms. Starting with a granular node -- be it a sound bite, visual clip or written fact -- it is possible to aggregate contextual metadata through a series of steps that emergently progress from: </p> <blockquote><p>* Starting with thousands of defined Audio Sound Bites &amp; visual clips<br /> * Rating sound bites and clustering them with folksonomy tags<br /> * Sequencing audio sound bites within playlists<br /> * Collaboratively building larger sequences with nested playlists<br /> * Independently controlling the video &amp; audio tracks with 2-dimensional nested playlists<br /> * Evaluating Multiple Storylines and Hypotheses with a <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/722#ecpintel">2-dimensional playlist matrix</a><br /> * Visualizing complex networks by mapping out <a href="http://www.systems-thinking.org/arch/arch.htm">feedback loop relationships</a> between nodes</p></blockquote> <p>This progression came from designing a system that could be used to collaboratively generate a film -- or "a 2-dimensional nested playlist" where the audio sound bites are synched up with a sequence of visual images.</p> <p>This progression involves collecting deeper and deeper levels of context and meaning on the source material as it progresses through the workflow. </p> <p>As I've been piecing it together, I've been able to abstract some underlying principles and come up with a larger Theory for Collaborative Sensemaking.</p> <p><a name="collaborativesensemaking"></a><strong>Towards a Theory of Collaborative Sensemaking</strong><br /> The ideal collaborative sensemaking system would allow people to add their own context through each of these phases in a way that is both <strong>easy to participate</strong> and <strong>easy to productively make sense of the user input</strong> in a cumulative fashion. </p> <p>I imagine that there will be a web-based multimedia experience of the film that is able to can get smarter as time goes on and more people are interact with the material by adding their context and meaning to it -- as well as produce remixes and contribute new source material back to the ecosystem.</p> <p>So while the finished 90-minute documentary becomes a static product that is released and watched by a mass audience, there will also be a multimedia experience of the source material that will grow and evolve over time as users continue to interact and contribute their meaning to the material.</p> <p>Two Questions Come Up at this Point:</p> <blockquote><p>* How am I planning on making sense of this process as it evolves?<br /> * How am I going to coordinate these various phases and harness the chaos of the participation and collective wisdom?</p></blockquote> <p>I will certainly be learning a lot as real people start using the system, and I intend on doing some top-down leadership by expressing specific questions to look into, themes of sequences to cut together and trying to process as much of the incoming participation as possible.</p> <p>It will be a very uncertain and chaotic process, but Wikipedia has shown that the anarchy can be productively harnessed if there is an agreed upon set of collaborative principles, a group of people with common intentions, and through enough open communication.</p> <p>I also have some predictions for the how the project will evolve that will be guiding me along the way. Some of the progression will be discrete and have well-defined phases while other aspects will have blurred boundaries that organically emerge and evolve from one phase to another.</p> <p>Taking this into consideration, I'll be integrating and incorporating the elements across all of the following development phases: </p> <p><hr></p> <blockquote><p> <strong>The Process of Filmmaking</strong><br /> Shot Logging Sound Bites -> Thematic Clusters -> Short Vignettes -> Edited Film as well as Interactive Multimedia Experiences</p> <p><strong>Technological Mechanisms for Aggregating Context</strong><br /> Granular Piece of Data -> Folksonomy Tags &amp; Ratings -> Playlist Sequences -> Nested Sequences as well as <a href=" http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/722#ecpintel">Analysis of Competing Hypotheses</a> &amp; <a href="http://www.systems-thinking.org/arch/arch.htm">Non-Linear Systems Patterns</a></p></blockquote> <p><hr></p> <blockquote><p><strong>The Journalistic Filtering Mechanism for a Deliberative Democracy</strong><br /> World Events -> News -> Conversation &amp; Dialogue -> Collective Decisions</p> <p><strong>Intelligence Cycle</strong><br /> Planning &amp; Collection -> Processing -> Analysis and Production -> Dissemination</p></blockquote> <p><hr></p> <blockquote><p> <strong>Knowledge Management Pyramid</strong><br /> Data -> Information -> Knowledge -> Wisdom</p> <p><strong>Scientific Method</strong><br /> Facts -> Hypotheses -> Theories -> Laws &amp; Paradigms</p></blockquote> <p><hr></p> <blockquote><p><strong>Progression of Analytical Depth</strong><br /> Event -> Who, What, When &amp; Where -> How -> Why</p> <p><strong>Increasing Levels of Abstraction</strong><br /> Literal -> Analytical -> Theoretical -> Philosophical</p></blockquote> <p><hr></p> <p>So there are parallels between all of these as well as increasing levels of understanding, levels of contextual depth, degrees of order and a reduction of complexity. For more details, read this article on <a href="http://www.systems-thinking.org/kmgmt/kmgmt.htm#dac">Emerging Perspectives on Knowledge Management.</a></p> <p>These progressions are helping inform me as I think about how to implement this <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/collaborativefilmmaking">collaborative filmmaking schema</a> and have users participate in the system.</p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/collaborativesensemaking#comment Collaboration Communications IntelAnalysis Journalism KM newmedia Theory Wed, 22 Mar 2006 18:00:49 -0500 kentbye 795 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Technology Audio: Conversation with Sean Coon about The Echo Chamber Project http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/794 <p><center><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSeanCoon877.mp3"><br /> <img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1coon.jpg"></a><br /> </center></p> <p><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSeanCoon877.mp3">Listen to a conversation</a> that I had with <a href="http://www.seancoon.org/">Sean Coon,</a> who is a web developer and consultant that got in touch with me after listening to a good number of my <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio">interview</a> and <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectCommunityAudio">community podcasts.</a> We had an hour conversation talking about some of the trends in new media as well as where The Echo Chamber Project is headed. </p> <p>Sean is very excited about the project from both a technological and political view, and so I look forward for having him get more involved as the project evolves. He also recently moved to Greensboro, North Carolina where the local newspaper has been actively involved in integrating blogging and citizen journalism into their local coverage -- listen to this interview with <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/alexander">Lex Alexander</a> for more details.</p> <p>I should also note that there will be three main end products with the Echo Chamber Project: </p> <blockquote><p>[1] The 90-minute documentary that focuses on the media performance during the build-up to the war;<br /> [2] An annotated multimedia experience of the entire archive of material that supplements the film and provides a proof of concept for how new media technologies can make the press more collaborative and inclusive of many different perspectives; and<br /> [3] The open source tools and methodologies that were used to create the other two end products.</p></blockquote> <p>The majority of the <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/InterviewAudio">interview audio</a> that I've released so far has been focused on the second end product. These interviews are more solution-oriented and forward-looking, and the interviews average around 15 minutes each.</p> <p>Soon I will also be releasing the audio from the interviews that focus on the preformance of the media leading up to the war in Iraq. These interviews illuminate the problems and limitations with the media, and average around 50 minutes each.</p> <p>In this conversation with Sean, I mention <a href="http://www.mediagiraffe.org/artman/publish/article_438.shtml">a speech that former New York Times ombudsman Daniel Okrent</a> gave where he mentions that the three biggest issues that people wrote in and complained about were: Accuracy, Bias and Arrogance. I talk about how collaborative media could potentially address each of these issues.</p> <p>Enjoy.</p> <p>(Photo Credit: <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/missrogue/82137823/in/set-1755219/">Miss_Rouge</a>)<br /> <!--break--></p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/794#comment CommunityAudio newmedia trends Tue, 07 Mar 2006 15:32:48 -0500 kentbye 794 at http://www.echochamberproject.com GOP Justifying the Rollback of the Press http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/793 <p>For the past couple of days, the Drudge Report has been running excerpts from Bill Sammon's latest book "Strategery" [sic]. Today's Drudge top headline was <a href="http://www.drudgereport.com/flash3wsb.htm">"Bush Cheers Decline of Mainstream Media, Rise of Alternative Press"</a> -- which provides further validation to the trend that I elaborated in this video: <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/governmentbypasspress">Government Bypassing the Press.</a></p> <p>Sammon interviewed Bush and a number of senior advisors about the pre-election "Memogate," where Bush claims that CBS explicitly "conspired" to harm his campaign. <a href="http://www.drudgereport.com/flash3wsb.htm">Drudge writes</a> that "Memogate has helped accelerate the decline of the mainstream media, generally defined as CBS, NBC, ABC, The New York Times and other establishment news outlets."</p> <p>Bush didn't make any amazing revelations about the media to Sammon, but just some <a href="http://www.drudgereport.com/flash3wsb.htm">fairly neutral observations</a> like "the news is slowly but surely losing market share" and “It’s interesting to watch these media conglomerates try to deal with the realities of a new kind of world” -- that the news is "always available" -- and that we're beginning a "a revolution in newsgathering and dissemination." Nothing too earth shattering there.</p> <p>But what is concerning is how the Republican National Committee and other GOP strategists have taken the opportunity of the changing media landscape to further <a href="http://journalism.nyu.edu/pubzone/weblogs/pressthink/2005/07/16/rll_back.html">"Rollback the Press"</a> -- as Jay Rosen would describe it: Ken <a href="http://www.drudgereport.com/flash3wsb.htm">Mehlman told Sammon</a>:</p> <blockquote><p>“It also, frankly, gave us an opportunity, frequently, when things came out in the media that we didn’t believe or didn’t like, to say, ‘It’s another CBS story,’” said Republican National Committee Chairman Ken Mehlman, who was the president’s campaign manager. “I mean, it gave us a serious response to bad news.”</p></blockquote> <p>While the Internet has undoubtedly lowered the barrier for bloggers, podcasters and video bloggers to be able to broadcast their thoughts to the world -- and in some cases bubble up to become a national story -- there is still an open question of government accountability and a free press that can provide checks and balances to government. </p> <p>The mainstream media still has a critical mass of attention from the general public, and I don't think they will ever completely disappear. And so they have a responsibility for creating a common context that can bridge the conversation gap between our increasingly fractured culture and siloed ways of thinking.</p> <p>There is also another "darker side" to the new media landscape that Karl Rove is certainly aware of -- AND I'm sure knows how to exploit to his advantage better than anyone else. <a href="http://www.drudgereport.com/flash3wsb.htm">Rove told Sammon</a>:</p> <blockquote><p>“There is so much ugliness and viciousness and fundamental untruths that the blogosphere transmits,” he lamented. “It also is a vehicle for ugly rumors, for scurrilous personal attacks, an avenue for the creation of urban legends which are deeply corrosive of the political system and of people’s faith in it.”</p></blockquote> <p>There is more and more opportunities for politicians to generate and spread these types of urban legends and lies to citizens, and it's a big problem that comes bundled with all of these new communications solutions. </p> <p>My hope is that <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/collaborativefilmmaking">collaborative media</a> and collective sensemaking will eventually prove to be an effective mechanism for filtering out this type of deliberate noise and propaganda -- while at the same time amplifying the signals of truth to a diverse enough audience so that we can function more as an integrated society.</p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/793#comment Journalism MediaCriticism newmedia Politics trends Tue, 28 Feb 2006 10:06:31 -0500 kentbye 793 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Technology Audio: Kent Bye's Collaborative Filmmaking Presentation at Ritual Roasters, San Francisco http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/789 <p><center><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectCollaborativeFilmmakingPresentationSanFrancisco743.mp3" target="new"><br /> <img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1kent_sftalk.jpg"></a><br /> </center></p> <p><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectCollaborativeFilmmakingPresentationSanFrancisco743.mp3" target="new">Listen to a presentation</a> that <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/missrogue/sets/1755219/">I gave at Ritual Roasters</a> coffee shop in San Francisco's Mission District on January 3rd, 2006. (Length: 25:28)</p> <p><a href="http://factoryjoe.com/blog/2006/01/03/out-of-towner-meetup-kent-bye-echo-chamber-project/">Chris Messina announced this meet-up with this blog post</a> and submitted <a href="http://upcoming.org/event/48407">this announcment to Upcoming.org,</a> and there were about a dozen people who showed up to listen to this brief presentation. <a href="http://www.storyfield.com/team_myronuk.html">Jennifer Myronuk</a> recorded the talk, and I was interviewed by <a href="http://www.geekentertainment.tv">Geek Entertainment TV</a> in a piece that should be airing sometime in the future. <strong>Update 4/10/06:</strong> <a href="http://www.geekentertainment.tv/2006/04/10/kent-bye-doesnt-live-in-an-echo-chamber">Here's the episode.</a></p> <p>Here are some blog reactions from <a href="http://myeastbayagent.blogspot.com/2006/01/kent-bye-meets-bratpack-sanfransocial.html">Andy Kaufman</a> &amp; <a href="http://heresmybyline.typepad.com/irina/2006/01/collaborative_c.html">Irina Slutsky</a> and some photos from <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/missrogue/sets/1755219/">Tara Hunt</a> and EFF's <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/jdawg/tags/echchamberproject/">Jason Schultz.</a></p> <p><center><a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/missrogue/82137823/in/set-1755219/"><img src="http://static.flickr.com/37/82137823_867b92aa68.jpg?v=0" width=200></a><a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/jdawg/81956126/"><img src="http://static.flickr.com/37/81956126_8aa154f809.jpg?v=0" width =200></a><a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/missrogue/82137336/in/set-1755219/"><img src="http://static.flickr.com/40/82137336_9c606a5081.jpg?v=0" width =200></a></center></p> <p>This is a more general overview of the <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/collaborativefilmmaking">collaborative filmmaking schematic</a>, and I'd recommend listening to the presentation while looking at the <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/789">flowchart shown below.</a></p> <p>You can also listen to a similar presentation that I gave at the Open Media Developers Summit in early January <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/788">here.</a><br /> <!--break--></p> <div class="image"> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/279"><img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/CollaborativeFilmmaking3.jpg" alt="Collaborative Filmmaking Flowchart" /></a> </div> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/789#comment About Collaboration CommunityAudio Editing Wed, 22 Feb 2006 14:02:40 -0500 kentbye 789 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Technology Audio: Kent Bye's Collaborative Filmmaking Presentation at Open Media Developers Summit http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/788 <p><center><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectCollaborativeFilmmakingPresentationOpenMediaDevelopersSummit672.mp3" target="new"><br /> <img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1kent_omds.jpg"></a><br /> </center></p> <p><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectCollaborativeFilmmakingPresentationOpenMediaDevelopersSummit672.mp3" target="new">Listen to a presentation</a> that I gave at the <a href="http://itp.nyu.edu/omds/">Open Media Developers Summit</a> on October 21st, 2005. (Length: 25:01)</p> <p>This is a fairly technical overview of the <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/collaborativefilmmaking">collaborative filmmaking schematic</a>, and I'd highly recommend listening to the presentation while looking at the <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/788">flowchart shown below.</a></p> <p>You can also listen to a similar presentation that I gave in San Francisco in early January <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/789">here.</a><br /> <!--break--></p> <div class="image"> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/279"><img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/CollaborativeFilmmaking3.jpg" alt="Collaborative Filmmaking Flowchart" /></a> </div> http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/788#comment About Collaboration CommunityAudio Editing Wed, 22 Feb 2006 13:49:29 -0500 kentbye 788 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Video: Government Bypasses Press http://www.echochamberproject.com/governmentbypasspress <p><center><a href="http://www.blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectGovernmentBypassesPress618.mov"><br /> <img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/governmentbypasspress.jpg"></a><br /> </center></p> <p><a href="http://www.blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectGovernmentBypassesPress618.mov">Video essay</a> in response to Jay <a href="http://journalism.nyu.edu/pubzone/weblogs/pressthink/2006/02/16/chn_ftz.html">Rosen's "Dick Cheney Did Not Make a Mistake By Not Telling the Press He Shot a Guy" bog post</a> -- featuring Chris Nolan, Mindy Finn, Hugh Hewitt, John H. Brown, Don Beck, Steve Rubel, Merrill Brown, Tom Rosenstiel, Congressman Rob Simmons, and a virtual Jay Rosen.</p> <p>You can listen to the full entire audio for some of the interviews -- and read the full transcript for the others.</p> <p>Subscribe to <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectVlog">this feed for future videos</a>.</p> <p>Subscribe to <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio">this feed to download all audio</a> interviews posted so far.</p> <p>Music: <a href="http://ccmixter.org/media/files/disharmonic/2958">On The Moon (Trip Hop mix)</a> by <a href="http://ccmixter.org/media/people/disharmonic">disharmonic</a></p> <p>Here's a <a href="http://kentbye.blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectGovernmentBypassesPressWMV332.wmv">Windows Media version.</a></p> <p>Full Transcript and Further thoughts are <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/governmentbypasspress">down below...</a></p> <p><!--break--></p> <blockquote><p>KENT BYE: The fact that Dick Cheney decided to inform the local newspaper instead of going through the national press when he accidentally shot a man -- this indicates that there's a fundamental shift in the power dynamic between the press and the government.</p> <p>Now NYU Journalism Professor Jay <a href="http://journalism.nyu.edu/pubzone/weblogs/pressthink/2006/02/16/chn_ftz.html">Rosen says</a> that, "Cheney took the opportunity to show the White House press corps that it is not the natural conduit to the nation-at-large; and it has no special place in the information chain."</p> <p>This is a trend that Chris Nolan first observed during the 2004 election</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/nolan">CHRIS NOLAN</a> (Spot-on.com): The idea that you can talk directly to voters past big media was a big, big part of the Republican campaign this past year. I think that that's a very little noticed and a very little appreciated fact. They treated the media as another constituent group like the tobacco lobby or whatever.</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/finn">MINDY FINN</a> (Republican National Committee, Deputy eCampaign Director): Where our opportunities are -- are through talk radio and through the Internet. And we found that was our best means for communicating our message -- to kind of cut through the mainstream media filter. And also, that there are so many cable channels now that those stations don't have the reach that they used to. And certainly the major networks don't have the reach that they used to.</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/nolan">CHRIS NOLAN</a> (Spot-on.com): To a large extent, people bought it. And the people that were the most upset -- the people who complained the loudest were the big media people, and nobody really took up their cause. So I'd say that's a sign that something's changed in a big way.</p> <p>KENT BYE: Something has changed -- The mainstream media is seen as less relevant, and politicians are more powerful. </p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/hewitt">HUGH HEWITT</a> (Talk Radio Host &amp; Blogger): What the blogosphere and the Internet have done to the Mainstream Media is just what Luther did to Rome, which was to -- not only to go around the gates, but to shatter them. There are no more gates. Now it's just a question of "What's true?" and "What's objective?" -- not what is an elite's understanding of the former.</p> <p>KENT BYE: What's <em>True</em> and What's <em>Objective</em> is still a really big open question in our society. And I think it's going to come from some combination of traditional journalism, but also blogging -- and even collaborative media which is what I'm working on.</p> <p>So let's take a look at this issue from the perspective of a politician.</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/simmons">CONGRESSMAN ROB SIMMONS</a> (R-CT): If you look at the American media, and how it covers politics -- you basically interview a politician, take -- if it's TV -- take one or two sound bites, and build a story around that sound bite. If you look at radio, you allow that same political figure 15 or 20 minutes perhaps on a radio show -- a call-in to explain their position on a certain issue. If you look at the print media, depending on the nature of the interview, the journalist will take some quotes and build a story around it. But it's all based pretty much on what that one individual is saying, and then on how those words are interpreted by the journalist.</p> <p>KENT BYE: So talk radio and new media provide politicians an opportunity to talk at length without having to be<br /> filtered through the lens of an objective news story. </p> <p>Well, that's great for them, but what about the public interest? </p> <p>Who's going to be holding the politicians accountable when the only organizations they're going to be talking to are going to be those who are sympathetic to their message.</p> <p>Steve Rubel talks about the dynamic between public relations and journalism.</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/rubel">STEVE RUBEL</a> (MicroPersuasion.com): The public interest is important, but I think that that's more important to a journalist than it is to the PR professional. PR professional is less concerned with public interest, and more concerned with doing results that are going to get paid for. And where the journalists and the folks in this room where I stand here, they're definitely worrying about the public interest. And ultimately, they're going to decide what's best for the public, not us.</p> <p>KENT BYE: But now that the politicians can completely bypass the journalists, they're free to focus on their own self-interest, which is mainly to preserve their political power. This has created a very polarized political culture, which is then amplified by the mainstream media.</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/beck">DON BECK</a> (National Values Center): The Mainstream Media is simple a reflection of the mainstream value structures in a society, particularly in our political class, which is obviously is the "Win at any costs" and be reelected, using often "Us versus Them" polarity -- "From the Left / From the Right," "Conservative/ Liberal" to divide people in like Blue States and Red States, and so forth. So when one looks at the problems in a society, obviously the dominant media will convey those codes, and when it looks like many of those behaviors tend to make things worse.</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/merrillbrown">MERRILL BROWN</a> (Media Consultant): What this country needs, from my point of view, in addition to a skeptical, hard-working news media, is a political system in which members of party in power feel free and have the political courage to stand up and speak up when things aren't going well in their parties. And this applies to both Democrats and Republicans. Democrats who were unwilling to speak up about the failures of the Clintons -- the Clintons in particular, and the administration more generally. Same thing is true now. There's a lot of Republican -- members of the Republican leadership who realize how inept this administration has handled some number of issues, and yet the political dissent and the dialogue from those people in places of power in the Republican party doesn't happen.</p> <p>KENT BYE: Without this internal dissent, our political system has turned into an all-out cultural war where short-term political gains for either the Democrats or the Republicans is more important than anything else.</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/brown">JOHN H. BROWN</a> (State Department Employee who Resigned to Protest Iraq War): These are people who think in narrow, political, day-to-day terms -- who are absolutely parochial in their thinking. What’s important is "Winning The Game", and the game is American Politics.</p> <p>KENT BYE: We have a political culture where winning trumps compromise, where debate trumps dialogue, where polarization trumps consensus. </p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/rubel">STEVE RUBEL</a> (Micropersusasion.com) The political environment for PR is much more about spin &amp; influence, and the message of the day, and "How do you get it out?" It's very reactive. It's trying to take what's already coming at you -- and issues -- and then making sure that you shape your position on it.</p> <p>ARCHIVAL FOOTAGE: On the Federal Level, the war between government and press is one of unequal firepower. The government spends nearly half a billion dollars a year, and employs thousands of people in Public Relations, Public Information, Public Image Making, and Public Obfuscation. In the Executive Branch, all of them -- all of those people, all of that torrent of information, all of those Xerox machines -- can be controlled by the White House. A President's personal power to dominate the news is beyond measure.</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/rosenstiel">TOM ROSENSTIEL</a> (Committee for Concerned Journalists): They understand our tendencies better than we understand them ourselves. They understand our weaknesses better than we understand them ourselves. </p> <p>KENT BYE: So the media is being manipulated by politicians who understand how the media work better than they do themselves.</p> <p>Jay <a href="http://journalism.nyu.edu/pubzone/weblogs/pressthink/2006/02/16/chn_ftz.html">Rosen agrees by saying</a> that the White House "correctly guessed that if it changed the game on you, you wouldn’t develop a new game of your own, or be able to react... They sensed that the old press system was weakened." And that essentially, "they knew you wouldn’t react because to do so would look 'too political.”"</p> <p>So politicians currently have an upper hand over the media as far as setting the terms of the discourse for the country.</p> <p>So where do we go from here?</p> <p>I think collaborative media actually has a lot of potential in this area, and that's what I'm working on here at The Echo Chamber Project.<br /> But the question is, "Can new media put the power back into the hands of citizens?"</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/merrillbrown">MERRILL BROWN</a>: So I don't think there's going to be fundamental political change any time soon. But I do think -- as in all things -- we go through cycles. And we're in a cycle today where the political discourse is of a certain kind. And I think we're moving -- and will move very quickly between now and the next Presidential election to have a much broader discussion about our national sensibility, our national priorities, the nature of political discourse, dissent and dialogue. And I think media, the blogosphere, and the democratization of thought in this country has a lot to offer in that regard.</p></blockquote> <p><strong>THEORY OF THE COLLABORATIVE MEDIA SOLUTION</strong><br /> I believe that collaborative media that is able to mediate the relative truths and falsehoods within the many different perspectives has the potential to overcome the anomalies within the existing journalistic paradigm.</p> <p>What I've done is to interview as broad and diverse range of experts talking about a particular issue (i.e. pre-war performance of the media), and then my intention is to have an even broader and more diverse range of participants participate in adding context and meaning to this gathered knowledge</p> <p>Facts and information do not become knowledge for individual citizens until they have put within a personalized context. The intention behind the use of the information will determine how it is processed and applied, and there have been many innovations over the last couple of years that are able to make these contexts more explicit on an individual level while also yielding significant network effects of social behavior.</p> <p>This is specifically achieved through mechanisms of folksonomy tags, comment threads, allowing users to dynamically remix audio and video into playlists, allowing people to listen to the entire interviews as podcasts, as well as allowing the reuse of the material through liberal Creative Commons-licensing.</p> <p>So the three practical steps for journalism would be:</p> <blockquote><p>* Collect interviews from experts on issues that are of importance<br /> * Parse the information into granular sound bites.<br /> * Publish these sound bites online in a way that they can be easily sequenced and recontextualized into larger meanings.</p></blockquote> <p>This is what I've been building with this <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/collaborativefilmmaking">collaborative filmmaking infrastructure</a>, and all of the puzzle pieces now exist -- but they still need to be put together.</p> <p>So I've gathered <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/interviews">86 interviews up to this point</a>, and I have quite a body of sound bites from knowledgeable experts -- You can download the 40+ interviews that I've posted already with this feed: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio">http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio</a></p> <p>I hope that this video comment can demonstrate the capacity for creating a system that allows other people to easily juxtapose streams of facts and sound bites together to achieve a larger meaning.</p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/governmentbypasspress#comment cheney Communications newmedia Politics propaganda trends Vlog Sat, 18 Feb 2006 23:52:31 -0500 kentbye 785 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Video: Solution-Oriented Media * Audio: Media, Culture & Consciousness http://www.echochamberproject.com/consciousness <p>The media spends so much time and energy focusing on problems, but how can they do a better job at empowering citizens towards a vision of hope and possibility?</p> <p><center><a href="http://www.blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSolutionOrientedMedia198.mov"><br /> <img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/solution_oriented_media.jpg"></a><br /> Music: <a href="http://ccmixter.org/media/files/disharmonic/2958">On The Moon (Trip Hop mix)</a> by <a href="http://ccmixter.org/media/people/disharmonic">disharmonic</a></center></p> <p><a href="http://www.blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSolutionOrientedMedia198.mov">This video </a> features some insights on this from <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/abdullah">Sharif Abdullah</a>, <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/schlitz">Marilyn Schlitz</a>, <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/beck">Don Beck</a> and <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/jones">Van Jones.</a></p> <p>I conducted these interviews at a conference on <a href="http://www.noetic.org/events/conf_05/index.cfm">Consciousness and Healing</a> with the following two lenses:</p> <blockquote><p>* How the press can be more solution-oriented?<br /> * How can the press better account for our subjectivity, worldviews and the influence of our culture?</p></blockquote> <p>The full audio of 10 interviews from the conference can be <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/consciousness">found below...</a><br /> <!--break--></p> <table border = "1" cellpadding ="5"> <tr> <td> <div class="image"> <a href="/node/610"><img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/0beck.jpg" width="150" height="103" alt="Don Beck" /></a></p> <div class="caption"> </div> </div> </td> <td><strong> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/beck">Don Beck</a> </strong></td> <td> National Values Center &amp; <a href="http://www.spiraldynamics.net">Spiral Dyanamics Integral</a> Model of Worldviews and Value structures </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div class="image"> <a href="/node/612"><img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/0schlitz.jpg" width="150" height="103" alt="Marilyn Schlitz" /></a></p> <div class="caption"> </div> </div> </td> <td><strong> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/schlitz">Marilyn Schlitz</a> </strong></td> <td> Vice President for Research and Education, <a href="http://www.noetic.org">Institute of Noetic Sciences</a> (<a href="http://www.wie.org/bios/marilyn-schlitz.asp">bio</a>) </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div class="image"> <a href="/node/611"><img src="/files/images/0radin.jpg" width="150" height="102" alt="Dean Radin" /></a></p> <div class="caption"> </div> </div> </td> <td><strong> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/radin">Dean Radin</a> </strong></td> <td> Senior Scientist at <a href="http://www.noetic.org">Institute of Noetic Sciences</a> (<a href="http://www.wie.org/bios/dean-radin.asp">bio</a>) </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div class="image"> <a href="/node/613"><img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/0wolf.jpg" width="150" height="100" alt="Fred Alan Wolf " /></a></p> <div class="caption"> </div> </div> </td> <td><strong> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/wolf">Fred Alan Wolf</a> </strong></td> <td> <a href="http://www.fredalanwolf.com/">Quantum Physicist</a> featured in <a href="http://www.whatthebleep.com/scientists/#Wolf"><em>What the Bleep Do We Know?</em></a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div class="image"> <a href="/node/614"><img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/0twist.jpg" width="150" height="103" alt="Lynne Twist" /></a></p> <div class="caption"> </div> </div> </td> <td><strong> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/twist">Lynne Twist</a> </strong></td> <td> Author of <a href="http://www.soulofmoney.org/"><em>The Soul of Money</em></a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div class="image"> <a href="/node/615"><img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/0jones.jpg" width="150" height="103" alt="Van Jones" /></a></p> <div class="caption"> </div> </div> </td> <td><strong> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/jones">Van Jones</a> </strong></td> <td> Executive Director of the <a href="http://www.ellabakercenter.org">Ella Baker Center for Human Rights</a> (<a href="http://www.ellabakercenter.org/page.php?pageid=25&amp;contentid=27">bio</a>) </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div class="image"> <a href="/node/616"><img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/0davis.jpg" width="150" height="103" alt="Susan Davis" /></a></p> <div class="caption"> </div> </div> </td> <td><strong> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/davis">Susan Davis</a> </strong></td> <td> President of <a href="http://www.capitalmissions.com/">Capital Missions Company</a> (<a href="http://www.capitalmissions.com/about/susandavis.html">bio</a>) </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div class="image"> <a href="/node/617"><img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/0russell.jpg" width="150" height="103" alt="Peter Russell" /></a></p> <div class="caption"> </div> </div> </td> <td><strong> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/russell">Peter Russell</a> </strong></td> <td> Eastern Philosophy Author &amp; Futurist<br /> (<a href="http://www.peterussell.com/pete.html">bio</a>) </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div class="image"> <a href="/node/618"><img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/0elgin.jpg" width="150" height="103" alt="Duane Elgin" /></a></p> <div class="caption"> </div> </div> </td> <td><strong> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/elgin">Duane Elgin</a> </strong></td> <td> Futurist &amp; Media Activist, <a href="http://www.ourmediavoice.org">OurMediaVoice.org</a> (<a href="http://www.wie.org/bios/duane-elgin.asp?ifr=voi">bio</a>) </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div class="image"> <a href="/node/609"><img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/0abdullah.jpg" width="150" height="102" alt="Sharif Abdullah" /></a></p> <div class="caption"> </div> </div> </td> <td><strong> <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/abdullah">Sharif Abdullah</a> </strong></td> <td> President of the <a href="http://www.commonway.org/index.htm#Site%20Map">Commonway Institute</a> (<a href="http://www.commonway.org/Cwitem~6(extended).htm#extendedtop">bio</a>)</td> </tr> </table> <p><Strong>ADDITIONAL THOUGHTS AND CONCLUSIONS</strong></p> <p>This is a <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/node/277">passage that I wrote</a> upon returning from this conference:</p> <blockquote><p> There are actually a lot of parallels between the conflicts between <strong>Objective Mainstream Media</strong> vs. <strong>Subjective Blogs / New Media Technologies</strong> and between <strong>Objective Mainstream Medicine</strong> vs. <strong>Subjective Mind-Body Healing techniques.</strong></p> <p>The conference participants provided a lot of insight for the importance of holistic thinking, being inclusive of many different perspectives, how subjectivity and worldviews filter perception, and the importance of how community and collaboration can be facilitated through relationships and conversation. </p></blockquote> <p>These interviews are definitely outside-of-the-box of the mainstream way of thinking, but I believe that there are actually a lot of interesting insights packed within this set of interviews. It is an ongoing journalistic experiment to see how to incorporate perspectives that are normally marginalized or ignored. </p> <p>So I'm really curious as to hear people's responses to these interviews as well as how the material will end up being used throughout the collaborative post-production process.</p> <p>ENJOY!</p> <p><em>Photo Credits:</em> <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/katemina/96225170">katemina,</a> <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/ford/8760458">ford,</a> <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/old_sarge/99087998">old_sarge,</a> <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/dwstucke/18629262">dwstucke</a> &amp; <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/roland/54381130">roland</a></p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/consciousness#comment Consciousness culture Subjectivity Vlog Thu, 16 Feb 2006 08:56:13 -0500 kentbye 784 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Interview Audio: Merrill Brown, Media Consultant, MMB Media LLC http://www.echochamberproject.com/merrillbrown <p><center><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectMerrillBrown274.mp3"><br /> <img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1merrillbrown.jpg"></a><br /> </center></p> <p><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectMerrillBrown274.mp3">Listen to the Interview</a> with Merrill Brown, Media Consultant, MMB Media LLC (Length: 21:15)</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/wemediainterviews">More interviews</a> from the We Media Conference.</p> <p><a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a></p> <p><em>Transcript Coming Soon...</em><br /> October 5th, 2005<br /> <!--break--></p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/merrillbrown#comment culture Economics Interview InterviewAudio iraq Journalism merrillbrown Politics trends Thu, 16 Feb 2006 06:48:49 -0500 kentbye 783 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Interview Audio: Tom Curley, President & CEO of the Associated Press http://www.echochamberproject.com/curley <p><center><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectTomCurley624.mp3"><br /> <img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1curley.jpg"></a><br /> </center></p> <p><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectTomCurley624.mp3">Listen to the Interview</a> with Tom Curley, President &amp; CEO of the <a href="http://www.ap.org">Associated Press</a> (Length: 11:32)</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/wemediainterviews">More interviews</a> from the We Media Conference.</p> <p><a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a></p> <p><em>Transcript Coming Soon...</em><br /> October 5th, 2005<br /> <!--break--></p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/curley#comment curley Interview InterviewAudio iraq Journalism newmedia trends Thu, 16 Feb 2006 06:46:45 -0500 kentbye 782 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Interview Audio: Steve Rubel, Public Relations Blogger, MicroPersuasion.com http://www.echochamberproject.com/rubel <p><center><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSteveRubel351.mp3"><br /> <img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1rubel.jpg"></a><br /> </center></p> <p><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSteveRubel351.mp3">Listen to the Interview</a> with Steve Rubel, Public Relations Blogger, <a href="http://www.micropersuasion.com">MicroPersuasion.com</a> (Length: 13:26)</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/wemediainterviews">More interviews</a> from the We Media Conference.</p> <p><a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a></p> <p>Footage from this interview is featured in this video: <a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/governmentbypassPress">Government Bypasses Press</a></p> <p>FULL TRANSCRIPT IS BELOW<br /> October 5th, 2005<br /> <!--break--><br /> <strong>STEVE RUBEL:</strong> The public interest is important, but I think that that's more important to a journalist than it is to the PR professional. PR professional is less concerned with public interest, and more concerned with doing results that are going to get paid for. And where the journalists and the folks in this room where I stand here, they're definitely worrying about the public interest. And ultimately, they're going to decide what's best for the public, not us.</p> <p><strong>PROMO:</strong> The making of a documentary about the pre-war performance of the mainstream media that uses the latest technologies for collaboration and citizen journalism.</p> <p><strong>KENT BYE:</strong> Hello. This is Kent Bye of The Echo Chamber Project. This is an interview with Steve Rubel of MicroPersusasion.com, and Steve is on the forefront of merging the public relations world with the new media technologies. And his blog is read by a lot of people within journalism as well as the marketing industry. And so I grilled Steve a little bit about the difference between public relations and propaganda. And to be honest, I really wasn't satisfied with his response that he gave me.<br /> But I think there's two very interesting aspects to this interview. One is the authenticity that Steve brings to the question. He's very honest. He's very transparent. As transparent as he can be by saying that, "No job is wine and roses." And that we all make these types of decisions.<br /> That brings me to the second point, which is that Steve is really trapped within a social dilemma -- that is to say that individual rational decisions can lead to collective disaster. In this particular case, it's very rational for him to take money from these corporations to communicate their message, but the larger impacts socially, culturally, economically, environmentally and even within the context of the public interest -- Where does that fit into the equation? It's still a big open question, and I'd highly recommend checking into <a href="http://www.smartmobs.com/archive/2005/09/15/literacy_of_coo.html">Howard Rheingold's lecture series that he gave at Stanford</a> talking about Cooperation and the challenges for these types of social dilemmas. Now the challenge that I'd give to Steve and the rest of the communications industry is to find a way that you can incorporate the public interest -- to be socially responsible and to be authentic and transparent about these things. And so the issue of political propaganda and political public relations is still a huge issue of reducing issues down to very simplistic "Black and White," "Good/Evil," "Right/Wrong." The field of public relations has traditionally propagated these oversimplifications of these complex issues. But when I see Steve Rubel and what he's doing from the inside out within the public relations industry, it actually gives me some hope that there could be changed on the road. So with that, here's an interview with Stevel Rubel.</p> <p><strong>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT:</strong> So why don't you just go ahead and introduce yourself and where you fit in with blogging in the PR world.<br /> <strong>STEVE RUBEL:</strong>Sure -- My name is Steve Rubel. I'm a public relations professional for 15 years. I work as vice-president at CooperKatz &amp; Company. I'm also a blogger at micropersuasion.com, and over the last two years or so I've been one of many people who are pushing out our industry into the blog world.</p> <p><strong>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT:</strong> Okay. So why don't you talk a little bit about -- How is persuasion changing now with participatory -- What is the old way, and how is it different?<br /> <strong>RUBEL:</strong> Well the old way was one way, and it was very unidirectional. We would go through mass channels to reach a large audience of people through as many impressions as we could. And I think a number of things have happened. For one, people have got the power of the pen. They can now write in ways and get noticed in ways that they couldn't do before. But more importantly, Google I think is kind of the rising tide that's lifting all boats. Because what it's doing is that bloggers can write about a topic and get indexed into Google very quickly, and that gets them noticed. Also I think RSS is changing persuasion in the fact that it's making it easier now to consume many more sources of content from whoever you want -- not just mainstream outlets. And so will all of these different changes, I think that there is this rise of the little guy. And with that, that means changes for the PR community.</p> <p><strong>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT:</strong> And so how -- Are people embracing this change? Or how much of the old way -- are they still wanting to grasp onto the existing business models that are still working to some extent?</p> <p><strong>RUBEL:</strong> I don't think that it's a situation where it's old versus new. I think that it's a mix. I think it's just making sure that the new is a part of the old. I don't think -- You know, there's always this notion that TV replaces radio, and radio replaces this -- or online replaces newspapers. I mean, it's not an "Either/Or" -- I think it's just -- It's an "And." And I think that communicators -- a lot of them are afraid, because it's the end of a controlled message. We predicate our industry on controlled messages -- on what we want to say, when we want to say it, how's it communicated, how it gets out, how many times. And the new world of MicroPersuasion is not really that. It's not -- It's more about conversations and almost like how you and I are talking right now. And I mean -- Obviously -- Look at how we're talking. You're here with a video camera that probably didn't cost you that much money -- at least relative to what you certainly could buy. And it's effective, and you're going to create a whole documentary. That's citizen's media. And I think that if that's citizen's media, then we need to -- and our job is getting into the media, we need to think about how to work that. And I think that people over time -- There's certainly a lot of curiosity about it. And I think that people are slowly beginning to integrate it, but it's more of the trendsetters. It's more of the people who are willing to take chances -- Right now. I think that -- You know, talk to me in a year and I think I would feel very different.</p> <p><strong>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT:</strong> So -- When you look at the political culture, and how public relations works within the political culture. Is there a distinction between the sort of tactics that political entities are using versus corporate entities. Or are you trying to -- What is the overlap? And what do you want to distance yourself from?<br /> <strong>RUBEL:</strong> Well, political -- The political environment for PR is much more about spin &amp; influence, and the message of the day, and "How do you get it out?" It's very reactive. It's trying to take what's already coming at you -- and issues -- and then making sure that you shape your position on it. Corporations, I think, are in a little bit different boat. They're trying to just make sure their message is even heard. Where politicians, I think, know that their message will be heard. They just want to make sure that it's interpreted the right way. And I think in either way, the channels can certainly be used for that. I mean, the political climate in the blogosphere is huge. Where the corporate climate -- There's a lot of people blogging on an issue -- I can guarantee that there is always people blogging on politics every day, but Corporation X, people may not be blogging about the topics you care about. And so I think that for a corporation, they have to go out and seek the conversations that they want to get involved with. Whereas the politics, they just have to find it. And find a way to integrate themselves.</p> <p><strong>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT:</strong> And so -- When you talk about PR and propaganda, how do you discern between -- the difference between PR and propaganda?<br /> <strong>RUBEL:</strong> It's -- A lot of people don't discern that. I think that PR -- The best PR is invisible. Propaganda is not invisible. It's very visible. So that's how I define it. That propaganda is more blatant. Also it tends to be associated more with the government, than -- Although sometimes you hear the phrase "corporate propaganda." It's kind of like corporate -- "corporate religion" and proselytizing. And so -- it's a fine line. I think that a lot of people don't draw a line between them.</p> <p><strong>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT:</strong> So it's just a transparency issue then? Or is it a fundamental -- spin? Or --<br /> <strong>RUBEL:</strong> I think it's different. I mean I think that PR is not always spin. I think PR could be trying to communicate a benefit to the community. I mean, the Red Cross tried to get out there -- "Here's where you can donate money during Hurricane Katrina." That's PR. Is that propaganda? No. I think propaganda, as I see it, is spinning for gain where some corporations definitely do that, and others don't. I think it all depends on the campaign. Every campaign is different.</p> <p><strong>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT:</strong> So have you ever engaged in any propaganda?<br /> <strong>RUBEL:</strong> (Laughs) I have. Yeah. Sure I have. I mean, that's part of my job, and I'd be -- you know, I think I'd be lying if I said I wasn't. I haven't worked on the political side. So I haven't done any corporate [sic] propaganda. I've done -- We've worked with clients on damage control where there was something that was happening, and we wanted to make sure we changed the message, and we put our message out there. And to try to deflate that -- or steer that in a new direction. That's part of my job, and that's what I got into. But not -- you know, no job is wine and roses.</p> <p><strong>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT:</strong> So how do you morally resolve that with the larger public interest?<br /> <strong>RUBEL:</strong> I don't go to sleep worrying about that. I mean -- And here's how I view that. I don't --<br /> <strong>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT:</strong> View what? I'm sorry.<br /> <strong>RUBEL:</strong> Sorry.<br /> <strong>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT:</strong> I'm going to be editing out my questions --<br /> <strong>RUBEL:</strong> -- Oh Okay --<br /> <strong>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT:</strong>The public interest.<br /> <strong>RUBEL:</strong> The public interest is important, but I think that that's more important to a journalist than it is to the PR professional. PR professional is less concerned with public interest, and more concerned with doing results that are going to get paid for. And where the journalists and the folks in this room where I stand here, they're definitely worrying about the public interest. And ultimately, they're going to decide what's best for the public, not us. The bloggers, of course, create a whole new wrinkle to that because they have their own interest -- their own self-interest, and they look through that lens and not just through the public interest.</p> <p><strong>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT:</strong> And so when you look at the relationship between the media and the corporate world, the interface is you, basically -- the public relations entities or --<br /> <strong>RUBEL:</strong> Correct. At least it has been, although I think that that's now changing.<br /> <strong>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT:</strong> Okay. So when you look at -- How -- Just from your observations of the state of journalism, what are your evaluations of where journalism is at -- You know should they be doing more sophisticated things to prevent propaganda?<br /> <strong>RUBEL:</strong> Should journalists be doing that? Or the PR community?<br /> <strong>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT:</strong> Both.<br /> <strong>RUBEL:</strong> The PR community, I don't know if they're going to change there because it changes the whole economics of it. I think that what the bloggers and the media -- What the bloggers in particular is that they keep us honest. They're able much more freely to call us out if we're going something wrong whether it be on an individual one-to-one basis -- In other words, this PR professional wronged me or is out there doing X, Y or Z. Or it's actual corporate-led initiative. And so I think that there's more transparency there to the process, and I think that everyone's going to be more on their toes than have ever before because of the power of the Internet.</p> <p><strong>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT:</strong> And so do you -- Is it difficult to press transparency for some of your corporate clients?<br /> <strong>RUBEL:</strong> It all depends. For the most part, I'm fortunate that most of them are willing to be completely transparent -- or very transparent. I don't work in the nuclear power industry. I don't work with tobacco companies. Or I don't work with pharmaceutical companies where they may not want to be that transparent. And so I'm fortunate they're willing to get their message out and be as transparent as they need to do to that. Other folks are not. And I think -- You know, we can't expect that every industry is going to be transparent. I think that's kind of utopian. But maybe the ones -- the folks -- the companies that are more transparent, than the ones who aren't will be the ones who in the end win out.</p> <p><strong>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT:</strong> And so -- You sort of want to distance yourself from these other PR people who are interacting with these types of institutions. And some people -- like even me sometimes -- will lump them all together. So how do you discern?<br /> <strong>RUBEL:</strong> Well, I don't distance myself from them. I think that they have a job to do, and I have a job to do. And I just think that who I work with and who they work with is different. It's not because I <em>choose</em> to work with one over the other. It's just -- There's a very different -- There's different types of PR. So I think that -- But I think that everybody is impacted by the same issues that is the democratization of media. So we're all in the same boat together in that regard even though we all walk different -- we all have different lines of work in PR.</p> <p><strong>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT:</strong> So five years out, just make some -- final question -- What do you see?<br /> <strong>RUBEL:</strong> Five years out I see a -- basically the real free agent economy that we've been waiting for all of these years. I think that we have it in the media world. I think we're seeing journalists leave and start blogs and be individual publishers. I think we're seeing -- There was a lot of conglomeration -- There was a lot of consolidation in the PR agency world and big, big agencies. And I think we're going to see that fracture. I think we're going to see a lot of solo specialists. And I think that eventually, we're going to end up in this true one-to-one future where you have really PR people focus on these individual niches, and media -- and "media" being broad -- you know, citizens and professional media focusing on specific topics. And those -- And almost all of these little ecosystems living together. And so it's an exciting time. I think it's going to be "The one message for many people"-day is over.</p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/rubel#comment Communications Interview InterviewAudio Journalism propaganda rubel trends Thu, 16 Feb 2006 06:44:58 -0500 kentbye 781 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Interview Audio: Andrew Nachison, Director, The Media Center http://www.echochamberproject.com/nachison <p><center><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectAndrewNachison537.mp3"><br /> <img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1nachison.jpg"></a><br /> </center></p> <p><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectAndrewNachison537.mp3">Listen to the Interview</a> with Andrew Nachison, Director, <a href="http://www.mediacenter.org/">The Media Center</a> (Length: 9:43)</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/wemediainterviews">More interviews</a> from the We Media Conference.</p> <p><a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a></p> <p><em>Transcript Coming Soon...</em><br /> October 5th, 2005<br /> <!--break--></p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/nachison#comment Collaboration culture Interview InterviewAudio iraq Journalism nachison Politics Thu, 16 Feb 2006 06:43:41 -0500 kentbye 780 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Interview Audio: Lex Alexander, Citizen Journalism Coordinator, Greensboro News & Record http://www.echochamberproject.com/alexander <p><center><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectLexAlexander792.mp3"><br /> <img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1alexander.jpg"></a><br /> </center></p> <p><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectLexAlexander792.mp3">Listen to the Interview</a> with Lex Alexander, <a href="http://blog.news-record.com/lexblog/">Citizen Journalism Coordinator</a>, <a href="http://www.news-record.com/">Greensboro News-Record</a> (Length: 11:11)</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/wemediainterviews">More interviews</a> from the We Media Conference.</p> <p><a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a></p> <p><em>Transcript Coming Soon...</em><br /> October 5th, 2005<br /> <!--break--></p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/alexander#comment alexander blogging citizenjournalism Interview InterviewAudio Journalism Thu, 16 Feb 2006 06:41:38 -0500 kentbye 779 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Interview Audio: Susan Mernit, Digital Media Consultant, 5ive http://www.echochamberproject.com/mernit <p><center><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSusanMernit144.mp3"><br /> <img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1mernit.jpg"></a><br /> </center></p> <p><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSusanMernit144.mp3">Listen to the Interview</a> with Susan Mernit, Digital Media Consultant, 5ive (Length: 11:03)</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/wemediainterviews">More interviews</a> from the We Media Conference.</p> <p><a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a></p> <p><em>Transcript Coming Soon...</em><br /> October 5th, 2005<br /> <!--break--></p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/mernit#comment authenticity Interview InterviewAudio Journalism mernit newmedia Subjectivity trends Thu, 16 Feb 2006 06:40:47 -0500 kentbye 778 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Interview Audio: Andy Carvin, The Digital Divide Network http://www.echochamberproject.com/carvin <p><center><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectAndyCarvin989.mp3"><br /> <img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1carvin.jpg"></a><br /> </center></p> <p><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectAndyCarvin989.mp3">Listen to the Interview</a> with Andy Carvin, <a href="http://www.digitaldividenetwork.org/">The Digital Divide Network</a> (Length: 11:32)</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/wemediainterviews">More interviews</a> from the We Media Conference.</p> <p><a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a></p> <p><em>Full Transcript Below...</em></p> <p><!--break--><br /> October 5th, 2005<br /> Transcribed by Tom Hughes</p> <blockquote><p><strong>Andy Carvin:</strong> It's kind of assumed by government and big business and everyone else that you've got Internet access, and if you don't, you're kind of screwed. And that's the position of many marginalised populations. They're not being given the opportunities to gain Internet access or Internet skills, but meanwhile it's still somewhat expected of them to figure it out on their own.</p> <p><strong>Kent Bye:</strong> Hello this is Kent Bye with the Echo Chamber Project. This is an interview with Andy Carvin of the Digital Divide Network. And the Digital Divide is a topic that comes up at a lot of technology conferences, especially in the context of democracy and activism and how these communications technologies are going to change the way that we govern ourselves. The paradox is that, the more that people are able to communicate with these new media tools, the more that the disenfranchised communities, who do not know how to use these new media technologies, the harder it is to have their voice be heard. And so the challenge is, "How do you get access -- Internet access, broadband access, computer access -- to all these marginalised communities?" But then, the larger issues are of literacy, of education, that's a more systemic issue, but also plays into the larger dynamic of the Digital Divide. I think in the context of doing collaborative media, it's really tricky to try to figure out how to be as inclusive as possible. So with any type of advances, there's the risk of leaving those who are already behind even further behind. So with that, here's Andy Carvin of the Digital Divide Network to talk a little bit more about some of these issues that come up.</p></blockquote> <p><STRONG>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT</STRONG>: Why don't you just go ahead and introduce yourself and what you do at the Digital Divide.<br /> <STRONG>ANDY CARVIN</STRONG>: Sure. My name's Andy Carvin, and I'm director of a project called the Digital Divide Network. It's an online community of around 8,000 activists and over 130 countries using the Internet to share resources and strategies for bridging the Digital Divide. </p> <p><STRONG>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT</STRONG>: Okay. So just give a metaphor for the Digital Divide, and describe where we are at with this evolution of media and why it's important to pay attention to.<br /> <STRONG>CARVIN</STRONG>: Well, the -- The Digital Divide is basically this gap that exists between communities in terms of who has access to the Internet, who has the skills to use it, and who has availability of content and the ability to produce content that's relevant to their communities' lives. We've seen a lot of work over the last decade or so, trying to bridge the Digital Divide in the US and abroad -- setting up community technology programs, trying to create lower-cost Internet access programs. Not as much work has been as successful regarding Internet literacy and media literacy, which are key components certainly. And a lot of what I'm working on now is trying to encourage people to gain the skills to become content producers themselves. Because so much of what you see in the mainstream media targets what's generally a well-off, well-educated, white audience, as opposed to people of color, people of disabilities, recent immigrant populations, etc.</p> <p><STRONG>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT</STRONG>: And so how do you see the big media corporations, their efforts in this issue of the Digital Divide? And how they view it?<br /> <STRONG>CARVIN</STRONG>: In general, there's not a huge amount of big media participation in Digital Divide efforts. You're more likely to see IT companies making large-scale investments. Microsoft, for example, has a very large -- on the scale of hundreds of millions of dollars -- in a program called "Unlimited Potential." And they're just about to establish a new project called "Telecentre.Org," which is going to help community technology centers around the world gain the capacity they need to serve their communities. Other companies such as Intel and HP, just to name a few, have made considerable investments. AOL used to do it more, but now they seem to be focussed more on youth media issues. But when it comes to the big media companies -- in terms of television producers, radio, etc -- you just don't hear about it as much. And perhaps they've got some media literacy efforts going on, but it's not on the scale that you see a lot of the IT companies doing.</p> <p><STRONG>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT</STRONG>: And so when you look at five years from now, what do you see the best-case and worse-case scenarios happening from this point on?<br /> <STRONG>CARVIN</STRONG>: Best-case scenario, we're going to see affordable, durable, low-cost laptops and available on all corners of the globe; Lots of low cost and hopefully free WiFi in many places; A greater attention paid to encouraging low-income amd marginalised communities to learn how to blog and podcast and express themselves in public discourse. I think there are a variety of things that can go on. A worse case scenario, we're going to see the status quo in which governments and companies take the position that the Digital Divide will bridge itself, which has never been true. We've reached a point in which a majority of middle class people are online. But that puts more pressure on marginalised populations, because it's kind of assumed by government and big business and everyone else that you've got Internet access. And if you don't, you're kind of screwed. And that's the position of many marginalised populations. They're not being given the opportunities to gain Internet access or Internet skills, but meanwhile it's still somewhat expected of them to figure it out on their own.</p> <p><STRONG>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT</STRONG>: And so -- What do you see the role of the US government in this? What are they doing, or not doing, or could be doing better?<br /> <STRONG>CARVIN</STRONG>: I think there's a role -- Governments complain taking the leadership role and setting the agenda -- taking advantage of the bully pulpit and saying nationwide that bridging the Digital Divide needs to get back on the American agenda. And the same holds true for any other country for that matter, and their political leaders. Because when people at the -- When politicians at the national level take the Digital Divide seriously, it gets the attentions of the private sector, philanthropy, non-profits. If you look back at the Digital Divide movement in the late 90's when president Clinton was still in office, whether or not you agreed with his specific policies for bridging the Digital Divide, people were at least talking about it and taking the issue seriously. But now that it's no longer really part of the national discourse, the governmental investments as well as private sector investments have shrunk significantly over the years. There's still some highlights here and there, of course, but its not the same kind of unified, concerted effort to bridge the Digital Divide that we had five years ago. And I think the movement has suffered because of that.</p> <p><STRONG>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT</STRONG>: And talk a little bit about the literacy divide as well, and not just access but being able to -- even if they had access, just the level of education and that angle to the story.<br /> <STRONG>CARVIN</STRONG>: Well, it's a dirty little secret of our country that as many as 20-25% of American adults are functionally illiterate. In other words, they know how to read and write, but they can't apply it to different situations on a day-to-day basis such as filling out a job application, filling out their taxes, going to the post office and doing any kind of paper transactions. Just this past week, we heard from Fantasia, the American Idol from a year or two ago, who admitted publicly that she's functionally illiterate. And that when she signed her contracts, she really had no idea what they were saying because she didn't want to admit publicly -- or even privately -- that she had the shame of being functionally illiterate. It doesn't matter if everyone in this country -- or everyone in the world had Internet access as long as there are people who do not know how to read and write, and as long as people lack media literacy skills as well, we're in a situation where these technologies aren't going to be very useful to them.</p> <p><STRONG>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT</STRONG>: So do you see that this is something that might go away in five generations? Or is it going to keep on propagating? What can be done?<br /> <STRONG>CARVIN</STRONG>: Well, the UN has set goals for eradicating illiteracy worldwide. I don't expect them to succeed. I think it's led to many national campaigns in different parts of the world to improve literacy. If you look at the history of certain countries like Cuba, they've managed to do a lot of work in improving literacy in a very short amount of time -- same thing happened with Turkey at the fall of the Ottoman Empire. And so there are historical presidents for countries to improve their literacy rates in a very short period. And I think the pressure that countries are feeling to get involved in the new information-age economy -- or whatever you'd like to call it -- they see that it's important for their citizens to become competitive. And one of the very first steps of that is they need to be literate. And so -- I think the pressure for countries to diversify their economies, and get plugged into the modern world are putting pressure on creating better literacy programs as well as IT literacy and media literacy programs. But it's not going to happen over night. This may take one or two more generations before we're at a point where the majority of the people worldwide are literate. But it still won't be eradicated, that at least I'm sure.</p> <p><STRONG>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT</STRONG>: And as software developers are working on Web 2.0 applications, where do you -- Do see that this sort of advance and participatory, interactive technologies, where does the Digital Divide fall in to that?<br /> <STRONG>CARVIN</STRONG>: Well -- Advances in social competing and participatory media have already demonstrated what can happen when you give everyday people access to tools to be creative, and to have their voice shared in a public sphere. And -- It's been extraordinary watching all these things happen, but meanwhile you've got large segments of the population without Internet access, without the skills to use it, with no experience or any point of reference for being part of civic discourse. And so I think -- When people talk of bridging the Digital Divide, they need to think about it as a way of improving the strength of democracy in this country, and improving the diversity of voices and the strength of those voices that exist. Because more and more of public discourse is taking place using "new media" -- if you like that term whether or not -- whether its through blogging, or through video, through social software, you need to have these skills, and you need to be able to have what it takes to be creative with these media. And as long as there's the Digital Divide, the disenfranchised groups of this country and of the world are going to become even more disenfranchised, because they're going to be left completely out of the loop.</p> <p><STRONG>ECHO CHAMBER PROJECT</STRONG>: Okay, great. Thanks.<br /> <STRONG>CARVIN</STRONG>: Thanks a lot.</p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/carvin#comment carvin DigitalDivide Education Interview InterviewAudio medialiteracy newmedia trends Thu, 16 Feb 2006 06:38:02 -0500 kentbye 777 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Interview Audio: Peter Russell, Eastern Philosophy Author & Futurist http://www.echochamberproject.com/russell <p><center><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectPeterRussell868.mp3"><br /> <img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1russell.jpg"></a><br /> </center></p> <p><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectPeterRussell868.mp3">Listen to the Interview</a> with Peter Russell, Eastern Philosophy Author &amp; Futurist (Length: 20:16)</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/consciousness">More interviews</a> from the Consciousness &amp; Healing Conference.</p> <p><a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a></p> <p><em>Transcript Coming Soon...</em><br /> July 10th, 2005<br /> <!--break--></p> <blockquote><p><strong>Peter Russell:</strong> There's going to be a deeper sense of connecting -- a deeper sense of connecting with each other where we really begin to empathize with each other, a much more compassionate connecting... And that's what we all want in our lives. And when we meet somebody... we don't just want to sit across from them and exchange ideas or theories or what we did in the day... but ultimately we want to get deeper and closer, we want to open up and be more intimate in where we are, what we believe, what we feel, what drives us, what our passions are. We want to make connection. And I think that's where the Internet is going. It allows us to make connection -- one-to-one or one-to-many, or many-to-many -- that heart-to-heart connection where we feel compassion, empathy, understanding, and that's what nourishes us.</p></blockquote> http://www.echochamberproject.com/russell#comment Community Consciousness InterviewAudio russell spirituality Sustainability Worldview Thu, 16 Feb 2006 06:15:19 -0500 kentbye 776 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Interview Audio: Duane Elgin, Futurist & Media Activist, OurMediaVoice.org http://www.echochamberproject.com/elgin <p><center><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectDuaneElgin394.mp3"><br /> <img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1elgin.jpg"></a><br /> </center></p> <p><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectDuaneElgin394.mp3">Listen to the Interview</a> with Duane Elgin, Futurist &amp; Media Activist, <a href="http://www.ourmediavoice.org">OurMediaVoice.org</a> (Length: 9:46)</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/consciousness">More interviews</a> from the Consciousness &amp; Healing Conference.</p> <p><a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a></p> <p><em>Transcript Coming Soon...</em><br /> July 10th, 2005<br /> <!--break--></p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/elgin#comment civicjournalism Dialogue elgin Interview InterviewAudio Journalism MediaCriticism Theory Thu, 16 Feb 2006 06:14:32 -0500 kentbye 775 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Interview Audio: Don Beck, National Values Center & Spiral Dyanamics Integral Model of Worldviews http://www.echochamberproject.com/beck <p><center><a href="http://kentbye.blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectDonBeck181.mp3"><br /> <img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1beck.jpg"></a><br /> </center></p> <p><a href="http://kentbye.blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectDonBeck181.mp3">Listen to the Interview</a> with Don Beck, National Values Center &amp; <a href="http://www.spiraldynamics.net/">Spiral Dyanamics Integral</a> Model of Worldviews and Value structures (Length: 12:41)</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/consciousness">More interviews</a> from the Consciousness &amp; Healing Conference.</p> <p><a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a></p> <p><em>Transcript Coming Soon...</em><br /> July 8th, 2005<br /> <!--break--></p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/beck#comment beck culture InterviewAudio Journalism MediaCriticism SpiralDynamics Theory Worldview Thu, 16 Feb 2006 06:11:09 -0500 kentbye 774 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Interview Audio: Van Jones, Executive Director of the Ella Baker Center for Human Rights http://www.echochamberproject.com/jones <p><center><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectVanJones960.mp3"><br /> <img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1jones.jpg"></a><br /> </center></p> <p><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectVanJones960.mp3">Listen to the Interview</a> with Van Jones, Executive Director of the <a href="http://www.ellabakercenter.org">Ella Baker Center for Human Rights</a>(Length: 19:26)</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/consciousness">More interviews</a> from the Consciousness &amp; Healing Conference.</p> <p><a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a></p> <p><em>Transcript Coming Soon...</em><br /> July 9th, 2005<br /> <!--break--></p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/jones#comment accountability cooperation HumanRights InterviewAudio jones MediaCriticism restorativejustice Thu, 16 Feb 2006 06:09:44 -0500 kentbye 773 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Interview Audio: Sharif Abdullah, President of the Commonway Institute http://www.echochamberproject.com/abdullah <p><center><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSharifAbdullah640.mp3"><br /> <img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1abdullah.jpg"></a><br /> </center></p> <p><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSharifAbdullah640.mp3">Listen to the Interview</a> with Sharif Abdullah, President of the <a href="http://www.commonway.org/index.htm#Site%20Map">Commonway Institute</a> (Length: 17:12)</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/consciousness">More interviews</a> from the Consciousness &amp; Healing Conference.</p> <p><a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a></p> <p><em>Transcript Coming Soon...</em><br /> July 9th, 2005<br /> <!--break--></p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/abdullah#comment abdullah Democracy dialogue mediacriticism inclusivity Interview InterviewAudio Thu, 16 Feb 2006 06:08:17 -0500 kentbye 772 at http://www.echochamberproject.com Interview Audio: Susan Davis, President of Capital Missions Company http://www.echochamberproject.com/davis <p><center><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSusanDavis472.mp3"><br /> <img src="http://www.echochamberproject.com/files/images/1davis.jpg"></a><br /> </center></p> <p><a href="http://blip.tv/file/get/Kentbye-EchoChamberProjectSusanDavis472.mp3">Listen to the Interview</a> with Susan Davis (Length: 16:52)</p> <p><a href="http://www.echochamberproject.com/consciousness">More interviews</a> from the Consciousness &amp; Healing Conference.</p> <p><a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/EchoChamberProjectInterviewAudio">Subscribe to Interview Audio</a></p> <p><em>Transcript Coming Soon...</em><br /> July 9th, 2005<br /> <!--break--></p> http://www.echochamberproject.com/davis#comment culture davis Economics Interview InterviewAudio MediaCriticism Sustainability trends Thu, 16 Feb 2006 06:06:30 -0500 kentbye 771 at http://www.echochamberproject.com